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Research and Publications


'Towards an open Marxist Theory of Imperialism', Capital and Class 37:2 (forthcoming)

'New Imperialism: Towards a Holistic Approach' (with Steven Kettell), International Studies Review (forthcoming)

Works in Progress

'Opening Pandora’s Box: in defense of open Marxism' (with Pinar Donmez)

'Malayan Independence and British Imperialism'

Research Interests

My research is interdisciplinary by nature. It is situated principally in Marxist thought and British history, with particular interests in imperialism, the organisation and function of the state, and the theoretical development and empirical application of open Marxism.

PhD Thesis

"Imperial Relations: Britain, the Sterling Area, and Malaya 1945 - 1960"

The thesis focuses on the relationship between Britain and the colony of Malaya in the immediate post-war period. This relationship is placed in the context of the Sterling Area and the post-war economic crises, and understood in terms of the political economy of British post-war reconstruction. The argument maintained by the thesis is that Malaya remained valuable to Britain even after 1950 due to its importance to the Sterling Area and the viability of Sterling as an international currency. This was achieved through Malaya's large-scale exports to the Dollar Area in rubber and tin, earning a significant dollar surplus for the Sterling Area's dollar pool. The relationship is characterised according to this fundamental feature, and emphasises continuity in the relationship between Britain and Malaya.

The thesis needed substantial archival analysis to provide sufficient empirical data to support the argument, requiring significant research at the National Archives, Kew and the Bank of England Archives.

The existing literature on this relationship has thus far either focused solely on the period up to 1950, or has characterised the relationship after this period according to security and strategic concerns relating to the Cold War and the Malayan Emergency. The thesis further characterises this relationship as imperialist in nature, utilising an open Marxist theory of imperialism developed within the thesis itself. The thesis situates itself principally in the literature on British post-war reconstruction, and imperial economic policy; however it is also pertinent to the fields of international political economy, international relations and foreign policy analysis.