Coronavirus (Covid-19): Latest updates and information
Skip to main content Skip to navigation

Engaging with Variable Pay: A Comparative Study of the Metal Industry

[Kristine Nergaard, Jon Erik Dølvik], Paul Marginson, [Juan Arasanz Díaz and Barbara Bechter]
European Journal of Industrial Relations, 15, 2, 121–142


This article discusses differences in the responses of company employee representatives to variable pay systems, drawing on a comparative study in the metalworking sector in Austria, Norway, Spain and the UK. We find that the approaches of organized labour are contingent, first, on the type of pay system and its influence on total remuneration; and second, on the role of local trade unions or works councils within the national system of pay determination.