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Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (EELS) & Imaging Filter (EF-TEM)

In Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (EELS) a material is exposed to a beam of electrons with a known, narrow range of kinetic energies, normally resulting from those generated within a Transmission Electron Microscope.

cogsHow does it work?

Some of the electrons will undergo inelastic scattering, which means that they lose energy and have their paths slightly and randomly deflected. The amount of energy loss can be measured via an electron spectrometer and interpreted in terms of what caused the energy loss. Inelastic interactions include phonon excitations, inter and intra band transitions, plasmon excitations, inner shell ionizations, and Čerenkov radiation. The inner-shell ionizations are particularly useful for detecting the elemental components of a material.

(EFTEM) is a technique used in Transmission Electron Microscopy, in which only electrons of particular kinetic energies are used to form the image or diffraction pattern. The technique can be used to aid chemical analysis of the sample in conjunction with complementary techniques such as electron crystallography.


Materials analysis; chemical analysis; interfacial analysis; bandgap measurements; thickness measurements; bonding studies.

Sample Handling Requirements:

Solid. Must be capable of forming a disc no greater than 3mm diameter and 100nm thickness. Variable Temperature experiments are feasible over the range -150 to +600 C.

Complementary Techniques


Warwick capability:

Gatan Quantum SE GIF.


Dr Ian Hancox, 024 76 150380 email i dot hancox at warwick dot ac dot uk.

Typical results format, and sample:

GIF unfiltered image
EELS spectrum



Warwick collect/analyse data

Warwick collect data
 green_tick.gif Available to user with expertise/ contribution
 green_tick.gif Spare capacity for collaborative research