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Week 1 Resources

Your materials for Week 1 will be posted here the day before the class takes place.

Monday 18/7

1-2pm: Introduction - Professor Franklyn Lisk, Dr Akin Oyawale, Dr Mouzayian Khalil and Dr Eleanya Nduka (SLIDESLink opens in a new window)

This introductory lecture will provide the students with an overview of the course content and main components/themes, division of teaching responsibility, method of assessment, contact points, and accessing online resources, etc.


Tuesday 19/7

10-11am: Changing global development landscape and the SDGs: growth v. inclusive development - Prof Franklyn Lisk (SlidesLink opens in a new window)

This lecture will introduce students to the major debates in international development, focusing on the relationship between growth and inclusive development (concepts, goals and measurement); democracy vs. efficiency; and state vs. market-led development. This will be done against the background of a changing global development landscape, and with a focus on implications for reducing inequality at national, regional and international levels. This lecture is political in two senses: first, it explores the politics of economic development – the role of political systems and institutions at national and global levels in promoting or retarding economic growth and sustainable development; second, it looks at political development as an end in itself – in terms of the forces that drive systems of representation and popular participation, and good governance and inclusive development. Overall, the lecture will set the stage for addressing the key question of the module: how global conditions, political systems and economic structures and institutions affect development outcomes and impacts on different societies.

Reading List:

Thirlwall, A.P.,2006. Growth and development: With special reference to developing economies. London Macmillian.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 1999. Human Development Report. New York: Oxford University Press.

Dercon, S., 2022. Gambling on Development: Why some countries win and others lose. London: Hurst

11am-12noon: International Relations: concepts and theories - Dr Akin Oyawale (SlidesLink opens in a new window).

This lecture will introduce International Relations (IR) as a discipline, address key concepts such as the state, sovereignty, legitimacy, and introduce students to key theories such as realism, liberalism, the English School, social constructivism, and critical theories.

Reading List:

Baylis, J., 2020. The globalization of world politics: An introduction to international relations. Oxford university press, USA. (Read Chapter 10 – Social Constructivism)

Sørensen, G., Jackson, R.H. and Møller, J., 2022. Introduction to international relations: theories and approaches. London. Oxford university press (Read Chapter 1 – Why study IR?).

1-2pm: Market failures - Dr Eleanya Nduka (SlidesLink opens in a new window)

This lecture will analyse situations where the institutional conditions required for the operation of pure market forces to achieve efficiency in allocation are not met (in relation to the environment).

Reading List:

Perman et al. (2011), Natural resource and environmental economics (4th edition), Harlow: Pearson education limited. Part III of Chapter 4.

Sterner T. and J. Coria (2012), Policy instruments for environmental and natural resource management (2nd edition), New York: RFF Press. Part I of Chapter 2, page 22-38.

2-3pm: Seminar 1 - Dr Eleanya Nduka

Seminar Questions:

  1. Why are some countries poor and others rich?
  2. What conditions are required for securing economic growth and inclusive development? Does high inequality limit growth and development?
  3. What are public goods and how is the level of provision of national defence services determined?
  4. What is an externality, and how does it relate to property rights?

Wednesday 20/7

10-11am: Theorising and gendering development - Dr Mouzayian Khalil (SlidesLink opens in a new window)

Overview:

This lecture will introduce the key concepts, ideas, themes, issues and theories within the subject of gender and development. It provides the foundational conceptual and theoretical knowledge for engaging with the topics under Gender, Equity and Development on this course in the coming weeks. Specifically, we will consider the meaning of terms such as 'gender', 'development', ‘equity’ and ‘inequality' and explore the implications of feminist theorising on gender and development in research and practice.

Reading list:

Momsen, J. 2020. (Chapter 1) Introduction: gender is a development issue. Gender and Development. Third Edition ed. London and New York: Routledge (pp. 1-23) DocumentLink opens in a new window

Rai, S. 2011. (Chapter 3) Gender and Development: theoretical perspectives. In: Nalini Visvanathan, L. D., Nan Wiegersma, Laurie Nisonoff (ed.) The Women, Gender and Development Reader. 2nd ed. London and New York: Zed Books (pp.28-37) DocumentLink opens in a new window

O’reilly, M. 2017. Feminism and the Politics of Difference. Oxford University Press. DocumentLink opens in a new window

11am - 12noon: Understanding security and insecurity - Dr Akin Oyawale (SlidesLink opens in a new window)

This lecture will introduce students to security and insecurity through engaging with the evolution of the concepts from their traditional understanding as state survival to the deepening and broadening of the concepts within more recent post-Cold War critical understandings.

Reading List:

Jarvis, L. and Holland, J., 2014. Security: A critical introduction. Macmillan International Higher Education. (Read Chapter 1 & 4 – further reading) DocumentLink opens in a new window

Peoples, C. and Vaughan-Williams, N., 2020. Critical security studies: An introduction. Routledge. (Read Chapter 2).

1-2pm: Social decision-making - Dr Eleanya Nduka (SlidesLink opens in a new window)

This lecture will expose students to the relationships between the preferences of the individual members of the state and the collective choices made by the government. We will concern ourselves with the problems that liberal democracy poses for social choice.

Reading List:

Brown, C.V. and P.M. Jackson (1990), Public sector economics (4th edition), Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Part I of Chapter 4.

2-3pm: Seminar 2 - Dr Eleanya Nduka

Seminar Questions:

  1. What do you understand by the terms 'gender' and 'development'?
  2. What might a gendered approach to development look like compared to more conventional approaches, and what issues might be raised?
  1. What is security and how should we define it?
  2. What does it mean to broaden and deepen the security concept?
  3. Discuss the conditions of Arrow's social choice.
  4. Discuss Arrow's impossibility theorem and relate it to majority voting.

Thursday 21/7

10-11am: Beyond aid: breaking the chains of poverty and dependency - Prof Franklyn Lisk (Slides)

This lecture is grounded on the aid debates which go back to the early decades of development assistance when aid was underpinned by an economic logic that stressed the need for filling ‘gaps’ that represented constraints on development in poor and low-income countries. Since the 1980s and with the advent of globalisation, criticisms have been directed at most forms of aid by development theorists and thinkers in both the Global South and North – i.e., as an instrument of ‘neo-colonial’ domination, economic exploitation, and cause of dependency. Many doubted that aid could be an effective means for reducing poverty, and noted that aid distorted resource allocation, mainly benefitted privileged elites in the South, and donor countries in the North through aid ‘conditionalities’. The lecture will examine these claims, with evidence where available, and look at whether new and emerging forms of international development cooperation can deliver aid and economic assistance on a wide-ranging and more equitable and inclusive sustainable development basis.

Reading List:

Sen, A. 1999. ‘Poverty as capability deprivation’, chapter 5, Development as freedom. Oxford: OUP

Acemoglu, D. and J. Robinson, 2012. Why nations fail: The origins of power, prosperity and poverty. New York: Crown Publishing Group.

Dollar, D. and C. Burnside, 1998. Assessing aid: What works, what doesn’t, and why. Washington DC: World Bank

Browne, S. 2006. Aid and influence: Do donors help or hinder? London: Earthscan.

Ndikumana, L. and J. Boyce, 2011. Africa’s odious debts: How foreign loans and capital flights bled a continent. London: Zed Press

11am-12noon: Gender and global political economy - Dr Mouzayian Khalil (SlidesLink opens in a new window)

This week we will examine one of the key spaces of contention in issues of gender equity. The structures, processes and dynamics of inclusion and exclusion scale up from the local to the global. Notwithstanding efforts of activists and policy makers, gendered inequities persist that leave women and other marginalised intersections of people on the fringes of mainstream economics and policymaking. We will examine the concept of 'social reproduction' to explore why the work of women within the home is not considered when measuring the economy, and the implications of shifts in perspectives and methodologies on our ability to address gender injustice in the global political economy of development.

Reading List:

'Care' Link opens in a new windowwritten by Prof Juanita Elias (PAIS, Warwick), IPEEL (International Political Economy of Everyday Life)

Duggan, L. 2011. Introduction to Part Two. In: Nalini Visvanathan, L. D., Nan Wiegersma, Laurie Nisonoff (ed.) The Women, Gender and Development Reader. 2nd ed. London and New York: Zed Books. Pp.107-113 ReadingLink opens in a new window

Beneria, L. 2011. (Chapter 16) Accounting for women’s work: the progress of two decades. In: Nalini Visvanathan, L. D., Nan Wiegersma, Laurie Nisonoff (ed.) The Women, Gender and Development Reader. 2nd ed. London and New York: Zed Books. Pp.114-120

1-2pm: Global governance and SDGs: challenges, reforms and innovations - Prof Franklyn Lisk (SlidesLink opens in a new window)

This lecture presents the concept of global governance as a ‘development’ agent that affects state performance to deliver on sustainable development goals. It will address issues that affect the ability governments to influence important decisions in major global financial and economic institutions, and argue that international economic inequalities and imbalances in political power relationship create democratic deficits in rules-based global institutions which, in turn, leave countries of the Global South relatively weak and disadvantaged in their participation in institutions such as the IMF, World Bank, WTO, WIPO, etc. Despite significant opposition and protest over the years, not much has changed because of the skewed and entrenched nature of existing global governance structures. The lecture will therefore explore scope for: undertaking reform and innovation in the governance of global institutions; resetting multilateralism; and recalibrating international development cooperation, aimed at broadening and balancing decision-making power and arrangements within global institutions.

Reading List:

Smith, B. 2007. Good governance and development. Palgrave

Richard, P. 2003. Unholy trinity: The IMF, World Bank and WTO. Zed Books

Dicken, P. 2015. The global shift. 7th edition. London: Guilford Press

Dervis, K. 2011. “Toward strengthened global economic governance” in Birdsall, N. and F. Fukuyama. New ideas on development after the financial crisis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

2-3pm: Seminar 3 - Dr Eleanya Nduka

Seminar Questions:

  1. Who benefits more from aid – recipients or donors?
  2. What role has international development cooperation played in both failure and success of developing countries?
  1. What do you understand by the terms ‘social reproductive labour'?
  2. What is the relevance of achieving gender equity for economic development?
  1. What types of reform in institutional architecture are needed for good global economic governance?
  2. Would effective private sector and civic society participation in multilateral institutions contribute to more democratic global governance systems?

Friday 22/7

10-11am: Gender and global governance: quotas and representation - Dr Mouzayian Khalil (SlidesLink opens in a new window)

This lecture introduces the concepts, debates, theoretical perspectives and policy interventions on issues of gender inequality in access to political representation in global governance. We will learn about the use of quotas as a means to achieve gender parity in political representation at national and global levels; we will discuss the prospects and challenges of this strategy using cases studies from the Global North and Global South.

Reading List:

Prügl, E. & Meyer, M. 1999. Introduction: Gender Politics in Global Governance. In: Meyer, MK, Prügl, E, & Prugl, E (eds), Gender Politics in Global Governance, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Lanham, MD (pp.14-26).

Rai, S.M. 2008. Analysing Global Governance. In: Rai, S.M., Waylen, G. (eds) Global Governance. Palgrave Macmillan, London (pp.19-42).

Will Quotas Help Women into the Boardroom?Link opens in a new window (5mins video by Wall Street Journal)

'Strong Economy, Strong Women (2009): Will Norway's new pro-women law have a tangible effect on the country's economyLink opens in a new window?' (9mins mini documentary)

11am-12noon: International development cooperation- the 'rising powers' -Prof Franklyn Lisk (SlidesLink opens in a new window)

This lecture will illustrate how shifts in global economic and political power structures and relationships over the past three decades have contributed to the emergence of new types of actors and partnerships in international development cooperation in a multi-polar world. These so-called ‘Rising Powers’ among the emerging nations, spearheaded by China, have been making use of their extra-ordinary international economic and political advances, including soft power diplomacy, to influence traditional international development cooperation arrangements and existing systems of global governance. It will assess to what extent the balance of global economic and political power structures and relationships has been changing under the influence of the ‘Rising Powers’, which now includes other countries like, India, Turkey, etc. and through South-South cooperation and analyse the implications for international development cooperation in an increasingly interdependent world.

Reading List:

Brautignam, D. 2010. The dragon’s gift: The real story of China in Africa. Oxford: OUP Alden, C. 2007. China in Africa. London: Zed Books

Lisk, F. and A.B. Sehovic, 2020. “Rethinking global health governance in a changing world order for achieving sustainable development: The role and potential of the ‘Rising Powers’”, Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, 13: 45-65

Lin, J.Y. and C Monga. 2017. Beating the Odds: Jump-starting developing countries. Princeton: Princeton University Press

Carmody, D. 2013. The rise of the BRICS in Africa: The geopolitics of South-South relations. Zed Books

1-2pm: Wars and conflicts - Dr Akin Oyawale (SlidesLink opens in a new window).

This lecture introduces war and conflicts through engaging with the various ways in which human communities have attempted to impose their will on others. At the end of the lecture, students should be able to define war and discuss the various conceptualisations of war and conflicts within IR.

Reading List:

Waltz, K.N., 2001. Man, the state, and war: A theoretical analysis. Columbia University Press (Read Chapter 1 – Introduction ).

Williams, P.D., 2012. Security studies: An introduction. In Security Studies (pp. 23-34). Routledge. (Read Chapter 12 – War).

2-3pm: Seminar 4 - Dr Eleanya Nduka

Seminar Questions:

  1. What is the quota system and how effective is it for engendering gender equality in political participation?
  2. What are the barriers and limitations to the use of quota systems for achieving gender equity in political participation a national and global levels?
  3. Is China good for African development?
  4. How effective is South-South cooperation for reducing inequality in international development?
  5. What is war?
  6. What is 'the western way of war'?

Additional Reading