- Office for National Statisics: Changing picture of ethnicity over time
Over the last two decades England and Wales became more ethnically diverse. Caution is needed when comparing census ethnic data over the years1 due to changes and increases in tick boxes and changes to how the question was worded (change from cultural to ethnic background).
While White continued to be the majority ethnic group people identify with, it decreased over the last two decades. In 1991, the White ethnic group2 accounted for 94.1 per cent of the population. Between 1991 and 2001, the White ethnic group decreased to 91.3 per cent. The trend continued between the 2001 and 2011 Censuses, with a further decrease to 86.0 per cent. Within the White ethnic group, White British had decreased from 87.5 per cent in 2001 to 80.5 per cent in 2011.
- The population of the West Midlands is 90% white, and Coventry is 84% white. The University Community is even more diverse: the staff body is 82.5% white and 10.5% BAME. The student undergraduate body is 64% white with the next largest grouping being Indian at 6%. The postgraduate body is 47% white with the next largest grouping being Chinese at 17%
Race is one of the protected characteristics under the Equality Act 2010.
It is unlawful for a person to discriminate on racial grounds against another person. For the purposes of the Act ‘race’ includes colour, nationality and ethnic or national origins. A racial group can be made up of two or more different racial groups (eg Black Britons). View the Equality Act (ACAS July 2010).