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Research resources


  • The Role of Theory in Comparative Politics: A Symposium’, contributions by Kohli, Evans, Katzenstein, Przeworski, World Politics, vol. 48, Oct 1995, pp.1-21

  • Geddes, Barbara (2006). Paradigms and Sand Castles; theory building and research design in comparative politics, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press

  • Doorenspleet, Renske (2005). Democratic Transitions: Exploring the Structural Sources during the Fourth Wave, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Chapter 4

  • Landman, Todd (2008). Issues and Methods in Comparative Politics, London, Routledge, chapter 6 and 9

  • Mair, Peter (2008), ‘Democracies’ in Daniele Caramani (ed), Introduction to Comparative Politics, Oxford: Oxford University Press, chapter 5

  • George, Alexander and Andrew Bennett (2005). Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

  • Bollen, Kenneth (1983). ‘World System Position, Dependency, and Democracy: The Cross-National Evidence’, American Sociologi­cal Review, vol. 48, pp. 468-479

  • Lipset, Seymour (1959). ‘Some Social Requisites of Democra­cy: Economic Develop­ment and Political Legitimacy’, American Politi­cal Science Review, vol. 53, pp. 69-105

  • Inglehart, R. and Welzel, Christian (2005): Modernization, Cultural Change and Democracy; The Human Development Sequence, New York: Cambridge University Press

  • Chilcote, Ronald H (1994). Theories of Comparative Politics: The Search for a Paradigm Reconsidered, 2nd edition, Boulder: Westview Press

Concepts and measures

  • Adcock, R.N. and D. Collier (2001). ‘Measurement Validity: A Shared Standard for Qualitative and Quantitative Research’ in American Political Science Review, vol. 95, no. 3, 529-46

  • Collier, D. and Levitsky, S. ‘Democracy with adjectives’ in World Politics, 1997, 430-51

  • Dahl, R.A., (1971). Polyarchy, Participation and Opposition, New Haven and London: Yale University Press

  • Goertz, G., Social Science Concepts: A User’s Guide, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005

  • Committee on Concepts and Methods - International Political Science Association

  • Debate on concept formation. See APSA newsletters for qualitative methodology

    Case selection

    • Collier, David (1999). ‘The Comparative Method: Two Decades of Change’ in Dankwart Rustow and Kenneth Paul Erikson, Comparative Political Dynamics, New York, Harper Collins, pp. 7-31

    • Collier, David and Mahoney, James (1996). ‘Insights and Pitfalls: Selection Bias in Qualitative Research’ in World Politics 49, 56-91

    • Geddes, Barbara (1990). ‘How the Cases You Choose Affect the Answers You Get: Selection Bias in Comparative Politics’ in Political Analysis, 2, 131-150

    • Ragin, Charles (1987). The Comparative Method: moving beyond qualitative and quantitative strategies, Berkeley: University of California Press, i.e. pp. vii-xv, pp. 1-18, pp. 34-68

    • King, Gary, Keohane, Robert and Verba, Sidney Designing Social Inquiry

    Data Collection

    • Bryman, A., (2004). Social Research Methods, Oxford University Press

    • Silverman, (2005). Doing Qualitative Research, London: Sage

    • Walliman, N. (2011). Your Research Project. London: Sage

    Essay Writing