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Educational Technology Bibliography

This bibliography has been compiled from citations in e-learning related papers and guides published by LDC. It provides a reading list for relevant aspects of both academic practice and educational technology.

Some resources are available online by clicking the web link, others may be found in the Library Catalogues, including resources available in the staff development collection. The LDC series of 'E-Guides' on a range of e-learning topics provides further resources.

The bibliography is ordered by author, but you can search on keywords or phrases in the titles using the 'Find (on this page)' function under the Edit menu of your web browser (or using Ctrl+F on your keyboard).

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


Agre P 1999 Information Technology in Higher Education: the 'Global Academic Village' and Intellectual Standardization, On the Horizon 7 (5)

Agre P 2000 Infrastructure and Institutional Change in the Networked University, Information, Communication and Society

Anita Pincas 1999 Management issues for online courses, Active Learning 9: 41-45

Armitage, S.and Steeples, C. 1996 Guidelines for using Computer Conferencing in Teaching BT CMC in HE Newsletter Issue 4

Association of Canadian Community Colleges 1997 Mobilizing for the Future: Educational Technology in Canada's Community Colleges and Technical Institutes:

ASTER Project 1999 A survey of current practice in the use of C&IT to support small-group teaching activities in disciplines associated with the Humanities, Physics and Psychology. Accessed on the web 05/03/03:

Australian Science and Technology Council. 1994 Matching science and technology to future needs: an international perspective, Canberra, AGPS.


Baecker, R. 1992 Readings in groupware and computer-supported co-operative work. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Morgan Kaufman Publishers, Inc..

Bahnot, B. & Fallows, S. 2002 ICT: a threat to the traditional university? In Fallows, S. & Bhanot, S. (Eds), Educational Development through Information and Communications Technology, 201-213. London: Kogan Page.

Bailey P, Jenkins A, Oliver M, Maier P and Young C 1998 ALTering EFFECTS: Rewarding teaching using C&IT, Active Learning 9, Oxford: CTISS Publications.

Barker D 1995 Seven new ways to learn, Byte 20(3): 54-55.

Barker P 1997 Tools to support electronic lectures, Educational Technology Review 8: 16-20

Barker P 1999 Electronic course delivery, virtual universities and lifelong learning, Educational Technology Review 11: 14-18

Barlow, J. 1995 Releasing staff on projects. In Brew, A. (Ed)Directions in Staff Development, 64-80. Buckingham: SRHE/Open University Press.

Barnet R 1994 The Limits of Competence - Knowledge, Higher Education and Society, Buckingham: SRHE/The Open University Press.

Bates A 1995 Technology, Open Learning and Distance Education, London/New York: Routledge.

Bates A 1995 The Future of Learning, paper presented at the Minister's Forum on Adult Learning, Edmonton, Alberta, November 30-December 1st.

Bates A 1999 Restructuring the university for technological change , in: Brennan J, Fedrowitz J, Huber M, and Shah T (eds) What kind of university? International perspectives on knowledge, participation and governance, Buckingham: The Society for Research into Higher Education & Open University Press: 207-228.

Beaty, E and McGill, I. 1995 Action learning: a guide for professional, management and educational development, Kogan Page: London, U.K.

Becher, T. 1989 Academic Tribes and Territories: intellectual enquiry and the cultures of the disciplines. Buckingham: SRHE/Open University Press.

Beckett M 1998 Foresight Consultation on the next round of the Foresight Programme, Office of Science and Technology, Department of Trade and Industry.

Beetham H 1998 A Review of Learning and Teaching Innovation in UK HE, CTISS Publications.

Beetham H 2000 An alternative perspective on CPD, Educational Developments1 (2)

Beetham, H. 2000 Learning Technology Scoping Study: Lessons for Educational Developers. Educational developments. 1.4.

Beetham, H. 2001 Developing practice through networks and shared resources, Educational Developments, 2.4, 19-22.

Beetham, H. 2001 How Do Representations of Our Practice Enable Change to Happen? Educational Developments, 2 (4) 19-22.

Beetham, H. 2001 User participation survey for the RESULTs project. Accessed on the web 28/02/03:

Beetham, H. 2002 Designing representations of practice for a community of knowledge practitioners, Issues in information design, forthcoming.

Beetham, H. 2002 Developing learning technology networks through shared representations of practice, in Rust, C, (ed), Improving student learning through learning technologies, Oxford: Centre for Staff and Learning Development.

Beetham, H. & Bailey, P. 2002 Professional Development for Organizational Change. In Macdonald, R. & Wisdom, J. (Eds), Academic and Educational Development: Research, Evaluation and Changing Practice in HE, 164-176. London: Kogan Page.

Beetham, H. and Twining, P. 2001 The Re-Useable Educational Software Library: lesson learned in developing a shared resource. Unpublished report, RESL Project.

Beetham, H., Jones, S. and Gornall, L. 2001 Career Development of Learning Technology Staff: Scoping Study Final Report. Accessed on the web 03/03/03:

Bell J 1997 Doing Your Research Project a guide for First-Time Researchers in Education and Social Science (2nd edn), Milton-Keynes: Open University Press.

Bennett CK 1994 Reconceptualising staff development for technology diffusion, Journal of Information Technology for Teacher Education 3

Bennett, S., Priest, A., and Macpherson, C. 1999 Learning about online learning: An approach to staff development for university teachers. Australian Journal of Educational Technology, 15 (3): 207-221.

Billett, S. 1999 Guided learning at work. In Boud, D. & Garrick, J. (Eds), Understanding Learning at Work, 151-164. London: Routledge.

Billett, S. 2002 Workplaces, communities and pedagogy: an activity theory view. In Lea, M. & Nicoll, K. (Eds), Distributed Learning: Social and Cultural Approaches to Practice, 83-97. London: Routledge Falmer.

Blackmore, P., Roach, M. & Dempster, J. A. 2002 The use of ICT in education for research and development. In Fallows, S. & Bhanot, R. (Eds) Educational Development through Information and Communications Technology, 133-140. London: Kogan Page.

Bleiman D 1998 Fixed term contracts outnumber permanent contracts, AUT Bulletin 4 (Dec 1998

Boud, D. 1988 Developing Student Autonomy in Learning. Kogan Page: London

Boud, D. 1995 Meeting the Challenges. In Brew, A. (Ed), Directions in Staff Development, 203-213. Buckingham: SRHE/Open University Press.

Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates in the Research University 1996 Reinventing Undergraduate Education: a Blueprint for America's Research Universities. New York. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.

Brahler CJ et al, 1999 Developing on-line learning materials for higher education: an overview of current issues, Educational Technology and Society, 2(2): 42-54.

Brennan J et al 1999 What kind of university? International perspectives on knowledge, participation and governance, Buckingham: SRHE and Open University Press.

Bressler S 1997 Exploring the Electronic Marketplace, VHS: Hewlett-Packard.

Bridges, D. 1994 Transferable Skills in Higher Education. Norwich: University of East Anglia

Brophy P et al (eds) 1997 Towards a National Agency for Resource Discovery Scoping Study: British Library Research and Innovation Report 58, The British Library Board and the Joint Information Systems Committee of the Higher Education Funding Bodies.

Brown D, Burg JJ and Dominick JL 1997 Excellence in Campus Networking 1997: Wake Forest University.

Brown D, Burg JJ and Dominick JL 1998 A Strategic Plan for Ubiquitous Laptop Computing, Communications of the ACM , 41(1) , 26-35.

Brown JS and Duguid P 1998 Universities in the digital age, in Hawkins BL and Battin P (eds_) The Mirage of Continuity: Reconfiguring Academic Resources for the 21st Century, Washington: Council on Library and Information Resources.

Brown S 1999 Reinventing the University, Association for Learning Technology Journal, 6 (3): 30-7.


Carvel J 1997 The unavoidable price of learning The Guardian Home News Thursday July 24th 1997: 6.

Castells M 1983 The Informational City, Oxford: Blackwell.

Castells M 1996 The Rise of the Network Society, London: Blackwell.

Castells M 1999 Networks, Flows, Identities, in Castells et al (eds) Critical Education in the Information Age, Rowan and Littlefield: 37-64.

Castells M and Aoyamay Y 1993 Paths towards the Informational Society: The Transformation of the Employment Structure of G7 Countries 1920-2005, BRIE Working Paper, University of California Institute of International Studies.

Ceruzzi PE 1999 Augmenting Human Intellect, 1975-1985, in A History of Modern Computing, London: MIT Press, pp243-280.

Chems, the Higher Education Consultancy Group 2002 A Report to the JISC and the RLSP, Resolving the Human Issues in LIS Project Work.

Chisholm K 1996 Technology Foresight : a brief overview. IEE Colloquium on Learning at a Distance: developments in media technologies, London: IEE: 1/1 (Presentation)

Chitnis A and Williams G 1999 Casualisation and Quality: a study of the issues for quality in teaching and learning raised by employment of part time and fixed term staff in UK HE, Institute of Education, published by NATFHE.

Chris Jones 1999 Evaluating a collaborative online learning environment , Active Learning 9: 31-35

Coaldrake P and Stedman A 1999 Academic Work in the Twenty-first Century: Changing roles and policies, Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs, Commonwealth of Australia.

Collins, M. et al. 1994 Computer-Mediated Communication and the Online Classroom (New Jersey)

Committee of Vice-Chancellors and Principals (CVCP) of the Universities of the United Kingdom. 1996 Our Universities Our Future 1 Vision Statement and main recommendations. November 1996, London: CVCP.

Conole G and Oliver M 1997 A Pedagogical Framework for Embedding C&IT into the Curriculum, ALT-Journal 6 (2): 4-16.

Conole, G. C. 2003 The evolving landscape of learning technology. ALT-Journal 10 (3)

Coolican H 1994 Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology, London: Hodder & Stoughton.

Coopers & Lybrand, Institute of Education & Tavistock Institute 1996 Evaluation of the Teaching and Learning Technology Programme. Report M21/96. Bristol: Higher Education Funding Council for Englang. (last accessed 27/8/02)

Cuneo C and Campbell B 2000 Changes in Canadian Higher Education ICT and Support, 2000 to 2003, EvNet Working Papers #6


Daniel JS 1996 Mega-Universities and Knowledge Media: Technology Strategies for Higher Education., London: Kogan Page.

Daniel, J. 1996 Mega-Universities and Knowledge Media: Technology Strategies for Higher Education. London: Kogan Page.

Davenport TH 1997 Information Ecology, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Davenport TH and Prusak L 1998 Working Knowledge: How Organizations Manage What They Know, Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Davies G 1994 Overview of Recent Developments in HE. Chief Executive, HEFCE NISSWAIS M2/94

Davis N 1997 Strategies for staff and institutional development for IT in education: an integrated approach, in Davis N (ed) Using information technology effectively in teaching and learning: studies in pre-service and in-service teacher education. London: Routledge, 255-268.

de Vaus 1996 Surveys in Social Research 4th Edition, Guildford: Biddles Ltd.

Dearing R. and The National Committee of Inquiry into Higher Education 1997 Dearing Report News, How much has the landscape changed? The Times Higher Education Supplement, July 24th 1998, p4-5. Higher Education in the learning society, HMSO.

Dempster, J. A. & Blackmore, P. 2002 Developing research-based learning using ICT in HE curricula: the role of research and evaluation. In Macdonald, R. & Wisdom, J. (Eds), Academic and Educational Development: Research, Evaluation and Changing Practice in HE, 129-139. London: Kogan Page.

Dempster, J.A. (2003) Developing and Supporting Research-Based Learning and Teaching Through Technology, Chapter 7, pp.128-158, in Ghaoui, C. (Ed.) Usability Evaluation Of Online Learning Programs. Information Science Publishing, Idea Group Inc., USA.

Dempster, J.A., Beetham, H., Jackson, P. & Richardson, S. (2003) Creating Virtual Communities of Practice in Learning Technology: Issues, Challenges and Experiences, ALT-Journal, 11 (3), pp. 103-117.

Dempster, J.A. & Deepwell, F. (2003) Experiences of National Projects in Embedding Learning Technology into Institutional Practices in UK Higher Education, Chapter 5, pp. 45-62, in Seale, J. (ed.) Learning Technology in Transition: From individual enthusiasm to institutional implementation, Zwets & Zeitlinger, Lisse.

Department for Education and Employment 1997 Connecting the Learning Society: National Grid for Learning

Department for Education and Employment 1997 The Learning Age: a renaissance for a new Britain

Department for Education and Employment 1998 Higher Education for the 21st Century: Response to the Dearing Report:

Department of Education 1991 Higher education: a new framework. London: HMSO.

Dooley K 1999 Towards a Holistic Model for the Diffusion of Educational Technologies, Educational Technology and Society 2 (4)

Dreyfus, L, Dreyfus, S E. 1986 Mind over Machine : The Power of Human Intuition and Expertise in the Era of the Computer. Oxford: Basil Blackwell

Drummond I, Anderson K, Nixon I and Wiltshire J 1999 Managing Curriculum Change in Higher Education: Realising good practice in key skills development, UCoSDA, Sheffield.

Dugdale C 1998 Electronic Reserves: Improving or impeding access to Knowledge? Shaping the Knowledge Society: Proc. of the 6th International BOBCATSS Symposium, Budapest: National Szechenyi Library, pp43-52.

Duke C 1992 The Learning University: Towards a New Paradigm, Bristol, USA: Open University Press.

Dusick DM 1998 What social cognitive factors influence faculty members' use of computers for teaching? A literature review, Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 31 (2): 123-137.

Dyer J 1993 SuperJANET Applications In Multimedia in Higher Education: Portability and Networking Workshop. Advisory Group on Computer Graphics Technical Report Series No 24.

Dyerson R and Mueller FU 1999 Learning, teamwork and appropriability: managing technological change in the Department of Social Security', The Journal of Management Studies, 36:5, pp. 629-52.

Dyrli OE and Kinnaman DE 1994 Integrating technology into your classroom, Curriculum Technology and Learning 14 (5): 38-44


Eason KD 1994 The process of introducing information technology, in Armson R. and P. Paton (eds) Organisations: Cases, Issues, Concepts (second edn) , London: Open University and Paul Chapman: 99-118.

Eckel P 1999 Reports from the road: insights on institutional change, Washington, D.C.: American Council on Education.

Edwards R 1997 Changing Places? flexibility, lifelong learning and a learning society, London: Routledge.

Ehrmann, S. 2000 Technology & Revolution in Education: Ending the Cycle of Failure. Liberal Education, Fall, 40-49. (last accessed 27/8/02)

Ellington, H., Percival, F. and Race, P. 1993 A Handbook of Educational Technology (3rd edition), Kogen Page: London.

Elton, L. 1986 Research and Teaching: Symbiosis or Conflict, Higher Education, 15, pp 299-304

Elton, L. 1995 An Institutional Framework. In Brew, A. (Ed), Directions in Staff Development, 177-188. Buckingham: SRHE/Open University Press.

Enders J 1999 Crisis? What crisis? The academic professions in the 'knowledge' society, Higher Education 38 (1): 71-86.

Engstrom, Y 1999 Activity theory and individual and social transformation, in Engstrom, Y., Mietinnen, R. and Punamaki, RL (eds) Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, U.K.

Eriksson CB 1999 Role Conflict and Ambiguity at the Departmental Level, Higher Education Management 11 (1): 81-96.

Evans T and Nation D 1997 Creating educational technologies: issues for staff and educational development, Staff and Educational Development International 1(1)


Fontana A and Frey JH 1994 Interviewing: The Art of Science, in Denzin NK and Lincoln YS, (eds) Handbook of Qualitative Research, London: Sage Publications: 361-376.

Ford P et al 1996 Managing Change in Higher Education, Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

Foster, J., Bowskill, N., Lally, V. and McConnell, D. 2000 Researching Community: Developing a design for a virtual professional development center in computer based collaborative group work, paper to Internal Consortium for Educational Development in Higher Education, July 22-26, Bielefeld, Germany.

Foucault M 1972 The Archaeology of Knowledge, London: Tavistock Publications.

Fox, R. & Herrmann, A. 2000 Changing media, changing times: coping with adopting new educational technologies. In Evans, T. & Nation, D. (Eds) Changing University Teaching: Reflections on Creating Educational Technologies, 73-84. London: Kogan Page.

Freeman H et al 2000 The Virtual University: The Internet and Resource Based Learning, Kogan Page.

French, D., Hale, C., Johnson, C. and Farr, G. 1999 Internet Based Learning: An Introduction and Framework for Higher Education and Business, Kogan Page, London

Frey JH and Fontana A 1993 The Group Interview in Social Research , in Morgan DL (ed) Successful Focus Groups: Advancing the State of the Art (London: Sage Publications) 20-34

Fullan M 1999 Change forces: the sequel, London: Falmer Press.


Ganzert RR and Watkins DA 1997 Innovative Staffing To Meet Technological Changes: A Case Study at Wake Forest University, THE Journal 25 (4): 54-56.

Garrison, R. & Andersen, T. 2000 Transforming and enhancing university teaching: stronger and weaker technological influences. In Evans, T. & Nation, D.(Eds) Changing University Teaching: Reflections on Creating Educational Technologies. London: Kogan Page

Geoghegan WH 1994 Whatever happened to instructional technology? Norwalk: International Business Schools Computing Association

Gibbons M 1999 Changing research practices, in Brennan et al (eds), What kind of University? Society for Research in Higher Education and Open University Press.

Gibbs, G. 2000 Learning and teaching Strategies: Developments in English higher education institutions 1998-2000, Centre for Higher Education Practice/Higher Education Funding Council for England.

Gilly Salmon 1999 Developing learning through effective online moderation, Active Learning 9: 3-8

Giroux H 1999 Border Youth, Difference and Post-modern Education, in Castells et al (eds) Critical Education in the Information Age, Rowan and Littlefield: 93-115.

Goodyear P 1997 Ergonomics of Learning Environments, paper to EduTech 97, Universidad de Málaga.

Goodyear P et al 2000 Effective networked learning in higher education: notes and guidelines, Centre for Studies in Advanced Learning Technology, Lancaster University

Goodyear, P. and Steeples, C. 1998 Creating shareable representations of practice, ALT-Journal, 6 (3): 16-23.

Gornall, L. 1999 New Professionals: change and occupational roles in higher education, in Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education, 3 (2): 44-49. London U.K.

Gosling, D. & D'Andrea, V. 2002 How Educational Development/Learning and Teaching Centres Help HE Institutions Manage Change. Educational Developments, 3 (2) 1-3.

Grabinger S, Dunlap JC and Duffield JA 1997 Rich environments for active learning in action: problem-based learning, ALT-Journal 5 (2): 5-17.

Graham G and MacDonald R 1995 Motion: A Visual Database- Learning with Interactive Video. In Thomas D (ed) Flexible Learning Strategies in Higher and Further Education, London: Cassell Education: 99-111.

Green K 1999 The 1999 National Survey of IT in Higher Education, Center for Educational Studies of Claremont Graduate University in Claremont, CA.

Green M.F. 1997 Leadership and Institutional Change: A Comparative View, Higher education management 9 (2): 135-147.

Greenbaum TL 1993 The Handbook for Focus Group Research (New York: Lexicon Books

Greenberg J 1993 Multimedia and the Open University, in Multimedia in Higher Education: Portability and Networking Workshop, Advisory Group on Computer Graphics Technical Report Series No 24: 2-7

Griffiths, T. & Guile, D. 1999 Pedagogy in work-based contexts. In Mortimore, P. (Ed) Understanding Pedagogy and its Impact on Learning, 155-174. London: Paul Chapman.

Gunn C and Brussino G, 1998 An evolutionary approach to CAL Active Learning 6: 20-22


Hall R and Harding D 2000 Driving departmental change through evaluation: some outcomes and problems, ALT- Journal, 8 (1): 19-29.

Hall W, Park Woolf B and White S 1999 Interactive systems for learning and teaching, in Furht B (ed) Handbook of Internet and Multimedia Systems and Applications, University of Southampton

Hanna D.E. 1998 Higher Education in an era of digital competition: Emerging organizational models, JALN 2 (20)

Hannan A. & Silver H. 2000 Innovating in Higher Education: Teaching, Learning and Institutional Cultures. Buckingham: SRHE/Open University Press

Harasim, L. et al. 1995 Learning Networks: A Field Guide to Teaching and Learning Online (Cambridge, MA)

Harris M 1996 Review of Postgraduate Education, html Higher Education Funding Council for England Committee of Vice-Chancellors and Principals Standing Conference of Principals. May 1996.

Hart G, Ryan Y and Bagdon K 1999 Supporting organizational change: fostering a more flexible approach to course delivery, ALT Journal 7 (1): 46-53.

Harvey, J. & Oliver, M. 2001 EFFECTS external evaluation. Unpublished project report.

Hattie, J. and Marsh, HW. 1996 The relationship between research and teaching: A meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research, 66 (4): 507-542

Hawkins BL 1999 Distributed learning and institutional restructuring Educom Review 34(4): 12-15, 42-44.

HEFCE 1997 Information Technology Assisted Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, Bristol: HEFCE publications.

HEFCE 1998 An evaluation of the Computers in Teaching Initiative and Teaching and Learning Technology Support Network, at

HEFCE 1999 Communications and information technology materials for learning and teaching in UK higher and further education.

Henderson L 1996 Instructional design of interactive multimedia: a cultural critique, Educational Technology Research and Development 44(4): 85-104

Hicks P.J. 1997 Re-Engineering Higher Education. In The University of the Future, an institution-wide debate 17 February-14 May 1997.

Higher Education Quality Council 1994 Choosing to Change, London: HEQC

Hills G 1998 New perspectives in education. Engineering Science and Education Journal, 7(2): 88-92.

Hobbes Zakon R 1999 Hobbes Internet Timeline v4.1 (on-line)

Holley, D. & Oliver, M. 2000 Pedagogy and new power relationship International Journal of Management Education, 1 (1):11-21.

Howard K & Sharp JA 1991 The Management of a Student Research Project (Aldershot, UK: Gower Publishing Company Limited)

IEE Multimedia Communications Group 1997 Multimedia Communications Group Awareness Seminar, (London: IEEE)


Imielinski T & Badrinath BR 1994 Mobile Wireless Computing. Communications of the ACM 37(10): 18-28.

IMS Project 2000 Specifications

International Board of Standards for Training, Performance and Instruction 1998 Instructional Design Competencies

IRHE 1999 Independent Review of HE Pay and Conditions ('the Bett Report'). Available online:

Issroff K & Hazemi R 1998 Using the WWW for Teaching and Learning: Raising Awareness within University College London, in Hazemi R, Hailes S & Wilbur S (eds) The Digital University Reinventing the Academy, London: Springer-Verlag: 85-97.

ITATL research team 1997 Information Technology Assisted Teaching and Learning in HE, available from HEFCE as M11/97.


Jackson, P. 2002 Scoping Study for a Learning and Teaching Portal for HE. Unpublished report to the JISC/LTSN.

Jensen R and Sandlin P 1997 Electronic Teaching and Learning: Trends in Adapting to Hypertext, Hypermedia, and Networks in Higher Education, Trinity University.

Jesshope C, Shafarenko A and Slusanchi H 1998 Low-bandwidth multimedia tools for Web-based lecture publishing, Engineering Science and Education Journal 7 (4) :148-154.

JISC ASSIST 1999 Report of the workshop on Managed Learning Environments

Joint Information Systems Committee 1996 Five Year Strategy:1996-2001

Joint Information Systems Committee 2000 Five Year Strategy: 2001-2006 (draft)

Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) 1995 Exploiting IS in HE: An Issues Paper

Jones D 1996 Solving some problems of University Education: A Case Study

Jones SR & Thomas PJ 1997 An Empirical Assessment of Individuals "Personal Information Management Systems", Behaviour and Information Technology, vol 16 No 3, May-June 1997: 158-160.


Kaplan B and Maxwell JA 1994 Qualitative Research Methods for Evaluating Computer Information Systems, in Anderson JG, Aydin CE and Jay SJ (eds) Evaluating Health Care Information Systems: Methods and Applications, Sage: 45-68.

Kelly B 1997 Beyond Browsing and Authoring, in Earnshaw R and Vince J (eds) The Internet in 3D Information, Images and Interaction, San Diego: Academic Press: 19-37.

Kewell E, Oliver M and Conole G 1999 Assessing the Organisational Capabilities of Embedding Learning Technologies into the Undergraduate Curriculum, University of North London: ELT working papers #2.

King A and Honeybone A 1997 Needs before means: the dialectics of learning and technology, ALT-Journal 4(2)

King N and Anderson N 1995 Innovation and Change in Organizations, London: Routledge

Kirakowski J 1998 Quality of Use of Multimedia Learning Systems: Practical Considerations, in The Digital University Reinventing the Academy, London: Springer-Verlag: 233-244.

Klein HK and Myers MD 1999 A Set of Principles for Conducting and Evaluating Interpretative Field Studies in Information Systems, MIS Quarterly, Special Issue on Intensive Research (23:1): 67-93.

Knight PT 1994 Staff development and systemic change in universities, in PT Knight (ed) University-Wide Change, Staff and Curriculum Development, SEDA.

Kolb, D. 1984 Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development. Prentice-Hall: New Jersey

Kollock, P. and Smith, M. 2000 Communities in Cyberspace, in Smith, M. and Kollocks, P. (eds.) Communities in Cyberspace (Introduction)

Krueger RA 1994 Focus Groups A Practical Guide for Applied Research, London: Sage Publications: 6-38.

Kuhn, D. 1981 The Role of Self-Directed Activity in Cognitive Development, in Segel IE, Brodzinsky D Golinkoff RM (eds) New Directions in Piagetian Theory and Practice. Hillsdale New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Kuutti, K. 1997 Activity Theory as a Potential Framework for Human-Computer Interaction Research. in Nardi, B. (Ed), Context and Consciousness: Activity Theory and Human-Computer Interaction, 17-44. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press


Lally, V. and McConnell, D. 2002 Networked professional development: a review of current practice.

Land R 2000 Orientations to Educational Development, Educational Developments 1 (2)

Land, R. 2001 Agency, context and change in academic development. International Journal of Academic Development 6(1): 4-20.

Landow G 1992 Hypertext: the convergence of contemporary critical theory and technology, Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Laszlo A & Castro K 1995 Technology and Values: Interactive Learning Environments for Future Generations, Educational Technology, 35(2): 7-13

Laurillard D (1993) Rethinking University Teaching: A Framework for the Effective use of Educational Technology, London and New York: Routledge.

Laurillard D (2002) Rethinking University Teaching: A Conversational Framework for the Effective use of Educational Technology (2nd edition). London and New York: Routledge.

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Lee I and Reigeluth CM 1994 Empowering teachers for new roles in a new educational system, Educational Technology 9 (6): 8-9

Lidgate D 1998 Whatever Happened to the Dearing Report? Engineering Science and Education Journal February 7 (1): 2-3.

Lipnack J and Stamps J 1995 The Age of the Network: Organizing Principles for the 21st Century, New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Loveridge D, Georghiou L & Nedeva M 1995 United Kingdom Technology Foresight Programme Delphi Survey, The University of Manchester: Crown Copyright: 1-22, 367-412.

Lueddeke GR 1997 Emerging learning environments in HE: Implications for institutional change and academic developers, International Journal of Academic Development 2(2)

Lueddeke GR 1998 The management of change towards an open learning framework: an higher education inquiry, Open Learning, 13 (3): 3-17.

Lyotard JF 1984 The Post-modern Condition: a report on knowledge, Theory and History of Literature 10 (trans. G Bennington and B Massumi), Manchester: MUP.

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Maier P, Barnett L, Warren A, Brunner D 2000 Integrating Technology in Teaching and Learning, London, Kogan Page

Maier P, White S and Barnett L 1997 Using educational development strategies to integrate learning technologies, Active Learning 6: 10-14.

Martin E 1999 Changing Academic Work, Buckingham: SRHE and Open University Press.

Marton, F. and Ramsden, P. 1988 What does it take to improve learning? in P. Ramsden (Ed) Improving Learning: New Perspectives, 268-286. London: Kogan Page.

Marton, F. and Saljo, .R 1984 Approaches to Learning, in Marton F, Houndell D and Entwhistle NJ (eds) The Experience of Learning. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press

Mason R et al 1995 Ethics of Information Management Sage Business

Mason, R. 2002 E-Learning: what have we learnt? in Rust, C. (Ed) Proceedings of the 9th International Improving Student Learning Symposium, 27-34. Oxford: Oxford Centre for Staff and Learning Development.

McCartan A et al 1995 Enabling learning through technology: some institutional imperatives, ALT-Journal 3 (1): 92-97.

McClintock R 1995 Power and Pedagogy: Transforming Education through Information Technology

McConnell, D. 1999 Guest editorial: networked learning. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 15 (3): 177-178.

McConnell, D. 2000 Implementing Computer Supported Cooperative Learning (2nd edition) London: Kogan Page.

McKay J and Frearson M 2000 Higher Education Qualifications and Standards Frameworks, THETO

McKernan J 1996 Curriculum Action Research (2nd edition), London, Kogan Page

McLouglin 2000 Creating partnerships for generative learning and systematic change: Redefining academic roles and relationships in support of learning. International Journal of Academic Development, 5(2): 116-128.

McMahon, A. 2000 The development of professional intuition. in Atkinson, T. & Claxton, G. (Eds), The Intuitive Practitioner: On the Value of Not Always Knowing What One is Doing, 137-148. Buckingham: Open University Press.

McNaught C and Kennedy P 2000 Staff development at RMIT: bottom-up work serviced by top-down investment and policy, ALT Journal , 8 (1): 4-18.

McNay I 1995 From the Collegial Academy to Corporate Enterprise: The Changing Culture of Universities, in Schuller T (ed.) The Changing University? Buckingham, UK: The Society for Research into Higher Education & Open University Press.

Meek, J, Garnett, M & Grattan, J. 1998 Evaluating theimpact of Internet provision on students' information-gathering strategies. ALT-Journal, 6(1): 57-63.

Melville, D 1998 After Kennedy and Dearing: the future for further and higher education, The 1998 Bolland Lecture, UWE, Wednedsay 3rd June.

Middlehurst, R. 1995 Changing Leadership in Universities, in Schuller, T. (ed.) The Changing University? Buckingham, UK: The Society for Research into Higher Education & Open University Press: 75-92.

Morgan DL 1997 Focus groups as qualitative research. (2nd edition) London: Sage.

Mulholland, P., Domingue, J., Zdrahal, Z. and Hatala, M. 2000 Supporting organisational learning: an overview of the ENRICH approach. Journal of Information Services and Use, 20 (1): 9-23. Accessed on the web 07/03/03 at:

Murry, JW & Hammons, JO 1995 Delphi: A Versatile Methodology for Conducting Qualitative Research. The Review of Higher Education, 18(4): 423-436.


Naidu, S., Barrett, J. and Olsen, P. 1995 'Improving Instructional Effectiveness with Computer-mediated Communication' ALT-Journal 3.2, pp. 63-75.

NCIHE - National Committee of Inquiry into Higher Education 1997 Higher Education in the Learning Society. Bristol: Higher Education Funding Council for England.

NCREL/IBSE 1999 Learning Through Technology: A planning and implementation guide.

Newnham, D. 1999 Speak to me... please. The Guardian Weekend. June 12, pp8-16.

NISS 1997 Research Assessment: Consultation (on-line)

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