The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (formally known as the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC)), based in Vienna, is a statutory body serving the EU, EC and European Parliament.
Its main function is to collate data and conduct research informing European policy on all matters associated with racism, antisemitism, Islamophobia and xenophobia.
A major focus of their work is on:
- the nature and levels of racist violence;
- abuse and harassment;
- discrimination against settled minority ethnic populations;
- refugees and asylum seekers;
- Gypsies, the Roma, and Traveller communities.
Its mandate is vast, especially since it encompasses all 25 EU Member States. In order to assist its data gathering and research function, therefore, it appoints what it calls National Focal Points (NFPs) in each Member State.