In this section, we will explore the work of Carl Jung one of the founders of depth psychology. Jung (1875-1961) developed a system of analytical psychology covering many areas including: the structure of the psyche, mythology, persona, personality type, individuation, religion, alchemy, synchronicity, archetypes and the collective unconscious.
Jung on vocation
Although all his work can in a sense be linked to vocation Jung made specific reference to vocation in a lecture delivered at the Kulturbund, Vienna, in November 1932. This was published in German in 1934 and translated into English in 1939 as The Development of Personality. Later, Jung developed his work on personality and vocation into the concept of 'personal myth'. We will return to this during the workshop and compare with the work of Savickas and Cochran on narrative discussed in the Career Development Theories module.
Whilst you are reading the chapter, please make notes on the following:
* Jung's scepticism: 'The professional man is irretrievably condemned to be competent' (p.169)
* Personality development: 'The achievement of personality means nothing less than the optimum development of the whole individual human being' and 'Personality is the supreme realization of the innate idiosyncrasy of a living being' (p.171)
* Origins: 'Our personality develops in the course of our life from germs that are hard or impossible to discern, and it is only our deeds that reveal who we are' (p.172)
* Law of being: '...the development of personality means...fidelity to the law of one's own being' (p.173)
* Vocation: 'It is what is commonly called vocation: an irrational factor that destines a man to emancipate himself from the herd and from its well-worn paths' (p.176)
* Daemon and the inner man: 'The fact that many a man who goes his own way ends in ruin means nothing to one who has a vocation. He must obey his own law, as if it were a daemon whispering to him of new and wonderful paths. Anyone with a vocation hears the voice of the inner man: he is called.' (pp. 175-6)
* Ambivalence: 'To develop the personality is a gamble, and the tragedy is that the daemon of the inner voice is at once our greatest danger and an indispensable help' (p.186)