Skip to main content


E-learning is increasingly relevant to training and coaching activities. It can be used as the sole medium of delivery and/or in a blended form to enhance face-to-face elements. The readings below are designed to help develop a theoretically-informed approach.

Core reading provided in the module pack
Article by Beard et al. (2007) from the Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education.

  • Experiential e-learning
    Beard et al. criticise approaches to e-learning that have been technology-led rather than theory-led. They take an experiential and integrative approach focusing on the use of video elements.

Integrating theory and practice
Following Beard et al., consider the place of video elements in designing on-line or blended training and coaching.

Optional extension activities
1/ Consider to what extent is the 'learning combination lock' an improvement on Kolb's cycle in terms of utility for designing training activities?
2/ Read Salmon's (2003) model of e-learning. This entails a 5 stage process: access and motivation; on-line socialisation; information exchange; knowledge construction; and development.
3/ Read Lewis & Whitlock (2003) on planning and managing an e-learning programme.