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International Perspectives on Gender

IPG in Brief

This module introduces students to the diverse manifestations of gender around the world in the 20th and 21st centuries. It uses case studies from Britain, Russia, China, South Africa, India, Iran and Ireland. Themes of nationalism, resistance, family, sexuality, religion and work are pursued in order to facilitate analytical connections between case studies. The module explores gender relations as socially and historically variable and emphasises the importance of disaggregating categories of female and male. Particular attention is paid to the symbolic importance of gender and the extent to which it is at the centre of religious and political ideologies that have dominated the last 100 years: colonialism; nationalism; socialism; religious fundamentalism. Attention is also paid to individual and collective resistance to and transformation of gender inequalities.


Module Aims:

  1. To introduce the diverse social and cultural manifestations of gender in the twentieth and twenty first centuries in Britain, Russia, China, South Africa, India, Iran and Ireland
  2. To examine the complex ways in which individual capacities to exercise agency are differentiated by gender
  3. To explore how gender is constructed in articulation with other social and cultural identities, such as ‘race’, ethnicity, age, sexuality, class, religion
  4. To analyse the relationships between gender and nationalism, gender and orientalism and gender and religion
  5. To assess the diversity of social movements established to tackle unequal gender relations and the challenges they face
  6. To facilitate groupwork as well as individual study
  7. To enable students to carry out scholarly presentations, verbal and written, on international perspectives on gender


Teaching Methods:

1 hour lecture per week and 1 hour seminar per week

Student led seminars and presentations

Assessment Methods

One 2,000 word essay - 33% AND

One three-hour examination - 66%


Illustrative Bibliography:


  • Ashwin, Sarah(ed.) (2000) Gender, State and Society in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia, London: Routledge
  • Charles, Nickie (2002) Gender in Modern Britain, Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Entwisle,Barbara and Gail E. Henderson (eds) (2000) Re-Drawing Boundaries: Work, Households And Gender In China, Berkeley: University of California Press
  • Hassim, Shireen (2006) Women’s Organizations and Democracy in South Africa: Contesting Authority, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press
  • Liddle, Joanna and Rama Joshi (1986) Daughters of Independence: Gender, Caste and Class in India, London: Zed Books
  • Marchbank, Jennifer and Gayle Letherby (2007) Introduction to Gender: Social Science Perspectives, Harlow: Pearson
  • Morrell, Robert(ed.) (2001) Changing Men in Southern Africa, London, NY: Zed
  • Owens, Rosemary Cullen (2005) A Social History of Women in Ireland, Dublin: Gill and Macmillan
  • Wadud, Amina (2006) Inside the Gender Jihad: Women’s Reform in Islam, Oxford: One World
  • Yuval-Davis, Nira (1997) Gender and Nation, London: Sage


Module Handbook 12-13

Autumn Term Lecture Handouts

Spring Term Lecture Handouts

First Revision Workshop (Full Text)

Second Revision Workshop (Full Text)

Assessed Essay Questions 12-13

Final Guidance for Assessed Essays

Class Essay Writing Tips

Essay Checklist

Exchange Student Assessment 12-13