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Previous Research (and Ethics Advisory work)

EASEL

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EASEL explored and developed a theoretical understanding of human-robot symbiotic interaction (HRSI) where symbiosis is defined as the capacity of the robot and the person to mutually influence each other, and alter each other’s behaviour over different time-scales (for instance, within encounters and across encounters).

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:48 | Tags: Security Ethics

HECTOS: Harmonized Evaluation, Certification and Testing of Security Products

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HECTOS, a project funded under the EC FP7 security research programme brought together 9 leading organizations from across Europe to study how existing evaluation and certification schemes used in other areas could be used, adapted or developed for products used for physical security of people, property and infrastructure.

Project timescales: 2014-2018

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:48 | Tags: Security Ethics

FASTPASS

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The FastPass project proposes to answer complicated and conflicting questions. Funded by the European 7th Framework Programme, FastPass has gathered during 4 years key players of the entire ABC value chain – system and component producers, research institutions, governmental authorities, infrastructure operator, and end-users – to develop a novel, modular, and harmonised solution.

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:47

How do we ensure responsible lending and borrowing?

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This project responded to findings from the 2012-2016 AHRC project, FinCris. It focused on access to affordable credit for low and moderate income communities. It engaged with UK Credit Unions and trade associations to develop innovative and creative strategies for implementing responsible lending practices and products.

Project timescales: 2017

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:45

UNDERWARE: UNDERstanding West African culture to pRevent cybercrimEs

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Working with colleagues in WMG, the overall objective of UNDERWARE was to gain a greater understanding of West African culture in order to:

  • Scientifically evaluate current methods employed to prevent and deter cybercrime that emanates from West Africa
  • Develop and test new methods to prevent and deter cybercrime (that emanates from this region)

Project timescales: 2016-2017

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:44

X-Phi: Experimental Philosophy and Empirical Ethics

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X-Phi was an AHRC-funded research project that aimed to improve our understanding of early modern experimental philosophy and to assess the viability of the methodological outlook underpinning early modern and recent attempts to build an empirical science of ethics.

Project timescales: 2014-2017

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:43

Ethics and Rights in a Security Context

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The primary aim of this integration project was to use cross-cutting ethical themes to connect the seven successful projects in the PaCCS Ethics and Security Call, and to communicate their results to a policy, practitioner, and wider public, audience.

Project timescales: 2014-2016

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:41

AIO: Assuming Identities Online - description, development and ethical implications

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This research aimed to bridge the gap between complex theories of the discursive constructions of online identities, and the computational approaches to analysing online communications.

The objectives were to examine the relationship between linguistic style and online identity performance, build on previous work to improve training in undercover online investigations and to systematically identify the ethical risks of using the above analysis or investigation, arrest and prosecution.

Project timescales: 2014-2016

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:40

Ethics and Security: Terrorism and Transnational Organised Crime

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This is a programme of ethics research into terrorism and transnational organised crime. It was funded by an ESRC grant through a Global Uncertainties Leadership Fellowship.

The research focused on cross-cutting issues in policing in international counter-terrorism and serious crime, including the use of surveillance and infiltration, the meaning of “proportionality,” and whether there is a clash between paradigms of security and justice in criminalization of some offences.The project also included consultations with researchers into new security technologies, seeking to help them to identify and take account of ethical issues.

Project timescales: 2013-2016

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:37

FinCris: Responsibilities, Ethics and the Financial Crisis

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FinCris sought to enlarge understanding of the financial crisis and the ethical issues it raised by both the public and officials and regulatory and consumer bodies. It addressed the issue of how responsibilities for what had gone wrong create obligations to some of those badly affected by the crisis.

Our ethical analysis leant on the economic analysis of taxation and empirical evidence on credit provision. Our conclusions have helped to articulate how ethical criticisms of the financial sector point to ways in which the tax system could be employed to influence financial sector behaviours and outcomes for the better.

Project timescales: 2012-2015

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:24

SURVEILLE

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Surveille - Working with human rights lawyers, technology assessors, and police officers from across Europe, IERG examined the ethical implications of surveillance technologies used against serious crime and terrorism.

Project timescales: 2012-2015

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:15

IDIRA: Interoperability of data and procedures in large-scale multinational disaster response actions

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IDIRA was a research project funded by the European Commission with a duration of four years, gathering eighteen partners to focus on the interoperability of data and emergency procedures in response to large-scale disasters.

Project timescales: 2011-2015

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:11

ACCOMPANY

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ACCOMPANY aimed to develop a robotic companion (a Car-O-bot3®) in an intelligent environment (such as a smart home) that can offer physical, cognitive and social assistance to elderly users.

The question of what functions a robot can perform for an elderly person are partly determined by the hardware and software available to the roboticists on the ACCOMPANY team. But there are also inter-related ethical and social considerations.

Project timescales: 2012-2014

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:06

Indect: Intelligent information system supporting observation, searching and detection for security of citizens in urban environment.

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INDECT developed algorithms and other tools to assist law enforcement and other security agents in the automatic detection of crime and security threats. IERG provided project partners, including technology developers and police, with advice on the ethical issues arising in the context of their work.

Project timescales: 2010-2012

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:04

FOCUS: Foresight Security Scenarios

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Mapping research to a comprehensive approach to Exogenous EU roles.

IERG provided the project partners with advice on ethical issues arising in the context of their research.

Project timescales: 2013-2014

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 12:00

Detecter: Detection Technologies, Terrorism, Ethics and Human Rights

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DETECTER identified human rights and other legal and moral standards that detection technologies in counter-terrorism must meet. It surveyed current and foreseeable applications of detection technologies in counter-terrorism and conducted cutting-edge legal and philosophical research into the implications of human rights and ethics for counter-terrorism in general and detection technologies in particular.

DETECTER also successfully pioneered methods of discussing ethics and human rights issues with counter-terrorism professionals using detection technologies, and with technology developers in private meetings. Its research was constantly informed by these stakeholder interactions.

Project timelines: 2008-2011

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 11:53

Ethics of Border Security

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The Study, commissioned by Frontex and carried out by the previous home of the IERG team, the Centre for Global Ethics of the University of Birmingham (UK), aims to help the EU border guard community by providing analysis of:

  • the ethical standards laid out by EU Border Guard services via an analysis of national Codes of Conduct
  • the ethical standards expected at EU level (as expressed in relevant EU legislation and policies) in relation to the numerous sensitive tasks carried out by border guards and
  • the ethical challenges posed by some of the current and planned technologies employed by border guard services in the EU as part of their daily tasks

Project timescales: 2010

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 11:00

LARRGE (Corporate Social Responsibility)

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This project is aimed at the promotion of corporate social responsibility by way of a methodology for monitoring corporate observance of work-related human rights, core labour and social standards as set out in the Decent Work Agenda and the Social Agenda of the European Union.

More precisely, the project evaluates CSR instruments and initiatives applied at the pan-European level and in the Member States. We are interested in rights at work and working conditions, social cohesion and inclusion, non-discrimination and gender equality. Our work resulted in a comprehensive guide that identifies best CSR practices to the various stakeholders and providing a basis for future policy measures.

Project timescales: 2009-2010

Thu 01 Aug 2019, 10:55