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Varieties of Multinationals: Adapting Employment Practices in Central Eastern Europe

Guglielmo Meardi, Paul Marginson, [Michael Fichter, Marcin Frybes, Miroslav Stanojevic and Andras Toth]

Industrial Relations, 48, 3, 489-511


"Home-country effects" on multinational companies' practices abroad are assessed by comparing twelve German- and U.S.-owned plants within the same sector in the "institutionally permissive" Poland, Hungary, and Slovenia. Differences are detected on functional flexibility, corporate culture and working time, but not on participation. Work organization seems more integral to national productive models than industrial relations. Moreover, considerable intramodel variation reflects product- and labor-market contingencies. The results support the interpretation of national models as internally heterogeneous and dynamic.