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Life course development

Background
This section links with the material on Donald Super in the Career Development Theories module. Here, we will go further and encounter a wider range of perspectives on life course development.

The developmental theories: a critical examination of their continuing impact on careers research
Sulliivan & Crocitto summarise nine life course development theories, namely: Erikson, Vaillant, Super, Levinson, Gould, Schein, Driver, Kohlberg and Gilligan. All these approaches have had significant influence in our field.

Activity 1
Please now read Sullivan & Crocitto (2007) from the reading pack. Whilst you are doing this, make notes on the similarities and differences betwen the nine theories.
 

 

Development and change
Like Sullivan & Crocitto, Sugarman also summarises and distils a wide range of life course development theories including many listed above. Her chapter on Development and change has been selected because it provides coverage of two further perspectives: the work of Maslow and Allport. Maslow is perhaps best known for developing his 'pyramid of needs' ranging from physiological well-being to self-actualisation; he has, however, been included here for his descriptions of what he terms the fifteen characteristics of a self-actualizing person. Turning to Allport, he has developed six dimension of maturity including the warm relating of self to others and the development of a unifying philosophy of life. There are links here with Jung's inner law of being.

Activity 2
Please now read Sugarman (1986) from the reading pack. Whilst you are doing this, make notes on the similarities and differences between Maslow and Allport and compare with the nine above.