My doctoral research questions how the transnational migration of indigenous people is reconfigurating the gender relations of those who remain in the communities of origin, those who do not physically migrate. To contextualise this, my research takes a comparative perspective on two indigenous towns in Mexico located in the state of Oaxaca: The Mixtec town of Santiago Cacaloxtepec, and the Zapotec town of San Bartolomé Quialana.
The migration of the indigenous inhabitants of these two towns have indeed reconfigurated not only the gender relations at the household level but also at the institution level, bringing with it important and reconfigured ways of understanding masculinity, femininity and indigenity. While the people from San Bartolomé Quialana mainly migrate to the United States, the people from Santiago Cacaloxtepec mainly migrate to the outskirts of Mexico City, to the United States and to Canada. The different paths of migration and the social context where indigenous people come from would then be translated into different impacts on their own communities of origin and their diaspora into the receiving communities.
In order to scrutinize this interesting panorama I carried out one year of ethnographic field work not only in the indigenous communities but also in the United States and in the outskirts of Mexico City.
Thus, my main research interests can be summarized (but are not exclusive) as follows:
- Transnational migration from a gender perspective
- Indigenous/Native people
- Masculinity and Femininity