Consciousness and Intentionality in Nietzsche
This paper charts a middle way between two prominent readings of Nietzsche on consciousness, one by Paul Katsafanas, the other by Mattia Riccardi. Both a) overlook some of Nietzsche's key commitments to the function of language and b) suffer from internal difficulties. I provide a reading of Nietzsche on conciousness that understands it along the lines of Husserlian intentionality. This resolves b) and avoids a).
Nietzsche's Garden: A Challenge for Aesthetic Analogies of Self-Cultivation
Nietzsche regularly uses the analogy of a garden for the self which, according to him, is composed of many drives. In this essay, I put pressure on this analogy, claiming that while it illuminates self-cultivation in one respect, it obscures it in another. I then show that the inherent risks involved in employing this analogy affect many theories of self-cultivation that are based on analogies between the self and works of art. As well as drawing attention to key issues in aesthetic self-cultivation, the essay points to a kind of pernicious analogy that is present in every field.