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{"lastUpdated":1431600922692,"description":"List of entries","links":[{"rel":"alternate","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/"},{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/sitebuilder2/api/dataentry/entries.json?page=%2ffac%2farts%2fclassics%2fresearch%2fdept_projects%2fbeginningsofempire%2fdatabase%2fstore"}],"id":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/","categories":[],"title":"Coins Database","publicationDate":1513183495465,"items":[{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Amphaxitis\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491520\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-168,\"until\":-148,\"note\":\"168-148 (?)\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.97},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Macedonian shield with a whirling star in the centre.\",\"reverse\":\"Club r., within oak wreath; above club, two monograms and ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ; below club ΑΜΦΑΞΙΩΝ.\"},\"reference\":\"AMNG no. 18\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. H. (1985), Coinage and Money under the Roman Republic. London. p. 129-130



Gaebler, H. (1935), Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands III: Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia and Paionia. Berlin.



Touratsoglou, I. (1987), 'Macedonia', In The Coinage of the Roman World in the Late Republic, A. Burnett and M. Crawford, (eds). Oxford, 53-78.\",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm. The date of this issue is controversial.\"}","title":"AMNG.no.18","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=A#amngno18"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca38c0e27","lastUpdated":1379064298000,"anchor":"amngno18","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca38c0e27","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379064298000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"thessalonika_janus_type.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG, Osnabrück, © Lübke & Wiedemann, Stuttgart (Auction 153, lot 8217) (http://www.kuenker.de/)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491741\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-187,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"187-31\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Janus.\",\"reverse\":\"The Dioscuri; ΘΕΣΣΑ above, ΛΟΝΙΚΗΣ in exergue.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"AMNG p. 120, 17\",\"bibliography\":\"Touratsoglou, I. (1987), 'Macedonia', In The Coinage of the Roman World in the Late Republic, A. Burnett and M. Crawford, (eds). Oxford, 53-78.\",\"notes\":\"The dating of this issue is extremely controversial. Touratsoglou (below, p. 56) observes that the hoard evidence suggests it was issued during the final years of Perseus' reign, but, as he observes, this seems to be contradicted by the 'Roman' type.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105445824\"}","title":"AMNG.p.120,17","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=A#amngp12017"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca1d807f8","lastUpdated":1376049979000,"anchor":"amngp12017","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca1d807f8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049979000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491741\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-48,\"until\":-48,\"note\":\"48\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Pompey\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Demeter, r.\",\"reverse\":\"ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΕΩΝ. Founder ploughing with two yoked oxen.\"},\"reference\":\"AMNG p. 122 no. 26\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.



Gaebler, H. (1935), Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands III: Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia and Paionia. Berlin.



Touratsoglou, I. (1987), 'Macedonia', In The Coinage of the Roman World in the Late Republic, A. Burnett and M. Crawford, (eds). Oxford, 53-78.\",\"notes\":\"The coin marks an event reported by Dio, in which Pompey purchased land in Thessalonika in order to be able to hold elections on Roman soil. The type is inspired by a denarius coin of 81 BC, RRC 378/1a-c.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105437886\"}","title":"AMNG.p.122.no.26","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=A#amngp122no26"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca25e0e1d","lastUpdated":1376049979000,"anchor":"amngp122no26","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca25e0e1d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049979000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"thessalonika_pompey.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., (Electronic Auction 254, lot 186) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491741\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-48,\"until\":-48,\"note\":\"48\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Pompey\",\"obverse\":\"Veiled female head, r.\",\"reverse\":\"Founder ploughing with two yoked oxen. ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟ above, ΝΙΚΕΩΝ below.\"},\"reference\":\"AMNG p. 122 no. 27\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.

Gaebler, H. (1935), Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands III: Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia and Paionia. Berlin.

Touratsoglou, I. (1987), 'Macedonia', In The Coinage of the Roman World in the Late Republic, A. Burnett and M. Crawford, (eds). Oxford, 53-78.\",\"notes\":\"Founder can plow either to the r. or to the l. The coin marks an event reported by Dio, in which Pompey purchased land in Thessaloniki in order to be able to hold elections on Roman soil. The type is inspired by a denarius coin of 81 BC, RRC 378/1a-c.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105436270\"}","title":"AMNG.p.122.no.27","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=A#amngp122no27"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca28407fc","lastUpdated":1376049979000,"anchor":"amngp122no27","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca28407fc","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049979000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Amphipolis\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/501347\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-187,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"187-31\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":19.2},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Janus.\",\"reverse\":\"Two centaurs rearing upwards. ΑΜΦΙ above, ΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ in exergue.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"AMNG p. 36 no. 41\",\"bibliography\":\"Gaebler, H. (1935), Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands III: Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia and Paionia. Berlin.



Touratsoglou, I. (1987), 'Macedonia', In The Coinage of the Roman World in the Late Republic, A. Burnett and M. Crawford, (eds). Oxford, 53-78.\",\"notes\":\"The dating of this issue, and the Janus issue of Thessalonika, is extremely controversial. Touratsoglou notes that the hoard evidence places this issue towards the end of Perseus' reign, but, as he notes, this seems at odds with the 'Roman' iconography.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105449450\"}","title":"AMNG.p.36.no.41","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=A#amngp36no41"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca1cd0e1b","lastUpdated":1376049980000,"anchor":"amngp36no41","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca1cd0e1b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049980000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"argos_eagle_NZ.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From NZ IX (1877) pl. II no. 16\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Argos\",\"region\":\"Argolis\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570106\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-146,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.7},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Herakleitos\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Zeus.\",\"reverse\":\"Eagle standing 3/4 facing on symbol. Monograms, ΗΡΑΚΛΕΙΤΟΥ.\"},\"reference\":\"NZ IX (1877) pp. 54-6, pl. II no. 16\",\"bibliography\":\"Numismatische Zeitschrift IX (1877) pp. 54-6. Warren, J. A. (1993). Towards a resolution of the Achaian League silver controversy: some observations on methodology. Essays in Honour of Robert Carson and Kenneth Jenkins. M. Price, A. Burnett and R. Bland. London, Spink: 87-99. \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"ArgosNZIX","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=A#argosnzix"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b97788a014ba2186bd461f3","lastUpdated":1424353684302,"anchor":"argosnzix","id":"094d43454b97788a014ba2186bd461f3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424353684302,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"aesillas_drachm.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gerhard Hirsch Nachfolger (Auction Auction 271, lot 1929)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/991368\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-70,\"note\":\"90-70\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.9},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Aesillas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Alexander the Great with the horn of Zeus-Ammon encircling ear, facing r.; l. in field, ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ. Behind head, Θ,\",\"reverse\":\"Club of Hercules vertical, flanked by Roman quaestor's chair (sella) to r. and money chest (cista) to l., surrounded by laurel wreath; above the club, AESILLAS; lower r. in field, Q (=Q[uaestor]).\"},\"reference\":\"Bauslaugh drachm\",\"bibliography\":\"Bauslaugh, R. A. (2000), Silver Coinage with the Types of Aesillas the Quaestor. New York.\",\"notes\":\"AR drachm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105221220\"}","title":"Bauslaugh.drachm","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bauslaughdrachm"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca2f30800","lastUpdated":1376049977000,"anchor":"bauslaughdrachm","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca2f30800","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049977000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"aesillas_gp_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail bid Sale 72, Lot 530) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/991368\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-70,\"note\":\"90-70\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.44},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Aesillas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Alexander the Great with the horn of Zeus-Ammon encircling ear, facing r.; l. in field, ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ.\",\"reverse\":\"Club of Hercules vertical, flanked by Roman quaestor's chair (sella) to r. and money chest (cista) to l., surrounded by laurel wreath; above the club, AESILLAS; lower r. in field, Q (=Q[uaestor]).\"},\"reference\":\"Bauslaugh Group 1\",\"bibliography\":\"Bauslaugh, R. A. (2000), Silver Coinage with the Types of Aesillas the Quaestor. New York.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"105217159\"}","title":"Bauslaugh.Group.1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bauslaughgroup1"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca37d0804","lastUpdated":1376049976000,"anchor":"bauslaughgroup1","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca37d0804","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049976000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"aesillas_gp_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gerhard Hirsch Nachfolger (Auction 284, lot 2319).\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981531\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-70,\"note\":\"90-70\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.44},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Aesillas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Alexander the Great with the horn of Zeus-Ammon encircling ear, facing r.; l. in field, ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ, and Θ.\",\"reverse\":\"Club of Hercules vertical, flanked by Roman quaestor's chair (sella) to r. and money chest (cista) to l., surrounded by laurel wreath; above the club, AESILLAS; lower r. in field, Q (=Q[uaestor]).\"},\"reference\":\"Bauslaugh Group 2\",\"bibliography\":\"Bauslaugh, R. A. (2000), Silver Coinage with the Types of Aesillas the Quaestor. New York.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Bauslaugh.Group.2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bauslaughgroup2"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca3570e26","lastUpdated":1379072019000,"anchor":"bauslaughgroup2","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca3570e26","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379072019000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"aesillas_gp_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton IX, lot 841) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Pella or the Bottiaeans\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491687\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-70,\"note\":\"90-70\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.44},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Aesillas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Alexander the Great with the horn of Zeus-Ammon encircling ear, facing r.; l. in field, ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ. Forward or reverse facing B.\",\"reverse\":\"Club of Hercules vertical, flanked by Roman quaestor's chair (sella) to r. and money chest (cista) to l., surrounded by laurel wreath; above the club, AESILLAS; lower r. in field, Q (=Q[uaestor]).\"},\"reference\":\"Bauslaugh Group 3\",\"bibliography\":\"Bauslaugh, R. A. (2000), Silver Coinage with the Types of Aesillas the Quaestor. New York.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"105218639\"}","title":"Bauslaugh.Group.3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bauslaughgroup3"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca3480803","lastUpdated":1376049977000,"anchor":"bauslaughgroup3","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca3480803","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049977000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"aesillas_gp_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gorny & Mosch (Auction 138, lot 60).\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491741\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-70,\"note\":\"90-70\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.44},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Aesillas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Alexander the Great with the horn of Zeus-Ammon encircling ear, facing r.; l. in field, ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ. Θ behind head, SI before.\",\"reverse\":\"Club of Hercules vertical, flanked by Roman quaestor's chair (sella) to r. and money chest (cista) to l., surrounded by laurel wreath; above the club, AESILLAS; lower r. in field, Q (=Q[uaestor]).\"},\"reference\":\"Bauslaugh Group 4\",\"bibliography\":\"Bauslaugh, R. A. (2000), Silver Coinage with the Types of Aesillas the Quaestor. New York.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"105219250\"}","title":"Bauslaugh.Group.4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bauslaughgroup4"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca33a0e25","lastUpdated":1376049977000,"anchor":"bauslaughgroup4","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca33a0e25","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049977000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"aesillas_suura_gp_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 76, lot 324)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491741\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-70,\"note\":\"90-70\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.44},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Braetius Sura\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Alexander the Great with the horn of Zeus-Ammon encircling ear, facing r.; l. in field, ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ. ¿ behind, SI before.\",\"reverse\":\"Club of Hercules vertical, flanked by Roman quaestor's chair (sella) to r. and money chest (cista) to l., surrounded by laurel wreath; above the club, SVVRA LEG PRO Q.\"},\"reference\":\"Bauslaugh Group 4 no. 17\",\"bibliography\":\"Bauslaugh, R. A. (2000), Silver Coinage with the Types of Aesillas the Quaestor. New York.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Bauslaugh.Group.4.no.17","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bauslaughgroup4no17"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca32c0802","lastUpdated":1401963510572,"anchor":"bauslaughgroup4no17","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca32c0802","categories":[],"publicationDate":1401963510572,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"aesillas_gp_6.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 275, Lot 20)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491741\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-70,\"note\":\"90-70\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.44},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Aesillas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Alexander the Great with the horn of Zeus-Ammon encircling ear, facing r.; l. in field, ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ. Behind head, Θ.\",\"reverse\":\"Club of Hercules vertical, flanked by Roman quaestor's chair (sella) to r. and money chest (cista) to l., surrounded by laurel wreath; above the club, AESILLAS; lower r. in field, Q (=Q[uaestor]).\"},\"reference\":\"Bauslaugh Group 6\",\"bibliography\":\"Bauslaugh, R. A. (2000), Silver Coinage with the Types of Aesillas the Quaestor. New York.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Bauslaugh.Group.6","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bauslaughgroup6"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca30f0e24","lastUpdated":1377611457000,"anchor":"bauslaughgroup6","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca30f0e24","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377611457000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"aesillas_gp_7.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., (Electronic Auction 112, lot 14) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika and uncertain mint\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/991368\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-70,\"note\":\"90-70\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.44},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Aesillas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Alexander the Great with the horn of Zeus-Ammon encircling ear, facing r.; l. in field, ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ. CAE PR above, Θ sometimes behind.\",\"reverse\":\"Club of Hercules vertical, flanked by Roman quaestor's chair (sella) to r. and money chest (cista) to l., surrounded by laurel wreath; above the club, AESILLAS; lower r. in field, Q (=Q[uaestor]).\"},\"reference\":\"Bauslaugh Group 7\",\"bibliography\":\"Bauslaugh, R. A. (2000), Silver Coinage with the Types of Aesillas the Quaestor. New York.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Bauslaugh.Group.7","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bauslaughgroup7"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca31e0801","lastUpdated":1377613011000,"anchor":"bauslaughgroup7","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca31e0801","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377613011000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"aesillas_gp_8.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. (Electronic Auction 77, lot 29) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981531\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-70,\"note\":\"90-70\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.44},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Aesillas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Alexander the Great with the horn of Zeus-Ammon encircling ear, facing r.; l. in field, ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ, Θ behind head.\",\"reverse\":\"Club of Hercules vertical, flanked by Roman quaestor's chair (sella) to r. and money chest (cista) to l., surrounded by laurel wreath; above the club, AESILLAS; lower r. in field, Q (=Q[uaestor]).\"},\"reference\":\"Bauslaugh Group 8\",\"bibliography\":\"Bauslaugh, R. A. (2000), Silver Coinage with the Types of Aesillas the Quaestor. New York.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Bauslaugh.Group.8","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bauslaughgroup8"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca3010e23","lastUpdated":1379071822000,"anchor":"bauslaughgroup8","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca3010e23","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379071822000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Dyme\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570205\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-146},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios.\",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, head of Athena below. Other monograms\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Dyme 1\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner1"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b83c1195252b1","lastUpdated":1423844645078,"anchor":"benner1","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b83c1195252b1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423844645078,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Aegira\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570043\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-30},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios.\",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, forepart of goat above.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Aegira 12-19\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Achaean League Hemidrachm.\"}","title":"Benner.12_18","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner1218"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b83a4fdd05042","lastUpdated":1423842803021,"anchor":"benner1218","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b83a4fdd05042","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423842803021,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Benner_Epidauros_19.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 221, lot 102) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Epidauros\",\"region\":\"Argolis\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570228\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-30},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. \",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, coiled snake above. Other monograms or symbols.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Epidauros 12-20\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.12_20","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner1220"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b83f93e4f56bf","lastUpdated":1423848324555,"anchor":"benner1220","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b83f93e4f56bf","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423848324555,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Benner_Argos_15.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 221, lot 79) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Argos\",\"region\":\"Argolis\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570106\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-146},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. \",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, club above or below. Other symbols.\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Argos 15-19\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.15_19","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner1519"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b83ba5d1a51d9","lastUpdated":1424352543778,"anchor":"benner1519","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b83ba5d1a51d9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424352543778,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Benner_Elis_20.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 305, lot 114) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Elis\",\"region\":\"Elis\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570220\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-146},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. \",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, sometimes thunderbolt below. 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Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.15_29","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner1529"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b83d946a15525","lastUpdated":1423846229545,"anchor":"benner1529","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b83d946a15525","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423846229545,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Benner_22.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 252, lot 98) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Aigion\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570049\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-88,\"until\":-30},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. On some issues ΑΙΓΕΙΩΝ.\",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath. Thunderbolt on some issues.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Aigion 18-22\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League. The coins either carry an ethnic on the obverse, or the thunderbolt on the reverse.\"}","title":"Benner.18_22","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner1822"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b83b40e5350c4","lastUpdated":1423843790287,"anchor":"benner1822","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b83b40e5350c4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423843790287,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Bonner_8.jpg\",\"rights\":\"© The Trustees of the British Museum\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Aegira\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570043\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-146},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios.\",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, forepart of goat above.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Aegira 1-11\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Achaean League Hemidrachm.\"}","title":"Benner.1_11","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner111"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b839f4ee819a2","lastUpdated":1423842430542,"anchor":"benner111","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b839f4ee819a2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423842430542,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Benner_14.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Jean Elsen & ses Fils S.A. (Auction 116, lot 92)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Aigion\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570049\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-146},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. Monogram or ΕΥΤΕΙ on some issues.\",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, thunderbolt above or below.\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Aigion 1-17\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.1_17","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner117"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b83ace3b91a28","lastUpdated":1423843500685,"anchor":"benner117","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b83ace3b91a28","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423843500685,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Benner_Epidauros_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 221, lot 100) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Epidauros\",\"region\":\"Argolis\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570228\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-146},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. \",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, vase above or below. Other monograms or symbols.\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Epidauros 1-2, 11\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.1_2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner12"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b83f258f51def","lastUpdated":1423848120157,"anchor":"benner12","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b83f258f51def","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423848120157,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Kleitor\",\"region\":\"Arcadia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570359\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-146},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. \",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, head of Helios, facing, below. Other monograms or symbols.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Kleitor 1-2\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.1_2.kleitor","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner12kleitor"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b84035dfd1e8d","lastUpdated":1423848988029,"anchor":"benner12kleitor","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b84035dfd1e8d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423848988029,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Benner_Kaphyai_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 221, lot 104) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Kaphyai\",\"region\":\"Arcadia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570329\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-146},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. \",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, head of Athena below. 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Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.1_5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner15"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b83ff0af71e7f","lastUpdated":1423848704626,"anchor":"benner15","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b83ff0af71e7f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423848704626,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Dyme\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570205\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-146},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios.\",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, fish below. Other monograms\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Dyme 2\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner2"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b83c341ca1b60","lastUpdated":1423844786509,"anchor":"benner2","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b83c341ca1b60","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423844786509,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Benner_23.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG (Auction 94, lot 870) (http://www.kuenker.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Aegira\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570043\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-88,\"until\":-30},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios.\",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, forepart of goat above.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Aegira 20-23\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Achaean League hemidrachm.\"}","title":"Benner.20_23","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner2023"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b83a7b9f61a13","lastUpdated":1423842982270,"anchor":"benner2023","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b83a7b9f61a13","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423842982270,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Dyme\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570205\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-30},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. \",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, fish below. Other monograms.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Dyme 3\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner3"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b83c4d07452d7","lastUpdated":1423844888568,"anchor":"benner3","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b83c4d07452d7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423844888568,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Elis\",\"region\":\"Elis\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570220\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-30},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. \",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, thunderbolt below. Other monograms or symbols.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Elis 30-31\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.30_31","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner3031"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b83dc853c553f","lastUpdated":1423846442151,"anchor":"benner3031","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b83dc853c553f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423846442151,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Benner_Elis_42.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Auction 91, lot 203) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Elis\",\"region\":\"Elis\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570220\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-88,\"until\":-30},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. Differing monograms and legends.\",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, thunderbolt. Other monograms or symbols.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Elis 32-75\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\\r\\nObverse legends: ΕΠΙΝΙΚΟΣ (Benner 32, 34), ΚΑΛΛΙΠΠΟΣ (Benner 42), ΔΑΜΑΙΩΝ (Benner 43), ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝΙΟΣ (Benner 44), ΦΙΛΟΜΕΝΙΟΣ (Benner 45), ΑΡΙCΤΩΝΙ[ΚΟC] (Benner 48), ΝΙΚΕΟΥ (Benner 60), ΝΚΙΑ (Benner 61), ΘΡΑΚΥΛΕωΝ (Benner 63), ΑΠΟΛΛΟΝΙΟΣ (Benner 68), ΔΑΜΑΙΩΝ (Benner 69), ΚΑΛΛΙΠΠΟΣ (Benner 72), ΕΠΙΝΙΚΟC (Benner 74), ΘΑΛΙΑΡΧΟC (Benner 75).\"}","title":"Benner.32_75","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner3275"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b83edd1501db8","lastUpdated":1423847575759,"anchor":"benner3275","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b83edd1501db8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423847575759,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Benner_Epidauros_5.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 221, lot 101) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Epidauros\",\"region\":\"Argolis\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570228\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-167,\"until\":-146},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. \",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, coiled snake above. Other monograms or symbols.\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Epidauros 3-10\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.3_11","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner311"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b83f56616563d","lastUpdated":1423848127422,"anchor":"benner311","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b83f56616563d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423848127422,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Benner_Kleitor_5.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Auction 93, lot 321)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Kleitor\",\"region\":\"Arcadia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570359\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-88,\"until\":-30},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. \",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, sometimes head of Helios. Other monograms or symbols.\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Kleitor 3-5\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.3_5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner35"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b8406232e1eb1","lastUpdated":1423849199221,"anchor":"benner35","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b8406232e1eb1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423849199221,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Benner_Dyme_17.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 258, lot 144) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Dyme\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570205\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-88,\"until\":-30},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Hamarios. \",\"reverse\":\"Monogram of AX within wreath, fish below. Other monograms or symbols.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Benner Dyme 4-17\",\"bibliography\":\"Benner, S. M. (2008). Achaian League Coinage of the 3rd through 1st Centuries B.C.E. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and London, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Hemidrachm of the Achaean League.\"}","title":"Benner.4_17","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#benner417"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b83c883785317","lastUpdated":1423845130994,"anchor":"benner417","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b83c883785317","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423845130994,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"bmc_argos_147.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 81, lot 2487) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Argos\",\"region\":\"Argolis\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570106\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-146,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Herakleitos\",\"obverse\":\"Forepart of wolf.\",\"reverse\":\"Forepart of running bull. ΗΡΑΚΛΕΙΤΟΥ.\"},\"reference\":\"BMC Argos 147\",\"bibliography\":\"Gardner, P. & Poole, S.R. (1963). A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Peloponnesus. London. Warren, J. A. (1993). Towards a resolution of the Achaian League silver controversy: some observations on methodology. Essays in Honour of Robert Carson and Kenneth Jenkins. M. Price, A. Burnett and R. Bland. London, Spink: 87-99. \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"bmc.Argos.147","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bmcargos147"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b97788a014ba21c1c776217","lastUpdated":1424353926136,"anchor":"bmcargos147","id":"094d43454b97788a014ba21c1c776217","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424353926136,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"bmc_megalopis_12a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 96 lot 1568.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Megalopolis\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570467\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-146,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Zeus.\",\"reverse\":\"Eagle with wings closed standing on thunderbolt, ΜΕΓ. All within oak-wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"BMC Megalopolis 12\",\"bibliography\":\"Gardner, P. & Poole, S.R. (1963). A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Peloponnesus. London. Warren, J. A. (1993). Towards a resolution of the Achaian League silver controversy: some observations on methodology. Essays in Honour of Robert Carson and Kenneth Jenkins. M. Price, A. Burnett and R. Bland. London, Spink: 87-99. \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"bmc.megalopolis.12","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bmcmegalopolis12"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b977890014ba1cdfea30af5","lastUpdated":1424348806684,"anchor":"bmcmegalopolis12","id":"094d43454b977890014ba1cdfea30af5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424348806684,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"bmc_megalopis_12.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From LHS Numismatik AG Auction 96 lot 1555.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Megalopolis\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570467\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-146,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Zeus.\",\"reverse\":\"Pan, horned and naked, seated on rock, holding lagobolon in his right hand; all within oak-wreath. ΜΕ Γ, monograms. \",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"BMC Megalopolis 15-16\",\"bibliography\":\"Gardner, P. & Poole, S.R. (1963). A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Peloponnesus. London. Warren, J. A. (1993). Towards a resolution of the Achaian League silver controversy: some observations on methodology. Essays in Honour of Robert Carson and Kenneth Jenkins. M. Price, A. Burnett and R. Bland. London, Spink: 87-99. \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"bmc.megalopolis.15_16","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bmcmegalopolis1516"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b97788a014ba1c940405e7d","lastUpdated":1424348495786,"anchor":"bmcmegalopolis1516","id":"094d43454b97788a014ba1c940405e7d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424348495786,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"bmc_patras_6.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 96 lot 514.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Patras\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570567\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-146,\"until\":-32},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"various\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Pallas wearing Corinthian helmet. \",\"reverse\":\"Monogram, Poseidon, naked, with trident and dolphin. Name of magistrates.\"},\"reference\":\"BMC Patrae 5-6\",\"bibliography\":\"Gardner, P. & Poole, S.R. (1963). A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Peloponnesus. London.\\r\\nWarren, J. A. (1993). Towards a resolution of the Achaian League silver controversy: some observations on methodology. Essays in Honour of Robert Carson and Kenneth Jenkins. M. Price, A. Burnett and R. Bland. London, Spink: 87-99.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"BMC.Patrae.5_6","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bmcpatrae56"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b97788a014ba1b743cf5d4b","lastUpdated":1424347609937,"anchor":"bmcpatrae56","id":"094d43454b97788a014ba1b743cf5d4b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424347609937,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"bmc_patras_8.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 96, lot 512.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Patras\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570567\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-146,\"until\":-32},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.91},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"various\",\"obverse\":\"Head of bearded Hercules, bound with taenia.\",\"reverse\":\"Monogram. Pallas holding spear and round shield. Name of magistrates, ΠΑΤΡΕΩΝ. Sometimes, owl before or palm behind.\"},\"reference\":\"BMC Patrae 7-13\",\"bibliography\":\"Gardner, P. & Poole, S.R. (1963). A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Peloponnesus. London. Warren, J. A. (1993). Towards a resolution of the Achaian League silver controversy: some observations on methodology. Essays in Honour of Robert Carson and Kenneth Jenkins. M. Price, A. Burnett and R. Bland. London, Spink: 87-99. \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"bmc.Patrae.7_13","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bmcpatrae713"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b97788a014ba1bc93ed5dca","lastUpdated":1424347665262,"anchor":"bmcpatrae713","id":"094d43454b97788a014ba1bc93ed5dca","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424347665262,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"bmc_tegea_20.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 96 lot 1749.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Tegea\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570707\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-146,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.95},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Aleus, bearded and wearing taenia. ΑΛΕΟΣ.\",\"reverse\":\"Pallas and Cepheus, both armed, standing face to face. Pallas hands the head of Medusa to Cepheus; between them, Sterope holds up a vase to receive it. ΤΕΓΕΑΤΑΝ, monograms.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"BMC Tegea 20-21\",\"bibliography\":\"Gardner, P. & Poole, S.R. (1963). A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Peloponnesus. London. Warren, J. A. (1993). Towards a resolution of the Achaian League silver controversy: some observations on methodology. Essays in Honour of Robert Carson and Kenneth Jenkins. M. Price, A. Burnett and R. Bland. London, Spink: 87-99. \",\"notes\":\"According to myth, Cepheus was the son of Aleus, who succeeded his father as king of Tegea. His daughter Sterope was given a lock of Medusa to protect the city while Cepeheus and his sons travelled with Hercules. \"}","title":"BMC.Tegea.20_21","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bmctegea2021"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b97788a014ba1ef0b536014","lastUpdated":1424350972636,"anchor":"bmctegea2021","id":"094d43454b97788a014ba1ef0b536014","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424350972636,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"bmc_tegea_22.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 76, lot 607) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Tegea\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570707\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-146,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.3},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Eileithuia (?) wearing stephane, torch over shoulder.\",\"reverse\":\"Pallas standing right, armed, placing head of Medusa in a vase help up by Sterope, ΤΕΓΕΑΤΑΝ, monograms. \",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"BMC Tegea 22-24\",\"bibliography\":\"Gardner, P. & Poole, S.R. (1963). A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Peloponnesus. London. Warren, J. A. (1993). Towards a resolution of the Achaian League silver controversy: some observations on methodology. Essays in Honour of Robert Carson and Kenneth Jenkins. M. Price, A. Burnett and R. Bland. London, Spink: 87-99. \",\"notes\":\"According to myth, Cepheus was the son of Aleus, and succeeded his father as king of Tegea. His daughter Sterope was given a lock of Medusa to protect the city while Cepeheus and his sons travelled with Hercules. \"}","title":"BMC.Tegea.22_24","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bmctegea2224"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b97788a014ba1f3bace602e","lastUpdated":1424351279696,"anchor":"bmctegea2224","id":"094d43454b97788a014ba1f3bace602e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424351279696,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"bmc_tegea_25.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 96 lot 1751.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Tegea\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570707\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-146,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.09},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Pallas wearing crested Corinthian helmet.\",\"reverse\":\"Telephus suckled by doe. ΤΕΓΕΑΤΑΝ, monograms.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"BMC Tegea 25\",\"bibliography\":\"Gardner, P. & Poole, S.R. (1963). A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Peloponnesus. London. Warren, J. A. (1993). Towards a resolution of the Achaian League silver controversy: some observations on methodology. Essays in Honour of Robert Carson and Kenneth Jenkins. M. Price, A. Burnett and R. Bland. London, Spink: 87-99. \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"bmc.tegea.25","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#bmctegea25"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b97788a014ba1f66d076053","lastUpdated":1424351456390,"anchor":"bmctegea25","id":"094d43454b97788a014ba1f66d076053","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424351456390,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crs_13.1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 237, Lot 43) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Antioch\",\"region\":\"Syria\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/658381\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-48,\"until\":-47,\"note\":\"48/47\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.39},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Laureate bust of Zeus. No legend.\",\"reverse\":\"Zeus seated left, holding Nike and sceptre. To right, downwards in two lines, ANTIOXEΩN/THΣ; to left, downwards, MHTPOΠΟΔΕΩΣ. Date in exergue. Cornucopia in field to right. All within laurel wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Butcher CRS 13.1\",\"bibliography\":\"Butcher K. (2004) Coinage in Roman Syria, Northern Syria, 64 BC – AD 253. London.\",\"notes\":\"Reformed standard. Large denomination. Butcher suggests this issue formed part of a reformed standard after the defeat of Pompey and Caesar's visit to Antioch, but before a Caesarean era was adopted on coinage.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102979533\"}","title":"Butcher.CRS.13.1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#butchercrs131"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cac2e083a","lastUpdated":1376049961000,"anchor":"butchercrs131","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cac2e083a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049961000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Antioch\",\"region\":\"Syria\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/658381\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-48,\"until\":-47,\"note\":\"48-47\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":9.59},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Laureate bust of Zeus right. No legend.\",\"reverse\":\"Tyche standing left, holding rudder in right hand and cornucopia in left. To right, downwards in two lines, ANTIOXEΩN/THΣ; to left, downwards, MHTPOΠΟΔΕΩΣ. Date in exergue. All within laurel wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Butcher CRS 13.2\",\"bibliography\":\"Butcher K. (2004) Coinage in Roman Syria, Northern Syria, 64 BC – AD 253. London.\",\"notes\":\"Reformed standard. Medium denomination.



Butcher suggests that this issue likely produced post defeat of Pompey and Caesar's visit to Antioch, but before the Caesarean era was adopted on coinage.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102980840\"}","title":"Butcher.CRS.13.2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#butchercrs132"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cac150e5d","lastUpdated":1376049961000,"anchor":"butchercrs132","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cac150e5d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049961000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crs_15.2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 213, Lot 163) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Antioch\",\"region\":\"Syria\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/658381\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-47,\"note\":\"47-\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Laureate bust of Zeus right. No legend.\",\"reverse\":\"Zeus seated left. Legend arranged variously (see notes) to right, downwards in two lines, and to left, downwards in one or two lines. Date in exergue. Letters or symbols sometimes in field. All within wreath as illustrated. Various control marks.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Butcher CRS 14.1-21.2\",\"bibliography\":\"Butcher K. (2004) Coinage in Roman Syria, Northern Syria, 64 BC – AD 253. London.\",\"notes\":\"Butcher CRS 15.2



Large denomination.



CRS 14.1-3, 15.1-3, 16.1-3, 17 all with Reverse legend: ANTIOXEΩN/THΣ/MHTPOΠΟΔΕΩΣKAI/IEPAΣKAIΣYΔOY/KAIAYTONOMOY.



CRS 18; Countermark - Head of Apollo right, in oval incuse.



CRS 19.1-3, 20.1: Reverse legend; ANTIOXEΩN/THΣMHTPO/ΠΟΔΕΩΣKAI/AYTONOMOY.



CRS 20.2: Reverse legend; ANTIOXEΩN/THΣ/MHTPOΠΟΔΕΩΣ/KAIAYTONOMOY.



CRS 21.1-2: Reverse legend; ANTIOXEΩN/THΣMHTPOΠΟΔ/ΕΩΣTHΣIEPAΣ/KAIAYTONOMOY.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103098819\"}","title":"Butcher.CRS.14.1-21.2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#butchercrs141212"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cabf90839","lastUpdated":1376049961000,"anchor":"butchercrs141212","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cabf90839","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049961000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Antioch\",\"region\":\"Syria\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/658381\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-64,\"until\":-62,\"note\":\"64-62\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.2},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius Magnus\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate bust of Zeus right. No legend.\",\"reverse\":\"Tyche standing left, holding rudder in right hand and cornucopia in left. To right, downwards in two lines, ANTIOXEΩN/THΣ; to left, downwards, MHTPOΠΟΔΕΩΣ. Date in exergue. Sometimes letters or symbols in field.\"},\"reference\":\"Butcher CRS 1b, 2b.\",\"bibliography\":\"Butcher K. (2004) Coinage in Roman Syria, Northern Syria, 64 BC – AD 253. London.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102955374\"}","title":"Butcher.CRS.1b,2b.","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#butchercrs1b2b"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cac720e5f","lastUpdated":1376049960000,"anchor":"butchercrs1b2b","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cac720e5f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049960000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Antioch\",\"region\":\"Syria\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/658381\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-64,\"until\":-56,\"note\":\"64-63, or 57/56\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.8},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius Magnus\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder. No legend.\",\"reverse\":\"Apollo standing left, holding laurel branch in right hand, leaning on column. To right, downwards in two lines, ANTIOXEΩN/THΣ; to left, downwards, MHTPOΠΟΔΕΩΣ. Date in exergue.\"},\"reference\":\"Butcher CRS 1c, 6c.\",\"bibliography\":\"Butcher K. (2004) Coinage in Roman Syria, Northern Syria, 64 BC – AD 253. London.\",\"notes\":\"Small denomination, Type 1.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102977497\"}","title":"Butcher.CRS.1c,6c.","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#butchercrs1c6c"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cac5b083b","lastUpdated":1376049960000,"anchor":"butchercrs1c6c","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cac5b083b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049960000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crs_25.1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 168, Lot 74) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"Yes\",\"city\":\"Antioch\",\"region\":\"Syria\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-40\",\"until\":\"0\",\"note\":\"40-38, 37-35, 34-24, 21-0, also possible variations 20-16.\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate bust of Zeus right. No legend.\",\"reverse\":\"Zeus seated left, holding Nike and sceptre. To right, downwards in two lines, ANTIOXEΩN/MHTPOΠΟΔΕΩΣ; to left, downwards, AYTONOMOY. Date in exergue. Sometimes letters or symbols in field. All within laurel wreath.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"17\",\"weight\":\"8.23\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"Butcher CRS 21bis, 22.1, 24.1-25.1, 27.1-33.2, 35.2-37\",\"notes\":\"Large denomination.



Various control marks across sequence.\",\"bibliography\":\"Butcher K. (2004) Coinage in Roman Syria, Northern Syria, 64 BC – AD 253. London.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103165599\"}","title":"Butcher.CRS.21bis,22.1,24.1-25.1,27.1-33.2,35.2-37","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#butchercrs21bis22124125127133235237"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cabde0e5c","lastUpdated":1376049961000,"anchor":"butchercrs21bis22124125127133235237","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cabde0e5c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049961000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crs_23.2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 115, Lot 134) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"Yes\",\"city\":\"Antioch\",\"region\":\"Syria\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-39\",\"until\":\"-22\",\"note\":\"39-37, 36-5, 23-22. Also possible 21-20.\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate bust of Zeus right. No legend.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod. To right, downwards in two lines, ANTIOXEΩN/MHTPOΠΟΔΕΩΣ; to left, downwards, AYTONOMOY. Date in exergue.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"18\",\"weight\":\"4.98\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"Butcher CRS 22.1-3, 23.1-2, 25.2, 26, 34. Also possible 35.1\",\"notes\":\"Medium denomination. Obverse type 1.



Various control marks across range.\",\"bibliography\":\"Butcher K. (2004) Coinage in Roman Syria, Northern Syria, 64 BC – AD 253. London.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103167824\"}","title":"Butcher.CRS.22.1-3,23.1-2,25.2,26,34.Also.possible.35.1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#butchercrs221323122522634alsopossible351"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cabc70e5b","lastUpdated":1376049961000,"anchor":"butchercrs221323122522634alsopossible351","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cabc70e5b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049961000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Antioch\",\"region\":\"Syria\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/658381\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-38,\"note\":\"39/38\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.13},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Veiled, turreted, draped bust of city goddess right. No legend.\",\"reverse\":\"Poppy between two corn ears. Date either side of poppy stem. To right, downwards in two lines, ANTIOXEΩN/MHTPOΠΟΔΕΩΣ; to left, downwards, AYTONOMOY.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Butcher CRS 22.4\",\"bibliography\":\"Butcher K. (2004) Coinage in Roman Syria, Northern Syria, 64 BC – AD 253. London.\",\"notes\":\"Small denomination.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103175799\"}","title":"Butcher.CRS.22.4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#butchercrs224"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cab960e5a","lastUpdated":1376049961000,"anchor":"butchercrs224","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cab960e5a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049961000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Antioch\",\"region\":\"Syria\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/658381\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-29,\"until\":-28,\"note\":\"29/28\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.81},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Veiled, turreted, draped bust of city goddess right. No legend.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod. To right, downwards in two lines, ANTIOXEΩN/MHTPOΠΟΔΕΩΣ; to left, downwards, AYTONOMOY. Date in exergue.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Butcher CRS 31.4\",\"bibliography\":\"Butcher K. (2004) Coinage in Roman Syria, Northern Syria, 64 BC – AD 253. London.\",\"notes\":\"Medium denomination. Obverse type 2.



Control symbol of winged caduceus.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103174405\"}","title":"Butcher.CRS.31.4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#butchercrs314"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cabb00838","lastUpdated":1376049961000,"anchor":"butchercrs314","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cabb00838","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049961000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Antioch\",\"region\":\"Syria\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/658381\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-58,\"until\":-57,\"note\":\"58/7\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.8},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius Magnus\",\"obverse\":\"Veiled, turreted, draped bust of city goddess (Tyche) right. No legend.\",\"reverse\":\"Tyche standing left, holding rudder in right hand and cornucopia in left. To right, downwards in two lines, ANTIOXEΩN/THΣ; to left, downwards, MHTPOΠOΔEΩΣ\"},\"reference\":\"Butcher CRS 5c\",\"bibliography\":\"Butcher K. (2004) Coinage in Roman Syria, Northern Syria, 64 BC – AD 253. London.\",\"notes\":\"Small denomination, Type 2.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102977806\"}","title":"Butcher.CRS.5c","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#butchercrs5c"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cac450e5e","lastUpdated":1376049960000,"anchor":"butchercrs5c","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cac450e5e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049960000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crs_9.1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton IX, Lot 1045) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Antioch\",\"region\":\"Syria\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/658381\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-63,\"until\":-49,\"note\":\"63-49\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":16.39},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius Magnus\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate bust of Zeus right. No legend.\",\"reverse\":\"Zeus seated left, holding Nike and sceptre. To right, downwards in two lines, ANTIOXEΩN/THΣ; to left, downwards, MHTPOΠΟΔΕΩΕ. Date in exergue. Sometimes letters or symbols in field.\"},\"reference\":\"Butcher CRS 9.1a\",\"bibliography\":\"Butcher K. (2004) Coinage in Roman Syria, Northern Syria, 64 BC – AD 253. London.\",\"notes\":\"Butcher CRS 2-12 similar, with varying control marks.



This particular image unusual, double the weight of the standard 'large denomination' bronzes issued during the Pompeian Era. Reverse die likely designed for this rare denomination, but obverse die probably for standard sized 'large denomination'.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102952165\"}","title":"Butcher.CRS.9.1a","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=B#butchercrs91a"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caca7083c","lastUpdated":1376049960000,"anchor":"butchercrs91a","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caca7083c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049960000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Coleiro_10.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica (Auction 64, lot 2115)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Melita\",\"region\":\"Melita (Malta)\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/462311\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-35,\"until\":-35},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.71},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C ARRVNTANVS BALB PROP\",\"obverse\":\"Veiled female head left, with stephane. ΜΕΛΙΤΑΙΩΝ.\",\"reverse\":\"Curule chair. Around, C ARRVNTANVS BALB PROP.\"},\"reference\":\"Coleiro 10\",\"bibliography\":\"Coleiro, E. (1971), 'Maltese Coins of the Roman Period', Numismatic Chronicle 11, 67-91. \",\"notes\":\"Balbus was propraetor of the province of Sicily (which included the Maltese Islands) from 37-35 BC.\"}","title":"Coleiro.10","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=C#coleiro10"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a24073561e01407372beec01f9","lastUpdated":1376326434000,"anchor":"coleiro10","id":"094d43a24073561e01407372beec01f9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376326434000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Coleiro_12.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Münzen & Medaillen Deutschland GmbH (Auction 21, lot 220)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Gaulos (Gozo)\",\"region\":\"Gozo\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/462213\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"uncertain\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.46},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Helmeted female head (? Juno Sospita) right. Crescent below, two dots behind, V before.\",\"reverse\":\"Female goddess (Juno Sospita?) holding lance and shield. Star before goddess, behind, ΓΑΥΛΙΤΩΝ. \",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Coleiro 12\",\"bibliography\":\"Coleiro, E. (1971), 'Maltese Coins of the Roman Period', Numismatic Chronicle 11, 67-91. \",\"notes\":\"Diameters between 16-18mm. \"}","title":"Coleiro.12","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=C#coleiro12"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a24073561e0140737ae33a0279","lastUpdated":1376326968000,"anchor":"coleiro12","id":"094d43a24073561e0140737ae33a0279","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376326968000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Coleiro_13.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Münzen & Medaillen Deutschland GmbH (Auction 17, lot 409)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Gaulos (Gozo)\",\"region\":\"Gozo\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/462213\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"uncertain\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.46},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Female head right, crescent beneath; V. \",\"reverse\":\"Female goddess (Juno Sospita?) holding lance and shield. Star in front, ΓΑΥΛΙΤΩΝ behind.\"},\"reference\":\"Coleiro 13\",\"bibliography\":\"Coleiro, E. (1971), 'Maltese Coins of the Roman Period', Numismatic Chronicle 11, 67-91. \",\"notes\":\"Diameters between 16-18mm.\"}","title":"Coleiro.13","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=C#coleiro13"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a24073561e014073868373032c","lastUpdated":1376327930000,"anchor":"coleiro13","id":"094d43a24073561e014073868373032c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376327930000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Coleiro_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton V, 292) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Melita\",\"region\":\"Melita (Malta)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/462311\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-150,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"c. 150 BC is the date given by Coleiro, but this date is quite uncertain.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":13.68},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"ΜΕΛΙΤΩΝ. Female head (Astarte or Isis?) with wig hanging on both sides of the face, and crown of erect petal on head. To the l., the 'Sign of Tanit'. Dotted circle.\",\"reverse\":\"Male divinity (Osiris?) with four wings, kneeling on l. leg and holding a sceptre in the r. hand and whip in the l.\"},\"reference\":\"Coleiro 3; SNG Cop. 463\",\"bibliography\":\"Coleiro, E. (1971), 'Maltese Coins of the Roman Period', Numismatic Chronicle 11, 67-91.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Coleiro.3;.SNG.Cop.463","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=C#coleiro3sngcop463"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6af7736e0617","lastUpdated":1376327407000,"anchor":"coleiro3sngcop463","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6af7736e0617","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376327407000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Coleiro_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 130, lot 261) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Melita\",\"region\":\"Melita (Malta)\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/462311\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-120,\"until\":-120,\"note\":\"uncertain\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":13.35},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Female head (Astarte or Isis?), with crown of erect petals on head. To left, ; to right ΜΕΛΙΤAIΩΝ.\",\"reverse\":\"Male divinity (Osiris?) with four wings, kneeling on l. leg and holding a sceptre in the r. hand and whip in the l.\"},\"reference\":\"Coleiro 4\",\"bibliography\":\"Coleiro, E. (1971), 'Maltese Coins of the Roman Period', Numismatic Chronicle 11, 67-91. \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Coleiro.4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=C#coleiro4"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a23f9f78c10140735067aa15d5","lastUpdated":1376327437000,"anchor":"coleiro4","id":"094d43a23f9f78c10140735067aa15d5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376327437000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Coleiro_5.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc (Electronic Auction 189, lot 5) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Melita\",\"region\":\"Melita (Malta)\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/462311\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-89,\"until\":-89,\"note\":\"uncertain\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.96},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Veiled female head right, with stephane, earrings and necklace.\",\"reverse\":\"Ram's head. Underneath, punic letter aleph, nun, nun. \",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Coleiro 4\",\"bibliography\":\"Coleiro, E. (1971), 'Maltese Coins of the Roman Period', Numismatic Chronicle 11, 67-91. \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Coleiro.5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=C#coleiro5"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a24073561e014073578c210012","lastUpdated":1376324651000,"anchor":"coleiro5","id":"094d43a24073561e014073578c210012","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376324651000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Coleiro_6.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Jean Elsen & ses Fils S.A (Auction 107, lot 71)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Melita\",\"region\":\"Melita (Malta)\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/462311\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-89,\"until\":-89,\"note\":\"uncertain\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.24},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Veiled female head right. \",\"reverse\":\"Lyre. ΜΕΛΙΤAIΩΝ on either side. \"},\"reference\":\"Coleiro 6\",\"bibliography\":\"Coleiro, E. (1971), 'Maltese Coins of the Roman Period', Numismatic Chronicle 11, 67-91. \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Coleiro.6","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=C#coleiro6"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a24073561e0140735cf455006d","lastUpdated":1376327457000,"anchor":"coleiro6","id":"094d43a24073561e0140735cf455006d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376327457000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Coleiro_7.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica (Auction Q, lot 1280)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Melita\",\"region\":\"Melita (Malta)\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/462311\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-75,\"until\":-75},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.1},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Veiled female head right.\",\"reverse\":\"Sacrificial tripod with three handles and double legend. Aleph, nun, nun flanking each side of the tripod.\"},\"reference\":\"Coleiro 7, 7a\",\"bibliography\":\"Coleiro, E. (1971), 'Maltese Coins of the Roman Period', Numismatic Chronicle 11, 67-91. \",\"notes\":\"Diameters between 15-18mm. \"}","title":"Coleiro.7","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=C#coleiro7"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a24073561e01407363bbc700e0","lastUpdated":1376327482000,"anchor":"coleiro7","id":"094d43a24073561e01407363bbc700e0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376327482000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Coleiro_8.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung (Auction 196, lot 1261)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Melita\",\"region\":\"Melita (Malta)\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/462311\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"uncertain\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.02},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Veiled female head left, with stephane.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod with three handles. ΜΕΛΙΤΑΙΩΝ on either side.\"},\"reference\":\"Coleiro 8-9\",\"bibliography\":\"Coleiro, E. (1971), 'Maltese Coins of the Roman Period', Numismatic Chronicle 11, 67-91. \",\"notes\":\"Though Coleiro notes one issue is 8.3g, he notes no other known issues are close to this weight, being between 4-7g.\"}","title":"Coleiro.8","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=C#coleiro8"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a24073538f0140736a11da0197","lastUpdated":1376327502000,"anchor":"coleiro8","id":"094d43a24073538f0140736a11da0197","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376327502000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Gardner_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From NC 1885, Gardner pl.III.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Zacynthus\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/531155\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-191,\"until\":-43,\"note\":\"Gardner suggests the use of Z indicates a possible date after the second half of the second century.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo, laureate.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod, Z A; all within wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"BMC Zacynthus 77-79\",\"bibliography\":\"Gardner, P. & Poole, S.R. (1963). A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Peloponnesus. London.\\r\\n\\r\\nGardner, P. (1885). Zacynthus. Numismatic Chronicle 5: 81-107.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Gardner.1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#gardner1"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c278db0751c3a","lastUpdated":1426592739324,"anchor":"gardner1","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c278db0751c3a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426592739324,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Gardner_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From NC 1885, pl. III\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Zacynthus\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/531155\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-191,\"until\":-43,\"note\":\"Gardner suggests the use of Z indicates a possible date after the second half of the second century.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Artemis, laureate, hair in knot behind.\",\"reverse\":\"Quiver with strap, Z A; all within wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"BMC Zacynthus 80-82\",\"bibliography\":\"Gardner, P. & Poole, S.R. (1963). A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Peloponnesus. London.\\r\\n\\r\\nGardner, P. (1885). Zacynthus. Numismatic Chronicle 5: 81-107.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Gardner.2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#gardner2"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c27971b373438","lastUpdated":1426593356437,"anchor":"gardner2","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c27971b373438","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426593356437,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Gardner_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From NC 1885, pl. III.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Zacynthus\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/531155\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-191,\"until\":-43,\"note\":\"Gardner suggests the use of Z indicates a possible date after the second half of the second century.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus (?), laureate; hair long.\",\"reverse\":\"Z within wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"BMC Zacynthus 83\",\"bibliography\":\"Gardner, P. & Poole, S.R. (1963). A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Peloponnesus. London.\\r\\n\\r\\nGardner, P. (1885). Zacynthus. Numismatic Chronicle 5: 81-107.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Gardner.3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#gardner3"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2798d87b1c8b","lastUpdated":1426593470456,"anchor":"gardner3","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2798d87b1c8b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426593470456,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Gardner_Sosius_5.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From NC 1885, pl. III.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Zacynthus\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/531155\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-32,\"note\":\"Gardner dates this piece to this period since he believed that the lituus and oenochoe referred to the augurate of Mark Antony. Not included in the RPC, although mentioned.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Lituus and oenochoe.\",\"reverse\":\"ZA within wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Gardner no. 5\",\"bibliography\":\"Gardner, P. (1885). Zacynthus. Numismatic Chronicle 5: 81-107.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Gardner.5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#gardner5"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c27e145f637d6","lastUpdated":1426598217071,"anchor":"gardner5","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c27e145f637d6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426598217071,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_XIX.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton V, lot 380) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-35,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Gerontos, Timandros, Timaristos, Ephors\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo with laurel wreath right; dotted border. Varying obverse legend (ΓΕΡΟΝΤΩΝ, Ε ΤΙΜΑΝΔΡΟC, or ΕΦΟΡΩΝ).\",\"reverse\":\"Artemis standing left, holding spear in left hand and right arm extended, hound to her left. All within laurel-wreath. Λ Α and monograms or ΤΙΜΑΡΙCTOC. \"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XIX\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"On the 4th series of this issue, the legend reads ΕΦΟΡΩΝ, which Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann suggests signifies that the coin series was struck under the authority of the college of ephors. Varying die axes, weights between 5.96 and 18.10g.\"}","title":"Grunauer.group.XIX","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxix"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5416e5008014174d2361705eb","lastUpdated":1380644435000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxix","id":"094d43d5416e5008014174d2361705eb","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380644435000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_XV.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 81, lot 2350) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-48,\"until\":-35},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.59},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Laureate, jugate heads of the Dioscuri right, two stars above; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Two amphorae within olive wreath. On either side of the amphora Λ - Α and a changing series of other Greek letters.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XV\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Die axis varies.\"}","title":"Grunauer.group.XV","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxv"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f50141603b23b02176","lastUpdated":1380298990000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxv","id":"094d43a2413bf6f50141603b23b02176","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380298990000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_XVI.1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung (Auction 216, lot 2449)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.83},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Diademed, beardless male head (Lakedaimon?) right. \",\"reverse\":\"Eagle with closed wings standing right. On either side of the eagle Λ - Α and varying Greek letters or monograms below.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XVI, Series 1-8, 10-14, 16, 19\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann observes that on a later series in this group, the legend reads ΛΑΚΕΔΑΙΜΟΝ, so the diademed head here is perhaps the eponymous hero Lakedaimon.\"}","title":"Grunauer.group.xvi.1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxvi1"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f50141604f47212434","lastUpdated":1380300310000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxvi1","id":"094d43a2413bf6f50141604f47212434","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380300310000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_XVII.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gemini, LLC (Auction V, lot 115)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"ΛΥΚΟΥΡΓΟC. Bearded head of Lycurgus right.\",\"reverse\":\"Λ - Α, and changing monograms or legends. Combined kerykeion and club; all within olive wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XVII\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"On some series the names of the magistrates are given in full. On series 11, the magistrates are named as ΕΦΟΡWΝ, ΤΙΜ-ΑΡΙ CT- OC. Other magistrate's names are ΑΡΙCTO, ΚΡΑΤΗC, ΤΙΜΑΡΙ (series 13), and ΦΙΛW (Series 14).\"}","title":"Grunauer.group.xvii","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxvii"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5416e5008014173b16bb947ba","lastUpdated":1380643582000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxvii","id":"094d43d5416e5008014173b16bb947ba","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380643582000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_XVIII.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 263, lot 90) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-35,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Nomophylakes, Aristandros\",\"obverse\":\"ΝΟΜΟΦΥΛΑΚΕC. Head of Athena wearing Corinthian helmet right.\",\"reverse\":\"The Dioscuri standing, frontal, with piloi and chlamydes and leaning on spears; all within laurel wreath. On either side of the Dioscuri Λ Α; between the Dioscuri, ΑΡΙCTΑΝΟC. \"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XVIII\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Die axis varies. Weights vary between 6.07 and 14.37g.\"}","title":"Grunauer.group.XVIII","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxviii"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5416e5008014174c293650325","lastUpdated":1380643410000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxviii","id":"094d43d5416e5008014174c293650325","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380643410000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_XX.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton V, lot 1382) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-35,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":32,\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Jugate heads of the Dioscuri right. Dotted border.\",\"reverse\":\"Λ Α within laurel wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XX\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Die axis varies. Weights between 22.78 and 37.18g. This is the full unit, with group XXI the half piece.\"}","title":"Grunauer.group.xx","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxx"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5416e5008014174d7721306d8","lastUpdated":1380644937000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxx","id":"094d43d5416e5008014174d7721306d8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380644937000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_XXI.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 76, lot 575) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-35,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Aristokrates and others\",\"obverse\":\"Jugate heads of the Dioscuri right, with piloi decorated with laurel wreaths. Dotted border.\",\"reverse\":\"Λ Α and two monograms within laurel wreath. On Series 2, ΑΡΙCTOΚΡΑΤΗC and monogram. \"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XXI\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Die axis varies. Weight varies between 8.94-16.65g. Half piece of Group XX.\"}","title":"Grunauer.group.xxi","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxxi"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5416e4eca014174df40c10836","lastUpdated":1380645290000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxxi","id":"094d43d5416e4eca014174df40c10836","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380645290000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_xxii.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 81, lot 2374) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-35,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Lichas, Diocles, Pheidias, Gra-, Deinidas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo with laurel wreath right. Dotted border. Legend reads either ΛΙΧΑΣ, ΔIOΚΛΗC, ΦΕΙΔΙΑC, ΓΡΑ, or ΔΕΙΝΙΔΑC. \",\"reverse\":\"Bust of Artemis right with quiver over shoulder, within wreath. Λ Α and varying monograms or Greek letters.\"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XXII\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Die axis varies. Weights vary between 6.12-20.61g.\"}","title":"Grunauer.group.xxii","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxxii"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5416e5008014174e7296c0942","lastUpdated":1380645808000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxxii","id":"094d43d5416e5008014174e7296c0942","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380645808000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_XXIII.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 76, lot 572) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Koinon of the Lakedaimonians\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-72,\"until\":-21},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.29},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"ΡΩΜΑ. Head of Roma with diadem right. Dotted border.\",\"reverse\":\"ΚΟΙ ΚΥ ΠΑ ΛΑ ΡΙC ΚΕ CΙΑ ΤΙ Κ. Artemis wearing a short chiton, quiver over shoulder, holding branch; all within wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XXIII\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Rome had an influence in the formation of the Koinon of the Lakedaimonians, which Grunauer sees as an explanation for the choice of obverse type. The reverse type of Artemis with the legend ΚΥΠΑΡΙCCΑ (epithet of Artemis) is interpreted by Grunauer as a type referring to an agonistic festival.\"}","title":"Grunauer.group.XXIII","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxxiii"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d54198c415014198f8b387097f","lastUpdated":1381250937000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxxiii","id":"094d43d54198c415014198f8b387097f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1381250937000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_XXIV.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image from LHS Numismatik (Auction 96, lot 986)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Koinon of the Lakedaimonians\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-72,\"until\":-21},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.21},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo right. Dotted border.\",\"reverse\":\"Κ ΟΙ Λ Α Κ Ε ΤΙ Κ. Eagle standing right with closed wings. Dotted border.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XXIV\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Half piece to Grunauer XXIII.\"}","title":"Grunauer.group.xxiv","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxxiv"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d54198c415014198fd45880a5b","lastUpdated":1381251237000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxxiv","id":"094d43d54198c415014198fd45880a5b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1381251237000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_XIII.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 81, lot 2345) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-48,\"until\":-40},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.23},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena wearing Corinthian helmet, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Owl standing right, head frontal, within olive wreath. On either side of the owl, Λ and Α, and varying Greek letters. \"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XIII\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Die axis varies.\"}","title":"Grunauer.groupXIII","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxiii"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f50141602a68ad1f2c","lastUpdated":1380298506000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxiii","id":"094d43a2413bf6f50141602a68ad1f2c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380298506000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_XIV.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 76, lot 574) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-48,\"until\":-40},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.95},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Bearded, laureate head of Hercules right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Club within olive wreath. In field on either side, Λ - Α and changing other Greek letters.\"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XIV\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Die axis varies. \"}","title":"Grunauer.groupXIV","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxiv"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f5014160336205205a","lastUpdated":1380298516000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxiv","id":"094d43a2413bf6f5014160336205205a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380298516000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer.groupXVI.15.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image from LHS Numismatik AG (Auction 96, lot 903)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.2},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Timandros\",\"obverse\":\"Beardless male bust right (Timandros?). ΤΙΜΑΝΔΡΟC.\",\"reverse\":\"Eagle standing right. Λ Α and two monograms on either side.\"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XVI, Series 15\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"This series gives the name of a magistrate or citizen in full on the obverse. Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann believes this is because the individual concerned probably financed the production of the coinage, and is honored with a portrait on the obverse as a result.\"}","title":"Grunauer.groupXVI.15","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxvi15"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f50141608176c82a50","lastUpdated":1380303599000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxvi15","id":"094d43a2413bf6f50141608176c82a50","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380303599000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.29},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Male head right. ΛΑΚΕΔΑΙΜΟΝ. \",\"reverse\":\"Eagle standing right, on either side, Λ - Α and two monograms.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XVI, Series 17\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Appears to be known by only one example. \"}","title":"Grunauer.groupXVI.17","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxvi17"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01416085f00a7ac2","lastUpdated":1380303892000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxvi17","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01416085f00a7ac2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380303892000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.88},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Lichas\",\"obverse\":\"Male bust right (Lichas?). ΛΙΧΑC.\",\"reverse\":\"Eagle standing right. On either side, Λ - Α and ΛΙ - Χ.\"},\"reference\":\"Grunauer Group XVI, Series 18\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"This series gives the name of a magistrate or citizen in full on the obverse. Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann believes this is because the individual concerned probably financed the production of the coinage, and is honored with a portrait on the obverse as a result.\"}","title":"Grunauer.groupXVI.18","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxvi18"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01416089a8d77b1d","lastUpdated":1380304136000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxvi18","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01416089a8d77b1d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380304136000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Grunauer_XVI.9.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gemini, LLC (Auction X, lot 410)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.85},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Phidiadas\",\"obverse\":\"Bare head of Atratinus, right. ΑΤΡΑΤΙΝΟC.\",\"reverse\":\"Λ Α, ΦΙ ΔΙ. Eagle standing right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1101, Grunauer Group XVI Series 9\",\"bibliography\":\"Grunauer-von Hoerschelmann, S. (1978) Die Münzprägung der Lakedaimonier. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter & Co.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"This issue was struck to honour L. Sempronius Atratinus, general of Mark Antony. Issues in Atratinus' name are also known in Entella (Sicily), Lilybaeum (Sicily) and he also struck issues as part of Antony's fleet coinage.\"}","title":"Grunauer.groupXVI.9","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=G#grunauergroupxvi9"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f50141606daeec2805","lastUpdated":1380302302000,"anchor":"grunauergroupxvi9","id":"094d43a2413bf6f50141606daeec2805","categories":[],"publicationDate":1380302302000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_1100.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction O, Lot 1082)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uxentum (Ugento)\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442841\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-150,\"until\":-125,\"note\":\"150-125\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.49},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena r., wearing crested Corinthian helmet.\",\"reverse\":\"Hercules standing facing, with cornucopiae and club; l., AO.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1100\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Coin type unknown\",\"oldTitle\":\"102053953\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1100","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1100"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb6230868","lastUpdated":1376049947000,"anchor":"hnitaly1100","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb6230868","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049947000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_1101.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 327, lot 186) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uxentum (Ugento)\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442841\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-150,\"until\":-125,\"note\":\"150-125\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":10,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.03},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Eagle l. or r., wings open, on thunderbolt.\",\"reverse\":\"Amphora; below l. and r., stars; AO.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1101\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Coin type unknown.\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1101","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1101"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb5ea0e8c","lastUpdated":1427197462383,"anchor":"hnitaly1101","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb5ea0e8c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1427197462383,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_1102.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 130, Lot 63) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uxentum (Ugento)\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442841\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-125,\"until\":-90,\"note\":\"125-90\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":9.6},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Janiform helmeted heads of Athena.\",\"reverse\":\"Hercules standing facing, with cornucopiae and club crowned by Nike flying r.; OIAN.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1102\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Possibly an as?\",\"oldTitle\":\"102055177\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1102","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1102"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb6050867","lastUpdated":1376049948000,"anchor":"hnitaly1102","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb6050867","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049948000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_1103.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 130, Lot 64) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uxentum (Ugento)\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442841\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-125,\"until\":-90,\"note\":\"125-90\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.02},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena l., wearing crested Corinthian helmet; below, S; at r., symbol.\",\"reverse\":\"Hercules standing facing, with cornucopiae and club crowned by Nike flying; at l., S and, sometimes, symbol. r.; OIAN.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1103\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis\",\"oldTitle\":\"102055867\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1103","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1103"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb5d00e8b","lastUpdated":1376049948000,"anchor":"hnitaly1103","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb5d00e8b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049948000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uxentum (Ugento)\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442841\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-125,\"until\":-90,\"note\":\"125-90\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.55},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus l.\",\"reverse\":\"Hercules standing facing, with cornucopiae and club crowned by Nike flying; at l., S; OIAN.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1104\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Weights range from 3.22-3.55g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102056919\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1104","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1104"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb5b50866","lastUpdated":1376049948000,"anchor":"hnitaly1104","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb5b50866","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049948000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-75,\"note\":\"Early first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.4},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Female head r.; at l., QVIN downwards; below, PA^ES; before, S.\",\"reverse\":\"C.HEL / M.SAI (order reversible), within laurel-wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1234\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Weights range from 3.1-5.4g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102057059\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1234","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1234"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb5990e8a","lastUpdated":1376049948000,"anchor":"hnitaly1234","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb5990e8a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049948000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-75,\"note\":\"Early first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.6},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Heads of Dioscuri r.; below, PA^ES.\",\"reverse\":\"Swan r.; above, M.SAI / C.HEL. (or position of legends exchanged)\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1235\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Triens. Weights range from 3.3-3.6g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102058181\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1235","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1235"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb57e0865","lastUpdated":1376049948000,"anchor":"hnitaly1235","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb57e0865","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049948000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-75,\"note\":\"Early first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":11,\"metal\":\"AE \",\"weight\":2.03},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Female head.; at l., QVIN downwards; below, PA^E.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin r.; above, C.HEL; below, M.SAI. (or, position of legends exchanged).\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1236\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Sextans\",\"oldTitle\":\"102058562\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1236","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1236"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb55f0e89","lastUpdated":1376049948000,"anchor":"hnitaly1236","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb55f0e89","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049948000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_1237.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 206, Lot 15) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-75,\"note\":\"Early first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.7},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Temple; at l. PAE; at r., S; below, QVI.\",\"reverse\":\"CN.COR/ MTVC/ PATR within laurel-wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1237\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Weights range from 3.1-5.7g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102058580\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1237","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1237"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb5400864","lastUpdated":1376049948000,"anchor":"hnitaly1237","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb5400864","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049948000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_1238.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 27, lot 41)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-75,\"note\":\"Dates generally to the early first century.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.3},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Scales, with weight at l. and corn-ear at r.; above, Q.LAR.PR; below, PAE.\",\"reverse\":\"Coining Scene; above, SP DD SS; at l., MIL downwards; in exergue, S.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1238\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter, K., A. Burnett, M. Crawford, A. Johnston and M. J. Price (2001), Historia Numorum Italy. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Weight ranges from 3.2-6.3\",\"oldTitle\":\"102111186\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1238","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1238"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb5030863","lastUpdated":1376049949000,"anchor":"hnitaly1238","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb5030863","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049949000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_1239.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 67, Lot 149) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-75,\"note\":\"Early first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.48},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Heads of Dioscuri r.; at l., Q LAV downwards; laurel-wreath as border.\",\"reverse\":\"Corn-ear; at l., LEX downwards; at r., XXXX downwards; or; position of legends exchanged; below, ' . . . . ' .\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1239\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Triens\",\"oldTitle\":\"102110344\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1239","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1239"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb5200e88","lastUpdated":1376049949000,"anchor":"hnitaly1239","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb5200e88","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049949000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_1240.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of H.D. Rauch GmbH (Auction 87, lot 50)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-75,\"note\":\"Early first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.1},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Female head r.; at l. or at r., Q LAV sometimes, two pellets.\",\"reverse\":\"Boar l. or r.; above, PA^E; in exergue, two pellets.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1240\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Sextans. Weights range from 1.4-3.1g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102111450\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1240","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1240"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb4e90e87","lastUpdated":1376049949000,"anchor":"hnitaly1240","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb4e90e87","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049949000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_1240.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 257, Lot 9) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-75,\"note\":\"Early first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.64},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Boar r., wounded by spear; below, S; in exergue, PAE.\",\"reverse\":\"L. ARTVE / C.COMIN / II.VIR ; above, lituus and jug.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1241\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis\",\"oldTitle\":\"102111553\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1241","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1241"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb4c40862","lastUpdated":1376049949000,"anchor":"hnitaly1241","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb4c40862","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049949000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE \",\"weight\":7.7},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Ceres r., veiled; at l., P; at r., A^E and S.\",\"reverse\":\"Corn-ear; at l., P ASVI upwards; at r., IIII.VIR\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1242\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Diameters range between 16-18mm, weights from 3.8-7.7g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102113181\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1242","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1242"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb4a60e86","lastUpdated":1376049949000,"anchor":"hnitaly1242","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb4a60e86","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049949000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_1243.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Dr. Busso Peus Nachfolger (Auction 403, lot 171)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.6},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Hercules r.; at l., P and S; at r., A^E.\",\"reverse\":\"Club r.; above, Q CEP; below, DE.III.TOL.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1243\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Weights range from 2.8-7.6g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102113707\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1243","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1243"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb48a0861","lastUpdated":1376049949000,"anchor":"hnitaly1243","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb48a0861","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049949000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.3},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Crossed shields; above, C.AX; at l., IIII downwards; below, VIR\",\"reverse\":\"Bull r.; below PA^E\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1244\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Trientes. Weights range from 2.5-3.3g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102114192\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1244","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1244"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb46e0e85","lastUpdated":1376049950000,"anchor":"hnitaly1244","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb46e0e85","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049950000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.8},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Crossed shields; above, C.AX; at l., IIII downwards; below, VIR.\",\"reverse\":\"Lion r.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1245\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Trientes\",\"oldTitle\":\"102114474\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1245","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1245"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb4370e84","lastUpdated":1376049950000,"anchor":"hnitaly1245","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb4370e84","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049950000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.1},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Female head r., laureate.\",\"reverse\":\"Lion r.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1246\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Trientes. Weights range from 2.6-3.1g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102114933\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1246","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1246"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb4530860","lastUpdated":1376049950000,"anchor":"hnitaly1246","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb4530860","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049950000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_1247.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 327, lot 225) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.9},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Curule chair; at l., P; at r., A^E; below, four pellets.\",\"reverse\":\"Fasces; above, LARP; below, MASSO.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1247\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Triens. Weights range from 2.1-4.9g.\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1247","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1247"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb412085f","lastUpdated":1401294987262,"anchor":"hnitaly1247","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb412085f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1401294987262,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.3},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head r., wearing Corinthian helmet; at r., P^A^E upwards; l., S.\",\"reverse\":\"Rudder; above, M.OCT; below, IIII.VIR.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1248\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Weights range from 2.1-4.3g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102117144\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1248","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1248"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb3f90e83","lastUpdated":1376049950000,"anchor":"hnitaly1248","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb3f90e83","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049950000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.8},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Mercury r.; at r., PA^E upwards; at l., upwards, four rivets.\",\"reverse\":\"Caduceus; above, M.OCT; below, IIII.VIR.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1249\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Triens\",\"oldTitle\":\"102117709\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1249","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1249"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb3e0085e","lastUpdated":1376049950000,"anchor":"hnitaly1249","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb3e0085e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049950000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_1250.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 214, Lot 33) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bust r., draped and wearing Corinthian helmet; at l., S; at l., PA^E upwards.\",\"reverse\":\"Clasped hands; above, L.FA^D; below, L.SAT.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1250\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Weights range from 2.3-6.5g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102118176\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1250","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1250"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb3c20e82","lastUpdated":1376049950000,"anchor":"hnitaly1250","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb3c20e82","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049950000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.8},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head r., wearing Corinthian helmet; at l., S; at l., PA^E upwards.\",\"reverse\":\"Clasped hands; above. V.S.T; below, Q.E.C.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1251\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Weights range from 2.5-3.8g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102118809\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1251","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1251"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb3a6085d","lastUpdated":1376049951000,"anchor":"hnitaly1251","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb3a6085d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049951000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.3},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"PA^E; below, S (horizontal) around, L MARCI N GAVI II VIR, or variant.\",\"reverse\":\"Temple; within, seated female figure l. or r.; at r., BONA downwards; at l., MEN downwards.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1252\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Weights range from 2.2-3.3g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102118829\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1252","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1252"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb38b0e81","lastUpdated":1376049951000,"anchor":"hnitaly1252","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb38b0e81","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049951000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.3},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bust of Victory r.; at l., S; before, PAE upwards.\",\"reverse\":\"Palm-branch superimposed on laurel-wreath; around, below, Q TRE II VIR.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1253\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Weights range from 2-4.3g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102119560\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1253","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1253"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb36e085c","lastUpdated":1376049951000,"anchor":"hnitaly1253","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb36e085c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049951000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_1254.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Auctiones AG (Auction 29, lot 69)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.9},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Anchor; at L., PA^E; at r., L.VE NE\",\"reverse\":\"Rudder; above, D FAD; below, EPVL / DED , or often, EPVI P.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1254\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Weights range from 1.9-3.9g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102121475\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1254","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1254"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb34f0e80","lastUpdated":1376049951000,"anchor":"hnitaly1254","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb34f0e80","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049951000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.7},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"FAD / PONT.\",\"reverse\":\"Cornucopiae; at l., ·: ; at r., L. M upwards\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1255\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Quadrans. Weights range from 1.8-2.7g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102121953\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1255","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1255"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb333085b","lastUpdated":1376049951000,"anchor":"hnitaly1255","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb333085b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049951000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_1256.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung (Auction 181, lot 1099)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.3},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Jug and torch; at l., laurel-branch\",\"reverse\":\"Anchor; at l., PA^E downwards; at r., S or backwards S.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1256\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Weights range from 1.9-4.3g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102122057\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1256","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1256"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb2fd0e7f","lastUpdated":1376049951000,"anchor":"hnitaly1256","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb2fd0e7f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049951000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.1},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Female head r.; on either side above, P S; on either side below, S C; or, letters reversed.\",\"reverse\":\"Three-storey building; around below L.SVEI.M.NVN II VIR, or variant.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1257\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102122265\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1257","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1257"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb317085a","lastUpdated":1376049951000,"anchor":"hnitaly1257","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb317085a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049951000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_1258a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 169, Lot 5) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Paestum\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442733\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.69},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Female head l. or r.; below, l. to r., or r. to l., MINEIA M F.\",\"reverse\":\"Two-storey building; on either side of upper floor, P S; on either side of lower floor, S C.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1258\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102122467\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1258","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1258"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb2e30e7e","lastUpdated":1376049952000,"anchor":"hnitaly1258","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb2e30e7e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049952000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_1337.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung (Auction 118, lot 1102)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Velia\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452488\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"note\":\"Second/first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena r., wearing crested Corinthian helmet.\",\"reverse\":\"Owl facing, wings open; YE¿H reversed.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1337\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102239288\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1337","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1337"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb1d20e79","lastUpdated":1376049953000,"anchor":"hnitaly1337","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb1d20e79","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049953000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_1338.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 64, Lot 2054)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Velia\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452488\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":10,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena wearing crested Corinthian helmet, usually r.\",\"reverse\":\"Owl, usually r., wings closed; YEΛHTΩN\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1338\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102240549\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1338","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1338"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb1b80854","lastUpdated":1376049953000,"anchor":"hnitaly1338","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb1b80854","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049953000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_1339.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 59, Lot 509)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Velia\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452488\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second/first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.95},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena r., wearing helmet with stilt crest.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod; YEΛH.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1339\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102242367\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1339","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1339"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb19d0e78","lastUpdated":1376049953000,"anchor":"hnitaly1339","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb19d0e78","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049953000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Velia\",\"region\":\"Northern Lucania, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452488\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"Mid-first Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena l. or r., wearing Attic helmet.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod; YEΛH.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 1340\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 13-15mm, weights from 1.5-3.5g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102243372\"}","title":"HN.Italy.1340","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly1340"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb17a0853","lastUpdated":1376049953000,"anchor":"hnitaly1340","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb17a0853","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049953000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_2548.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 99, Lot 3) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Jugate Heads of Apollo and Artemis r.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2548\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102245982\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2548","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2548"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb15f0e77","lastUpdated":1376049954000,"anchor":"hnitaly2548","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb15f0e77","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049954000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":11,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Artemis r.\",\"reverse\":\"Lyre.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2549\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102247736\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2549","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2549"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb1100851","lastUpdated":1376049954000,"anchor":"hnitaly2549","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb1100851","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049954000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_2550.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 64, Lot 2091)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Jugate Heads of Apollo and Artemis r.; symbol: patera, lyre, or none.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod; r., four pellets.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2550\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 22-24mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102248177\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2550","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2550"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb1430e76","lastUpdated":1376049954000,"anchor":"hnitaly2550","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb1430e76","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049954000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_2551.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 82, Lot 2) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Janiform head.\",\"reverse\":\"Asclepius seated l.; Π; symbol: tripod, bow, serpent.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2551\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 23-26mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102249207\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2551","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2551"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb1290852","lastUpdated":1376049954000,"anchor":"hnitaly2551","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb1290852","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049954000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_2552.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung (Auction 199, lot 58).\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Artemis r.\",\"reverse\":\"Apollo seated l., on omphalos; ¿.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2552\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Weights range from 10-12g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102250817\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2552","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2552"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb0f80e75","lastUpdated":1376049954000,"anchor":"hnitaly2552","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb0f80e75","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049954000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_2553.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 67, Lot 199) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":16.6},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Busts of Dioscuri r.; above, two stars.\",\"reverse\":\"Hermes standing l.; Π.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2553\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Weights range from 11.5-16.6g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102251421\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2553","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2553"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb0df0850","lastUpdated":1376049954000,"anchor":"hnitaly2553","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb0df0850","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049954000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_2554.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 266, Lot 32) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena l., wearing Corinthian helmet surmounted by Pegasus\",\"reverse\":\"Athena Nikephoros standing l.; Π; at l., thunderbolt.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2554\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102252377\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2554","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2554"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb0c60e74","lastUpdated":1376049954000,"anchor":"hnitaly2554","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb0c60e74","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049954000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_2555.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 139, Lot 41) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Jugate Heads of Asclepius and Hygieia.\",\"reverse\":\"Artemis standing facing with dog; barley-ear (?); r., IIII.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2555\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102252818\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2555","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2555"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb0ad084f","lastUpdated":1376049955000,"anchor":"hnitaly2555","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb0ad084f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049955000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Artemis r.\",\"reverse\":\"Lyre; symbol: cornucopiae, crescent; IIII.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2556\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102255370\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2556","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2556"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb0940e73","lastUpdated":1376049955000,"anchor":"hnitaly2556","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb0940e73","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049955000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_2557.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 288, Lot 82) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Jugate Heads of Dioscuri r.; above, two stars.\",\"reverse\":\"Demeter standing facing; crescent and IIII.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2557\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102256331\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2557","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2557"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb07a084e","lastUpdated":1376049955000,"anchor":"hnitaly2557","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb07a084e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049955000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_2558.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung (Auction 117, lot 63)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Jugate Heads of Dioscuri r.; above, two stars.\",\"reverse\":\"Hermes standing l.; symbol: cornucopiae, crescent, or none; IIII.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2558\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102258622\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2558","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2558"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb05f0e72","lastUpdated":1376049955000,"anchor":"hnitaly2558","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb05f0e72","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049955000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_2559.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of H. D. Rauch GmbH (Summer Auction 2009, lot 40)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Jugate Heads of Dioscuri r.; above, two stars.\",\"reverse\":\"Asclepius standing l., holding branch, bird and sceptre; symbol: tripod; IIII.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2559\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102258949\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2559","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2559"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb047084d","lastUpdated":1376049955000,"anchor":"hnitaly2559","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb047084d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049955000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_2560.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton VI, Lot 89) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Asclepius r.\",\"reverse\":\"Hygeia standing l. holding serpent; III.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2560\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Tetrantes.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102259877\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2560","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2560"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb02c0e71","lastUpdated":1376049955000,"anchor":"hnitaly2560","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb02c0e71","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049955000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_2561.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 76, Lot 103) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Asclepius r.\",\"reverse\":\"Hygeia standing l. holding serpent; III.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2561\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Tetrantes.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102261631\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2561","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2561"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb012084c","lastUpdated":1376049955000,"anchor":"hnitaly2561","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb012084c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049955000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_2562.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 67, Lot 200) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo r. laureate; at l., palm-branch.\",\"reverse\":\"Wolf r.; III.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2562\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Tetrantes\",\"oldTitle\":\"102263377\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2562","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2562"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caff90e70","lastUpdated":1376049956000,"anchor":"hnitaly2562","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caff90e70","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049956000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_2563.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of H. D. Rauch GmbH (Auction New York 2009, lot 4)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo r. diademed; at l., ususally, X I I.\",\"reverse\":\"Mounted Dioscuri.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2563\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Tetrantes\",\"oldTitle\":\"102278372\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2563","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2563"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cafdf084b","lastUpdated":1376049956000,"anchor":"hnitaly2563","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cafdf084b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049956000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rhegium\",\"region\":\"Bruttium, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452416\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-215,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"215-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE \",\"weight\":3.92},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Artemis r.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod; three pellets.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 2564\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Tetrantes\",\"oldTitle\":\"102278685\"}","title":"HN.Italy.2564","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly2564"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cafc60e6f","lastUpdated":1376049956000,"anchor":"hnitaly2564","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cafc60e6f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049956000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AV\",\"weight\":8.47},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mi. Ieius Mi. f.\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Bacchus right.\",\"reverse\":\"Thyrsus and fawn skin on cista mystica; below mi.ieíis.mi (in Oscan)\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 406\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"Gold stater on the Euboic-Attic standard. Coinage of the Social War. The authenticity of this coin is disputed; it is known from a single example now preserved in Paris. HN Italy argues for its authenticity, since knowledge of Oscan was rare before 1830 (when the coin is first attested). The type of the coin comes from Amisus (BMC Pontus nos. 51-6), and may provide evidence of a connection between the Italians and Mithridates VI. An image of the coin can be found here: http://numismatica-classica.lamoneta.it/moneta/R-RRG/30\"}","title":"HN.Italy.406","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly406"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73472406592c","lastUpdated":1423569445965,"anchor":"hnitaly406","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73472406592c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423569445965,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_407.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung, Auction 211, lot 507.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/1052\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia left. Viteliú (in Oscan) downwards.\",\"reverse\":\"Warrior with spear and sword standing, left foot on uncertain object; at right, reclining bull; in exergue Oscan control letter.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 407\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.407","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly407"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b7353aa395aae","lastUpdated":1423569430847,"anchor":"hnitaly407","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b7353aa395aae","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423569430847,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_408.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., Mail Bid Sale 82, lot 907, (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia; ITALIA upwards.\",\"reverse\":\"Oath-taking scene of eight warriors, four on each side of a pig held by an attendant; standard behind; Latin control letter in exergue.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 408\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.408","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly408"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73593a125af4","lastUpdated":1423569470821,"anchor":"hnitaly408","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73593a125af4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423569470821,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_409.jpg\",\"rights\":\"© The Trustees of the British Museum\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Papius C.f. Mutilus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mars wearing helmet. c.mútil in Oscan.\",\"reverse\":\"Warrior with spear and sword standing, l. foot on uncertain object; reclining bull at right, safinim in Oscan; Oscan control letter.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 409\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War. Mutilis was one of the insurgent generals.\"}","title":"hn.italy.409","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly409"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b736100a15a87","lastUpdated":1423569911812,"anchor":"hnitaly409","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b736100a15a87","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423569911812,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Hn_italy_410.jpg\",\"rights\":\"© The Trustees of the British Museum\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Ni. Loucius M.f.\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia; ITALIA. X at left, viteliú (Oscan) at right.\",\"reverse\":\"Warrior with spear and sword standing, left foot on uncertain object; reclining bull at right, ni.luvki.mr (Oscan) in exergue; Oscan control letter.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 410\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.410","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly410"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73671ab05b82","lastUpdated":1423570311719,"anchor":"hnitaly410","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73671ab05b82","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423570311719,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Silo\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia; ITALIA.\",\"reverse\":\"Oath-taking scene of eight warriors; four on each side of a pig held by an attendant; standard behind, Q. SILO in exergue.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 411\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War. Q. Silo was one of the insurgent generals.\"}","title":"hn.italy.411","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly411"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b736a1dd95af8","lastUpdated":1423570551615,"anchor":"hnitaly411","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b736a1dd95af8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423570551615,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_412.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica (Auction 61, lot 1210).\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia, sometimes, ITALIA and X.\",\"reverse\":\"Italia seated on pile of shields, crowned by Victory. Latin control letters, in exergue (sometimes), ITALIA.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 412\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.412","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly412"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b736f417a5b80","lastUpdated":1423570845956,"anchor":"hnitaly412","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b736f417a5b80","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423570845956,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia; ITALIA.\",\"reverse\":\"Oath taking scene of eight warriors, four on each side of a pig held by an attendant. Control letters.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 413\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.413","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly413"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73bf089b6078","lastUpdated":1423576074253,"anchor":"hnitaly413","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73bf089b6078","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423576074253,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_414.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 57, lot 943) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.76},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia; ITALIA XVI.\",\"reverse\":\"Italia seated on pile of shields crowned by Victory; in exergue Latin control letter.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 414\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.414","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly414"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b73c26ba76109","lastUpdated":1423835553184,"anchor":"hnitaly414","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b73c26ba76109","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423835553184,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_415.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica (Auction 61, lot 1207)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.97},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia; ITALIA\",\"reverse\":\"Oath-taking scene of eight warriors, four on each side of a pig held by an attendant. In exergue, Latin or Oscan control numeral, or no-control mark.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 415\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.415","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly415"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b73c5559e613c","lastUpdated":1423576487201,"anchor":"hnitaly415","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b73c5559e613c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423576487201,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_416.jpg\",\"rights\":\"© The Trustees of the British Museum\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bust of Minerva wearing helmet and aegis, and crowned by Victory.\",\"reverse\":\"Warrior with spear and sword greeting warrior with sword; at right forepart of ship which bears mast and sail; in exergue Latin or Oscan control mark.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 416\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War. \"}","title":"hn.italy.416","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly416"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73c8c412612a","lastUpdated":1423576712086,"anchor":"hnitaly416","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73c8c412612a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423576712086,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_417.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Heritage World Auctions (ANA Signature Sale 3033, lot 23059) (www.ha.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.96},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bust of one of the Dioscuri, star above.\",\"reverse\":\"Italia in biga right with spear and shield; control mark below. \",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 417\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.417","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly417"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73cbb4af6175","lastUpdated":1423576904747,"anchor":"hnitaly417","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73cbb4af6175","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423576904747,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_418.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Courtesy of Gemini, LLC, Auction 12, lot 292.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.66},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bust of Minerva wearing helmet and aegis, crowned by Victory.\",\"reverse\":\"Warrior with spear and sword standing, left foot on uncertain object, forepart of charging bull at right, trophy at left, Oscan control numeral in exergue.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 418\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.418","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly418"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73ced26a625c","lastUpdated":1423577108971,"anchor":"hnitaly418","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73ced26a625c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423577108971,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_419.jpg\",\"rights\":\"© The Trustees of the British Museum\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bust of Minerva wearing helmet and aegis.\",\"reverse\":\"Bacchus standing with spear, holding hand over panther.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 419\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.419","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly419"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73d1b4636295","lastUpdated":1423577297876,"anchor":"hnitaly419","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73d1b4636295","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423577297876,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_420.jpg\",\"rights\":\"© The Trustees of the British Museum\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Bacchus within wreath.\",\"reverse\":\"Bull goring wolf right; in exergue vitelliú (Oscan), Oscan control letter above.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 420\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.420","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly420"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73d702b463fd","lastUpdated":1423577645610,"anchor":"hnitaly420","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73d702b463fd","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423577645610,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia, laureate.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory seated holding palm branch, ITALIA in exergue.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 421\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.421","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly421"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73da80476488","lastUpdated":1423577874359,"anchor":"hnitaly421","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73da80476488","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423577874359,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_422.jpg\",\"rights\":\"© The Trustees of the British Museum\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia, helmeted. X.\",\"reverse\":\"Dioscuri. In exergue, viteliú (in Oscan).\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 422\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.422","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly422"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73de6ab264b2","lastUpdated":1423578130998,"anchor":"hnitaly422","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73de6ab264b2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423578130998,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_423.jpg\",\"rights\":\"© The Trustees of the British Museum\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia; ITALIA.\",\"reverse\":\"Oath-taking scene of eight warriors, four on each side of a pig held by an attendant; standard behind. Latin control marks in exergue.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 423\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the social war.\"}","title":"hn.italy.423","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly423"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73e19b036517","lastUpdated":1423578339973,"anchor":"hnitaly423","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73e19b036517","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423578339973,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Papius C.f. Mutilus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia wearing helmet. c.paapii.c.mútil (Oscan) around.\",\"reverse\":\"Warrior with spear and sword standing, left foot on uncertain object; reclining bull at right; viteliú (Oscan) downwards at left.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 424\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the social war. Mutilus was one of the insurgent generals.\"}","title":"hn.italy.424","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly424"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73e6d95c6596","lastUpdated":1423578683597,"anchor":"hnitaly424","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73e6d95c6596","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423578683597,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_425.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton XI, lot 589) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.66},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Papius C.f. Mutilus\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Mars wearing helmet; X and viteliú (Oscan).\",\"reverse\":\"Oath-taking scene of four warriors, two on each side of a pig held by attendant. c.paapii.c (Oscan) in exergue.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 425\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War. Mutilus was one of the insurgent generals.\"}","title":"hn.italy.425","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly425"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b73ea4dc16615","lastUpdated":1423578910031,"anchor":"hnitaly425","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b73ea4dc16615","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423578910031,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_426.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 57, lot 942) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.74},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Papius C.f. Mutilus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Italia wearing helmet. Wreath, Latin (ITALIA) or Oscan (mútil) legend.\",\"reverse\":\"Dioscuri riding apart. ITALIA or c.paapi.c (Oscan) in exergue.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 426\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War.\"}","title":"hn.italy.426","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly426"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b73ed2e59663b","lastUpdated":1423579098585,"anchor":"hnitaly426","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b73ed2e59663b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423579098585,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_427.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Courtesy of Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung (Auction 133, lot 341)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.58},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Papius C.f. Mutilus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Bacchus. mútil.embratur (Oscan).\",\"reverse\":\"Bull goring wolf. c.paapi (Oscan) in exergue.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 427\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War. Mutilus was one of the insurgent generals.\"}","title":"hn.italy.427","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly427"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f116f014b73efeb6d6667","lastUpdated":1423579278057,"anchor":"hnitaly427","id":"094d43454b6f116f014b73efeb6d6667","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423579278057,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_428.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton XI, lot 590) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"unknown\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":4.01},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Papius C.f. Mutilus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mars wearing helmet. mútil.embratur upwards.\",\"reverse\":\"Oath-taking scene of two warriors, one on each side of a pig held by an attendant, in exergue c.paapi.c or c.paapi (Oscan).\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 428\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press. \",\"notes\":\"AR denarius. Coinage of the Social War. Mutilus was one of the insurgent generals.\"}","title":"hn.italy.428","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly428"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73f37a8f6671","lastUpdated":1423579511310,"anchor":"hnitaly428","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b73f37a8f6671","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423579511310,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_748.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction O, Lot 1053)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Brundisium\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"2nd Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.44},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r.; at l., Victory r., with wreath and, below, trident; (below, no pellet) ; at r., sometimes, M.BIT.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin rider l., (Phalanthus) l., with lyre and cantharus, or Victory and cornucopiae; at r., Σ; BR-VN.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 478\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Semuncia\",\"oldTitle\":\"102033962\"}","title":"HN.Italy.478","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly478"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb8a70873","lastUpdated":1376049944000,"anchor":"hnitaly478","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb8a70873","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049944000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_743.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 61, Lot 36) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Brundisium\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"2nd Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":9.37},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r.; at l., Victory r., with wreath and, below, trident; below, S; at r., sometimes, M.BIT.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin rider l., (Phalanthus) l., with lyre and cantharus, or VIctory and cornucopiae; below, BRVN.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 743\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102013751\"}","title":"HN.Italy.743","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly743"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb8e30874","lastUpdated":1376049944000,"anchor":"hnitaly743","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb8e30874","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049944000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_744.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction O, Lot 1054)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Brundisium\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"2nd Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.38},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r.; at l., Victory r., with wreath and, below, trident; below, four pellets.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin rider l., (Phalanthus) l., with lyre and cantharus, or VIctory and cornucopiae; at l., sometimes M.PV; below, BRVN.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 744\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Triens\",\"oldTitle\":\"102016824\"}","title":"HN.Italy.744","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly744"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb8c40e98","lastUpdated":1376049944000,"anchor":"hnitaly744","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb8c40e98","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049944000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Brundisium\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"2nd Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":11},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r.; at l., Victory r., with wreath and, below, trident; below, three pellets; at r., usually, name.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin rider l., (Phalanthus) l., with lyre and cantharus, or Victory and cornucopiae; below three pellets; above, sometimes, A^V^T; BRVN.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 745\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Quadrans. Weights range from 4.5-11g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102035648\"}","title":"HN.Italy.745","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly745"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb86c0872","lastUpdated":1376049944000,"anchor":"hnitaly745","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb86c0872","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049944000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_746.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 64, Lot 2003)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Brundisium\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"2nd Century\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.6},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r.; at l., Victory r., with wreath and, below, trident; below, two pellets.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin rider l., (Phalanthus) l., with lyre and cantharus, or Victory and cornucopiae; at r., sometimes A^V^T or star; below, BRVN, two pellets.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 746\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Sextans\",\"oldTitle\":\"102035126\"}","title":"HN.Italy.746","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly746"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb8880e97","lastUpdated":1376049944000,"anchor":"hnitaly746","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb8880e97","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049944000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Brundisium\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"2nd Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.6},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r.; at l., Victory r., with wreath and, below, trident; below, one pellet.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin rider l., (Phalanthus) l., with lyre and cantharus, or Victory and cornucopiae; at r., sometomes, star; BR-VN.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 747\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Uncia. Weights range from 1.9-3.6g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102036190\"}","title":"HN.Italy.747","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly747"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb8500e96","lastUpdated":1376049945000,"anchor":"hnitaly747","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb8500e96","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049945000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_749.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78, Lot 149) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Brundisium\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"2nd Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.22},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r.; at l., Victory r., with wreath and, below, trident; below, S; at r., sometimes, abbreviated name.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin rider l., (Phalanthus) l., with lyre and cantharus, or Victory and cornucopiae; at l., usually abbreviated name, monogram or symbol; BRVN.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 749\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis. Diameters range between 18-21mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102036389\"}","title":"HN.Italy.749","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly749"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb8340871","lastUpdated":1376049945000,"anchor":"hnitaly749","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb8340871","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049945000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_750.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 106, Lot 4) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Brundisium\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"2nd Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.17},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r.; at l., Victory r., with wreath and, below, trident; below, four pellets.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin rider l., (Phalanthus) l., with lyre and cantharus, or Victory and cornucopiae; at l., sometimes, crescent; below, four pellets; BRVN.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 750\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Quadrans\",\"oldTitle\":\"102037086\"}","title":"HN.Italy.750","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly750"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb8140e95","lastUpdated":1376049945000,"anchor":"hnitaly750","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb8140e95","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049945000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Brundisium\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"2nd Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.3},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r.; at l., Victory r., with wreath and, below, trident; below, two pellets.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin rider l., (Phalanthus) l., with lyre and cantharus, or Victory and cornucopiae; at l., sometimes, star; at r., A^V^T.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 751\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Quadrans. Weights range from 2.4-3.3g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102038897\"}","title":"HN.Italy.751","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly751"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb7f50870","lastUpdated":1376049945000,"anchor":"hnitaly751","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb7f50870","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049945000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Brundisium\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"2nd Century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":10,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":0.8},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r.; at l., Victory r., with wreath and, below, trident; below, no mark of value.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin rider l., (Phalanthus) l., with lyre and cantharus, or Victory and cornucopiae; at r., strung bow.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 752\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Uncia?\",\"oldTitle\":\"102039168\"}","title":"HN.Italy.752","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly752"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb7d50e94","lastUpdated":1376049945000,"anchor":"hnitaly752","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb7d50e94","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049945000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_788.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 130, Lot 55) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Orra\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442839\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-210,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.45},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Minerva r., wearing triple-crested helmet with tall upright feather; below sometimes, AA.\",\"reverse\":\"Eagle standing r. on thunderbolt, wings open; below; five pellets; above, ORRA or OR.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 788\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Quincunx\",\"oldTitle\":\"102041237\"}","title":"HN.Italy.788","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly788"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb7b8086f","lastUpdated":1376049945000,"anchor":"hnitaly788","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb7b8086f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049945000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_italy_789.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 327, lot 149) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Orra\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442839\"},\"date\":{\"from\":0,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Minerva r., wearing triple-crested helmet with tall upright feather; below sometimes, AA.\",\"reverse\":\"Eagle standing r. on thunderbolt, wings open; below, four pellets; above, ORRA or OR\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 789\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Quadrunx\"}","title":"HN.Italy.789","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly789"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb79a0e93","lastUpdated":1427197802502,"anchor":"hnitaly789","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb79a0e93","categories":[],"publicationDate":1427197802502,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_790.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Male Bid Sale 67 Lot 93) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Orra\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442839\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-210,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Young head of Hercules r.; below, thunderbolt.\",\"reverse\":\"Winged thunderbolt; below, ΓOR; above, ORRA.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 790\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis? Weights range from 8.7-12g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102042520\"}","title":"HN.Italy.790","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly790"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb725086d","lastUpdated":1376049946000,"anchor":"hnitaly790","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb725086d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049946000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_791.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction O, Lot 1058)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Orra\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442839\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-210,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Young head of Hercules r.; below, three pellets.\",\"reverse\":\"Winged thunderbolt; below, ΓOR and three pellets.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 791\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Teruncius. Weights range from 4.9-7.5g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102043735\"}","title":"HN.Italy.791","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly791"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb77c0e92","lastUpdated":1376049946000,"anchor":"hnitaly791","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb77c0e92","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049946000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Orra\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442839\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-210,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.4},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Young head of Hercules r.; below, thunderbolt.\",\"reverse\":\"Winged thunderbolt; above, Π over A; below, ORRA.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 792\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Semis? Weights range from 5.5-6.4g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102044989\"}","title":"HN.Italy.792","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly792"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb75e086e","lastUpdated":1376049946000,"anchor":"hnitaly792","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb75e086e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049946000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_793.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction P, lot 1022)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Orra\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442839\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-210,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.4},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bust of Venus r., wearing stephane and wreath; on shoulder, sceptre.\",\"reverse\":\"Cupid r., playing lyre; at l., five pellets; at r., ORRA.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 793\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Quincunx. Weights range from 4.9-5.4g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102045568\"}","title":"HN.Italy.793","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly793"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb7420e91","lastUpdated":1376049946000,"anchor":"hnitaly793","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb7420e91","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049946000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Orra\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442839\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-210,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.3},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bust of Venus r., wearing stephane and wreath; on shoulder, sceptre.\",\"reverse\":\"Cupid flying r., holding taenia; below, three pellets; at l. or r., ORRA.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 794\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Teruncius. Weights range from 2.7-3.3g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102045927\"}","title":"HN.Italy.794","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly794"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb707086c","lastUpdated":1376049946000,"anchor":"hnitaly794","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb707086c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049946000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_795.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 130, Lot 56) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Orra\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/442839\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-210,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.94},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bust of Venus r., wearing stephane and wreath; on shoulder, sceptre.\",\"reverse\":\"Dove flying r. holding wreath; below, ORRA and two pellets.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 795\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Binux\",\"oldTitle\":\"102046314\"}","title":"HN.Italy.795","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly795"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb6ea0e90","lastUpdated":1376049946000,"anchor":"hnitaly795","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb6ea0e90","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049946000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"HN_Italy_796a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton V, lot 40) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Mateolum (Mottola)\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-210,\"until\":-150,\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena r. wearing crested Corinthian helmet; above, two pellets.\",\"reverse\":\"Lion seated on haunches r., holding lance between jaws; r., M^A^T.\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 796\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press\",\"notes\":\"AE Sextans. Weights range from 3.3-5.5g.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102048917\"}","title":"HN.Italy.796","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly796"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb6ce086b","lastUpdated":1376049946000,"anchor":"hnitaly796","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb6ce086b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049946000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_797.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 130, Lot 39) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"Yes\",\"city\":\"?Mateolum (Mottola)\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-210\",\"until\":\"-150\",\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena r. wearing crested Corinthian helmet; above, one pellets.\",\"reverse\":\"Hercules r., leaning on club on rock to r.; at l., M^A^T.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"15\",\"weight\":\"2.54\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 797\",\"notes\":\"AE Uncia\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press\",\"oldTitle\":\"102048935\"}","title":"HN.Italy.797","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly797"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb6b10e8f","lastUpdated":1376049947000,"anchor":"hnitaly797","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb6b10e8f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049947000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"Yes\",\"city\":\"?Mateolum (Mottola)\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-210\",\"until\":\"-150\",\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo r.; below chin, lyre; at r., monogram (?); at l., M^A^T.\",\"reverse\":\"Two torches crossed; above, star of eight rays; at l., A; at r., P (?)\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"11\",\"weight\":\"2.25\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 798\",\"notes\":\"AE Semuncia?\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press\",\"oldTitle\":\"102049398\"}","title":"HN.Italy.798","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly798"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb695086a","lastUpdated":1376049947000,"anchor":"hnitaly798","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb695086a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049947000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"Yes\",\"city\":\"?Mateolum (Mottola)\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-210\",\"until\":\"-150\",\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena r.\",\"reverse\":\"Cornucopiae; at r., M^A^T.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 799\",\"notes\":\"Coin type unknown.\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press\",\"oldTitle\":\"102049485\"}","title":"HN.Italy.799","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly799"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb6780e8e","lastUpdated":1376049947000,"anchor":"hnitaly799","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb6780e8e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049947000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"hn_820.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction O, Lot 1045)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Samadion\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-200\",\"until\":\"-150\",\"note\":\"200-150\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena l., wearing crested Corinthian helmet.\",\"reverse\":\"Four crescents; around, ΣΑΜΑΔΙ\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"15\",\"weight\":\"2.15\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 820\",\"notes\":\"Coin type unknown.\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102050175\"}","title":"HN.Italy.820","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly820"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb65c0869","lastUpdated":1376049947000,"anchor":"hnitaly820","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb65c0869","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049947000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Samadion\",\"region\":\"Southern Apulia, Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-210\",\"until\":\"-150\",\"note\":\"210-150\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena l., wearing crested Corinthian helmet.\",\"reverse\":\"Three crescents; around.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"12\",\"weight\":\"1.55\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"HN Italy 821\",\"notes\":\"Coin type unknown.\",\"bibliography\":\"Rutter N.K. (2001) Historia Numorum, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102050931\"}","title":"HN.Italy.821","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=H#hnitaly821"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb6410e8d","lastUpdated":1376049947000,"anchor":"hnitaly821","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb6410e8d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049947000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-84,\"until\":-84,\"note\":\"?\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":9.53},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Kore wearing wheat wreath; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Iakchos standing right, holding a torch tied with a fillet, plemochoe at right; all within wheat wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 117\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Kroll notes this appears to mark a revival of the old tradition of an Eleusinian festival coinage, likely associated with the probable initiation of Sulla in the mysteries in 84 BC.\"}","title":"Kroll 117","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll-117"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01413bf1e7054ca0","lastUpdated":1379690210000,"anchor":"kroll-117","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01413bf1e7054ca0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379690210000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens and Lemnos\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/550693\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"Kroll connects these issues that Athens struck for her dependencies to Octavian's settlement of Athenian affairs after Actium.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos. Dotted border.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Head of Hephaestus, laureate, tongs behind neck. ΛΗΜΝΙ.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 705-9\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1972). Two hoards of first-century B.C. Athenian bronze coins. ΑΡΧΑΙΟΛΟΓΙΚΟΝ ΔΕΛΤΙΟΝ 27: 86-120.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Struck in the mint of Athens for Lemnos.\"}","title":"Kroll.705_9","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll7059"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c281bdc823fe4","lastUpdated":1426602056703,"anchor":"kroll7059","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c281bdc823fe4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426602056703,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens and Imbros\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/501439\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"Kroll connects these issues that Athens struck for her dependencies to Octavian's settlement of Athenian affairs after Actium.)\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.99},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos. Dotted border.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Two pilei, wreathed, of the Kabeiroi. ΙΝΒΡΙ.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 710\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1972). Two hoards of first-century B.C. Athenian bronze coins. ΑΡΧΑΙΟΛΟΓΙΚΟΝ ΔΕΛΤΙΟΝ 27: 86-120.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Struck in the mint of Athens for Imbros.\"}","title":"Kroll.710","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll710"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c281f24e54015","lastUpdated":1426602271844,"anchor":"kroll710","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c281f24e54015","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426602271844,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Aigion_Kroll_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From LHS Numismatik AG Auction 96 lot 423.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Aigion\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570049\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"Kroll didn't know where to place these issues, and thought best to leave them undated, but attributed them to the Hellenistic period.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.41},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Zeus.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΙΓΕΙΩΝ within wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll Aigion 1\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1996). Hemiobols to assaria: the bronze coinage of Roman Aigion. Numismatic Chronicle 156: 49-78.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"AE dichalkon.\"}","title":"Kroll.Aigion.1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#krollaigion1"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b977890014b9d2dfa515f43","lastUpdated":1424271486416,"anchor":"krollaigion1","id":"094d43454b977890014b9d2dfa515f43","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424271486416,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Aigion_Kroll_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 96 lot 434.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Aigion\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570049\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"Kroll argues the most likely date is 32/31 BC, when Cleopatra and Antony wintered at Patras.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.55},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Theoxios, Kletaios\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Zeus. ΑΙΓΕΙΩΝ.\",\"reverse\":\"Boy Zeus, nude, hair knotted behind head, striding and throwing thunderbolt; eagle on extended left wrist. ΘΕΟΞΙΟΣ ΚΛΗΤΑΙΟΣ.\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll Aigion 2\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1996). Hemiobols to assaria: the bronze coinage of Roman Aigion. Numismatic Chronicle 156: 49-78.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"AE hemiobol.\"}","title":"Kroll.Aigion.2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#krollaigion2"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b97788a014b9d3876c458c7","lastUpdated":1424271898178,"anchor":"krollaigion2","id":"094d43454b97788a014b9d3876c458c7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424271898178,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Aigion_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 96 lot 438.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Aigion\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570049\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"Kroll argues the most likely occasion for these issues was Cleopatra and Antony wintering at Patras in 32/1 BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.27},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Theoxios, Kleitaios\",\"obverse\":\"Head of the young Dionysius wearing ivy wreath. ΑΙΓΕΙΩΝ.\",\"reverse\":\"Eagle standing three-quarters left. ΘΕΟΞΙΟΣ ΚΛΗΤΑΙΟΣ.\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll Aigion 3\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1996). Hemiobols to assaria: the bronze coinage of Roman Aigion. Numismatic Chronicle 156: 49-78.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"AE tetrachalkon. Kroll connects this issue to Antony (as the new Dionysius) and Cleopatra (Ptolemaic eagle).\"}","title":"Kroll.Aigion.3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#krollaigion3"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b977890014b9d3e435d605e","lastUpdated":1424272278224,"anchor":"krollaigion3","id":"094d43454b977890014b9d3e435d605e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424272278224,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"kroll_aigion_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From LHS LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 96 lot 440.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Aigion\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570049\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"(Kroll argues the most likely occasion for these issues was Cleopatra and Antony wintering at Patras in 32/1 BC.)\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.23},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Theoxios, Kleitaios\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Artemis, bow and quiver at shoulder. ΑΙΓΕΙΩΝ. \",\"reverse\":\"Artemis Eileithuia standing, wearing a long dress beneath a bearskin that hangs from her shoulders, holding out a torch in her extended right hand. ΘΕΟΞΙΟΣ ΚΛΗΤΑΙΟΣ.\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll Aigion 4\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1996). \\\"Hemiobols to assaria: the bronze coinage of Roman Aigion.\\\" Numismatic Chronicle 156: 49-78.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"AE trichalkon. \"}","title":"Kroll.Aigion.4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#krollaigion4"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b977890014ba1a7426b088b","lastUpdated":1424346268137,"anchor":"krollaigion4","id":"094d43454b977890014ba1a7426b088b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424346268137,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Aigion\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570049\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"Kroll argues the most likely occasion for these issues was Cleopatra and Antony wintering at Patras in 32/1 BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.21},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Theoxios, Kleitaios\",\"obverse\":\"Head and neck of eagle. ΑΙΓΕΙΩΝ.\",\"reverse\":\"Winged thunderbolt. ΘΕΟΞΙΟΣ ΚΛΗΤΑΙΟΣ.\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll Aigion 5\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1996). Hemiobols to assaria: the bronze coinage of Roman Aigion. Numismatic Chronicle 156: 49-78. \",\"notes\":\"AE dichalkon. Kroll suggests only one die is known.\"}","title":"Kroll.Aigion.5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#krollaigion5"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b97788a014ba1ab22935cb0","lastUpdated":1424346522135,"anchor":"krollaigion5","id":"094d43454b97788a014ba1ab22935cb0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424346522135,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_100.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 132, lot 35) (www,cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-130,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.85},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Cicada.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl standing facing on thunderbolt.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 100\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 12-16mm. \"}","title":"Kroll100","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll100"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0141177e267170c6","lastUpdated":1379078645000,"anchor":"kroll100","id":"094d43a2407db20b0141177e267170c6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379078645000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-150,\"until\":-140},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.63},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus right; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Plemochoe.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 102\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 10-13mm.\"}","title":"Kroll101","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll101"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab0141178113ef4246","lastUpdated":1379078837000,"anchor":"kroll101","id":"094d43a240cf5bab0141178113ef4246","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379078837000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-150,\"until\":-140},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.58},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo right, laureate. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Plemochoe; all within wheat wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 103\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 10-13mm.\"}","title":"Kroll103","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll103"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b01411783106d714c","lastUpdated":1379078967000,"anchor":"kroll103","id":"094d43a2407db20b01411783106d714c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379078967000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_104.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 60, lot 552) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-140,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Plemochoe. All within wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 104\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Initially believed to have been minted by the Athenian cleruchs on Delos, but it was probably (according to Kroll) struck in Athens for circulation on Delos. Diameters range between 10-12mm.\"}","title":"Kroll104","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll104"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01411786840842d2","lastUpdated":1379079193000,"anchor":"kroll104","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01411786840842d2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379079193000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_105.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Münzen & Medaillen Deutschland GmbH (Auction 17, lot 645)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-140,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.72},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Amphora.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 105\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 10-12mm.\"}","title":"Kroll105","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll105"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b01411788c78c7208","lastUpdated":1379079341000,"anchor":"kroll105","id":"094d43a2407db20b01411788c78c7208","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379079341000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_106.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Münzen & Medaillen Deutschland GmbH (Auction 34, lot 71)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-140,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.45},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Kore (?) right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Piglet standing right.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 106\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 9-12mm.\"}","title":"Kroll106","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll106"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0141178b52e17265","lastUpdated":1379079508000,"anchor":"kroll106","id":"094d43a2407db20b0141178b52e17265","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379079508000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_107.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 173, lot 172) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-140,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.34},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Nike right, wing at shoulder.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Quiver and bow.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 107\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 9-12mm.\"}","title":"Kroll107","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll107"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab0141178df1e143c0","lastUpdated":1379079680000,"anchor":"kroll107","id":"094d43a240cf5bab0141178df1e143c0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379079680000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_108.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Auction 87, lot 467) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-140,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":11,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.13},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Cicada.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Amphora with transverse palm branch.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 108\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 9-11mm.\"}","title":"Kroll108","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll108"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b014117e45cd17d57","lastUpdated":1379085343000,"anchor":"kroll108","id":"094d43a2407db20b014117e45cd17d57","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379085343000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-140,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":11,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.17},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Cicada.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Quiver and bow.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 109\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Kroll109","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll109"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b014117e7a5f87db6","lastUpdated":1379085559000,"anchor":"kroll109","id":"094d43a2407db20b014117e7a5f87db6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379085559000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-130,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":10,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":0.88},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo, laureate.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl standing right on horizontal amphora.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 110\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 7-10mm.\"}","title":"Kroll110","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll110"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b014117e9004d7ddc","lastUpdated":1379085647000,"anchor":"kroll110","id":"094d43a2407db20b014117e9004d7ddc","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379085647000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-130,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":10,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":0.43},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Lyre.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 111\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges beween 7-10mm.\"}","title":"Kroll111","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll111"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b014117eaf24f7e0b","lastUpdated":1379085775000,"anchor":"kroll111","id":"094d43a2407db20b014117eaf24f7e0b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379085775000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-130,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":10,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":0.59},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo right, border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Tripod.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 112\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters between 6-10mm.\"}","title":"Kroll112","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll112"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab014117eecc564f64","lastUpdated":1379086027000,"anchor":"kroll112","id":"094d43a240cf5bab014117eecc564f64","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379086027000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-130,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":9,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":0.56},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo right, border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Cicada.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 113\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters between 8-9mm.\"}","title":"Kroll113","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll113"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b014117f06b367eb0","lastUpdated":1379086133000,"anchor":"kroll113","id":"094d43a2407db20b014117f06b367eb0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379086133000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-130,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":8,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":0.41},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena, wearing Corinthian helmet.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Tripod.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 114\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Kroll114","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll114"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b014117f1820f7ecd","lastUpdated":1379086205000,"anchor":"kroll114","id":"094d43a2407db20b014117f1820f7ecd","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379086205000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_115.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Münzen & Medaillen Deutschland GmbH (Auction 17, lot 647).\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-86,\"until\":-80},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.46},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right, wearing ornamented attic helmet. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl standing facing on horizontal amphora; all within olive wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 115\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range beween 19-23mm. Kroll suggests these heavy bronzes were struck and used instead of silver during and after the Sullan sack.\"}","title":"Kroll115","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll115"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab014117fdbccb5111","lastUpdated":1379087006000,"anchor":"kroll115","id":"094d43a240cf5bab014117fdbccb5111","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379087006000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-84,\"until\":-84,\"note\":\"?\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Demeter wearing wheat wreath and veil; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Triptolemos l., holding wheat ears in r. hand, sceptre in left, mounting winged chariot drawn by two snakes; all in olive wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 116\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The type is a revival of the 4th and 3rd century BC Eleusinian type of Triptolemos. Kroll notes this appears to mark a revival of the old tradition of an Eleusinian festival coinage, likely associated with the probable initiation of Sulla in the mysteries in 84 BC.\"}","title":"Kroll116","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll116"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01413bf03a2e4c48","lastUpdated":1379690101000,"anchor":"kroll116","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01413bf03a2e4c48","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379690101000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-80,\"until\":-70,\"note\":\"Kroll 118 is 80-75BC, Kroll 119, 75-70 BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":9.72},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl standing facing on horizontal amphora; at right, poppy head between two wheat ears or mystic staff; all within wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 118-19\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Poppy and wheat ear symbol shared with silver new style tetradrachms (Thompson 1179-86), and the mystic staff to Thompson 1222-1226X.\"}","title":"Kroll118","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll118"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01413bf43ed44d1f","lastUpdated":1379690485000,"anchor":"kroll118","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01413bf43ed44d1f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379690485000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-80,\"until\":-42},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":11.32},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos r., border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl standing facing on horizontal amphora; at r., varying symbols (plemochoe, or tripod, or two wheat ears, or flower, or winged caduceus, or thyrsos tied with fillet, or two pilei of the Dioscuri)\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 120-126\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Kroll120to126","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll120to126"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01413bfbb0ec4e6c","lastUpdated":1379690852000,"anchor":"kroll120to126","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01413bfbb0ec4e6c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379690852000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-84,\"until\":-84,\"note\":\"?\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.76},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Demeter right, wearing veil; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Triptolemos left, holding wheat ears in right hand and sceptre in left, seated in winged chariot drawn by two snakes.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 127\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\" Kroll notes this appears to mark a revival of the old tradition of an Eleusinian festival coinage; one of these types is likely associated with the probable initiation of Sulla in the mysteries in 84 BC.\"}","title":"Kroll127","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll127"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01413bfe216b4ea2","lastUpdated":1379691012000,"anchor":"kroll127","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01413bfe216b4ea2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379691012000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-80,\"until\":-75},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.35},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Demeter right, wearing veil; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Triptolemos left, holding wheat ears in right hand and sceptre in left, seated in winged chariot drawn by two snakes. Poppy head before or behind Triptolemos.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 128\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Kroll128","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll128"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c00221800b8","lastUpdated":1379691143000,"anchor":"kroll128","id":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c00221800b8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379691143000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_129.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 76, lot 494) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-80,\"until\":-40},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.09},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Dolphin on trident; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Plemochoe with wheat ear in each handle; all within wheat wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 129\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The type is a reference to Poseidon, probably chosen because of his connections with Eleusis. Kroll suggests that the issue may have been struck ion 62 BC when Pompey the Great visited Athens.\"}","title":"Kroll129","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll129"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01413c0373624f3c","lastUpdated":1379691361000,"anchor":"kroll129","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01413c0373624f3c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379691361000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-80,\"until\":-40},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.85},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Artemis, quiver at shoulder, running right, carrying flaming torch.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 130\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Kroll130","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll130"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c05c3c60160","lastUpdated":1379691512000,"anchor":"kroll130","id":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c05c3c60160","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379691512000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_131.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 173, lot 173) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-85,\"until\":-70},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.89},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo right, laureate; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Cicada.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 131\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Kroll131","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll131"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c1eeef503d7","lastUpdated":1379693162000,"anchor":"kroll131","id":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c1eeef503d7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379693162000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-85,\"until\":-70},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.93},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo right, laureate, hair rolled; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Two wheat ears; all within wheat wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 132\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Kroll132","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll132"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c207cac03f6","lastUpdated":1379693263000,"anchor":"kroll132","id":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c207cac03f6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379693263000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-85,\"until\":-70},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":11,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.87},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo right, laureate, hair falling in archaizing curls; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Poppy between two wheat ears.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 133\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Kroll133","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll133"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01413c22d143525b","lastUpdated":1379693416000,"anchor":"kroll133","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01413c22d143525b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379693416000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-85,\"until\":-70},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.69},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Poppy between two wheat ears.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 134\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Kroll134","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll134"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c272edd04a1","lastUpdated":1379693702000,"anchor":"kroll134","id":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c272edd04a1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379693702000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_135.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Münzen & Medaillen Deutschland GmbH (Auction 17, lot 648)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-85,\"until\":-70},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":11,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.7},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo right, laureate, hair falling in archaising curls; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Two wheat ears; border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 135\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Kroll135","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll135"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c29782d04d9","lastUpdated":1379693852000,"anchor":"kroll135","id":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c29782d04d9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379693852000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-85,\"until\":-70},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":10,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.54},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Two wheat ears; border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 136\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Kroll136","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll136"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c2aea9804f1","lastUpdated":1379693947000,"anchor":"kroll136","id":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c2aea9804f1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379693947000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-39},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.65},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Zeus striding right, hurling thunderbolt, eagle perched on his extended l. arm; at l., wheat ear.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 137\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Reform issue struck after Mark Antony's arrival in Athens.\"}","title":"Kroll137","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll137"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01413c30c20253b7","lastUpdated":1379694330000,"anchor":"kroll137","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01413c30c20253b7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379694330000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_138.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Noble Numismatics (Auction 95, lot 5262)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-39},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.47},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Tripod; at l., poppy; at r., thunderbolt.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 138\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The Pythian tripod is an allusion to Antony's proposed completion of the temple of Pythian Apollo, according to Kroll. \"}","title":"Kroll138","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll138"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c340a4505c8","lastUpdated":1379694545000,"anchor":"kroll138","id":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c340a4505c8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379694545000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_139.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 73, lot 271) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-39},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.88},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Gorgoneion.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Athena advancing right, holding lowered spear in right hand; aegis draped over extended left arm.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 139\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 17-21mm.\"}","title":"Kroll139","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll139"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab0141179154894433","lastUpdated":1379079902000,"anchor":"kroll139","id":"094d43a240cf5bab0141179154894433","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379079902000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_140.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Münzen & Medaillen Deutschland GmbH (Auction21, lot 396)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.68},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of youthful Dionysius right, wearing ivy wreath; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Athena advancing right, holding lowered spear in right hand; aegis draped over extended l. arm.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 140\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 17-21mm. The Dionysius type is probably an allusion to Antony, who declared himself the new Dionysius upon arrival in Athens in 39 BC.\"}","title":"Kroll140","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll140"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01413c3866aa5496","lastUpdated":1379694831000,"anchor":"kroll140","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01413c3866aa5496","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379694831000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.6},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of youthful Dionysius r., wearing ivy wreath; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Kantharos.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 141\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 12-15mm. The Dionysius type is probably an allusion to Antony, who declared himself the new Dionysius upon arrival in Athens in 39 BC.\"}","title":"Kroll141","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll141"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c3aae350678","lastUpdated":1379694980000,"anchor":"kroll141","id":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c3aae350678","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379694980000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.39},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of bearded Dionysius r., wearing ivy wreath.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Bust of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 142\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 10-12mm. The Dionysius type is probably an allusion to Antony, who declared himself the new Dionysius upon arrival in Athens in 39 BC. This type (according to Kroll) may have been struck to commemorate the marriage of Antony to Athena. Antony demanded an exorbitant dowry for his marriage to Athena, which may have caused a drop in the weight of the next coin emissions.\"}","title":"Kroll142","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll142"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c3db1a006ba","lastUpdated":1379695178000,"anchor":"kroll142","id":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c3db1a006ba","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379695178000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-36,\"until\":-33},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.33},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Archaic image of Apollo Delios, holding three Graces in his right hand and a bow in his left; at l., cicada.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 143\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"This is the last allusion to Delos in Athenian coinage (Kroll).\"}","title":"Kroll143","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll143"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c3fddc406f1","lastUpdated":1379695320000,"anchor":"kroll143","id":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c3fddc406f1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379695320000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_144.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Münzen & Medaillen Deutschland GmbH (Auction 21, lot 397)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-32,\"until\":-32},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.47},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus right, laureate; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Head of bearded Dionysius right, wearing ivy wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 144\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Kroll sees Zeus here as a reference to Egypt, and Antony's alliance with Cleopatra.\"}","title":"Kroll144","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll144"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01413c42ab92557e","lastUpdated":1379695504000,"anchor":"kroll144","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01413c42ab92557e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379695504000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-32,\"until\":-32},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.24},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus right; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Eagle, wings spread, standing three-quarters right on thunderbolt.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 145\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1993) The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins. Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The eagle is a Ptolemaic coin type, and so the issue is a reference to Cleopatra.\"}","title":"Kroll145","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll145"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c44c3e90763","lastUpdated":1379695641000,"anchor":"kroll145","id":"094d43a2413bf6f501413c44c3e90763","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379695641000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens and Skyros\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/541108\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"Kroll connects these issues that Athens struck for her dependencies to Octavian's settlement of Athenian affairs after Actium.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.7},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos. Dotted border.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Goddess seated on throne. Olive wreath border. CKY.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 711\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. (1972). Two hoards of first-century B.C. Athenian bronze coins. ΑΡΧΑΙΟΛΟΓΙΚΟΝ ΔΕΛΤΙΟΝ 27: 86-120.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Struck at the Athenian mint for Skyros.\"}","title":"Kroll711","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll711"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c282195c0402f","lastUpdated":1426602431799,"anchor":"kroll711","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c282195c0402f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426602431799,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-150,\"until\":-140},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.53},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus right, bound with taenia, border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Archaistic Athena striding right, hurling thunderbolt in raised right hand and holding shield on extended left arm; at l., helmet or wheat ear; at r., horse's head or snake.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 88-89\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 17-21mm.\"}","title":"Kroll88to89","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll88to89"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab0140e9a8a4fc79c6","lastUpdated":1378309678000,"anchor":"kroll88to89","id":"094d43a240cf5bab0140e9a8a4fc79c6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378309678000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-140,\"until\":-130},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.13},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Zeus, nude, striding right, hurling thunderbolt. At l., pileus; at r., eagle.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 90\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters between 17-18mm.\"}","title":"Kroll90","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll90"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140e9af2b9a23c2","lastUpdated":1378310105000,"anchor":"kroll90","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140e9af2b9a23c2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378310105000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_93.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 76, lot 492) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-130,\"until\":-100},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.12},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Zeus, nude, striding right, hurling thunderbolt. Various signs to right (cornucopia and eagle, eagle), and to left (plemochoe, amphora, uncertain vessel)\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 91-93\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters between 16-19mm.\"}","title":"Kroll91to93","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll91to93"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140e9b3ea3d243f","lastUpdated":1378310416000,"anchor":"kroll91to93","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140e9b3ea3d243f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378310416000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_94.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 226, lot 202) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-99,\"until\":-98,\"note\":\"Issued at the same time as the Demetrios-Agathiippos silver tetradrachms, which also had the caps of the Dioscuri as a symbol.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.55},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Zeus, nude, striding right, hurling thunderbolt. To left and right, two pilei of the Dioscuri.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 94\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 16-19mm.\"}","title":"Kroll94","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll94"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab0140e9b97f527ba3","lastUpdated":1378310782000,"anchor":"kroll94","id":"094d43a240cf5bab0140e9b97f527ba3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378310782000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-95,\"until\":-87},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.8},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Zeus, nude, striding right, hurling thunderbolt. At left, mystic staff or thyrsos.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 95-96\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters between 16-20mm.\"}","title":"Kroll95to96","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll95to96"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab0140e9bd81f97bf5","lastUpdated":1378311045000,"anchor":"kroll95to96","id":"094d43a240cf5bab0140e9bd81f97bf5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378311045000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_97.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 219, lot 254) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-87,\"until\":-86},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.27},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mithridates VI, Aristion\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet; border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Zeus, nude, striding right, hurling thunderbolt. \"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 97\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 17-21mm. The issue was struck by Aristion when Athens supported Mithridates VI in rebellion against Rome. These coins appear to have been demonetised after the Roman victory - some issues bear X on them to indicate they were demonetised; many other issues were found in a good state of preservation during the excavations on the Athenian agora, suggesting that they were thrown away as 'useless' after the defeat of Mithridates.\"}","title":"Kroll97","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll97"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab0140e9c2083d7c5d","lastUpdated":1378311342000,"anchor":"kroll97","id":"094d43a240cf5bab0140e9c2083d7c5d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378311342000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_98.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Münzen & Medaillen Deutschland GmbH (Auction21, lot 390)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-140,\"until\":-130},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.61},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet, border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Amphora with transverse palm branch.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 98\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Kroll98","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll98"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01411774635a40c1","lastUpdated":1379078005000,"anchor":"kroll98","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01411774635a40c1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379078005000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Kroll_99.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Jean Elsen & ses Fils S.A. (Auction 88, lot 94)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-130,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.84},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Two owls standing facing, on thunderbolt; all within olive wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Kroll 99\",\"bibliography\":\"Kroll, J. 1993. The Athenian Agora XXVI: The Greek Coins, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies at Athens.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 12-18mm.\"}","title":"Kroll99","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=K#kroll99"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab01411777b5af411a","lastUpdated":1379078223000,"anchor":"kroll99","id":"094d43a240cf5bab01411777b5af411a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379078223000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"published\":true,\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"? Pella\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491687\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-168,\"until\":-167,\"note\":\"? date is uncertain\"},\"properties\":{\"die-axis\":4,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.52},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bearded head of Zeus wearing laurel-wreath, right.\",\"reverse\":\"Winged thunderbolt; above and below [Δ]ΙΟΣ ΕΛΕΥ - ΘΕΡΙΟΥ\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"Liampi no. 7\",\"bibliography\":\"Liampi, K. 2002. Die Einführung des Kultes des Zeus Eleutherios in Makedonien. Die numismatischen Zeugnisse aus dem Hortfund von Serres. Mitteilungen des deutschen archäologischen Instituts. Athenische Abteilung, 117, 203-20.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"There is only one known specimen of this coin type, said to be found in a hoard south of Serres in eastern Macedonia, and now in a private collection in Germany. Liampi dates this issue to 168/7 BC and sees it as a parallel emission to the Roma type of Publilius.\",\"oldTitle\":\"1060000142\"}","title":"Liampi.no.7","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=L#liampino7"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a23f9f734f01403fb9af630575","lastUpdated":1376050090000,"anchor":"liampino7","id":"094d43a23f9f734f01403fb9af630575","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376050090000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepcis Magna\",\"region\":\"Tripolitania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/344448\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-108,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"108-30\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":26},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Shadrapa in the guise of Liber Pater, left. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"MPQD LPQY; club in a laurel wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 1\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"For an image of a similar coin, see MAA (III) 2.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104042063\"}","title":"MAA.(III).1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii1"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca8230824","lastUpdated":1376049967000,"anchor":"maaiii1","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca8230824","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049967000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_10.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XI, Lot 542) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepcis Magna\",\"region\":\"Tripolitania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/344448\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-10,\"note\":\"30-10 BC\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.36},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Augustus, right. In laurel wreath.\",\"reverse\":\"?Head of Shadrapa in the guise of Liber Pater or ?head of Dionysus, left. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 10\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Variant: Obv; no laurel wreath. Diameter ranges between 15-16mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104106208\"}","title":"MAA.(III).10","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii10"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca76c0820","lastUpdated":1376049968000,"anchor":"maaiii10","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca76c0820","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049968000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepcis Magna\",\"region\":\"Tripolitania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/344448\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-10,\"note\":\"30-10 BC\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":33,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":19.96},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bare head of Augustus, left, in a laurel wreath.\",\"reverse\":\"LP QY; Dionysus (on l.) and Heracles (on r.) face to face. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 11\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 32-34mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104108496\"}","title":"MAA.(III).11","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii11"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca7570e42","lastUpdated":1376049968000,"anchor":"maaiii11","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca7570e42","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049968000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Hippo\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305090\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Post 46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.66},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend >PWN; laureate male head, left; behind, sceptre; above, star. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, TP <NT?; veiled and draped female head, right; surmounting a globule in a crescent. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 116\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104122433\"}","title":"MAA.(III).116","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii116"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca6de081c","lastUpdated":1377681423000,"anchor":"maaiii116","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca6de081c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377681423000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Hippo\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305090\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Post 46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.14},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend >PWN; male head, right; behind, club; above, star. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend >PWN; male head wearing cap, left; behind, axe; above, star. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 117\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 20-22mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104123178\"}","title":"MAA.(III).117","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii117"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca6a60e3e","lastUpdated":1377681959000,"anchor":"maaiii117","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca6a60e3e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377681959000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Hippo\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305090\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Post 46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.98},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend ?TPPWN; panther leaping right. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 118\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104125209\"}","title":"MAA.(III).118","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii118"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca6cc081b","lastUpdated":1376049970000,"anchor":"maaiii118","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca6cc081b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049970000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_12.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 229, Lot 379) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepcis Magna\",\"region\":\"Tripolitania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/344448\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-10,\"note\":\"30-10 BC\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.67},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bare head of Augustus, left. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"LP QY; cruciform thyrsus and club in a laurel wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 12\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 25-26mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104108598\"}","title":"MAA.(III).12","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii12"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca73f081f","lastUpdated":1376049968000,"anchor":"maaiii12","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca73f081f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049968000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cirta\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305064\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"Pre 46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":35,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":33.6},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend BDMLQRT W HN> KRTN; head of Tyche, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Crenellated city gate, with two vaulted passages; surmounted by an arch decorated with a globule and two laurels. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 127\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104130671\"}","title":"MAA.(III).127","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii127"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca6810e3d","lastUpdated":1377682007000,"anchor":"maaiii127","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca6810e3d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682007000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cirta\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305064\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"Pre 46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12.2},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend KRTN; head of Tyche, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend BDMLQRT W HN>; horse right. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 128\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104131685\"}","title":"MAA.(III).128","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii128"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca693081a","lastUpdated":1377681979000,"anchor":"maaiii128","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca693081a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377681979000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cirta\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305064\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"Pre 46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.9},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend KRTN. head of Tyche right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend BDMLQRT W HN>; two wheat ears. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 129\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104132060\"}","title":"MAA.(III).129","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii129"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca66f0e3c","lastUpdated":1377682026000,"anchor":"maaiii129","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca66f0e3c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682026000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepcis Magna\",\"region\":\"Tripolitania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/344448\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-10,\"note\":\"30-10 BC\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.52},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bare head of Augustus, left. Border of dots\",\"reverse\":\"LP QY; thyrsus and club in a laurel wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 13\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"For image, see MAA (III) 12. Diameter ranges between 20-22mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104109383\"}","title":"MAA.(III).13","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii13"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca7280e41","lastUpdated":1376049969000,"anchor":"maaiii13","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca7280e41","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049969000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"MAA_130.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Auctiones AG (Auction 29, lot 421)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cirta\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305064\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"Pre 46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.4},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend KRTN; head of Tyche, left. Dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend >LBT; galloping horse, left; behind, caduceus. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 130\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104132700\"}","title":"MAA.(III).130","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii130"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca65e0819","lastUpdated":1377682046000,"anchor":"maaiii130","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca65e0819","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682046000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_131.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78, Lot 1586) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cirta\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305064\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-44,\"note\":\"46-44\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":33,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":25.03},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P. Sittius\",\"obverse\":\"Jugate heads of Honor and Virtus right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"P. SITTIVS MVGONIANVS IIIIVIR DECR.DECVR.D.S.P; bare head of Sittius, right. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 131\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 31-35mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104173481\"}","title":"MAA.(III).131","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii131"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca64c0e3b","lastUpdated":1376049970000,"anchor":"maaiii131","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca64c0e3b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049970000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cirta\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305064\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-44,\"note\":\"46-44\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.7},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P. Sittius\",\"obverse\":\"DECRETO DECVR; bearded laureate head, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"P.SITTIVS MVGONIANVS IIIIVIR; bare head of Sittius, right.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 132\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 27-29mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104174912\"}","title":"MAA.(III).132","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii132"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca63b0818","lastUpdated":1376049970000,"anchor":"maaiii132","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca63b0818","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049970000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_133.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XI, Lot 572) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cirta\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305064\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-44,\"note\":\"46-44\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":24,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.16},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P. Sittius\",\"obverse\":\"DECRETO DSP [...]; diademed female head, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"P.SITTIVS MVGONIANVS IIIIVIR; bare head of Sittius, right.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 133\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 23-25mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104174965\"}","title":"MAA.(III).133","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii133"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca6280e3a","lastUpdated":1376049971000,"anchor":"maaiii133","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca6280e3a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049971000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cirta\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305064\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-44,\"note\":\"46-44\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.17},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P. Sittius\",\"obverse\":\"DICVR [..]; helmeted head of Roma/Virtus, r.; above, Ƨ. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"P SITTIVS MVGONIANVS; male bare head.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 134\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 19-21mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104176688\"}","title":"MAA.(III).134","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii134"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5ce0815","lastUpdated":1376049971000,"anchor":"maaiii134","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5ce0815","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049971000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cirta\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305064\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-44,\"note\":\"46-44\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P. Sittius\",\"obverse\":\"Boar, right.\",\"reverse\":\"SITT.IIIIVIR MVG.DI. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 135\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104177219\"}","title":"MAA.(III).135","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii135"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca5e00e38","lastUpdated":1376049971000,"anchor":"maaiii135","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca5e00e38","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049971000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Macomades\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/334583\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Post 46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.56},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, [...] LTN; bearded male head wearing a pointed cap, right; behind, star. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, MQM>; boar, right. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 136\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Variant: Reverse; boar, left.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104178348\"}","title":"MAA.(III).136","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii136"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca6160817","lastUpdated":1377682066000,"anchor":"maaiii136","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca6160817","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682066000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Macomades\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/334583\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Post 46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Galloping horse, left. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, MQM>; globule surmounting a crescent. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 137\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104178695\"}","title":"MAA.(III).137","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii137"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca6030e39","lastUpdated":1377682090000,"anchor":"maaiii137","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca6030e39","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682090000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_138.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 219, Lot 309) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305119\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century (BC)\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12.88},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Tyche, left. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, uncertain; horse prancing, left. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 138\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104179226\"}","title":"MAA.(III).138","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii138"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5f20816","lastUpdated":1376049971000,"anchor":"maaiii138","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5f20816","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049971000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981539\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.4},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Tyche, left. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, uncertain; horse prancing, left. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 139\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"For image, see MAA (III) 138\",\"oldTitle\":\"104181236\"}","title":"MAA.(III).139","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii139"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca5be0e37","lastUpdated":1376049972000,"anchor":"maaiii139","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca5be0e37","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049972000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_140.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Aucion 220, Lot 55) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Icosium\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/295276\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-125,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"End of the second century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.7},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Veiled and feathered head of Isis, left; before, Nike, crowning her with wreath, right.\",\"reverse\":\"Punic legend >WYKSM; male deity standing, left, wearing three pointed crown, right hand raised and holding a pyx, left hand folded over chest.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 140\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104183507\"}","title":"MAA.(III).140","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii140"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5ac0814","lastUpdated":1377682142000,"anchor":"maaiii140","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5ac0814","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682142000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Gunugu\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/295268\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.86},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, GNGN; bearded radiate head left; caduceus on one shoulder. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Bacchus left; bunch of grapes



neo-Punic letters, ?GN. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 150, 150a-b\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 20-22mm.



a. Obv; similar, head right. Rev; similar, head right.



b. Obv; similar, head right. Rev; similar, head left.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104187394\"}","title":"MAA.(III).150,150a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii150150ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca59b0e36","lastUpdated":1376049972000,"anchor":"maaiii150150ab","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca59b0e36","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049972000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Gunugu\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/295268\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.9},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Bacchus, left; flanked by a bunch of grapes and two neo-Punic letters, ?CN. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Galloping horse, left. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 151\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104188327\"}","title":"MAA.(III).151","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii151"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5880813","lastUpdated":1376049972000,"anchor":"maaiii151","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5880813","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049972000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cartenna\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/295240\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-25,\"note\":\"30-25\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":21.49},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"A POMP MI (retrograde); bearded head, left; palm-branch round part of the edge. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"C AL POMP M F VIC Q A F C KAR; female diademed head (Venus?), right. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 152\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Variant; Obverse; similar, head right. Reverse; similar. Diameter ranges between 29-31mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104188924\"}","title":"MAA.(III).152","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii152"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca5770e35","lastUpdated":1376049972000,"anchor":"maaiii152","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca5770e35","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049972000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"MAA_153.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Auctiones AG (Auction 29, lot 424)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Tingis\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275736\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Ocean, left; behind, a sceptre. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend; P; between two wheat ears, a cresent surmounted by a globule. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 153\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 25-30mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104190415\"}","title":"MAA.(III).153","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii153"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5660812","lastUpdated":1376049972000,"anchor":"maaiii153","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5660812","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049972000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_154.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 79, Lot 478) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Tingis\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275736\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Ocean, left. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, P; wheat ear. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 154\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 18-22mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104191285\"}","title":"MAA.(III).154","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii154"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca5530e34","lastUpdated":1376049972000,"anchor":"maaiii154","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca5530e34","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049972000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Iulia Constantia Zilil\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275744\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.6},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Hercules, right; front, caduceus. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-punic legend, >SYLT; two wheat ears. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 164\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 16-18mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104264187\"}","title":"MAA.(III).164","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii164"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5430811","lastUpdated":1377682169000,"anchor":"maaiii164","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5430811","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682169000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Iulia Constantia Zilil\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275744\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"30-27\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":18.39},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"[CAESAR] DIVI F CON[ST]; bare head of Octavian, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"ANIAR[..]; trophy; on l. and r., seated captive. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 165\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Dupondius\",\"oldTitle\":\"104265608\"}","title":"MAA.(III).165","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii165"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca5000e32","lastUpdated":1376049973000,"anchor":"maaiii165","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca5000e32","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049973000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Iulia Constantia Zilil\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275744\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"30-27\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.53},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"CAESAR DIVI F CONST; bare head of Octavian, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"N (or AN?)I.AR.POM[....) D D; female diademed head, r.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 166\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"As.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104266376\"}","title":"MAA.(III).166","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii166"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca510080f","lastUpdated":1376049973000,"anchor":"maaiii166","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca510080f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049973000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\",\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lixus\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275666\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14.09},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Male head (Chusor-Ptah?) wearing headdress adorned with cord. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, MP>L LKS; two bunches of grapes. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 167\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 25-29mm.\"}","title":"MAA.(III).167","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii167"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5310810","lastUpdated":1377682501000,"anchor":"maaiii167","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca5310810","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682501000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_168.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction 87, Lot 717) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lixus\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275666\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.61},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Chusor-Ptah wearing headdress adorned with cord, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, MP<L LKS; bunch of grapes.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 168\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Variant: Obv; similar, head left. Diameter ranges between 15-18mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104273571\"}","title":"MAA.(III).168","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii168"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca5200e33","lastUpdated":1377682894000,"anchor":"maaiii168","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca5200e33","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682894000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lixus\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275666\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.75},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Chusor-Ptah wearing headdress adorned with cord, left. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"No legend, bunch of grapes. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 169\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 12-14mm. \",\"oldTitle\":\"104274761\"}","title":"MAA.(III).169","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii169"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca4f0080e","lastUpdated":1376049973000,"anchor":"maaiii169","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca4f0080e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049973000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lixus\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275666\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":29,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":11.36},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Two bunches of grapes. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, MP>L LKS; two tuna; center, globule. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 170\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 28-29mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104277162\"}","title":"MAA.(III).170","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii170"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca4df0e31","lastUpdated":1377682188000,"anchor":"maaiii170","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca4df0e31","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682188000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lixus\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275666\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.23},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Chusor-Ptah wearing headdress adorned with cord, right. Dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Two tuna; between, neo-Punic legend, MP<L LKS. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 171\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104279144\"}","title":"MAA.(III).171","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii171"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca4ce080d","lastUpdated":1377682933000,"anchor":"maaiii171","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca4ce080d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682933000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lixus\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275666\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.3},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bunch of grapes. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, MP<L LKS; tuna. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 172\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104279392\"}","title":"MAA.(III).172","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii172"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca4bc0e30","lastUpdated":1377682955000,"anchor":"maaiii172","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca4bc0e30","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682955000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_173.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XI, Lot 343) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lixus\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275666\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":29,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.63},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Chusor-Ptah wearing headdress adorned with cord, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"LIX; ornate altar set on ornate base; entablature decorated with uraeus. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 173\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Variant: Obverse; neo-Punic legend, MP<L LKS; two bunches of grapes. Border of dots. Reverse; similar. Diameter ranges between 28-29mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104280076\"}","title":"MAA.(III).173","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii173"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca4a9080c","lastUpdated":1377682989000,"anchor":"maaiii173","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca4a9080c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682989000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_174.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 200, Lot 212) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lixus\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275666\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.7},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"LIX; head of Chusor-Ptah wearing headdress adorned with cord, left. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, MP<L LKS; two grape bunches. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 174\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Variant: Obv; similar, head right. Diameter ranges between 21-22mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104281425\"}","title":"MAA.(III).174","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii174"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca4990e2f","lastUpdated":1377683027000,"anchor":"maaiii174","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca4990e2f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377683027000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lixus\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275666\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.8},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"LIX; head of Chusor-Ptah wearing headdress adorned with cord, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend; MP <L LKS; bunch of grapes. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 175\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104285414\"}","title":"MAA.(III).175","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii175"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca4820e2e","lastUpdated":1377681277000,"anchor":"maaiii175","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca4820e2e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377681277000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_179.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 283, Lot 146) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Lixus\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275666\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.43},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Facing head of Ba'al-Melkart or Ocean. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, MQM SMS, star between grape bunch and corn ear. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 179\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 17-21mm.\"}","title":"MAA.(III).179","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii179"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca45f080b","lastUpdated":1377618002000,"anchor":"maaiii179","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca45f080b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618002000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Volubilis\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275740\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.01},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Splayed eagle, right Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, BB<L; globule surmounting a crescent. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 180\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 15-18mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104289194\"}","title":"MAA.(III).180","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii180"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca4700e2d","lastUpdated":1377683049000,"anchor":"maaiii180","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca4700e2d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377683049000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Mauretania or Numidia\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-100\",\"until\":\"-50\",\"note\":\"First half of first century \"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"\",\"obverse\":\"Female head crowned with laurels, right.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend SR < >(?); cornucopia in a laurel wreath.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"17\",\"weight\":\"3.18\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 182\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"oldTitle\":\"104289359\"}","title":"MAA.(III).182","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii182"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca44e080a","lastUpdated":1377681736000,"anchor":"maaiii182","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca44e080a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377681736000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Mauretania or Numidia\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-100\",\"until\":\"-50\",\"note\":\"First half of the first century\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"\",\"obverse\":\"Helmeted head, left.\",\"reverse\":\"Punic legend, < R (?); cornucopia in laurel wreath.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"15\",\"weight\":\"2.45\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 183\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"oldTitle\":\"104291450\"}","title":"MAA.(III).183","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii183"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca43c0e2c","lastUpdated":1377681841000,"anchor":"maaiii183","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca43c0e2c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377681841000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"?Numidia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981539\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-200,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second-first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.55},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bearded and laureate head, left.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend, TGRN (?); galloping horse, left; surmounted by a star.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 184\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104291920\"}","title":"MAA.(III).184","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii184"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca4280809","lastUpdated":1376049975000,"anchor":"maaiii184","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca4280809","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049975000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"?Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305106\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"First century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.71},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend [...] B [...]; male head, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Elephant, right; surmounting an indistinct neo-Punic monogram. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 185\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104294013\"}","title":"MAA.(III).185","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii185"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca4190e2b","lastUpdated":1376049975000,"anchor":"maaiii185","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca4190e2b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049975000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Iulia Valentia Banasa\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275599\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":1,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":9.59},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Melqart, left; club. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Helmeted head of Minerva, left; sceptre. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 186\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"104294993\"}","title":"MAA.(III).186","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii186"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca3f80808","lastUpdated":1376049975000,"anchor":"maaiii186","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca3f80808","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049975000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Iulia Valentia Banasa\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275599\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.31},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bearded head, left.\",\"reverse\":\"A. III R. IIII V, around a star.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 187\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Semis denomination. Diameter can range from 15-19mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104295519\"}","title":"MAA.(III).187","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii187"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca3e70e2a","lastUpdated":1376049975000,"anchor":"maaiii187","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca3e70e2a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049975000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_188.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78, Lot 1592) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Cartenna or Arsernnaria\",\"region\":\"Western Mauretania\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-50\",\"until\":\"0\",\"note\":\"Second half of the first century\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"\",\"obverse\":\"Bearded head of Hercules-Melkart, right; club to left.\",\"reverse\":\"N P AD- AR; female head, right.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"22\",\"weight\":\"6.72\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 188\",\"notes\":\"As denomination. Diamater ranges from 21-22mm.\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"oldTitle\":\"104295683\"}","title":"MAA.(III).188","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii188"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca3d80807","lastUpdated":1376049975000,"anchor":"maaiii188","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca3d80807","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049975000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_iii_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 181, Lot 9) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepcis Magna\",\"region\":\"Tripolitania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/344448\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-108,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"108-30\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.5},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Shadrapa in the guise of Liber Pater, left. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"MPQD LPQY; club in a laurel wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA (III) 2\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 18-20mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104042192\"}","title":"MAA.(III).2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maaiii2"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca80e0e47","lastUpdated":1376049967000,"anchor":"maaiii2","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca80e0e47","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049967000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Oea (Tripoli)\",\"region\":\"Tripolitania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/344456\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-60,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"60-50\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":17.64},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend PB [...] > [...] ; head of Apollo, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neo-Punic legend WY


42a; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; legend in cartouche.



42b; similar. Obverse; no legend. Reverse; similar.



42c; similar. Obverse; no legend. Reverse; legend in cartouche.



42d; similar. Obverse; head left; globule on neck. Reverse; in field, a star.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103398170\"}","title":"MAA.42,42a-d","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa4242ad"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caa3e0e53","lastUpdated":1376049963000,"anchor":"maa4242ad","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caa3e0e53","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049963000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_43.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 79, Lot 480) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Siga\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/285521\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-118,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"118?-80 or 49-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.8},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus I or II\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right; neo-Punic legend, BQS. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Bacchus standing, left, holding a thyrsus and putting his hand on a bull; before, a bunch of grapes; above right, a star. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 43\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"103401213\"}","title":"MAA.43","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa43"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caa250830","lastUpdated":1376049964000,"anchor":"maa43","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caa250830","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049964000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"?Siga\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-118\",\"until\":\"-33\",\"note\":\"118?-80 or 49-33\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus I or II\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Horse standing, right; neo-Punic legend, reversed, SYG. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"16\",\"weight\":\"2.8\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 44\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"oldTitle\":\"103406612\"}","title":"MAA.44","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa44"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caa0d0e52","lastUpdated":1376049964000,"anchor":"maa44","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caa0d0e52","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049964000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_45.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gemini, LLC (Auction X, Lot 152)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Volubilis\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275740\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-49,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"49-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.8},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus II\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right; neo-Punic legend, BQS HMMKLT. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Six rayed star between wheat ear and grapes; neo-Punic legend around, MQM SMS.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 45, 45a-d.\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"MAA 45d.



MAA 45; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; legend, SMS.



45a; similar. Obverse; similar, head left. Reverse; similar.



45b; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, no legend.



45c; similar. Obverse; similar, head left. Reverse; similar, no legend. Diameters range between 17-20mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103410650\"}","title":"MAA.45,45a-d.","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa4545ad"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca9cc082e","lastUpdated":1376049964000,"anchor":"maa4545ad","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca9cc082e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049964000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Rusadir (Melilla)\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/285512\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-49,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"Post 49\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.5},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus I or successors\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, left. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Bee and wheat ear; between, bunch of grapes; neo-Punic legend,RA>DR. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 46\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Variant; similar. Obv; similar. Reverse; similar, but bee between two wheat ears. Diameter ranges between 22-24mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103573217\"}","title":"MAA.46","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa46"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca9f70e51","lastUpdated":1377682281000,"anchor":"maa46","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca9f70e51","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682281000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Tamuda\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275732\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-49,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"Post 49\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.2},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus I or successors\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right; neo-Punic legend, TMD


47a; similar, but legend on reverse.



47b; similar. Obv; without globule. Rev; similar.



47c; similar, but no legend on either side.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103742641\"}","title":"MAA.47,47a-c","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa4747ac"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca9e2082f","lastUpdated":1376049964000,"anchor":"maa4747ac","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca9e2082f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049964000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_48.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 169, Lot 55) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Tingi\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275736\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-51,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"51-50\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.7},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus I or successors\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Two vertical wheat ears; neo-punic legend, TNG>. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 48\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Variant; similar, but reverse, globule in field. Diameter ranges between 17-20mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103743782\"}","title":"MAA.48","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa48"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca9b70e50","lastUpdated":1377682297000,"anchor":"maa48","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca9b70e50","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682297000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_49.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 79, Lot 479) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Tingi\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-118,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"118-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus I or successors\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Three vertical wheat ears; neo-Punic legend, TNG>. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 49\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 16-20mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103745204\"}","title":"MAA.49","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa49"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca9a3082d","lastUpdated":1377682333000,"anchor":"maa49","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca9a3082d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682333000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Tingi\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275736\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-118,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"118-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.1},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus I or successors\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Wheat ear; left, neo-Punic legend, TNG>. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 50\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"103746231\"}","title":"MAA.50","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa50"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca98a0e4f","lastUpdated":1376049965000,"anchor":"maa50","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca98a0e4f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049965000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sala (Chellah)\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275696\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-118,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"118-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.7},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus I, Sosus, or Bocchus II\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Vertical wheat ear and bunch of grapes; neo-Punic legend S<LT; above, crescent in globe. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 51\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 13-17mm. \",\"oldTitle\":\"103823324\"}","title":"MAA.51","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa51"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca973082c","lastUpdated":1377682855000,"anchor":"maa51","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca973082c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682855000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Volubilis\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/275740\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-118,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"118?-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus I, Sosus, or Bocchus II\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right; neo-Punic legend. MQM SMS. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Star, framing wheat ear and bunch of grapes; neo-Punic legend, SMS; above, zig-zag pattern. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 52\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Variant: Reverse; without zig-zag. Diameter ranges between 15-18mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103879785\"}","title":"MAA.52","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa52"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca95c0e4e","lastUpdated":1376049965000,"anchor":"maa52","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca95c0e4e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049965000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Camarata\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/285422\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-118,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"118?-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.5},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus I, Sosus, or Bocchus II\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Bunch of grapes alongside wheat ear; neo-Punic legend, KM>; below crescent and globule. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 53\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 20-22mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103882018\"}","title":"MAA.53","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa53"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca947082b","lastUpdated":1377682362000,"anchor":"maa53","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca947082b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682362000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Camarata\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/285422\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-118,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"118?-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.5},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus I, Sosus, or Bocchus II\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Bunch of grapes alongside wheat ear; neo-Punic legend, KM>; below, crescent and globule. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 54\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"103892056\"}","title":"MAA.54","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa54"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca9310e4d","lastUpdated":1377682376000,"anchor":"maa54","parsedContentBody":"","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca9310e4d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377682376000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Timici\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/295362\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-118,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"118?-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":9.3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus I, Sosus, or Bocchus II\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Bunch of grapes between two wheat ears or branches. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 55\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"103928829\"}","title":"MAA.55","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa55"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca91d082a","lastUpdated":1376049965000,"anchor":"maa55","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca91d082a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049965000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_56.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XV Lot 1325) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305106\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.85},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bogud\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Africa (wearing elephant skin), left. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Griffon, right; surmounted by winged solar disc, above; below, thunderbolt. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 56\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"103929378\"}","title":"MAA.56","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa56"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca9080e4c","lastUpdated":1376049965000,"anchor":"maa56","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca9080e4c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049965000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305106\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.63},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bogud\",\"obverse\":\"Griffon tearing at a deer, left. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Griffon, right; legend, REX BOC VT; surmounted by a winged solar disc; below, thunderbolt. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 57\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"103933907\"}","title":"MAA.57","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa57"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca8f40829","lastUpdated":1376049966000,"anchor":"maa57","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca8f40829","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049966000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305106\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.63},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bogud\",\"obverse\":\"Griffon tearing at a deer. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Griffon, left, on thunderbolt; below legend, REX BOC VT. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 58\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Also RPC 855. Diameter ranges between 18-19mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103939760\"}","title":"MAA.58","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa58"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca8e00e4b","lastUpdated":1376049966000,"anchor":"maa58","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca8e00e4b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049966000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305106\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.84},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bogud\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, bearded, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Prow of warship, left. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 59\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 25-26mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103955902\"}","title":"MAA.59","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa59"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca8c80828","lastUpdated":1376049966000,"anchor":"maa59","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca8c80828","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049966000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305106\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-49,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"49-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.31},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus II\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right; legend, REX BOCCHUS ƧOƧI F. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Elephant walking right, holding a palm; below, neo-Punic legend, BQS HMMLKT. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 60\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 24-28mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103959198\"}","title":"MAA.60","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa60"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca8a90e4a","lastUpdated":1376049966000,"anchor":"maa60","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca8a90e4a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049966000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_61.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XI, Lot 344) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305106\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-49,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"49-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.51},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus II\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, right; neo-Punic legend, REX BOCCHUS SOSI F. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Lion walking right. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 61\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 18-22mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103960210\"}","title":"MAA.61","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa61"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca8920827","lastUpdated":1376049966000,"anchor":"maa61","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca8920827","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049966000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305106\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-49,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"49-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.5},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus II\",\"obverse\":\"Royal head, bearded, right; neo-Punic legend, REX BOCCHUS SOSI F. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Horse, right; neo-Punic legend, [BQS] HMT.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 62\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"103961818\"}","title":"MAA.62","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa62"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca87e0e49","lastUpdated":1376049966000,"anchor":"maa62","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca87e0e49","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049966000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/305106\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-49,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"49-33\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14.49},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Bocchus II\",\"obverse\":\"REX BOCCHVS SOSI F; janiform head (representing Octavian and Bocchus?); floral ornament above the head. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"BQS HMMLKT; head of Africa with elephant skin, right; behind, two javelins. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 63\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 26-31mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103991164\"}","title":"MAA.63","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa63"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca86a0826","lastUpdated":1376049966000,"anchor":"maa63","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca86a0826","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049966000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Iol (Cherchel)\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/295279\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-33,\"until\":-25,\"note\":\"33-25\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":35,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":24.18},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bull charging, right; above, IMP; below, CAESAR. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Lion right; below, DIVI F. Border of dots.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 64\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"103992882\"}","title":"MAA.64","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa64"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca8550e48","lastUpdated":1376049967000,"anchor":"maa64","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca8550e48","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049967000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"maa_65.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XI, Lot 575) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Iol (Cherchel)\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/295279\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-33,\"until\":-25,\"note\":\"33-25\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":24,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.84},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"?Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"IMP CAESAR; bare head of Octavian, right. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"DIVI F; head of Africa with elephant skin. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 65\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"103993119\"}","title":"MAA.65","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa65"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca83b0825","lastUpdated":1376049967000,"anchor":"maa65","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca83b0825","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049967000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Iol (Cherchel)\",\"region\":\"Mauretania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/295279\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-33,\"until\":-25,\"note\":\"33-25\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.81},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"?Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"IMP CAESAR; head of Zeus Ammon. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"DIVI F; elephant trampling upon a dragon/serpent. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"MAA 66\",\"bibliography\":\"Alexandropoulos J. (2000) Les monnaies de l'afrique antique. Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges between 21-22mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"103993377\"}","title":"MAA.66","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#maa66"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca7cd0e45","lastUpdated":1376049967000,"anchor":"maa66","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca7cd0e45","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049967000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"MAA_38.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 194, lot 77) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sabratha\",\"region\":\"Tripolitania\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/344282\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-60,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"60-50\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":35,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":22.71},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate and bearded head, right; to front, star. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Pentastyle temple; in exergue neo-Punic legend, SBRT


MacKay, P. A. (1968), 'Macedonian Tetradrachms of 148-147 B.C.', American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 14, 15-40.



Touratsoglou, I. (1987), 'Macedonia', In The Coinage of the Roman World in the Late Republic, A. Burnett and M. Crawford, (eds). Oxford, 53-78.\",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm. On Series 1 Φ serves as the handle of the thunderbolt, on series 2 a monogram is found beneath ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ and the thunderbolt occurs without Φ.



This series has traditionally been dated to 148 BC by Mackay, but hoard finds place it just before that of the Aesillas series, around the time of Sulla or later (see Burnett, Touratsoglou, below).\",\"oldTitle\":\"105494012\"}","title":"MacKay.Series.1-22","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#mackayseries122"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca1840e18","lastUpdated":1376049980000,"anchor":"mackayseries122","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca1840e18","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049980000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"makedonon.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., (Triton IX, lot 840) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/991368\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-70,\"note\":\"90-70\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.8},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Macedonian shield with a bust of Artemis carrying bow and quiver on l. shoulder in the centre.\",\"reverse\":\"Club of Hercules within oak wreath. Above and below the club, ΜΑΚΕ ΔΟΝΩΝ. Monogram above the club.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"MacKay Series 3\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A. (1985), 'Aesillas: Two New Hoards', Coin Hoards 7, 54-64.



MacKay, P. A. (1968), 'Macedonian Tetradrachms of 148-147 B.C.', American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 14, 15-40.



Touratsoglou, I. (1987), 'Macedonia', In The Coinage of the Roman World in the Late Republic, A. Burnett and M. Crawford, (eds). Oxford, 53-78.\",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm. Although this issue has traditionally been assigned to c. 148 BC (MacKay), hoard evidence suggests it was released just before the Aesillas type, around the time of Sulla or later (Burnett, Touratsoglou)\",\"oldTitle\":\"105496075\"}","title":"MacKay.Series.3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=M#mackayseries3"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd0989f3907ce","lastUpdated":1376049981000,"anchor":"mackayseries3","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd0989f3907ce","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049981000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Gortyn\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589796\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-67,\"until\":-67},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":13.2},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"ΚΡΗΤ; Helmeted head of Roma\",\"reverse\":\"A large bee and ΚΥRA on l. and r.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 906\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"The die axis is variable.\\r\\nThis issue was struck after the joining of Crete and Cyrenaica as one double-province in 67BC, and was intended to serve both areas.\"}","title":"RPC 1 906","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc-1-906"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140b194e407215c","lastUpdated":1378058323000,"anchor":"rpc-1-906","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140b194e407215c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378058323000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_918.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78, lot 1518) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cyrene\",\"region\":\"Cyrenaica, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981517\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"The crocodile type seems to refer to Egypt and therefore it might be thought that the coinage was struck under Egyptian authority, after Antony's donations to Cleopatra, in 37BC. However, Buttery points out that the crocodile does not derive from Egyptian coins and Crassus omits to claim any higher authority. Grant dates this issue to 37-34BC, but Buttery dates it earlier. The identification of Crassus also makes this difficult. Svoronos identifies him as P. Canidius Crassus, but there is no known link between him and Crete or Cyrenaica. His career is well known and if it his this Crassus then there is not much time in which he could have a command in these areas. E. Winsemann Falghera argues for a date between the end of 37BC and the beginning of 36BC, before his departure to Parthia. On the other hand, Grant suggests that it is referring to M. Licinius Crassus, whose career under Antony is known and who went over to Octavian in 31BC, becoming consul in 30BC\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.03},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Crassus\",\"obverse\":\"ΚΡΑ; Head of Libya, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΚΥΡΑ; a silphium.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 918\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"The axis is uncertain, it could be 12 or 6.\\r\\n\\r\\nCrassus struck five varieties of bronze, representing two denominations in each series. They are not in paired denominations. The Latin series was probably struck in Crete, as a Kydas issue of Cnossus is overstruck on the Crassus one. While the connection of the types on the Latin series with Crete is not obvious, the types on the Greek series are clearly related to Cyrenaica, such as the head of Libya and the silphium on this coin. However, the persistent type of the crocodile on the unit of both groups points to an overall command of both areas.\"}","title":"RPC 1 918","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc-1-918"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140bb93149b7ff3","lastUpdated":1378057779000,"anchor":"rpc-1-918","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140bb93149b7ff3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378057779000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"There is much controversy surrounding the date of this issue. The type of the eagle seems to refer to an Egyptian influence: therefore it was most likely struck after the granting of Crete to Cleopatra in 37/36 BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":9.33},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"[ ] menis\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"[ ] ΜΕΝΙΣ; Eagle with wings open, facing right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 937\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC 1 937","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc-1-937"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140da9e95ba1957","lastUpdated":1378057360000,"anchor":"rpc-1-937","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140da9e95ba1957","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378057360000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1102.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 81, lot 2375) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-32,\"until\":-2},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.69},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Iulius Eurycles\",\"obverse\":\"Diademed head of Sparta, l.\\r\\nΣΠΑΡΤΗ\\r\\n\",\"reverse\":\"Dioscuri riding, r., in wreath\\r\\nΛΑ, ΕΠΙ ΕΥΡΥΚ ΛΕΟΣ\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1102\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1102","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11102"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5416e4eca01417142e8600f67","lastUpdated":1381252110000,"anchor":"rpc11102","id":"094d43d5416e4eca01417142e8600f67","categories":[],"publicationDate":1381252110000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1103.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton V, lot 381) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-2},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.64},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Iulius Eurycles\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus, right.\",\"reverse\":\"Λ Α, ΕΠΙ ΕΥΡΥΚΛΕΟΣ. Club within wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 1103\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1103","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11103"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d54198c5ad014199032cf30b79","lastUpdated":1381252117000,"anchor":"rpc11103","id":"094d43d54198c5ad014199032cf30b79","categories":[],"publicationDate":1381252117000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1_1104.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image taken from LHS Numismatik (Auction 96, lot 923)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-2},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.05},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Iulius Eurycles\",\"obverse\":\"ΚΑΙC. Head of Augustus (Octavian) right.\",\"reverse\":\"Λ Α, ΕΠΙ ΕΥΡΥΚΛΕΟΣ. Eagle standing right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1104\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1104","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11104"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d54198c5ad01419907d77f0c6f","lastUpdated":1381252123000,"anchor":"rpc11104","id":"094d43d54198c5ad01419907d77f0c6f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1381252123000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1105.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image taken from LHS Numismatik (Auction 96, lot 924)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-32,\"until\":-2},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.68},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Iulius Eurycles\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Livia right.\",\"reverse\":\"Λ Α, ΕΠΙ ΕΥΡΥΚΛΕΟΣ in wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1105\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1105","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11105"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d54198c5ad0141990cdc480d47","lastUpdated":1381252258000,"anchor":"rpc11105","id":"094d43d54198c5ad0141990cdc480d47","categories":[],"publicationDate":1381252258000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1106.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 76, lot 1048) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-2},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.46},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Iulius Eurycles\",\"obverse\":\"ΑΓΡ. Head of Agrippa right.\",\"reverse\":\"Λ Α, ΕΥ ΡΥ ΚΛΕ. Caduceus.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1106\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1106","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11106"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d54198c5ad0141990f47e00db8","lastUpdated":1381252417000,"anchor":"rpc11106","id":"094d43d54198c5ad0141990f47e00db8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1381252417000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sparta - Lakedaimon\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570685\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-2},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.51},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Iulius Eurycles\",\"obverse\":\"ΛΥCΙΞΕΝΙΔΑ. Head of Lysixenidas right.\",\"reverse\":\"Λ Α, ΕΥ ΡΥ ΚΛΕ. Caduceus.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1107\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1107","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11107"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d54198c5ad01419912740f0e37","lastUpdated":1381252625000,"anchor":"rpc11107","id":"094d43d54198c5ad01419912740f0e37","categories":[],"publicationDate":1381252625000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1116.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 194, lot 99) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-43},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":24,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":9.22},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Aeficius Certus, C. Iulius, IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"LAVS IVLI CORINT. Laureate head of Julius Caesar right.\",\"reverse\":\"L CERTO AEFICIO C IVLI(O) IIVIR. Bellephron wearing petasus, mounted on Pegasus flying right, and striking downwards with spear.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1116\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1116","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11116"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e52897322db1","lastUpdated":1382529144000,"anchor":"rpc11116","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e52897322db1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382529144000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1117.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 78, lot 1225) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-42},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":24,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.05},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P Tadi Chilo, C Iuli Nicep, IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"CORINTHVM. Bellephron, wearing petasus and chlamys, striding r. and seizing Pegasus, r., by the bridle before a porch.\",\"reverse\":\"P TADI CHILO C IVLI NICEP IIVIR. Poseidon, naked, seated right on rock and resting on long trident.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1117\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1117","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11117"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e52bdff82e65","lastUpdated":1382529359000,"anchor":"rpc11117","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e52bdff82e65","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382529359000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1118.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gemini, LLC, (Auction X, lot 286)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-41},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.86},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Inst. L. Cas. IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"CORINT. Laureate head of Zeus right; countermark A on neck.\",\"reverse\":\"IIVIR INST L CAS. Athena-Pallas advancing right, holding thunderbolt and shield.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1118\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diamaters range between 18-22mm.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1118","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11118"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e530b6c22f60","lastUpdated":1382529676000,"anchor":"rpc11118","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e530b6c22f60","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382529676000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1119.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatik Lanz München (Auction 128, lot 132)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-41},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.44},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Inst. L. Cas. IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"CORINT. Nike advancing right, holding palm in left hand; in field right, Q, in field left, countermark S.\",\"reverse\":\"INST L CAS IIVIR. Chimera left.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1119\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters between 17-20mm.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1119","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11119"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e533e7bf3016","lastUpdated":1382529886000,"anchor":"rpc11119","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e533e7bf3016","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382529886000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-41},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.37},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Inst. L. Cas. IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"INTS CAS II VIR in wreath.\",\"reverse\":\"CORINT. Dolphin left, trident behind. Countermark in field.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1120\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 15-17mm.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1120","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11120"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e5363ded3091","lastUpdated":1382530039000,"anchor":"rpc11120","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e5363ded3091","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382530039000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-41},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.85},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Inst. L. Cas. IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"INTS CAS II VIR. Trident.\",\"reverse\":\"CORINT. Pegasus flying left, Q beneath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1121\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"This type imitates the currency of Corinth that was in use before its destruction in 146 BC.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1121","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11121"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e53844ab30f4","lastUpdated":1382530171000,"anchor":"rpc11121","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e53844ab30f4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382530171000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1122.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 78, lot 1226) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.45},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Publili, M. Ant. Orest., IIvir Quin.\",\"obverse\":\"CN PVBLILI M ANT OREST IIVIR QVIN. Head of Saturn right.\",\"reverse\":\"CORINT. Dionysius holding cantharos and thyrsus, standing left.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1122\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1122","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11122"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e53b379a3184","lastUpdated":1382530365000,"anchor":"rpc11122","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e53b379a3184","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382530365000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1123.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electornic Auction 181, lot 82) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":11,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.97},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Publili, M. Ant. Orest., IIvir Quin.\",\"obverse\":\"C PVBL ANT OR. Praefericulum.\",\"reverse\":\"CO RIN in wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1123\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1123","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11123"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e53e38623215","lastUpdated":1382530562000,"anchor":"rpc11123","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e53e38623215","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382530562000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1124.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 81, lot 771) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.85},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P. Aebutius, C. Pinnius, IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"CORINT. Bare head of Mark Antony right.\",\"reverse\":\"P AEBVTIO C PINNIO IIVIR. Prow left.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1124\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1124","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11124"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e541154332ab","lastUpdated":1382530749000,"anchor":"rpc11124","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e541154332ab","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382530749000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1125.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 233, lot 277) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.58},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P. Aebutius, C. Pinnius, IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"CORINT. Head of Poseidon right.\",\"reverse\":\"P AEBVTIO C PINNIO IIVIR. Chimera left.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1125\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range from 19-21mm.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1125","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11125"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e543a1c93323","lastUpdated":1382530916000,"anchor":"rpc11125","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e543a1c93323","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382530916000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1126.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 78, lot 1229) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.99},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P. Aebutius, C. Pinnius, IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"CORINT. Head of Poseidon right.\",\"reverse\":\"P AEBVTIO C PINNIO IIVIR in a wreath of pine.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1126\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1126","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11126"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e546330133ab","lastUpdated":1382531084000,"anchor":"rpc11126","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e546330133ab","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382531084000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1127.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gemini, LLC (Auction 10, lot 458)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-34,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.01},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Heius. Pam., Q. Caecil. Niger, IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Aphrodite right.\",\"reverse\":\"Q CAECIL NIGR C HEIO PAM IIVIR. Pegasus flying right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1127\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1127","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11127"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141e548ea6c387a","lastUpdated":1382531262000,"anchor":"rpc11127","id":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141e548ea6c387a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382531262000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1128.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton XI, lot 448) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-34,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.19},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Heius. Pam., Q. Caecil. Niger, IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"CORINT. Head of Aphrodite right.\",\"reverse\":\"Q CAECIL NIGR C HEIO PAM IIVIR. Bellephron mounted on Pegasus prancing right, striking with spear at chimera beneath him.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1128\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1128","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11128"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141e54efac239c9","lastUpdated":1382531660000,"anchor":"rpc11128","id":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141e54efac239c9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382531660000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-30},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.65},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Antonius Theophil., P. Aebutius, IIviri quinq.\",\"obverse\":\"M ANTONIVS IIVIR QVINQ. Table with four straight legs, wreath upon it.\",\"reverse\":\"P AEBVTIVS IIVIR QVINQ. Praefericulum.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1129\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1129","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11129"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e5513aa235ac","lastUpdated":1382531807000,"anchor":"rpc11129","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e5513aa235ac","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382531807000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1130.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatik Lanz München (Auction 128, lot 223)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-30},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.22},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Antonius Theophil., P. Aebutius, IIviri quinq.\",\"obverse\":\"M ANT THEOPHIL IIVIR QVINQ. Bucranium.\",\"reverse\":\"P AEBVTIVS IIVIR QVINQ. Praefericulum.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1130\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1130","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11130"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141e553f4053ab9","lastUpdated":1382531986000,"anchor":"rpc11130","id":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141e553f4053ab9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382531986000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-30},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":11,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.76},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Antonius Theophil., P. Aebutius, IIviri quinq.\",\"obverse\":\"M ANT THEOPHIL II Q. Dolphin right.\",\"reverse\":\"P AEBVTIVS II Q. Trident.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1131\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1131","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11131"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e55585823699","lastUpdated":1382532089000,"anchor":"rpc11131","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141e55585823699","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382532089000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1223.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG (Auction 124, lot 7971) (http://www.kuenker.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.02},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Poseidon right, trident behind neck.\",\"reverse\":\"CORINT. Dolphin right.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1223\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 13-16mm.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1223","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11223"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141ea2c8fd068c7","lastUpdated":1382613290000,"anchor":"rpc11223","id":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141ea2c8fd068c7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382613290000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":11,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.87},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"CORINT. Pegasus flying left.\",\"reverse\":\"Trident.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1224\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1224","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11224"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea2df1ff63e1","lastUpdated":1382613381000,"anchor":"rpc11224","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea2df1ff63e1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382613381000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1225.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG (Auction 97, lot 628) (http://www.kuenker.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.88},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Poseidon right, trident on left shoulder.\",\"reverse\":\"CORINT. Hippocamp right.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1225\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 15-17mm.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1225","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11225"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea3014c46462","lastUpdated":1382613521000,"anchor":"rpc11225","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea3014c46462","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382613521000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.88},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Poseidon right, trident on left shoulder.\",\"reverse\":\"CORINT. Pegasus flying right.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1226\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 15-17mm.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1226","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11226"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea31b66b64ad","lastUpdated":1382613628000,"anchor":"rpc11226","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea31b66b64ad","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382613628000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.88},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bust of Helios right.\",\"reverse\":\"CORINT. Pegasus flying right.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1227\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 15-17mm.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1227","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11227"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea332d7d64fe","lastUpdated":1382613724000,"anchor":"rpc11227","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea332d7d64fe","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382613724000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.88},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Bust of Helios right.\",\"reverse\":\"CORINT. Pegasus walking right.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1228\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 15-17mm.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1228","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11228"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea34709e6559","lastUpdated":1382613807000,"anchor":"rpc11228","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea34709e6559","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382613807000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.88},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"CORINT. Dolphin right.\",\"reverse\":\"Trident.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1229\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 14-16mm.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1229","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11229"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea36364265ca","lastUpdated":1382613923000,"anchor":"rpc11229","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea36364265ca","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382613923000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.1},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"CORINT. Dolphin right.\",\"reverse\":\"Wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1230\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1230","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11230"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea3a81f166cc","lastUpdated":1382614204000,"anchor":"rpc11230","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea3a81f166cc","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382614204000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.57},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"COR. Rudder left.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin left.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1231\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1231","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11231"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141ea3c730e6c88","lastUpdated":1382614332000,"anchor":"rpc11231","id":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141ea3c730e6c88","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382614332000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.57},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"COR. Rudder left.\",\"reverse\":\"Trident.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC.1.1232\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1232","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11232"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141ea3d92ad6cd3","lastUpdated":1382614405000,"anchor":"rpc11232","id":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141ea3d92ad6cd3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382614405000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.85},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Chimera right.\",\"reverse\":\"CORINT. Pegasus flying right.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1233\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1233","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11233"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141ea7f8e7e7b7a","lastUpdated":1382618729000,"anchor":"rpc11233","id":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141ea7f8e7e7b7a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382618729000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1234.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton V, lot 371) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.19},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Poseidon right, trident on left shoulder.\",\"reverse\":\"COR in wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1234\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1234","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11234"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141ea8295467c24","lastUpdated":1382618928000,"anchor":"rpc11234","id":"094d43d541dcdc8c0141ea8295467c24","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382618928000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Corinth\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570182\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.16},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Poseidon right, trident on left shoulder.\",\"reverse\":\"COR. Pegasus flying right.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1235\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1235","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11235"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea83ea3976bd","lastUpdated":1382619015000,"anchor":"rpc11235","id":"094d43d541dcdd0d0141ea83ea3976bd","categories":[],"publicationDate":1382619015000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1245.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton XI, lot 452) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Patras\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570567\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-32,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"Antony stayed with Cleopatra in Patras in 32 BC, and it is suggested this is the most likely date for the striking of this coin type.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.36},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Agias Lyson\",\"obverse\":\"Diademed bust of Cleopatra r. ΒΑCΙΛΙCCΑ ΚΛΕΟΠΑΤΡΑ\",\"reverse\":\"Headdress of Isis. ΑΓΙΑC ΛΥCΩΝΟC ΠΑΤΡΕΩΝ.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1245\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London. \\r\\nHaug, E. (2008). Local politics in the late Republic: Antony and Cleopatra at Patras. American Journal of Numismatics 20: 405-420.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Die-axis is 12 or 6.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1245","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11245"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b6f12bd014b838b1356065c","lastUpdated":1423841104599,"anchor":"rpc11245","id":"094d43454b6f12bd014b838b1356065c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1423841104599,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1283.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From LHS Numismatik AG (Auction 96, lot 491)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Dyme\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570205\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.13},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Arri A f C Iul Tang IIviri quinq\",\"obverse\":\"Diademed head of Julius Caesar. C ARRI A F C I D C IVL TANG.\",\"reverse\":\"IIVIR QVINQ EX D D. Plough.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1283\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \",\"notes\":\"In 44 BC Caesar founded the Colonia Iulia Dumaeorum (abbreviated to C I D on coinage). It was refounded by Antony as Colonia Iulia Antonia Dumaeorum (abbreviated to C I A DVM on coinage). Under Augustus it likely became known as Colonia Iulia Augusta Dumaeorum (C I A D). The RPC suggests the denominations are light asses (1283, 1286, 1289) and semisses 1284, 1285).\"}","title":"RPC.1.1283","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11283"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c275befb618f1","lastUpdated":1426589737219,"anchor":"rpc11283","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c275befb618f1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426589737219,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1284.jpg\",\"rights\":\"LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 96, lot 492.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Dyme\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570205\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-31},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.46},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Arri A f C Iul Tang IIviri quinq\",\"obverse\":\"Helmeted head of Pallas / Athena. C ARRI A F C IVL TANG C I D.\",\"reverse\":\"Fasces and sella curulis. IIVIR QVINQ EX D D.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1284\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \",\"notes\":\"Diameters range from 17-20mm. In 44 BC Caesar founded the Colonia Iulia Dumaeorum (abbreviated to C I D on coinage). It was refounded by Antony as Colonia Iulia Antonia Dumaeorum (abbreviated to C I A DVM on coinage). Under Augustus it likely became known as Colonia Iulia Augusta Dumaeorum (C I A D). The RPC suggests the denominations are light asses (1283, 1286, 1289) and semisses 1284, 1285).\"}","title":"RPC.1.1284","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11284"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c2762a03e2fac","lastUpdated":1426589937546,"anchor":"rpc11284","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c2762a03e2fac","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426589937546,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Dyme\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570205\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"die-axis\":6,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.58},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M Ant Arist Cn Octa\",\"obverse\":\"Helmeted head of Pallas / Athena. M ANT ARISTI [ ] CN OCTA\",\"reverse\":\"C I A DVM within wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1285\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \",\"notes\":\"Only one coin of this series known. \\r\\nIn 44 BC Caesar founded the Colonia Iulia Dumaeorum (abbreviated to C I D on coinage). It was refounded by Antony as Colonia Iulia Antonia Dumaeorum (abbreviated to C I A DVM on coinage). Under Augustus it likely became known as Colonia Iulia Augusta Dumaeorum (C I A D). The RPC suggests the denominations are light asses (1283, 1286, 1289) and semisses 1284, 1285).\"}","title":"RPC.1.1285","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11285"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c276665af3000","lastUpdated":1426590164272,"anchor":"rpc11285","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c276665af3000","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426590164272,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Dyme\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570205\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-27},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.68},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Iuli Calamus L Aemil La [ ], IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"C IVLI CALAMO L AEMIL LA[ ], bare head of Octavian right.\",\"reverse\":\"IIVIR [ ] DIMEN[ ]. Diademed head of Julius Caesar right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1286\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \",\"notes\":\"In 44 BC Caesar founded the Colonia Iulia Dumaeorum (abbreviated to C I D on coinage). It was refounded by Antony as Colonia Iulia Antonia Dumaeorum (abbreviated to C I A DVM on coinage). Under Augustus it likely became known as Colonia Iulia Augusta Dumaeorum (C I A D). The RPC suggests the denominations are light asses (1283, 1286, 1289) and semisses 1284, 1285).\"}","title":"RPC.1.1286","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11286"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c2769ee20304c","lastUpdated":1426590395800,"anchor":"rpc11286","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c2769ee20304c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426590395800,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1290.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton XI, lot 453) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Zacynthus\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/531155\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-39,\"note\":\"39 BC is the year that a fleet station was established on Zacynthus by Antony. This issue was struck when Sosius was quaestor, and before he took up his governorship in Syria in 39/8 BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.75},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Sosius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony. IMP.\",\"reverse\":\"Eagle on thunderbolt, caduceus. C SOSIVS Q, ZA\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1290\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \\r\\n\\r\\nGardner, P. (1885). Zacynthus. Numismatic Chronicle 5: 81-107.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1290","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11290"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c27d087901eb4","lastUpdated":1431600922692,"anchor":"rpc11290","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c27d087901eb4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1431600922692,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Gardner_sosius_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From NC 1885, pl. III\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Zacynthus\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/531155\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-36,\"until\":-36,\"note\":\"Sosius assisted Herod in capturing Jerusalem in 37 BC, for which he was probably awarded the title Imperator, and for which he was awarded a triumph in Rome.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.69},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Sosius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony. ZA.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy. C SOSIVS IMP.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1291\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \\r\\n\\r\\nGardner, P. (1885). Zacynthus. Numismatic Chronicle 5: 81-107.\",\"notes\":\"The trophy likely refers to Sosius' victory over Jerusalem.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1291","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11291"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c27d7750a37b6","lastUpdated":1426597573770,"anchor":"rpc11291","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c27d7750a37b6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426597573770,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Zacynthus\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/531155\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-34,\"until\":-34,\"note\":\"Sosius celebrated his triumph in Rome in 34 BC. If the tripod refers to Sosius' position in the quindecemvirate, then the issue dates from 34 BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.6},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Sosius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo. ZA.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod. C SOSIVS COS DESIG.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1292\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \\r\\n\\r\\nGardner, P. (1885). Zacynthus. Numismatic Chronicle 5: 81-107.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1292","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11292"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c27dad8d837c8","lastUpdated":1426597795892,"anchor":"rpc11292","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c27dad8d837c8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426597795892,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Zacynthus\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/531155\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-32,\"until\":-32,\"note\":\"Dated by Sosius' consulate, which he held at the beginning of 32 BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.22},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Sosius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune. ZA.\",\"reverse\":\"Dolphin and trident right. C SOSIVS COS.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1293\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \\r\\n\\r\\nGardner, P. (1885). Zacynthus. Numismatic Chronicle 5: 81-107.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1293","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11293"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c27dd982f1f11","lastUpdated":1426597975980,"anchor":"rpc11293","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c27dd982f1f11","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426597975980,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-20},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.09},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Helmeted head of Athena right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Demeter standing r., holding torch; to r., kernos.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 1306, Kroll 146\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1306","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11306"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b014096ddf68b37de","lastUpdated":1379695749000,"anchor":"rpc11306","id":"094d43a2407db20b014096ddf68b37de","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379695749000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-20},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.51},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Helmeted Head of Athena Parthenos\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ Nike advancing, with fillets; all within wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1307; Kroll 147\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Potentially a reference to the victory at Actium according to Kroll.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1307","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11307"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b014096e5783e3882","lastUpdated":1379695832000,"anchor":"rpc11307","id":"094d43a2407db20b014096e5783e3882","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379695832000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-20},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":9.52},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos, r.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Zeus standing right with thunderbolt, all within wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1308; Kroll 148\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1308","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11308"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140cb0247f8668b","lastUpdated":1379695890000,"anchor":"rpc11308","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140cb0247f8668b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1379695890000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1338.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica AG (Auction 55, lot 152)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Locri (Opus)\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/452369\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"Uncertain date. The RPC tentatively assigns this issue to the period of the second triumvirate on the basis of the size and weight of the specimens.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":24,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":11.24},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Wreathed (or diademed?) head of Hades, poppy behind, corn of ear below.\",\"reverse\":\"ΟΠΟΥΝΤΙΩΝ. Dioscuri galloping right on horses, all within wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1338\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1338","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11338"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c27ffd03a3df0","lastUpdated":1426600218538,"anchor":"rpc11338","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c27ffd03a3df0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426600218538,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1343.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 67, lot 545) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Chalcis\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/540703\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"Controversial. Picard dated the issue to the imperial period, Knoepfler suggested the beginning of the first century BC, while the RPC suggests the triumviral period under Antony.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.37},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Theokles Pausaniou\",\"obverse\":\"ΧΑΛΚΙΔΕΩΝ. Hera with sceptre in quadriga.\",\"reverse\":\"ΘΕΟΚΛΗΣ ΠΑΥΣΑΝΙΟΥ within wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1343\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1343","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11343"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c280ad8d13e47","lastUpdated":1426600941643,"anchor":"rpc11343","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c280ad8d13e47","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426600941643,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1359.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 63, lot 1003)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cephallenia (?)\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/530826\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-28},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.46},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Proculeius L f\",\"obverse\":\"Terminal bust of Jupiter, monogram behind.\",\"reverse\":\"Skate fish. C PROCVLEI L F.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1359\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \",\"notes\":\"C. Proculeius was a knight and friend of Octavian, who was sent east after Actium. He may have been responsible for the demobilisation of troops and ships after the battle. The mint is debated - three specimens are known from Cephallenia, which makes it the likely place for the mint for this issue.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1359","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11359"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c283039292cbd","lastUpdated":1426603483074,"anchor":"rpc11359","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c283039292cbd","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426603483074,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cranium (?)\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-28},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.71},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Proculeius L f\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Jupiter right, monogram behind.\",\"reverse\":\"C PROCVLEI L F. Double axe.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1360\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \",\"notes\":\"C. Proculeius was a knight and friend of Octavian, who was sent east after Actium. He may have been responsible for the demobilisation of troops and ships after the battle. This issue is assigned to Cranium since the monogram is similar to some coins struck at Cranium in the 4th century BC.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1360","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11360"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c28369f174144","lastUpdated":1426603810417,"anchor":"rpc11360","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c28369f174144","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426603810417,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cranium (?)\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-28},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.87},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Proculeius L f\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Tyche, monogram behind.\",\"reverse\":\"C PROCVLEI L F. Column on base.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1361\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"C. Proculeius was a knight and friend of Octavian, who was sent east after Actium. He may have been responsible for the demobilisation of troops and ships after the battle. C. Proculeius was a knight and friend of Octavian, who was sent east after Actium. He may have been responsible for the demobilisation of troops and ships after the battle. This issue is assigned to Cranium since the monogram is similar to some coins struck at Cranium in the 4th century BC.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1361","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11361"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c28382fdb45a6","lastUpdated":1426603913044,"anchor":"rpc11361","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c28382fdb45a6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426603913044,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Pronni (?)\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/531074\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-28},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.87},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Proculeius L f\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Apollo (?)\",\"reverse\":\"[C P]ROCVL L F. Double axe.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1362\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \",\"notes\":\"C. Proculeius was a knight and friend of Octavian, who was sent east after Actium. He may have been responsible for the demobilisation of troops and ships after the battle. C. Proculeius was a knight and friend of Octavian, who was sent east after Actium. He may have been responsible for the demobilisation of troops and ships after the battle. The style of this issue is different from the others, and may come from another mint in Cephallenia, but the style of Apollo’s head is similar to the Zeus head at Pronni.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1362","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11362"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c283aea2145bc","lastUpdated":1426604091808,"anchor":"rpc11362","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c283aea2145bc","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426604091808,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1378.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica (Auction 40, lot 583)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Buthrotum\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/530824\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-27},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.15},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P Dastidius, L Cornelius, IIviri q a\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Zeus. P DASTIDIVS L CORNELIVS.\",\"reverse\":\"Bull right. D D, in exergue II VIR Q A.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1378\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1378","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11378"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2d698cef54fb","lastUpdated":1426691034182,"anchor":"rpc11378","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2d698cef54fb","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426691034182,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Buthrotum\",\"region\":\"Achaea\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/530824\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-27},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"die-axis\":1,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.96},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"[......] and Sura, IIviri iter\",\"obverse\":\"C I BVT. Veiled head right.\",\"reverse\":\"[ ]SVRA IIVIR ITER. Club and staff of Aesculapius.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1379\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.1379","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11379"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c2d6d65df346f","lastUpdated":1426691286365,"anchor":"rpc11379","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c2d6d65df346f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426691286365,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_1453.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 271, lot 45) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":38,\"metal\":\"Leaded bronze\",\"weight\":20.36},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Sempronius Atratinus\",\"obverse\":\"Bare head of Mark Antony and bust of Octavia. M ANT IMP TER COS DES ITER ET ET TER III VIR R P C. \",\"reverse\":\"A quadriga of hippocamps surmounted by two drivers (Antony and Octavia?). HS at left, Δ and a square object (astralagus?) below. L ATRATINVS AVGVR COS DESIG.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1453\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, heavy series, sestertius. Diameters range from 33-8mm. Atratinus was augur and consul designate. The RPC suggests Corinth as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1453","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11453"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2daaf91b5907","lastUpdated":1426695862033,"anchor":"rpc11453","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2daaf91b5907","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426695862033,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":35,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":17.02},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Sempronius Atratinus\",\"obverse\":\"Busts of Octavian, Antony on l., and Octavia on r. M ANT IMP TER COS DES ITER ET ET TER III VIR R P C. \\r\\n\",\"reverse\":\"Three ships sailing. Below, Γ and triskeles. L ATRATINVS AVGVR COS DESIG.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1454\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, heavy series, tressis. Diameters range from 30-35mm. Atratinus was augur and consul designate. The RPC suggests Corinth as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1454","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11454"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dae3e2e590f","lastUpdated":1426695536042,"anchor":"rpc11454","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dae3e2e590f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426695536042,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1455.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 188, lot 193) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"metal\":\"Leaded bronze.\",\"weight\":11.99},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Sempronius Atratinus\",\"obverse\":\"Bare head of Mark Antony and bust of Octavia. M ANT IMP TER COS DES ITER ET ET TER III VIR R P C. \",\"reverse\":\"Two ships sailing, two caps of Dioscuri above, B below. L ATRATINVS AVGVR COS DESIG.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1455\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, heavy series, dupondius. Diameters range from 24-31mm. Atratinus was augur and consul designate. The RPC suggests Corinth as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1455","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11455"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2db229f75939","lastUpdated":1426695822437,"anchor":"rpc11455","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2db229f75939","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426695822437,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1456.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 188, lot 194) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":24,\"metal\":\"Leaded bronze.\",\"weight\":9.29},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Sempronius Atratinus\",\"obverse\":\"M ANT IMP TER COS DES ITER ET ET TER III VIR R P C. Jugate heads of Antony and Octavia.\",\"reverse\":\"One ship sailing. A and head of Medusa (?) below. L ATRATINVS AVGVR COS DESIG.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1456\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, heavy series, As. Diameters range from 22-24mm. Atratinus was augur and consul designate. The RPC suggests Corinth as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1456","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11456"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2db732dc596b","lastUpdated":1426696122971,"anchor":"rpc11456","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2db732dc596b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426696122971,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1457.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 326, lot 269) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"die-axis\":3,\"metal\":\"Bronze\",\"weight\":4.75},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Sempronius Atratinus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Antony right. Illegible legend.\",\"reverse\":\"[ ]VGVR COS D[ ]. Prow, S above.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1457\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, heavy series, semis. Diameters range from 15-16mm. Atratinus was augur and consul designate. The RPC suggests Corinth as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1457","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11457"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c2dba57b30bb2","lastUpdated":1426696329010,"anchor":"rpc11457","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c2dba57b30bb2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426696329010,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1458.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 76, lot 1047) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"Bronze\",\"weight\":2.9},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Sempronius Atratinus\",\"obverse\":\"M ANT IMP TER COS DES ITER ET ET TER III VIR R P C. \\r\\nJaniform head with the features of Antony and Octavian (?).\",\"reverse\":\"Stem of prow, three dots in field. L ATRATINVS AVGVR COS DESIG.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1458\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, heavy series, quadrans. Diameters range from 13-17mm. Atratinus was augur and consul designate. The RPC suggests Corinth as a possible mint.\\r\\n\"}","title":"RPC.1.1458","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11458"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dbd608759bc","lastUpdated":1426696527868,"anchor":"rpc11458","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dbd608759bc","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426696527868,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-35},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":32,\"metal\":\"Leaded bronze\",\"weight\":11.71},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Sempronius Atratinus\",\"obverse\":\"Bare head of Mark Antony and bust of Octavia. M ANT IMP TER COS DES ITER ET ET TER III VIR R P C. \",\"reverse\":\"A quadriga of hippocamps surmounted by two drivers (Antony and Octavia?). HS at left, Δ and a square object (astralagus?) below. L ATRATINVS AVGVR COS DESIG.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1459\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London \",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, light series, sestertius. Diameters range from 27-32mm. Atratinus was augur and consul designate. The RPC suggests Corinth as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1459","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11459"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dc121d159d4","lastUpdated":1426696773960,"anchor":"rpc11459","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dc121d159d4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426696773960,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-35},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"Bronze, Leaded bronze\",\"weight\":7.55},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Sempronius Atratinus\",\"obverse\":\"Bare head of Mark Antony and bust of Octavia. M ANT IMP TER COS DES ITER ET ET TER III VIR R P C. \",\"reverse\":\"Two ships sailing, two caps of Dioscuri above, B below. L ATRATINVS AVGVR COS DESIG.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1460\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London \",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, light series, dupondius. Diameters range from 21-23mm. Atratinus was augur and consul designate. The RPC suggests Corinth as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1460","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11460"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dc308a859d9","lastUpdated":1426696898592,"anchor":"rpc11460","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dc308a859d9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426696898592,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1461.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 78, lot 1236) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-35},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"Leaded bronze\",\"weight\":4.95},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Sempronius Atratinus\",\"obverse\":\"M ANT IMP TER COS DES ITER ET ET TER III VIR R P C. Jugate heads of Antony and Octavia.\",\"reverse\":\"One ship sailing. A and head of Medusa (?) below. L ATRATINVS AVGVR COS DESIG.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1461\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, light series, As. Diameters range from 17-20mm. Atratinus was augur and consul designate. The RPC suggests Corinth as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1461","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11461"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dc584db5a0c","lastUpdated":1426697061452,"anchor":"rpc11461","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dc584db5a0c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426697061452,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1462.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 169, lot 70) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":39,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":31.67},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M Oppius Capito\",\"obverse\":\"Bare head of Mark Antony and bust of Octavia. M ANT IMP TERT COS DESIG ITER ET TER III VIR R P C. \",\"reverse\":\"A quadriga of hippocamps surmounted by two drivers (Antony and Octavia?). HS at left, Δ and a square object (astralagus?) below. M OPPIVS CAPITO PRO PRAEF CLASS F C.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1462\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, heavy series, sestertius. Diameters range from 33-9mm. Capito was propraetor and praefectus classis. The RPC suggests Athens as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1462","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11462"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dcb85915a8f","lastUpdated":1426698497861,"anchor":"rpc11462","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dcb85915a8f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426698497861,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1463.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Auction 96, lot 730) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":32,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":22.15},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M Oppius Capito\",\"obverse\":\"Busts of Octavian, Antony on l., and Octavia on r. M ANT IMP TERT COS DESIG ITER ET TER III VIR R P C. \\r\\n\",\"reverse\":\"Three ships sailing. Below, Γ and triskeles. M OPPIVS CAPITO PRO PRAEF CLASS F C.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1463\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, heavy series, tressis. Diameters range from 28-32mm. Capito was propraetor and praefectus classis. The RPC suggests Athens as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1463","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11463"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dcedec55a94","lastUpdated":1426697674306,"anchor":"rpc11463","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dcedec55a94","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426697674306,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1464.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From Numismatica Ars Classica (Auction 70, lot 183)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"metal\":\"Leaded bronze\",\"weight\":14.75},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M Oppius Capito\",\"obverse\":\"Bare head of Mark Antony and bust of Octavia. M ANT IMP TERT COS DESIG ITER ET TER III VIR R P C. \\r\\n\",\"reverse\":\"Two ships sailing, two caps of Dioscuri above, B below. M OPPIVS CAPITO PRO PRAEF CLASS F C.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1464\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, heavy series, dupondius. Diameters range from 22-8mm. Capito was propraetor and praefectus classis. The RPC suggests Athens as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1464","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11464"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c2dd1e13f0c9c","lastUpdated":1426698507717,"anchor":"rpc11464","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c2dd1e13f0c9c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426698507717,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1465.jpg\",\"rights\":\"From Gemini LLC (Auction X, lot 425)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"Bronze\",\"weight\":8.06},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M Oppius Capito\",\"obverse\":\"Jugate heads of Antony and Octavia. M ANT IMP TERT COS DESIG ITER ET TER III VIR R P C. \\r\\n\",\"reverse\":\"One ship sailing. A and head of Medusa (?) below. M OPPIVS CAPITO PRO PRAEF CLASS F C.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1465\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, heavy series, As. Diameters range from 20-23mm. Capito was propraetor and praefectus classis. The RPC suggests Athens as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1465","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11465"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dd571d45ad6","lastUpdated":1426698515072,"anchor":"rpc11465","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dd571d45ad6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426698515072,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.96},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M Oppius Capito\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Antony right. M ANT IMP TERT COS DESIG ITER ET TER III VIR R P C. \\r\\n\",\"reverse\":\"Prow, S above. M OPPIVS CAPITO PRO PRAEF CLASS F C.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1466\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, heavy series, semis. Diameters range from 14-16mm. Capito was propraetor and praefectus classis. The RPC suggests Athens as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1466","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11466"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c2dd800290caf","lastUpdated":1426698523662,"anchor":"rpc11466","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c2dd800290caf","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426698523662,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-37},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.53},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M Oppius Capito\",\"obverse\":\"Janiform head with the features of Antony and Octavian (?). M ANT IMP TERT COS DESIG ITER ET TER III VIR R P C. \\r\\n\",\"reverse\":\"Stem of prow, three dots in field. M OPPI CAP PRAEF CL.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1467\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, heavy series, quadrans. Diameters range from 11-14mm. Capito was propraetor and praefectus classis. The RPC suggests Athens as a possible mint.\\r\\n\"}","title":"RPC.1.1467","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11467"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dda50db5ae5","lastUpdated":1426698532197,"anchor":"rpc11467","id":"094d43454bfe3d3b014c2dda50db5ae5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426698532197,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1468.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton XI, lot 451) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-35},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"metal\":\"Leaded bronze\",\"weight\":12.74},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M Oppius Capito\",\"obverse\":\"Bare head of Mark Antony and bust of Octavia. M ANT IMP TERT COS DESIG ITER ET TER III VIR R P C. \",\"reverse\":\"A quadriga of hippocamps surmounted by two drivers (Antony and Octavia?). HS at left, Δ and a square object (astralagus?) below. M OPPIVS CAPITO PRO PRAEF CLASS F C.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1468\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, light series, sestertius. Diameters range from 24-28mm. Capito was propraetor and praefectus classis. The RPC suggests Athens as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1468","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11468"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c2dde911b0ce2","lastUpdated":1426698721403,"anchor":"rpc11468","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c2dde911b0ce2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426698721403,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1469.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica (Auction 59, lot 860)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-35},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"metal\":\"Leaded bronze\",\"weight\":7.55},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M Oppius Capito\",\"obverse\":\"Bare head of Mark Antony and bust of Octavia. M ANT IMP TERT COS DESIG ITER ET TER III VIR R P C. \",\"reverse\":\"Two ships sailing, two caps of Dioscuri above, B below. M OPPIVS CAPITO PRO PRAEF CLASS F C.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1469\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London\",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, light series, dupondius. Diameters range from 16-26mm. Capito was propraetor and praefectus classis. The RPC suggests Athens as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1469","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11469"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c2de116e60cf0","lastUpdated":1426698868311,"anchor":"rpc11469","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c2de116e60cf0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426698868311,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_1470.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 321, lot 297) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Peloponnese\",\"region\":\"Achaea\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-35},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"Bronze\",\"weight\":3.91},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M Oppius Capito\",\"obverse\":\"Jugate heads of Antony and Octavia. M ANT IMP TERT COS DESIG ITER ET TER III VIR R P C.\",\"reverse\":\"One ship sailing. A and head of Medusa (?) below. M OPPIVS CAPITO PRO PRAEF CLASS F C.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 1470\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London \",\"notes\":\"Mark Antony's fleet coinage, light series, As. Diameters range from 20-23mm. Capito was propraetor and praefectus classis. The RPC suggests Athens as a possible mint.\"}","title":"RPC.1.1470","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc11470"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454bfe390b014c2de333250d10","lastUpdated":1426699006614,"anchor":"rpc11470","id":"094d43454bfe390b014c2de333250d10","categories":[],"publicationDate":1426699006614,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_151.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78, 1091) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carthago Nova\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265849\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-1},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.48},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena r.\",\"reverse\":\"C V I N. Statue l., upon pedestal.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 151\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The obverse of this coin imitates that of RRC 494/38, which was struck in 42 BC.\"}","title":"RPC.1.151","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1151"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013e6b41e5dc07e1","lastUpdated":1377616843000,"anchor":"rpc1151","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013e6b41e5dc07e1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377616843000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Iberia_1580.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Jesus Vico S.A. (Auction 132, lot 504)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Bilbilis (Valdeherrera)\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246247\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-27,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"uncertain\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12.92},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Male head right. BILBILI before.\",\"reverse\":\"Horseman right holding spear. ITALICA below.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 388\",\"bibliography\":\"Villaronga, L. and J. Benages, Eds. (2011). Ancient Coinage of the Iberian Peninsula. Barcelona, Societat Catalana d'Estudis Numismàtics.\\r\\n\\r\\nBurnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992). Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"While the editors of RPC place this issue after 27 BC, Villaronga and Benages date it before 27 BC. \"}","title":"RPC.1.388","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1388"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a23f3e0ab2013f9a9c0f6048ed","lastUpdated":1377618421000,"anchor":"rpc1388","id":"094d43a23f3e0ab2013f9a9c0f6048ed","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618421000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Iberia_1843.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 181, lot 25) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Konterbia Karbika - Segobriga (Fosos de Bayona)\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/266036\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-27},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.33},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Bull standing right. Cross with dots in the quadrants above.\",\"reverse\":\"Palm; SEG above, OBR below.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 471\",\"bibliography\":\"Villaronga, L. and J. Benages, eds. (2011). Ancient Coinage of the Iberian Peninsula. Barcelona, Societat Catalana d'Estudis Numismatics. \\r\\nBurnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London. \\r\\n\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"AE quarter. The RPC place this after 27 BC, while Villaronga and Benages place it in the first century BC.\"}","title":"RPC.1.471","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1471"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a23f9f734f013fba97757b7a34","lastUpdated":1377618586000,"anchor":"rpc1471","id":"094d43a23f9f734f013fba97757b7a34","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618586000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Gortyn\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589796\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-67,\"until\":-67},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":13.2},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"A helmeted head of Roma\",\"reverse\":\"A large bee\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 904\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"The die axis is variable.\\r\\nThis issue was struck after the joining of Crete and Cyrenaica as one double-province in 67BC, and was intended to serve both areas.\"}","title":"RPC.1.904","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1904"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140b185fac1230b","lastUpdated":1378058275000,"anchor":"rpc1904","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140b185fac1230b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378058275000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_905.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Auctiones AG (Auction 29, lot 349)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Gortyn\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589796\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-67,\"until\":-67},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":13.2},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Helmeted head of Roma l. ΙΜΩΡ (rho reversed).\",\"reverse\":\"A large bee\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 905\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"The die axis is variable. \\r\\nThis issue was struck after the joining of Crete and Cyrenaica as one double-province in 67BC, and was intended to serve both areas.\"}","title":"RPC.1.905","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1905"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140b19042fd2387","lastUpdated":1378058357000,"anchor":"rpc1905","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140b19042fd2387","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378058357000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Crete\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589748\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"Originally, when Grant deduced that both sides of the issue referred to a P. LEPID, it was thought that it must have been struck around 44-43BC, as this was when Brutus gained possession of Crete and Arrian had stated that Lepidus had gained Crete for him.\\r\\n\\r\\nIt was then discovered that it actually read P. LEPIDIVS, based on a newer specimen of the issue published by Price. There is no record of a P. Lepidius in charge of the joint province of Crete and Cyrenaica, but because it is parallel in diameter and weight to the small denomination struck by Lollius it is now thought that it must have been struck slightly later than this, but still during the triumviral period because it is clearly struck on a Roman module.\\r\\n\\r\\n\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"die-axis\":6,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.94},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P. Lepidius P F\",\"obverse\":\"P LEPIDIVS PRO Q; Bust of Libya, ΛΙ-ΒΥΗ in the field.\",\"reverse\":\"P LEPIDIVS P F PRO Q (although there are variants); Bust of Artemis with a bow and quiver, ΚΡΗΤΑ under the bust or in the field (ΚΡ-ΗΤΑ)\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 907\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"The issue was described by Robinson under the heading \\\"P. Licinius\\\", which he thought was shown on both sides. A further example published by Grant enabled him to correct the obverse legend to P LEPID, thought to mean the P Lepidus who had gained Crete for Brutus ,according to Appian. A sixth specimen published by Price showed that the legend was actually P. LEPIDIVS on the reverse, and later specimens again showed that this was the case on both sides. \\r\\n\\r\\nThere is no record of a P. Lepidius P. f. being in charge of Crete and Cyrenaica. But it is parallel in diameter and weight to a small denomination struck by Lollius.\\r\\n\\r\\nThe legends ΛΙΒΥΗ and ΚΡΗΤΑ refer to the two areas of Crete and Cyrenaica together. If the bust of Libya derives from a normal type, Crete is shown as an Artemis with her bow and quiver.\"}","title":"RPC.1.907","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1907"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140b1bcd818230a","lastUpdated":1377371477000,"anchor":"rpc1907","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140b1bcd818230a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377371477000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_908.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 78, lot 1243) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-34,\"note\":\"It is very difficult to date. The sella curulis marks the issue as prominently Roman, but the lack of Roman imagery is strange.\\r\\n\\r\\nGrant suggested that this would be strange in a normal province, but understandable in a royal territory. Thus it could have been issued between Cleopatra acquiring the joint province in 37BC and Cleopatra Selene receiving Cyrenaica alone in 34BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":21.46},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Lollius\",\"obverse\":\"The diademed head of Zeus Diktaios, with a sceptre and B infront.\",\"reverse\":\"L LOLLIVS; A sella curulis with a letter between its legs.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 908\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"Lollius struck six varieties of bronze coins, three in a Latin series and three in a Greek series. This Latin series was struck on rounded flans while the Greek series was on bevelled. While the Latin unit here shows Zeus Diktaios on the obverse, the Greek version shows Zeus Ammon. Both versions show the sella curulis on the reverse.\"}","title":"RPC.1.908","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1908"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140b284015e2bd3","lastUpdated":1377707356000,"anchor":"rpc1908","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140b284015e2bd3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377707356000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_909.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 294, lot440) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-34,\"note\":\"It is very difficult to date. Images on other denominations of the series show the issue to be prominently Roman, but the lack of Roman imagery is strange. Grant suggested that this would be strange in a normal province, but understandable in a royal territory. Thus it could have been issued between Cleopatra acquiring the joint province in 37BC and Cleopatra Selene receiving Cyrenaica alone in 34BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"die-axis\":12,\"weight\":10.65},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Lollius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Artemis Diktynna, with bow and quiver at her shoulder and a possible letter beneath her chin.\",\"reverse\":\"L. LOL/LI-VS; Stag, with a letter beneath the belly\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 909\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"Lollius struck six varieties of bronze coins, three in a Latin series and three in a Greek series. This Latin series was struck on rounded flans while the Greek series was on bevelled. While the Latin half-unit here shows Artemis Diktynna on the obverse, the Greek version shows her twin Apollo. \"}","title":"RPC.1.909","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1909"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140b2b4005f2aa8","lastUpdated":1377707553000,"anchor":"rpc1909","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140b2b4005f2aa8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377707553000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_910.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78, lot 1246) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-34,\"note\":\"It is very difficult to date. Images on the other denominations show that the issue is prominently Roman, but the lack of Roman imagery is strange. Grant suggested that this would be strange in a normal province, but understandable in a royal territory. Thus it could have been issued between Cleopatra acquiring the joint province in 37BC and Cleopatra Selene receiving Cyrenaica alone in 34BC\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.42},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Lollius\",\"obverse\":\"L. LOL/LI-VS; club, with letter underneath. (Β, Γ)\",\"reverse\":\"Laurel wreath cointaining a letter (Γ, Δ)\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 910\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"Lollius struck six varieties of bronze coins, three in a Latin series and three in a Greek series. This Latin series was struck on rounded flans while the Greek series was on bevelled. While the Latin quarter-unit here shows the club, the symbol of Heracles Idaios, and a wreath, the Greek version shows the head of Libya with a caduceus, a poppy and an ear of corn.\"}","title":"RPC.1.910","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1910"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140b2bce9762ae0","lastUpdated":1377707641000,"anchor":"rpc1910","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140b2bce9762ae0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377707641000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_911.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 255, lot 145) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cyrene\",\"region\":\"Cyrene, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981517\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-34,\"note\":\"It is very difficult to date.The sella curulis shows that the issue is prominently Roman, but the lack of Roman imagery is strange. Grant suggested that this would be strange in a normal province, but understandable in a royal territory. Thus it could have been issued between Cleopatra acquiring the joint province in 37BC and Cleopatra Selene receiving Cyrenaica alone in 34BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"die-axis\":6,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":18.83},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Lollius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus Ammon, right, with a sceptre in front and a letter Β behind.\",\"reverse\":\"ΛΟΛΛΙΟΥ; with a sella curulis that has the letters Α-ΚΗ between the legs/in the field. \"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 911\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"Lollius struck six varieties of bronze coins, three in a Latin series and three in a Greek series. This Latin series was struck on rounded flans while the Greek series was on bevelled. While the Greek unit here from Cyrene shows Zeus Ammon and a sella curulis, the Latin version obverse shows Zeus Diktaios. Thus the two major manifestations of Zeus are used to show the two parts of the joint province.\"}","title":"RPC.1.911","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1911"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140bafa5a777711","lastUpdated":1377707957000,"anchor":"rpc1911","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140bafa5a777711","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377707957000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_912.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XI, lot 540) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cyrene\",\"region\":\"Cyrene, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981517\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-34,\"note\":\"It is very difficult to date. A sella curulis on another denomination show that the issue is prominently Roman, but the lack of Roman imagery is strange. Grant suggested that this would be strange in a normal province, but understandable in a royal territory. Thus it could have been issued between Cleopatra acquiring the joint province in 37BC and Cleopatra Selene receiving Cyrenaica alone in 34BC\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"die-axis\":6,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.31},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Lollius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo, with a bow and quiver at the shoulder; beneath the chain is the letter Β.\",\"reverse\":\"ΛΟΛ/Λ-Ι/Ο-Υ; A dromedary with the letters (Β-ΙΗ) below the belly.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 912\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"Lollius struck six varieties of bronze coins, three in a Latin series and three in a Greek series. This Latin series was struck on rounded flans while the Greek series was on bevelled. While the Greek half-unit here shows Apollo and a dromedary, the Latin version shows Artemis Diktynna with a stag.\"}","title":"RPC.1.912","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1912"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140bb0edb1576c0","lastUpdated":1377708050000,"anchor":"rpc1912","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140bb0edb1576c0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377708050000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cyrene\",\"region\":\"Cyrene, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981517\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-34,\"note\":\"It is very difficult to date. The sella curulis on the other denominations show that the issue is prominently Roman, but the lack of Roman imagery is strange. Grant suggested that this would be strange in a normal province, but understandable in a royal territory. Thus it could have been issued between Cleopatra acquiring the joint province in 37BC and Cleopatra Selene receiving Cyrenaica alone in 34BC\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.14},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Lollius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Libya; behind, letter (A-B)\",\"reverse\":\"ΛΟΛΛΙΟΥ; a caduceus with a poppy and an ear of corn; letter (A-B) in the field.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 913\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"Lollius struck six varieties of bronze coins, three in a Latin series and three in a Greek series. This Latin series was struck on rounded flans while the Greek series was on bevelled. While the Greek quarter-unit here shows the head of Libya with a caduceus, a poppy and an ear of corn, the Latin version shows the club- the symbol of Heracles Idaios, with a wreath.\"}","title":"RPC.1.913","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1913"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140bb18e029772e","lastUpdated":1377528504000,"anchor":"rpc1913","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140bb18e029772e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377528504000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_914.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 61, lot 1032) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"The crocodile type seems to refer to Egypt and therefore it might be thought that the coinage was struck under Egyptian authority, after Antony's donations to Cleopatra, in 37BC. However, Buttery points out that the crocodile does not derive from Egyptian coins and Crassus omits to claim any higher authority. Grant dates this issue to 37-34BC, but Buttery dates it earlier. \\r\\n\\r\\nThe identification of Crassus also makes this difficult. Svoronos identifies him as P. Canidius Crassus, but there is no known link between him and Crete or Cyrenaica. His career is well known and if it his this Crassus then there is not much time in which he could have a command in these areas. \\r\\n\\r\\nE. Winsemann Falghera argues for a date between the end of 37BC and the beginning of 36BC, before his departure to Parthia.\\r\\n\\r\\nOn the other hand, Grant suggests that it is referring to M. Licinius Crassus, whose career under Antony is known and who went over to Octavian in 31BC, becoming consul in 30BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":11.88},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Crassus\",\"obverse\":\"A crocodile, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"CRAS; A prow, facing right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 914\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"The axis is uncertain- it could be 12 or 6.\\r\\n\\r\\nCrassus struck five varieties of bronze, representing two denominations in each series. They are not in paired denominations. The Latin series was probably struck in Crete, as a Kydas issue of Cnossus is overstruck on the Crassus one. \\r\\n\\r\\nWhile most of the types on the Greek series are clearly related to Cyrenaica, the connection of the types on the Latin series with Crete is not obvious. However, the persistent type of the crocodile on the unit of both groups points to an overall command of both areas. \"}","title":"RPC.1.914","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1914"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140bb47803e7bac","lastUpdated":1378057714000,"anchor":"rpc1914","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140bb47803e7bac","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378057714000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"The crocodile type seems to refer to Egypt and therefore it might be thought that the coinage was struck under Egyptian authority, after Antony's donations to Cleopatra, in 37BC. However, Buttery points out that the crocodile does not derive from Egyptian coins and Crassus omits to claim any higher authority. Grant dates this issue to 37-34BC, but Buttery dates it earlier. The identification of Crassus also makes this difficult. Svoronos identifies him as P. Canidius Crassus, but there is no known link between him and Crete or Cyrenaica. His career is well known and if it his this Crassus then there is not much time in which he could have a command in these areas. E. Winsemann Falghera argues for a date between the end of 37BC and the beginning of 36BC, before his departure to Parthia. On the other hand, Grant suggests that it is referring to M. Licinius Crassus, whose career under Antony is known and who went over to Octavian in 31BC, becoming consul in 30BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.23},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Crassus\",\"obverse\":\"The laureate head of Apollo, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"CRA; a fasces.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 915\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"Crassus struck five varieties of bronze, representing two denominations in each series. They are not in paired denominations. The Latin series was probably struck in Crete, as a Kydas issue of Cnossus is overstruck on the Crassus one. While most of the types on the Greek series are clearly related to Cyrenaica, the connection of the types on the Latin series with Crete is not obvious. However, the persistent type of the crocodile on the unit of both groups points to an overall command of both areas.\"}","title":"RPC.1.915","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1915"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140bb5408467c51","lastUpdated":1377532381000,"anchor":"rpc1915","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140bb5408467c51","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377532381000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Ptolemais\",\"region\":\"Cyrenaica, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373879\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"The crocodile type seems to refer to Egypt and therefore it might be thought that the coinage was struck under Egyptian authority, after Antony's donations to Cleopatra, in 37BC. However, Buttery points out that the crocodile does not derive from Egyptian coins and Crassus omits to claim any higher authority. Grant dates this issue to 37-34BC, but Buttery dates it earlier. The identification of Crassus also makes this difficult. Svoronos identifies him as P. Canidius Crassus, but there is no known link between him and Crete or Cyrenaica. His career is well known and if it his this Crassus then there is not much time in which he could have a command in these areas. E. Winsemann Falghera argues for a date between the end of 37BC and the beginning of 36BC, before his departure to Parthia. On the other hand, Grant suggests that it is referring to M. Licinius Crassus, whose career under Antony is known and who went over to Octavian in 31BC, becoming consul in 30BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":29,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":13.5},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Crassus\",\"obverse\":\"ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙ (across the field, upwardly); the turreted head of Tyche, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΚΡΑΣ; A crocodile, facing right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 916\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"Crassus struck five varieties of bronze, representing two denominations in each series. They are not in paired denominations. The Latin series was probably struck in Crete, as a Kydas issue of Cnossus is overstruck on the Crassus one. While the connection of the types on the Latin series with Crete is not obvious, the types on the Greek series are clearly related to Cyrenaica, such as the head of Libya and the silphium on other denominations. However, the persistent type of the crocodile on the unit of both groups points to an overall command of both areas.\"}","title":"RPC.1.916","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1916"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140bb73839a7c89","lastUpdated":1377534444000,"anchor":"rpc1916","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140bb73839a7c89","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377534444000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cyrene\",\"region\":\"Cyrenaica, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981517\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"The crocodile type seems to refer to Egypt and therefore it might be thought that the coinage was struck under Egyptian authority, after Antony's donations to Cleopatra, in 37BC. However, Buttery points out that the crocodile does not derive from Egyptian coins and Crassus omits to claim any higher authority. Grant dates this issue to 37-34BC, but Buttery dates it earlier. The identification of Crassus also makes this difficult. Svoronos identifies him as P. Canidius Crassus, but there is no known link between him and Crete or Cyrenaica. His career is well known and if it his this Crassus then there is not much time in which he could have a command in these areas. E. Winsemann Falghera argues for a date between the end of 37BC and the beginning of 36BC, before his departure to Parthia. On the other hand, Grant suggests that it is referring to M. Licinius Crassus, whose career under Antony is known and who went over to Octavian in 31BC, becoming consul in 30BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12.82},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Crassus\",\"obverse\":\"ΚΥΡΑ; Head of Libya, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΚΡΑΣ; Crocodile, facing right. \"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 917\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"The die axis is variable.\\r\\n\\r\\nCrassus struck five varieties of bronze, representing two denominations in each series. They are not in paired denominations. The Latin series was probably struck in Crete, as a Kydas issue of Cnossus is overstruck on the Crassus one. While the connection of the types on the Latin series with Crete is not obvious, the types on the Greek series are clearly related to Cyrenaica, such as the head of Libya and the silphium on other denominations. However, the persistent type of the crocodile on the unit of both groups points to an overall command of both areas.\"}","title":"RPC.1.917","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1917"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140bb8c7dd77f89","lastUpdated":1378058402000,"anchor":"rpc1917","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140bb8c7dd77f89","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378058402000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_919.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 294, lot 514) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?\",\"region\":\"Cyrenaica, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373777\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-34,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"The issues of Pupius Rufus has generally been dated after Actium, between 30BC and 27BC. But Buttery is inclined to date it before the issues of Antony and Cleopatra in 31BC for the following reasons:\\r\\n1. Metrology- if the weight and module of the unit steadily declined from the Crassus issues to those of Augustus, then Pupius Rufus' unit must be dated somewhere between Crassus' (37BC-34BC) and Antony's (31BC)\\r\\n2. The post Antonian issues bear at least the name of Augustus, and Rufus' usage would be strangely independent.\\r\\n\\r\\nThe presence of Scarpus in Cyrenaica is also a good reason to insert Pupius Rufus' issue before 31BC. Scarpus issued denarii for Antony and then quinarii for Octavian. His coinage for Antony is limited to 31BC, before he passed to Octavian. Buttery thinks that his coinage for Octavian followed immediately. \\r\\n\\r\\nThe problem depends on the date which is assigned to Octavian's denarii with CAESAR CIVI F/Victory on globe, as Scarpus's denarii imitated that type. If the CAESAR DIVI F coins are pre-Actian, Scarpus might have stayed in Cyrenaica only in 31BC; If the CAESAR DIVI F group is datable to 29BC, then Scarpus must have been in charge for a few years.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":11.9},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"A. Pupius Rufus\",\"obverse\":\"ΑΥΑΟC ΗΟΥΙΠΟC L; head of Zeus Ammon, facing right. \",\"reverse\":\"ΤΑΜΙΑΣ ΑΝΤΙCΤΡΑ; A sella castrensis and fasces;L- Λ in the field.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 919\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"The axis is uncertain- it could be 12 or 6.\\r\\n\\r\\nWhen joint coinage of Crete and Cyrenaica ceased in 34BC (probably when Cyrenaica was given to Cleopatra Selene), two more issues were struck for Cyrenaica alone. One of which is this issue by Pupius Rufus.\\r\\n\\r\\nThe issue bears an obverse type that is traditional on Cyrenaican coinage: Zeus Ammon. But the reverse type figure Pupius's own type: the sella castrensis and fasces, which are the attributes of the propraetor.\"}","title":"RPC.1.919","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1919"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140bbc3f882011b","lastUpdated":1378057833000,"anchor":"rpc1919","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140bbc3f882011b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378057833000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_920.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 294, lot 515) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?\",\"region\":\"Cyrenaica, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373777\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-34,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"The issues of Pupius Rufus has generally been dated after Actium, between 30BC and 27BC. But Buttery is inclined to date it before the issues of Antony and Cleopatra in 31BC for the following reasons: 1. Metrology- if the weight and module of the unit steadily declined from the Crassus issues to those of Augustus, then Pupius Rufus' unit must be dated somewhere between Crassus' (37BC-34BC) and Antony's (31BC) 2. The post Antonian issues bear at least the name of Augustus, and Rufus' usage would be strangely independent. The presence of Scarpus in Cyrenaica is also a good reason to insert Pupius Rufus' issue before 31BC. Scarpus issued denarii for Antony and then quinarii for Octavian. His coinage for Antony is limited to 31BC, before he passed to Octavian. Buttery thinks that his coinage for Octavian followed immediately. The problem depends on the date which is assigned to Octavian's denarii with CAESAR CIVI F/Victory on globe, as Scarpus's denarii imitated that type. If the CAESAR DIVI F coins are pre-Actian, Scarpus might have stayed in Cyrenaica only in 31BC; If the CAESAR DIVI F group is datable to 29BC, then Scarpus must have been in charge for a few years.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":11.9},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"A. Pupius Rufus\",\"obverse\":\"ΚΑΙ ΤΑΜΑIC L; Head of Zeus Ammon, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΠΟΥΠΙΟC ΑΝΤΙCΤΡΑΤ; sella Castrensis and fasces; L-Λ in the field.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 920\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"The axis is uncertain- it could be 12 or 6.\\r\\n\\r\\nWhen joint coinage of Crete and Cyrenaica ceased in 34BC (probably when Cyrenaica was given to Cleopatra Selene), two more issues were struck for Cyrenaica alone. One of which is this issue by Pupius Rufus. The issue bears an obverse type that is traditional on Cyrenaican coinage: Zeus Ammon. But the reverse type figure Pupius's own type: the sella castrensis and fasces, which are the attributes of the propraetor.\"}","title":"RPC.1.920","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1920"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140bbe9ac5d047d","lastUpdated":1378057864000,"anchor":"rpc1920","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140bbe9ac5d047d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378057864000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_921.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 78, lot 1521) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?\",\"region\":\"Cyrenaica, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373777\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-34,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"The issues of Pupius Rufus has generally been dated after Actium, between 30BC and 27BC. But Buttery is inclined to date it before the issues of Antony and Cleopatra in 31BC for the following reasons: 1. Metrology- if the weight and module of the unit steadily declined from the Crassus issues to those of Augustus, then Pupius Rufus' unit must be dated somewhere between Crassus' (37BC-34BC) and Antony's (31BC) 2. The post Antonian issues bear at least the name of Augustus, and Rufus' usage would be strangely independent. The presence of Scarpus in Cyrenaica is also a good reason to insert Pupius Rufus' issue before 31BC. Scarpus issued denarii for Antony and then quinarii for Octavian. His coinage for Antony is limited to 31BC, before he passed to Octavian. Buttery thinks that his coinage for Octavian followed immediately. The problem depends on the date which is assigned to Octavian's denarii with CAESAR CIVI F/Victory on globe, as Scarpus's denarii imitated that type. If the CAESAR DIVI F coins are pre-Actian, Scarpus might have stayed in Cyrenaica only in 31BC; If the CAESAR DIVI F group is datable to 29BC, then Scarpus must have been in charge for a few years.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.05},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"A. Pupius Rufus\",\"obverse\":\"ΠΟΥΠΙΟC; Ram, facing right; beneath the belly, L.\",\"reverse\":\"ΡΟΥΦΟC ΤΑΜΙΑC; A sella questoria, hasta and sacculus; in the field, L.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 921\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"The axis is uncertain- it could be 12 or 6.\\r\\n\\r\\nWhen joint coinage of Crete and Cyrenaica ceased in 34BC (probably when Cyrenaica was given to Cleopatra Selene), two more issues were struck for Cyrenaica alone. One of which is this issue by Pupius Rufus. The issue bears an obverse type that is traditional on Cyrenaican coinage: the ram. But the reverse type figure Pupius's own type: the sella queastoria, hasta and succulus, the attributes of the quaestor.\"}","title":"RPC.1.921","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1921"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140c081f47f468b","lastUpdated":1378057896000,"anchor":"rpc1921","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140c081f47f468b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378057896000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_922.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 79, lot 750) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?\",\"region\":\"Cyrenaica, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373777\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-34,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"The issues of Pupius Rufus has generally been dated after Actium, between 30BC and 27BC. But Buttery is inclined to date it before the issues of Antony and Cleopatra in 31BC for the following reasons: 1. Metrology- if the weight and module of the unit steadily declined from the Crassus issues to those of Augustus, then Pupius Rufus' unit must be dated somewhere between Crassus' (37BC-34BC) and Antony's (31BC) 2. The post Antonian issues bear at least the name of Augustus, and Rufus' usage would be strangely independent. The presence of Scarpus in Cyrenaica is also a good reason to insert Pupius Rufus' issue before 31BC. Scarpus issued denarii for Antony and then quinarii for Octavian. His coinage for Antony is limited to 31BC, before he passed to Octavian. Buttery thinks that his coinage for Octavian followed immediately. The problem depends on the date which is assigned to Octavian's denarii with CAESAR CIVI F/Victory on globe, as Scarpus's denarii imitated that type. If the CAESAR DIVI F coins are pre-Actian, Scarpus might have stayed in Cyrenaica only in 31BC; If the CAESAR DIVI F group is datable to 29BC, then Scarpus must have been in charge for a few years.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.05},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"A. Pupius Rufus\",\"obverse\":\"ΑΝΤΙCΤΡΑ; A ram, facing left, beneath the belly, L.\\r\\n\",\"reverse\":\"ΠΟΥΠΙΟC ΤΑΜΙΑC; sella quaestoria, hasta and sacculus; in the field, L.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 922\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"The axis is uncertain- it could be 12 or 6.\\r\\n\\r\\nWhen joint coinage of Crete and Cyrenaica ceased in 34BC (probably when Cyrenaica was given to Cleopatra Selene), two more issues were struck for Cyrenaica alone. One of which is this issue by Pupius Rufus. The issue bears an obverse type that is traditional on Cyrenaican coinage: the ram. But the reverse type figure Pupius's own type: the sella queastoria, hasta and succulus, the attributes of the quaestor.\"}","title":"RPC.1.922","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1922"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140c08a81874759","lastUpdated":1378057931000,"anchor":"rpc1922","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140c08a81874759","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378057931000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?\",\"region\":\"Cyrenaica, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373777\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-34,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"The issues of Pupius Rufus has generally been dated after Actium, between 30BC and 27BC. But Buttery is inclined to date it before the issues of Antony and Cleopatra in 31BC for the following reasons: 1. Metrology- if the weight and module of the unit steadily declined from the Crassus issues to those of Augustus, then Pupius Rufus' unit must be dated somewhere between Crassus' (37BC-34BC) and Antony's (31BC) 2. The post Antonian issues bear at least the name of Augustus, and Rufus' usage would be strangely independent. The presence of Scarpus in Cyrenaica is also a good reason to insert Pupius Rufus' issue before 31BC. Scarpus issued denarii for Antony and then quinarii for Octavian. His coinage for Antony is limited to 31BC, before he passed to Octavian. Buttery thinks that his coinage for Octavian followed immediately. The problem depends on the date which is assigned to Octavian's denarii with CAESAR CIVI F/Victory on globe, as Scarpus's denarii imitated that type. If the CAESAR DIVI F coins are pre-Actian, Scarpus might have stayed in Cyrenaica only in 31BC; If the CAESAR DIVI F group is datable to 29BC, then Scarpus must have been in charge for a few years\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.04},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"A. Pupius Rufus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Libya, facing right; behind, L.\",\"reverse\":\"ΠΟΥΝΙΟC; A coiled serpent with head erect.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 923\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"The axis is uncertain- it could be 12 or 6.\\r\\n\\r\\nWhen joint coinage of Crete and Cyrenaica ceased in 34BC (probably when Cyrenaica was given to Cleopatra Selene), two more issues were struck for Cyrenaica alone. One of which is this issue by Pupius Rufus. The issue bears an obverse type that is traditional on Cyrenaican coinage: the head of Libya. \"}","title":"RPC.1.923","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1923"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140c08f42cd4a9c","lastUpdated":1378057968000,"anchor":"rpc1923","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140c08f42cd4a9c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378057968000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?\",\"region\":\"Cyrenaica, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373777\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"The indication of the third consulate of Antony dates the issue to 31BC. \"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.46},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and Cleopatra\",\"obverse\":\"ΒΑCΙΑ ΘΕΑ ΝΕ\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΝΤΩ ΥΠΑ Γ\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 924\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"The axis is uncertain- it could be 12 or 6.\\r\\n\\r\\nThis issue consists of two denominations. They have been variously attributed. Müller omitted it at first, then included it in his Supplement (p. 30, no. 438a) as Cyrenaican, because of the similar typology of this issue and the Augustan issues of Capito and Palikanus. This was accepted by Svoronos. Regling argued that no evidence supported it; therefore Robinson did not mention it and Grant gave it to \\\"Patras (?)\\\".\\r\\nButtery first denied it, but now accepts this attribution to Cyrenaica in view of the discovery of a halved coin of this issue in the Demeter sanctuary at Cyrene. \"}","title":"RPC.1.924","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1924"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140c0f94f0051b9","lastUpdated":1378058005000,"anchor":"rpc1924","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140c0f94f0051b9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378058005000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?\",\"region\":\"Cyrenaica, Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373777\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"The indication of the third consulate of Antony dates the issue to 31BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"die-axis\":6,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.74},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and Cleopatra\",\"obverse\":\"ΒΑCΙΑ ΘΕΑ ΝΕ\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΝΤΩ ΥΠΑ Γ\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 925\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"This issue consists of two denominations. They have been variously attributed. Müller omitted it at first, then included it in his Supplement (p. 30, no. 438a) as Cyrenaican, because of the similar typology of this issue and the Augustan issues of Capito and Palikanus. This was accepted by Svoronos. Regling argued that no evidence supported it; therefore Robinson did not mention it and Grant gave it to \\\"Patras (?)\\\". Buttery first denied it, but now accepts this attribution to Cyrenaica in view of the discovery of a halved coin of this issue in the Demeter sanctuary at Cyrene.\"}","title":"RPC.1.925","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1925"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140c0fe43914f00","lastUpdated":1377627423000,"anchor":"rpc1925","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140c0fe43914f00","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377627423000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Gortyn\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589796\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-43,\"note\":\"According to A.-M. Rouanet-Liesenfelt, this rare cistophoric tetradrachm was struck in 43BC at the time when Antony had changed the status of Crete and constituted the island in a federation of ¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ whose command has been offered to his friend the Gortynian Kydas.\\r\\n\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":11.64},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Kydas the Cretarch\",\"obverse\":\"Cista mystica with a half-open lid, from which a serpent issues to the left; all within an ivy wreath.\",\"reverse\":\"ΚΥΔΑΣ ΚΡΗΤΑΡΧΑΣ; Zeus standing, head facing to the right, holding thunderbolt in his right hand and an eagle in his left hand between two coiled serpents with heads erect; in the field, ΚΡΗ-ΤΑΙ/Ε-Ω/Ν.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 926\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"This rare cistophoric tetradrachm was struck at the same time as the coinages of Lollius and Crassus in Crete, as were a number of Cnossian bronzes. As one of the series of Cnossian bronzes also bears the name of Kydas, some have thought that the silver and bronze were struck by the same official; moreover, that Kydas was the friend of Antony reviled by Cicero (Phil. V, 5, 13). Kydas is known from Gortynian inscriptions as Κρηταρχασ and αρχοσ. His silver issue is mysterious. It abandons the tradition of the island in favour of the coinage used for a century as the Roman coinage of the province of Asia. Its types are Roman as well, as the Zeus on the reverse derives from denarii struck by Lentulus and Marcellus in 49BC. It is in fact a Roman provincial issue.\\r\\n\\r\\nAccording to A.-M. Rouanet-Liesenfelt, this rare cistophoric tetradrachm was struck in 43BC at the time when Antony had changed the status of Crete and constituted the island in a federation of Κρηταιεις whose command has been offered to his friend the Gortynian Kydas. Therefore the Cretarch Kydas here and the Cnossian Kydas of the bronze issues are two different officials.\"}","title":"RPC.1.926","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1926"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140c137644d55a1","lastUpdated":1377715250000,"anchor":"rpc1926","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140c137644d55a1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377715250000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"There is much controversy surrounding the date of this issue. Chapman considers it as contemporary with the Lepidius issues of Crete from 40BC, in view of the style of the bust of Artemis and the weight and module of the specimens.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.06},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"-\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Artemis, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"Κ-Ν/Ω-Σ/Ι/Ω-Ν; winged caduceus.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 927\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.927","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1927"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab0140da4b2b706cb5","lastUpdated":1378051894000,"anchor":"rpc1927","id":"094d43a240cf5bab0140da4b2b706cb5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378051894000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"There is much controversy surrounding the date of this issue. \"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.24},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"-\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Artemis, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"Κ-ΝΩ/ΣΙ-ΩΝ; Crossed bow and quiver.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 928\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.928","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1928"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140da53a16314d1","lastUpdated":1378052448000,"anchor":"rpc1928","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140da53a16314d1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378052448000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"There is much controversy surrounding the date of this issue.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12.95},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mnesitheos\",\"obverse\":\"ΚΝΩΣΙΩΝ; Head of Zeus, facing right. In front, thunderbolt.\",\"reverse\":\"ΜΝΕ(Α)ΣΙΘΕΟΣ or ΚΝΩΣΙΩΝ ΝΗΜ ( or ΝΜΗ); eagle with wings open, facing right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 929\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"The diameter of 25-29mm directly corresponds to a Roman as, and the weight may be compared to the Crassus series of Crete and Cyrenaica.\"}","title":"RPC.1.929","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1929"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140da5b61541551","lastUpdated":1378054572000,"anchor":"rpc1929","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140da5b61541551","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378054572000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"There is much controversy surrounding the date of this issue. The type of the eagle seems to show an Egyptian influence, therefore it was likely struck after the granting of Crete to Cleopatra in 37/36BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":16.43},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Tharsydikas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΘΑΡΣΙΔΙΚΑΣ; Eagle with wings open, facing right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 930\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"Chapman has shown the close stylistic connections that link this issue with one of L. Lollius. The head of Zeus on the issue of Lollius from Cyrene is not far from the head of Zeus on this large denomination.\"}","title":"RPC.1.930","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1930"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140da61c21615ad","lastUpdated":1378054738000,"anchor":"rpc1930","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140da61c21615ad","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378054738000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"Much controversy surrounds the date of this issue. The type of the eagle seems to refer to an Egyptian influence: therefore it was most likely struck after the granting of Crete to Cleopatra in 37/36 BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.75},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Tharsydikas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Artemis, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΘΑΡΣΙΔΙΚΑΣ; Quiver.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 931\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.931","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1931"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab0140da66d5986e57","lastUpdated":1378054521000,"anchor":"rpc1931","id":"094d43a240cf5bab0140da66d5986e57","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378054521000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"tauriadas_coin.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"There is much controversy surrounding the date of this issue. The type of the eagle seems to refer to an Egyptian influence: therefore it was most likely struck after the granting of Crete to Cleopatra in 37/36 BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14.05},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Tauriadas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus, facing right, with thunderbolt in front.\",\"reverse\":\"ΤΑΥΡΙΑΔΑΣ; Eagle with wings open, facing right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 932\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.932","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1932"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140da6c3da81642","lastUpdated":1424093771962,"anchor":"rpc1932","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140da6c3da81642","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424093771962,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"tauriadas_coin2.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"Much controversy surrounds the date of this issue. \"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.82},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Tauriadas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Artemis, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΤΑΥΡΙΑΔΑΣ; Quiver.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 933\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"Chapman has pointed out the stylistic connection between this coin and the issue of L.Lollius in Cnossus, with the head of Artemis on the Lollius coin being very similar to the head of Artemis on this smaller denomination of the Tauriadas issue.\"}","title":"RPC.1.933","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1933"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140da72aded169b","lastUpdated":1424093806699,"anchor":"rpc1933","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140da72aded169b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424093806699,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"kydas_coin.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"There is much controversy surrounding the date of this issue. The type of the eagle seems to show an Egyptian influence, therefore it was likely struck after the granting of Crete to Cleopatra in 37/36BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":13.13},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Kydas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus, facing right; in front, thunderbolt.\",\"reverse\":\"ΚΥΔΑΣ; Eagle with wings open, facing right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 934\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"This weight may be compared to the Crassus series of coinage from Crete and Cyrenaica.\"}","title":"RPC.1.934","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1934"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a240cf5bab0140da8dae4170ae","lastUpdated":1424093859177,"anchor":"rpc1934","id":"094d43a240cf5bab0140da8dae4170ae","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424093859177,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"There is much controversy surrounding the date of this issue. The type of the eagle seems to show an Egyptian influence, therefore it was likely struck after the granting of Crete to Cleopatra in 37/36BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":15.58},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sauromatas\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus, facing right; in front, thunderbolt.\",\"reverse\":\"ΣΑΥΡΟΜΑΤΑΣ; Eagle with wings open, facing right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 935\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.935","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1935"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140da90fd901896","lastUpdated":1378056469000,"anchor":"rpc1935","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140da90fd901896","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378056469000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cnossus\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589872\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"There is much controversy surrounding the date of this issue. The type of the eagle seems to refer to an Egyptian influence: therefore it was most likely struck after the granting of Crete to Cleopatra in 37/36 BC. Chapman argues that this issue must have come after the coinage of Kydas because the head of Zeus on his coinage copies that on the issue of Kydas, yet the style of his issue is very poor in comparison. \"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14.58},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Aristion\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Zeus, facing right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΡΙΣΤΙΩΝ; Eagle with wings open.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 936\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.1.936","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc1936"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140da98153118f5","lastUpdated":1378056934000,"anchor":"rpc1936","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140da98153118f5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1378056934000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Gortyn\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589796\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-67,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"While the Tetradrachm cannot be given a definite date, the fact that it shows the elephant head associated with the Metellus family implies that it must have been struck after Metellus' conquest of Crete in 67BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":13.98},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Caecilius Metellus Creticus\",\"obverse\":\"ΡΩΜΑΣ;Helmeted head of Roma, with an elephant head on the helmet. All within a wreath.\",\"reverse\":\"ΓΟΡΤΥΝ;Artemis Ephesia, bee and elephant head in the field. All within a wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 901\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.901","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc901"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140ab1180645cc7","lastUpdated":1377367917000,"anchor":"rpc901","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140ab1180645cc7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377367917000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Gortyn\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/589796\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-67,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"While the Tetradrachm cannot be given a definite date, the fact that it shows the elephant head associated with the Metellus family implies that it must have been struck after Metellus' conquest of Crete in 67BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":13.98},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Caecilius Metellus Creticus\",\"obverse\":\"ΡΩΜΑΣ;Helmeted head of Roma, with an elephant head on the helmet. All within a wreath.\",\"reverse\":\"ΓΟΡΤΥΝ;Artemis Ephesia, bee and elephant head in the field. E above prow in the field. All within a wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 902\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.902","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc902"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140ab288d485e68","lastUpdated":1377367980000,"anchor":"rpc902","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140ab288d485e68","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377367980000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Gortyn\",\"region\":\"Crete, Greece\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-67,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"While the Tetradrachm cannot be given a definite date, the fact that it shows the elephant head associated with the Metellus family implies that it must have been struck after Metellus' conquest of Crete in 67BC\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":13.98},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Caecilius Metellus Creticus\",\"obverse\":\"ΡΩΜΑΣ;Helmeted head of Roma, with an elephant head on the helmet. All within a wreath\",\"reverse\":\"ΓΟΡΤΥΝ;Artemis Ephesia, bee and elephant head in the field. N in the field. All within a wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 903\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., Amandry, M. & Ripolles, P. P. 1992. Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1, London.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.903","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpc903"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140ab2b40345e97","lastUpdated":1377261273000,"anchor":"rpc903","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140ab2b40345e97","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377261273000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carteia\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/256063\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"The date is not certain.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.39},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P. Falcidius (IIIIvir)\",\"obverse\":\"CARTEIA. Head of Fortuna, r., trident behind.\",\"reverse\":\"P FALCIDI IIII VIR. Winged thunderbolt between two lines.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 111\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Carteia was a Latin colony, founded in 171 BC.\"}","title":"RPC.I.111","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci111"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b10e61b0891","lastUpdated":1376064994000,"anchor":"rpci111","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b10e61b0891","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376064994000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carteia\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/256063\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"The date is not certain.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.48},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P. Falcidius (IIIIvir)\",\"obverse\":\"CARTEIA. Head of Fortuna r., trident behind.\",\"reverse\":\"P FALCIDIVS IIII VIR (EX S C) F C. Club, bow and quiver.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 112\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Carteia was a Latin colony founded in 171 BC.\"}","title":"RPC.I.112","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci112"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013e6b1512d9038b","lastUpdated":1376065008000,"anchor":"rpci112","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013e6b1512d9038b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065008000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_113.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Ibercoin (Auction 12, lot 130)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carteia\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/256063\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-35,\"until\":-35,\"note\":\"The date is not certain.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.41},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Maius C f Pollio (IIIIvir)\",\"obverse\":\"CARTEIA EX D D. Head of Fortuna, r.\",\"reverse\":\"C MAIVS C F POLLIO IIII VIR. Winged caduceus.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 113\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Carteia was a Latin colony founded in 171 BC.\"}","title":"RPC.I.113","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci113"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b183d610941","lastUpdated":1377618715000,"anchor":"rpci113","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b183d610941","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618715000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carteia\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/256063\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"The date is not certain.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.48},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Atinius C. Nucia(nus?) (IIIIviri)\",\"obverse\":\"EX D D. Head of Victory, r.\",\"reverse\":\"L ATINI C NVCIA IIII VIR. Cornucopia.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 114\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Carteia was a Latin colony founded in 171 BC.\"}","title":"RPC.I.114","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci114"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b1d60e309c5","lastUpdated":1376065028000,"anchor":"rpci114","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b1d60e309c5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065028000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_115.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Jesus Vico S.A. (Auction 132, lot 137)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carteia\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/256063\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"The date is not certain.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.47},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Atinius C. Nucia(nus?) (IIIIviri)\",\"obverse\":\"EX D D. Head of Apollo, r.\",\"reverse\":\"L ATINI C NVCIA IIII VIR. Lyre.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 115\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Carteia was a Latin colony founded in 171 BC.\"}","title":"RPC.I.115","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci115"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b21682b0a22","lastUpdated":1377618737000,"anchor":"rpci115","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b21682b0a22","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618737000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"image unavilable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carthago Nova\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265849\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-1},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.32},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P. Atellius L. Fabric\",\"obverse\":\"P ATELLI(VS). Coiled snake.\",\"reverse\":\"L FABRIC in one of two crossed rectangles.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 146\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.I.146","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci146"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b2ecc4d0b6c","lastUpdated":1376065048000,"anchor":"rpci146","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b2ecc4d0b6c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065048000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_147.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Jesus Vico S.A. (Auction 131, lot 530)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carthago Nova\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265849\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-1},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.86},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Caedi T Popilius (IIviri quinquennales)\",\"obverse\":\"C CAEDI T POPILI. Dolphin r.\",\"reverse\":\"II VIR QVIN. Palm branch r.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 147\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.I.147","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci147"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b33af950bfe","lastUpdated":1377618761000,"anchor":"rpci147","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b33af950bfe","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618761000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carthago Nova\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265849\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-1},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"die-axis\":6,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.81},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Caedi T Popilius (IIviri quinquennales)\",\"obverse\":\"CAED. Prow r.\",\"reverse\":\"POPI. Anchor.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 148\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.I.148","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci148"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b3681280c50","lastUpdated":1376065069000,"anchor":"rpci148","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b3681280c50","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065069000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_149.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Jesus Vico S.A. (Auction 131, lot 531)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carthago Nova\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265849\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-1},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.51},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Hel Pollio and Albinus IIviri q(uinquennales) C M Imp\",\"obverse\":\"HEL POLLIO ALBINVS II Q(V) (or ALBINVS HEL POLLIO II QV). Female head (Concordia?) r.\",\"reverse\":\"SABINVS C M IMP. Trophy.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 149\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"This coin may imitate a Roman Republican coin, RRC 415/1, struck in 62 BC.\"}","title":"RPC.I.149","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci149"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013e6b3bcd3c0757","lastUpdated":1377618784000,"anchor":"rpci149","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013e6b3bcd3c0757","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618784000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carthago Nova\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265849\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-1},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"die-axis\":2,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.81},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Hel Pollio and Albinus IIviri q(uinquennales) C M Imp\",\"obverse\":\"HEL POLLI II QVI in field, above snake.\",\"reverse\":\"ALBIN[V]S II QVI in field.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 150\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.I.150","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci150"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b3d91500cdb","lastUpdated":1376065090000,"anchor":"rpci150","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b3d91500cdb","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065090000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carthago Nova\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265849\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-1},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.59},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Iunius L Acilius IIviri quinq(uennales)\",\"obverse\":\"L IVNIVS II VIR QVIN(Q) AVG(VR). Eagle standing on thunderbolt r.; in front, lituus.\",\"reverse\":\"L ACILIVS II VIR QVIN(Q) AVG(VR). Patera, jug, and lituus.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 152\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"This coin type copies the reverse of a Roman Republican coin (RRC 409/1, 67 BC or RRC 428/3, 55 BC).\"}","title":"RPC.I.152","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci152"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b49b0fb0dfd","lastUpdated":1376065099000,"anchor":"rpci152","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b49b0fb0dfd","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065099000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carthago Nova\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265849\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-1},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.81},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Iunius L Acilius IIviri quinq(uennales)\",\"obverse\":\"L IVNIVS. Jug.\",\"reverse\":\"L ACILIVS. Patera and lituus.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 153\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.I.153","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci153"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b4dc5c00e6c","lastUpdated":1376065108000,"anchor":"rpci153","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b4dc5c00e6c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065108000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carthago Nova\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265849\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-1},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.12},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Acilius C. Maecius IIviri quinq(uennales)\",\"obverse\":\"C MAECIVS QVINQ. Vexillum.\",\"reverse\":\"L ACILIVS II VIR QVINQ. Aquila.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 154\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.I.154","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci154"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b527a500ed2","lastUpdated":1376065118000,"anchor":"rpci154","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b527a500ed2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065118000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_155.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78, lot 1092)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carthago Nova\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265849\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-1},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.01},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Appuleius Rufus C Maecius quinq(uennales)\",\"obverse\":\"L APPVLEI RVF QVINQ. Aquila between two signa.\",\"reverse\":\"C MAECI QVIN(I)Q(V). Galley, r., with sceptre tied with fillet on prow.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 155\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"This coin type imitates the legionary denarii of Mark Antony (RRC 544), struck 32-31 BC.\"}","title":"RPC.I.155","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci155"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b56c94c0f30","lastUpdated":1377618828000,"anchor":"rpci155","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6b56c94c0f30","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618828000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_thessalonika_1551.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Roma Numismatics Ltd., (Auction IV, lot 1983)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491741\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-37,\"note\":\"37\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":21.58},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΕΩΝ ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΑΣ; bust of Eleutheria, r.; E\",\"reverse\":\"M ANT ΑΥΤ Γ ΚΑΙ ΑΥΤ; Nike advancing l., with wreath and palm.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 1551\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"The E is probably a date (5) = 37 BC in the era of Antony used at Thessalonika in the triumviral period. Eleutheria refers to the grant of freedom received by Thessalonika in 42 BC; the Nike likely refers to victory at Philippi. Die axis 12 or 6.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105438009\"}","title":"RPC.I.1551","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci1551"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca26b07fb","lastUpdated":1376049979000,"anchor":"rpci1551","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca26b07fb","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049979000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"thessalonika_rpc_1552.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 207, lot 292) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491741\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-37,\"note\":\"37\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.06},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"ΑΓΩΝΟΘΕΣΙΑ; head of Agonothesia, r.; E\",\"reverse\":\"ANT KAI in wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 1552\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"E probably refers to a year = year 5 (37 BC) of the Antonian era in use at Thessalonika in the triumviral period. Burnett et al. (below) note the significance of this type is uncertain; it perhaps refers to games celebrating the victory at Philippi.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105438795\"}","title":"RPC.I.1552","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci1552"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca2780e1e","lastUpdated":1376049979000,"anchor":"rpci1552","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca2780e1e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049979000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_thessaolnika_1553.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., (Electronic Auction 222, Lot 268) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491741\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-37,\"until\":-37,\"note\":\"37\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.22},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"OMONOIA; bust of Homonoia, r.\",\"reverse\":\"ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝ ΡΩΜ; horse galloping r.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 1553\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"Refers to the establishment of a Homonia between Rome and Thessalonika.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105439527\"}","title":"RPC.I.1553","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci1553"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca24407fa","lastUpdated":1376049979000,"anchor":"rpci1553","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca24407fa","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049979000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"thessalonika_rpc_1554.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 59, lot 871)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thessalonika\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491741\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-28,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"28-27\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":10.34},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"ΘΕΟΣ; crowned head of Julius Caesar, r.\",\"reverse\":\"ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΕΩΝ; bare head of Augustus, r.; below, Δ.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 1554\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"The delta is likely referring to a date, in this case a year in the era of Augustus. Die axis is 11 or 12.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105440130\"}","title":"RPC.I.1554","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci1554"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca2510e1c","lastUpdated":1376049979000,"anchor":"rpci1554","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca2510e1c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049979000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Carthago Nova\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265849\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-50,\"until\":-1},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"die-axis\":3,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.77},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Appuleius Rufus C Maecius quinq(uennales)\",\"obverse\":\"II L APPVLE[I] QVINQ in field.\",\"reverse\":\"II C MAECI QVIN[Q] in field.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 156\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.I.156","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci156"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013e6b5a35e60a58","lastUpdated":1376065192000,"anchor":"rpci156","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013e6b5a35e60a58","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065192000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Ilici\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265922\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"The date is uncertain, but may be sometime during the Second Triumvirate.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.26},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q Terentius Montanus, C Salvius (IIviri)\",\"obverse\":\"Q TERENTIVS II VIR. Simpulum, inscribed MO\",\"reverse\":\"C SALVIVS II VIR. Clasped hands.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 187\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The Colonia Iulia Ilici Augusta was founded either during the Second Triumvirate, or under Augustus. The reverse (clasped hands) imitates a Republican coin from 42 BC (RRC 494/10-12).\"}","title":"RPC.I.187","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci187"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013eb27926e277b6","lastUpdated":1376065209000,"anchor":"rpci187","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013eb27926e277b6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065209000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Ilici\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/265922\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-27},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"die-axis\":10,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.26},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q Terentius Montanus, C Salvius (IIviri)\",\"obverse\":\"C SALVIVS II VIR. Simpulum.\",\"reverse\":\"Q TERENT MONT II VIR. Clasped hands.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 188\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The reverse (clasped hands) imitates a Republican coin of 42 BC (RRC 494/10-12). The Colonia Iulia Ilici Augusta was founded either during the Second Triumvirate, or under Augustus.\"}","title":"RPC.I.188","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci188"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013eb27d5fb97f1a","lastUpdated":1376065219000,"anchor":"rpci188","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013eb27d5fb97f1a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065219000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_261.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica AG (Auction 64, lot 1422)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepida-Celsa\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246321\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14.3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M Fulvius, C Otacilius, pr quin\",\"obverse\":\"C(OL) V(IC) I(VL) L(EP). Head of Victory right, palm over left shoulder.\",\"reverse\":\"M FVL C OTAC PR QVIN. Colonist ploughing with yoke of oxen.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 261\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Many of the designs on the coinage of Lepida are taken from Republican coins. The head of Victory, for example, is similar to RRC 464/6. During the 40s BC Kelse became a colony, and was renamed Victrix Iulia Lepida. Lepida likely refers to M. Aemilius Lepidus, who was governor of Citerior at the time.\"}","title":"RPC.I.261","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci261"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013eb28ce86d7a36","lastUpdated":1377618869000,"anchor":"rpci261","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013eb28ce86d7a36","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618869000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_262.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gemini LLC (Auction X, lot 439)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepida-Celsa\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246321\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14.57},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C Balbus. L Porcius, pr IIvir\",\"obverse\":\"C V I L PR II VIR. Head of Victory, right, palm over left shoulder.\",\"reverse\":\"C BALBO L PORCIO. Bull right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 262\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Many of the designs on the coinage of Lepida are taken from Republican coins. The head of Victory, for example, is similar to RRC 464/6. During the 40s BC Kelse became a colony, and was renamed Victrix Iulia Lepida. Lepida likely refers to M. Aemilius Lepidus, who was governor of Citerior at the time.\"}","title":"RPC.I.262","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci262"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec272143e0fed","lastUpdated":1377618886000,"anchor":"rpci262","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec272143e0fed","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618886000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_263.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gemini LLC (Auction X, lot 440)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepida-Celsa\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246321\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14.95},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Nep, L Sura, pr IIvir\",\"obverse\":\"COL VIC IVL LEP. Female head (of Venus?) right.\",\"reverse\":\"L NEP L SVRA PR II VIR. Bull right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 263\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Many of the designs on the coinage of Lepida are taken from Republican coins. During the 40s BC Kelse became a colony, and was renamed Victrix Iulia Lepida. Lepida likely refers to M. Aemilius Lepidus, who was governor of Citerior at the time.\"}","title":"RPC.I.263","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci263"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec27ef3ce11f0","lastUpdated":1377618902000,"anchor":"rpci263","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec27ef3ce11f0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618902000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_264.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gemini, LLC (Auction VI, lot 416).\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepida-Celsa\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246321\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14.06},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"P Salpa, M Fulvius, pr IIvir\",\"obverse\":\"COL VIC IVL LEP. Helmeted head of Mars (?) right.\",\"reverse\":\"P SALPA M FVLVI PR II VIR. Butting (or running) bull, r.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 264\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges from 27-31mm. Many of the designs on the coinage of Lepida are taken from Republican coins. The butting bull, for example, is similar to RRC 494/24 (42 BC). During the 40s BC Kelse became a colony, and was renamed Victrix Iulia Lepida. Lepida likely refers to M. Aemilius Lepidus, who was governor of Citerior at the time.\"}","title":"RPC.I.264","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci264"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec28382461296","lastUpdated":1377618921000,"anchor":"rpci264","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec28382461296","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618921000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_265.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Ibercoin (Auction 12, lot 138)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepida-Celsa\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246321\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.09},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Semp Max, M Caec, aed\",\"obverse\":\"C V I L. Head of Hercules, right, club behind.\",\"reverse\":\"L SEMP MAX M CAEC AED. Bull right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 265\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Many of the designs on the coinage of Lepida are taken from Republican coins. The head of Hercules, for example, is similar to RRC 494/32 (42 BC). During the 40s BC Kelse became a colony, and was renamed Victrix Iulia Lepida. Lepida likely refers to M. Aemilius Lepidus, who was governor of Citerior at the time.\"}","title":"RPC.I.265","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci265"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec288bb250cd7","lastUpdated":1377618939000,"anchor":"rpci265","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec288bb250cd7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618939000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_266.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Jesus Vico S.A. (Auction 131, lot 272)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepida-Celsa\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246321\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.65},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Calpurnius Sex Niger aed\",\"obverse\":\"C V I L. Radiate bust of Sol, facing.\",\"reverse\":\"L CAL SEX NIG AED. Sheep, right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 266\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Many of the designs on the coinage of Lepida are taken from Republican coins. The facing head of Sol, for example, is similar to RRC 494/43a (42 BC). During the 40s BC Kelse became a colony, and was renamed Victrix Iulia Lepida. Lepida likely refers to M. Aemilius Lepidus, who was governor of Citerior at the time.\"}","title":"RPC.I.266","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci266"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec296e71d0ef0","lastUpdated":1377618955000,"anchor":"rpci266","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec296e71d0ef0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618955000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepida-Celsa\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246321\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"die-axis\":11,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.32},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Calpurnius Sex Niger aed\",\"obverse\":\"COL VIC IVL LEP. Radiate head of Sol, right.\",\"reverse\":\"L CAL SEX NI [AED]. Sheep, right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 267\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Many of the designs on the coinage of Lepida are taken from Republican coins. The head of Sol, for example, is similar to RRC 496/2 (42 BC). During the 40s BC Kelse became a colony, and was renamed Victrix Iulia Lepida. Lepida likely refers to M. Aemilius Lepidus, who was governor of Citerior at the time.\"}","title":"RPC.I.267","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci267"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec2999d5f0f4f","lastUpdated":1376065326000,"anchor":"rpci267","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec2999d5f0f4f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065326000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepida-Celsa\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246321\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"die-axis\":3,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.92},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Calpurnius Sex Niger aed\",\"obverse\":\"C V I L [?]. Boar, right.\",\"reverse\":\"[?]. SEX NIG AED. Crescent.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 268\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Only one example of this type known. Many of the designs on the coinage of Lepida are taken from Republican coins. The crescent, for example, is similar to RRC 494/20a (42 BC). During the 40s BC Kelse became a colony, and was renamed Victrix Iulia Lepida. Lepida likely refers to M. Aemilius Lepidus, who was governor of Citerior at the time.\"}","title":"RPC.I.268","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci268"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec29c1c6d0f99","lastUpdated":1376065339000,"anchor":"rpci268","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec29c1c6d0f99","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065339000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_269.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 73, lot 686) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lepida-Celsa\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246321\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-36,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"The date before 27 BC is suggested since Octavian lacks the title Augustus, and the fabric and style of this coin type is similar to the triumviral issues.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14.52},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Pompeius Bucco, L Cornelius Front, IIviri\",\"obverse\":\"COL V I CELSA II VIR. Bare head, right.\",\"reverse\":\"L POMPE BVCCO CORNE FRONT(O), Bull, right,\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 269\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 28-30mm. Many of the designs on the coinage of Lepida are taken from Republican coins. During the 40s BC Kelse became a colony, and was renamed Victrix Iulia Lepida. Lepida likely refers to M. Aemilius Lepidus, who was governor of Citerior at the time. After Lepidus' fall and exile in 36 BC, the city changed its name to Celsa. This change is reflected on this issue.\"}","title":"RPC.I.269","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci269"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec2a27afb1086","lastUpdated":1377616765000,"anchor":"rpci269","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec2a27afb1086","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377616765000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_281.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 188, lot 150) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Osca\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246539\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-29,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"The date is suggested since the portrait of Octavian imitates those of the official coinages of 29-27 BC, or earlier.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":29,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12.17},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"VRB VICT. Bare head of Octavian, right.\",\"reverse\":\"OSCA. Horseman with spear, right.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 281\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The city of Osca was known as Municipium Urbs Victrix Osca (Pliny 3.24). The horseman is taken from Iberian coin iconography.\"}","title":"RPC.I.281","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci281"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec2aef01a1917","lastUpdated":1377619009000,"anchor":"rpci281","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec2aef01a1917","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377619009000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Osca\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246539\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-29,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"(The date is suggested since the portrait of Octavian imitates those of the official coinages of 29-27 BC, or earlier.)\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"die-axis\":10,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.34},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"MV. Bare head of Octavian, right.\",\"reverse\":\"OSCA. Pegasus, right.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 282\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The city of Osca was known as Municipium Urbs Victrix Osca (Pliny 3.24). The pegasus type is likely taken from Iberian coin iconography.\"}","title":"RPC.I.282","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci282"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec2b4393819d8","lastUpdated":1376065373000,"anchor":"rpci282","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec2b4393819d8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065373000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Iberia_1580.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Jesus Vico S.A. (Auction 131, lot 494)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Bilbilis (Valdeherrera)\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246247\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-27,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"uncertain.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":13.45},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Male head right. BILBILIS before.\",\"reverse\":\"Horseman right, holding spear. ITALICA below.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 387\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992). Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\\r\\nVillaronga, L. and J. Benages, Eds. (2011). Ancient Coinage of the Iberian Peninsula. Barcelona, Societat Catalana d'Estudis Numismàtics.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"AE As. While the editors of the RPC place this issue after 27 BC, Villaronga and Benages place it earlier than this date.\"}","title":"RPC.I.387","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci387"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a23f3e0ab2013f9a9ebf064932","lastUpdated":1377619092000,"anchor":"rpci387","id":"094d43a23f3e0ab2013f9a9ebf064932","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377619092000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_401.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 314, lot 24) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Turiaso\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246712\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-29,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"Date is very uncertain, and based on the suggested imitation of Republican issues. Grant proposes 38-31 BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":29,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12.04},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"SILBIS. Laureate female head, right.\",\"reverse\":\"TVRIASO. Horseman left, with right hand raised.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 401\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Female head is likely a nymph or local deity.\"}","title":"RPC.I.401","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci401"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec2d5ee301e63","lastUpdated":1395312958000,"anchor":"rpci401","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec2d5ee301e63","categories":[],"publicationDate":1395312958000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_402.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Jesus Vico S.A. (Auction 132, lot 655)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Turiaso\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246712\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-29,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"Date is very uncertain, and based on the suggested imitation of Republican issues. Grant proposes 38-31 BC.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":29,\"die-axis\":7.5,\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"SILBIS. Laureate female head.\",\"reverse\":\"TVRIASO. Horseman right, with right hand behind.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 402\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Female head is likely a nymph or local deity.\"}","title":"RPC.I.402","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci402"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec2d884791ec7","lastUpdated":1377619135000,"anchor":"rpci402","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec2d884791ec7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377619135000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Iberia_1793.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Jesus Vico S.A. (Auction 131, lot 524)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Kalakorikos - Calagurris\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246279\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-29,\"until\":-28},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":29,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12.04},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian / Augustus right. Legend NASSICA before.\",\"reverse\":\"Bull right. CALAGURRIS above, IVLIA below.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 431\",\"bibliography\":\"Villaronga, L. and J. Benages, eds. (2011). Ancient Coinage of the Iberian Peninsula. Barcelona, Societat Catalana d'Estudis Numismatics.\\r\\n\\r\\nBurnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London. \",\"notes\":\"While the RPC place this issue after 27 BC, Villaronga and Benages date it to 29-28 BC.\"}","title":"RPC.I.431","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci431"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a23f9f78c1013fb9de73a16e32","lastUpdated":1377620785000,"anchor":"rpci431","id":"094d43a23f9f78c1013fb9de73a16e32","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377620785000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Iberia_1794.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Mail Bid Sale 78, lot 1086) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Kalakorikos - Calagurris\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246279\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-29,\"until\":-28},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.53},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C VAL, C SEX, aediles\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian / Augustus right. NASSICA before.\",\"reverse\":\"Bull's head facing. C VAL above, C SEX below, AED ILES on either side.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 432\",\"bibliography\":\"Villaronga, L. and J. Benages, eds. (2011). Ancient Coinage of the Iberian Peninsula. Barcelona, Societat Catalana d'Estudis Numismatics.\\r\\n\\r\\nBurnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London. \",\"notes\":\"AE semis. While the RPC place this issue after 27 BC, Villaronga and Benages date it to 29-28 BC.\"}","title":"RPC.I.432","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci432"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a23f9f78c1013fb9e3468e6e5e","lastUpdated":1377620819000,"anchor":"rpci432","id":"094d43a23f9f78c1013fb9e3468e6e5e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377620819000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Iberia_1842.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 181, lot 24) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Konterbia Karbika - Segobriga (Fosos de Bayona)\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/266036\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"first century BC\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":26,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":9.88},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Unbearded male head right. Palm behind, dolphin before.\",\"reverse\":\"Horseman right holding spear. Latin inscription SEGOBRIGA below.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 470\",\"bibliography\":\"Villaronga, L. and J. Benages, eds. (2011). Ancient Coinage of the Iberian Peninsula. Barcelona, Societat Catalana d'Estudis Numismatics. \\r\\nBurnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London. \",\"notes\":\"AE unit. The male head here may be a representation of Octavian / Augustus.\"}","title":"RPC.I.470","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci470"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a23f9f78c1013fba9b550676de","lastUpdated":1377618631000,"anchor":"rpci470","id":"094d43a23f9f78c1013fba9b550676de","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377618631000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_478.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Jesus Vico S.A. (Auction 131, lot 384)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Segovia\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/236658\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-27},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.4},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Male head right. C behind, L before.\",\"reverse\":\"Horseman right holding spear. Latin inscription SEGOVIA in exergue.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 478\",\"bibliography\":\"Villaronga, L. and J. Benages, eds. (2011). Ancient Coinage of the Iberian Peninsula. Barcelona, Societat Catalana d'Estudis Numismatics. \\r\\nBurnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London. \\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"AE unit. Villaronga and Benages date this issue earlier than that proposed in the RPC.\"}","title":"RPC.I.478","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci478"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a23f9f78c1013fbad7d10579ce","lastUpdated":1377620943000,"anchor":"rpci478","id":"094d43a23f9f78c1013fbad7d10579ce","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377620943000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_483.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Gemini, LLC (Auction X, lot 359).\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"note\":\"uncertain.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":22,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.84},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"CN STATI LIBO PRAEF. Bare head, right.\",\"reverse\":\"SACERDOS. Patera and praefericulum.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 483\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"This coin type was originally believed to have been struck at Carthago Nova, but provenances now suggest somewhere in Hispania Ulterior.\"}","title":"RPC.I.483","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci483"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec2efba1d1ad4","lastUpdated":1377620995000,"anchor":"rpci483","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec2efba1d1ad4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377620995000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"note\":\"uncertain.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.55},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Rectangular board with IVL, fasces on the side.\",\"reverse\":\"Altar (?) with three crossed parallel lines coming from opposite corners, perhaps a letter R. right, with a vertical line from the top of altar.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 484\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"It has been supposed that this was an issue of Emporiae, but the fact that in its design it is alien to other Emporion coinage, in addition to the lack of a legend, suggests it was probably struck elsewhere. However, all known specimens come from Rhode and Emporiae.\\r\\nFrom the image reproduced in RPC the reverse type is likely a sella curulis.\"}","title":"RPC.I.484","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci484"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec2f45132222e","lastUpdated":1401293570047,"anchor":"rpci484","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013ec2f45132222e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1401293570047,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"note\":\"uncertain\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":29,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12.72},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune, right, with trident behind.\",\"reverse\":\"Monogram (MA) ¿O¿. Victory, l., holding wreath and palm, standing on prow.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 485\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"A rare coin. From the finds, it was likely struck in Spain. A large concentration of coins is found at Saguntum.\"}","title":"RPC.I.485","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci485"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec304ddd91d37","lastUpdated":1376065516000,"anchor":"rpci485","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013ec304ddd91d37","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376065516000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_622.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton IX, lot 425) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Turris Libisonis\",\"region\":\"Sardinia\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/472035\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":18.87},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"M.L.D.C.P. Head right; below, plough.\",\"reverse\":\"Q.A.M.P.II.V. Hexastyle temple.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 622\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"It is debated what the abbreviations here stand for. The suggestion in RPC is P.M.L. Deductor Coloniae, where P.M.L. is unknown. The portrait on the obverse may represent the founder of the colony M. Lurius, who a governor in Sardinia from 42-40 BC.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105496076\"}","title":"RPC.I.622","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci622"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6ac56ed00064","lastUpdated":1376049981000,"anchor":"rpci622","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6ac56ed00064","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049981000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"published\":true,\"image\":{\"url\":\"noimage.jpg\",\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Turris Libisonis\",\"region\":\"Sardinia\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/472035\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":24,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.2},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Q.A.M.L.C.VE.II.V. Helmeted head of Sardus Pater, r.\",\"reverse\":\"D D; plough.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 623\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The editors of RPC suggest that L.C.VE may stand for L. Cerdonius Veratus, here named as duovir (II.V.). \",\"oldTitle\":\"105496077\"}","title":"RPC.I.623","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci623"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013e6acd79fc7bae","lastUpdated":1376049981000,"anchor":"rpci623","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013e6acd79fc7bae","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049981000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"published\":true,\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_624.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton VI, 549) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Caralis\",\"region\":\"Sardinia\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/471899\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-36},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":28},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Aristo Mutumbal Ricocce (suffetes)\",\"obverse\":\"ARISTO MVTVMBAL RICOCE SVF; jugate heads, r.\",\"reverse\":\"VENERIS; tetrastyle temple; in exergue, KAR.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 624\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The busts on the obverse of the coin may be the municipal officials. Caralis likely became a municipium under Octavian, which might have been the occasion for the release of this coinage.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105496078\"}","title":"RPC.I.624","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci624"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6ad66a2e0243","lastUpdated":1376049981000,"anchor":"rpci624","id":"094d43d53e1cf3a2013e6ad66a2e0243","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049981000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"published\":true,\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_625.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78, 1170) (www.cng.coins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Uselis\",\"region\":\"Sardinia\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/472038\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-33,\"note\":\"The coin is dated to the Second triumvirate.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":6.3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Atius Balbus\",\"obverse\":\"M ATIVS BALBVS PR. Head l.\",\"reverse\":\"SARD PATER; helmeted head of Sardus Pater r., spear at shoulder.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC I 625\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The coinage is found in quantity in SW Sardinia. Balbus may have been governor of Sardinia sometime after 38 BC.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105496079\"}","title":"RPC.I.625","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpci625"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013e6add80d47d55","lastUpdated":1376049981000,"anchor":"rpci625","id":"094d43d53e1cf1fd013e6add80d47d55","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049981000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"dium_1503.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., (Electronic Auction 260, lot 386) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Dium\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491572\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"note\":\"43 (?)\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"die-axis\":9,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.56},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"DIANA BAPHYR; Diana Baphyras trampling on a vexillum, r.\",\"reverse\":\"COL DIENSIS; plough\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 1503\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges from 13-15mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105424891\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.1503","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol11503"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca2d70e22","lastUpdated":1376049978000,"anchor":"rpcvol11503","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca2d70e22","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049978000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cassandrea or Dium\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/991368\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14.87},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Hortensius\",\"obverse\":\"Q HORTENSI PROCOS; head of Hortensius, r.\",\"reverse\":\"PRAEF COLON DEDVC; ox-yoke, plough and measuring rod (?) with vexillum.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 1509\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"Hortensius was proconsul.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105426941\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.1509","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol11509"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca2e507ff","lastUpdated":1376049978000,"anchor":"rpcvol11509","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca2e507ff","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049978000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cassandrea or Dium\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/991368\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"die-axis\":6,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.15},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Hortensius\",\"obverse\":\"COLONIA [ ]; female head, r.\",\"reverse\":\"[Q] HORT XVVIR [CO]LON DEDVX; tripod\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 1510\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"The reverse refers to Hortensius' position as quindecemvir. Die axis can be 6 or 12.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105427069\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.1510","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol11510"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca2ca0e21","lastUpdated":1376049978000,"anchor":"rpcvol11510","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca2ca0e21","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049978000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cassandrea\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/991368\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"die-axis\":6,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.56},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Hortensius\",\"obverse\":\"HAMMO[?N]. Head of Ammon, r.\",\"reverse\":\"HORT COL D; two ears of corn.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 1511\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"Hortensius founded a colony at Cassandrea, which was refounded under Augustus in 30 BC.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105427306\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.1511","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol11511"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca2bc07fe","lastUpdated":1376049978000,"anchor":"rpcvol11511","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca2bc07fe","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049978000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"pella_rpc__1545.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Roma Numismatics Ltd (Auction IV, lot 1982).\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Pella\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491687\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"note\":\"42\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":19.09},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"ΠΕΛΛΑΙΩΝ; bust of Eleutheria (?) r.\",\"reverse\":\"ΠΕΛΛΑΙΩΝ; Nike holding wreath, l/\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 1545\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"Diameter ranges from 26-28mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105428155\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.1545","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol11545"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca2ad0e20","lastUpdated":1376049978000,"anchor":"rpcvol11545","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca2ad0e20","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049978000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"pella_rpc_1546.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of H.D. Rauch GmbH (Auction 88, lot 286)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Pella\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491687\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"note\":\"42\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":23,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":12.98},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"ΠΕΛΛΗΣ; bust of Eleutheria (?) r.\",\"reverse\":\"ΠΕΛΛΗΣ within laurel wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 1546\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"Diameter can range from 22-23mm. Various die axes.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105435313\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.1546","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol11546"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca29f07fd","lastUpdated":1376049978000,"anchor":"rpcvol11546","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca29f07fd","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049978000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Pella\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/491687\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-32,\"note\":\"42-32\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"ΠΕΛΛΗΣ; laureate head of Zeus, r.\",\"reverse\":\"ΠΕΛΛΗΣ; eagle standing, r.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 1547\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"Burnett et al. (below) suggest the Zeus and eagle type may have resulted from the influence of Cleopatra and Antony over the city.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105435830\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.1547","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol11547"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca2910e1f","lastUpdated":1376049978000,"anchor":"rpcvol11547","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca2910e1f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049978000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"amphipolis_rpc_1626.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., (Electronic Auction 256, lot 210) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Amphipolis\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/501347\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":14,\"note\":\"31 - AD 14\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.58},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian (Augustus)\",\"obverse\":\"ΚΑΙΣΑΡ ΘΕΟΥ ΥΙΟΣ. Bare head, r.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΜΦΙΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ; Artemis Tauropolos on bull, r.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 1626\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"105449993\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.1626","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol11626"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca1c107f7","lastUpdated":1376049980000,"anchor":"rpcvol11626","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca1c107f7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049980000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"philippi_rpc_1646.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Dr. Busso Peus Nachfolger, (Auction 398, lot 643).\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Philippi\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/501482\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"42-30\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":25,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":8.55},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony, Q. Paquius Ruf. Leg.\",\"obverse\":\"A I C V P. Head of Antony, r.\",\"reverse\":\"Q PAQVIVS RVF C D, LEG; man with veiled head ploughing, r., with two oxen.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 1646\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"The obverse legend likely reads A(ntoni) I(ussu) C(olonia) V(ictrix) P(hilippensis). The colony was refounded by Octavian in 30 BC.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105451213\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.1646","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol11646"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca1b50e1a","lastUpdated":1376049980000,"anchor":"rpcvol11646","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca1b50e1a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049980000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"philippi_rpc_1647.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., (Mail Bid 75, lot 797) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Philippi\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/501482\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"42-30\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":7.17},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony, Q. Paquius Ruf. Leg.\",\"obverse\":\"A I C V P; head of Antony, r.\",\"reverse\":\"Q PAQVIVS RVF LEG C D; togate figure, seated l., on chair holding up writing board (?); at feet, urn.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 1647\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"The obverse legend likely reads A(ntoni) I(ussu) C(olonia) V(ictrix) P(hilippensis). The colony was refounded by Octavian in 30 BC.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105451602\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.1647","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol11647"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca1a907f6","lastUpdated":1376049980000,"anchor":"rpcvol11647","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca1a907f6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049980000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Philippi\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/501482\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"42-30\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4.04},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony, Q. Paquius Ruf. Leg.\",\"obverse\":\"A I C V P; facing head\",\"reverse\":\"Q PAQVIVS RVF LEG C D; plough\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 1648\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"The obverse legend likely reads A(ntoni) I(ussu) C(olonia) V(ictrix) P(hilippensis). The colony was refounded by Octavian in 30 BC.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105451989\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.1648","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol11648"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca19d0e19","lastUpdated":1376049980000,"anchor":"rpcvol11648","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca19d0e19","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049980000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Philippi\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/501482\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"42-30\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.09},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony, Q. Paquius Ruf. Leg.\",\"obverse\":\"A I C V P; urn\",\"reverse\":\"Q PAQVIVS RVF LEG C D in wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 1649\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P. P. Ripolles (1992), Roman Provincial Coinage Vol 1. London.\",\"notes\":\"The obverse legend likely reads A(ntoni) I(ussu) C(olonia) V(ictrix) P(hilippensis). The colony was refounded by Octavian in 30 BC.\",\"oldTitle\":\"105452208\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.1649","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol11649"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca19007f5","lastUpdated":1376049980000,"anchor":"rpcvol11649","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca19007f5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049980000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_501.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78, Lot 135) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Treviri\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/109390\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-51,\"until\":-50,\"note\":\"51-50\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.69},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"A Hirtius\",\"obverse\":\"A HIRTIVS; elephant, r.\",\"reverse\":\"Priestly attributes: apex, aspergillum and simpulum\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 501\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M. & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 16-17mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102685111\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.501","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1501"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cafae084a","lastUpdated":1376049956000,"anchor":"rpcvol1501","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cafae084a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049956000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_502.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Jean Elsen & ses Fils S.A (Auction 92, lot 65)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Treviri\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/109390\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-30,\"until\":-29,\"note\":\"30-29\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.9},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Carina\",\"obverse\":\"CARINA (retrograde); elephant, r.\",\"reverse\":\"Priestly attributes: apex, aspergillum and simpulum.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 502\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 15-16mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102685779\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.502","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1502"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caf8b0e6e","lastUpdated":1376049956000,"anchor":"rpcvol1502","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caf8b0e6e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049956000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_503.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78, lot 136). (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-45,\"until\":-44,\"note\":\"45-44\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.6},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"A Hirtius\",\"obverse\":\"Head, r., with different names of local chiefs.\",\"reverse\":\"A HIR IMP; lion, r.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 503\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102686183\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.503","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1503"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caf730849","lastUpdated":1376049956000,"anchor":"rpcvol1503","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caf730849","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049956000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_504.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung (Auction 134, Lot 1767)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Ruteni (Aveyron)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/138546\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"?30's BC\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Munatius Plancus\",\"obverse\":\"L MVNATI; head, l.; below, X.\",\"reverse\":\"ATTALVS; bird seizing a snake, r,; above, palm and S.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 504\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 16-17mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102687549\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.504","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1504"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caf590e6d","lastUpdated":1376049956000,"anchor":"rpcvol1504","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caf590e6d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049956000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_505.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Comptoir Général Financier (Mail Bid Sale 43, lot 1133).\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Ruteni (Aveyron)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/138546\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"?30's\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3.11},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Munatius Plancus\",\"obverse\":\"L MVNATI; head, l.; below, X.\",\"reverse\":\"ATTALVS; bird seizing a snake, r,; above, palm and S.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 505\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102688169\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.505","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1505"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caf400848","lastUpdated":1376049957000,"anchor":"rpcvol1505","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caf400848","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049957000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_507.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 181, Lot 36) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain (southern Gaul)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-25,\"until\":0,\"note\":\"?Late 1st Century BC\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.65},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"T. Pom. Sex. f.\",\"obverse\":\"SEX F; draped bust, bare head, r.; behind, floral ornament.\",\"reverse\":\"T POM; bull, r.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 507\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"The coin may date from the last decades of the first century BC. \",\"oldTitle\":\"102689650\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.507","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1507"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caef70e6b","lastUpdated":1376049957000,"anchor":"rpcvol1507","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caef70e6b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049957000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lugdunum (Lyon)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/167717\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-43,\"note\":\"43\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L Munatius Plancus\",\"obverse\":\"COPIA FELIX; turreted head of the city goddess with cornucopia.\",\"reverse\":\"MVNATIA; a galloping bull, l., checked by Hercules; in the field, r., a club.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 511\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102689474\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.511","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1511"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caf0f0847","lastUpdated":1376049957000,"anchor":"rpcvol1511","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caf0f0847","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049957000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_512.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 931) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lugdunum (Lyon)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/167717\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-43,\"note\":\"43\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":1.7},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Victory/Fulvia, r.\",\"reverse\":\"Lion walking, r.; below, LVGV; above, DVNI; in field, A XL.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 512\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102690004\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.512","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1512"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caee00846","lastUpdated":1376049957000,"anchor":"rpcvol1512","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caee00846","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049957000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_513.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 483)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lugdunum (Lyon)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/167717\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"42\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":1.71},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"III.VIR R.P.C.; bust of Victory/Fulvia, r.\",\"reverse\":\"Lion walking, r.; above, ANTONI; below, IMP; in field, A XLI.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 513\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.513","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1513"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caec80e6a","lastUpdated":1385052281000,"anchor":"rpcvol1513","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09caec80e6a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1385052281000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_514.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Roma Numismatics Ltd (Auction IV, Lot 1990) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lugdunum (Lyon)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/167717\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-38,\"note\":\"38\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":20.99},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"IMP CAESAR DIVI F DIVI IVLI; laureate head of Caesar, l., and bare head of Octavian, r.\",\"reverse\":\"COPIA; prow, with a dolphin above, meta.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 514\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Leaded Bronze. Diameters range between 30-32mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102714836\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.514","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1514"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caeb00845","lastUpdated":1376049957000,"anchor":"rpcvol1514","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09caeb00845","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049957000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_515.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gemini, LLC (Auction X, Lot 449) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lugdunum (Lyon)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/167717\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-36,\"until\":-36,\"note\":\"36\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":18.49},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"IMP CAESAR DIVI F DIVI IVLI; laureate head of Caesar, l., and bare head of Octavian, r.; between heads, palm-branch.\",\"reverse\":\"COPIA; prow, with an eye and a dolphin; above, meta and a star superimposed on a globe.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 515\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Leaded Bronze. Diameters range between 30-32mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102715054\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.515","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1515"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cae980e69","lastUpdated":1376049958000,"anchor":"rpcvol1515","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cae980e69","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049958000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Lugdunum (Lyon)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/167717\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-36,\"until\":-36,\"note\":\"?36\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":5.31},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"CAESAR DIVI F; head of Octavian, r.\",\"reverse\":\"COPIA; a galloping bull, r.; below, snake with erect head.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 516\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102723838\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.516","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1516"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cae800844","lastUpdated":1376049958000,"anchor":"rpcvol1516","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cae800844","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049958000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_517.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78, Lot 1150) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Vienna\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/167719\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-36,\"until\":-36,\"note\":\"?36\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":19.19},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"IMP CAESAR DIVI F DIVI IVLI; bare heads of Caesar, l., and Octavian, r.\",\"reverse\":\"C•I•V• ; prow with superstructure, r.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 517\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Amandry (CNEB, April-June 1986, pp. 27-34) suggests this issue is a dupondius. Diameters range between 29-31mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102724071\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.517","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1517"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cae670e68","lastUpdated":1376049958000,"anchor":"rpcvol1517","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cae670e68","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049958000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_518.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung (Auction 134, Lot 1767) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Narbo\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246347\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"c. 40\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":29,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":17.38},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"CAESAR; head of Octavian, with a slight beard, r.\",\"reverse\":\"Prow with superstructure and mast, r.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 518\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Leaded Bronze. Diameters range between 28-30mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102724661\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.518","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1518"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cae4f0843","lastUpdated":1376049958000,"anchor":"rpcvol1518","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cae4f0843","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049958000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_519.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG



(Auction _, Lot _) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Nemausus (Nîmes)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/148142\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"40\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":11,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":0.39},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Helmeted and draped bust, r.\",\"reverse\":\"NEM COL; in a wreath.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 519\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AR Obol. Diameters range between 10-11mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102725497\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.519","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1519"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cae370e67","lastUpdated":1376049958000,"anchor":"rpcvol1519","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cae370e67","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049958000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_520.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 48, Lot 1145) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Nemausus (Nîmes)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/148142\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"c. 40\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":16,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.22},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Helmeted and draped bust, r.; behind, S.\",\"reverse\":\"NEM COL; Hygeia/Valetudo/Salus standing, l., left arm on a column, holding patera over two snakes.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 520\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 15-16mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102725684\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.520","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1520"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cae1f0842","lastUpdated":1376049958000,"anchor":"rpcvol1520","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cae1f0842","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049958000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_521.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 181, lot 33) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Nemausus (Nîmes)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/148142\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"c. 40\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.19},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Helmeted and draped bust, r.; behind, Q.\",\"reverse\":\"NEM COL; inverted urn between two palms.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 521\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 13-14mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102726601\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.521","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1521"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cae060e66","lastUpdated":1376049958000,"anchor":"rpcvol1521","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cae060e66","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049958000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_522.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 201, Lot 209) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Nemausus (Nîmes)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/148142\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-27,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"c. 27\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":29,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":16.74},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"IMP DIVI F; above and below heads of Agrippa to l. and Augustus to r., back to back; Agrippa wears a rostral crown combined with laurel wreath; Augustus is bare-headed.\",\"reverse\":\"COL NEM; to l. and r. of a palm to which a crocodile is chained; above palm, wreath with long ties.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 522\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 28-29mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102726942\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.522","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1522"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cadef0841","lastUpdated":1376049959000,"anchor":"rpcvol1522","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cadef0841","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049959000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_527.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb Ltd (28 Sept 10 Auction, lot 698)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cabellio (Cavaillon)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/148027\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"44-42\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":0.97},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Lepidus\",\"obverse\":\"CABE; head of Apollo, r.\",\"reverse\":\"LE PI; cornucopia; all in wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 527\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AR Hemidrachm\",\"oldTitle\":\"102727795\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.527","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1527"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cadd60e65","lastUpdated":1376049959000,"anchor":"rpcvol1527","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cadd60e65","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049959000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_528.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 51, Lot 787)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cabellio (Cavaillon)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/148027\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"44-42\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":11,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":0.45},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Lepidus\",\"obverse\":\"CABE; head of Apollo, r.\",\"reverse\":\"LE PI; cornucopia; all in wreath.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 528\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AR Obol, Diameters range between 10-11mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102727987\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.528","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1528"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cadb70840","lastUpdated":1376049959000,"anchor":"rpcvol1528","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cadb70840","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049959000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_529.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78, Lot 1178) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cabellio (Cavaillon)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/148027\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-30,\"note\":\"?40-30\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":1.96},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"?Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"COL; helmeted head, r.\",\"reverse\":\"CABE; head of Apollo, r.; all in a wreath of myrtle.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 529\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AE Quadrans? Diameters range between 14-16mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102740418\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.529","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1529"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cad9d0e64","lastUpdated":1376049959000,"anchor":"rpcvol1529","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cad9d0e64","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049959000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_531.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction 85, Lot 577) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Antipolis (Antibes)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/157812\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-43,\"note\":\"44-43\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":15,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.25},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"IΣΛEM; diademed head of Venus, right.\",\"reverse\":\"ANT (I) (Π) ΛEΠI; Victory crowning a trophy\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 531\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"102741314\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.531","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1531"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cad85083f","lastUpdated":1376049959000,"anchor":"rpcvol1531","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cad85083f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049959000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_532.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Comptoir Général Financier (Mail Bid Sale 34, lot 1126)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Antipolis (Antibes)\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/157812\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-44,\"until\":-43,\"note\":\"44-43 (or later)\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.4},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Varying names; diademed head of Venus, right.\",\"reverse\":\"ANT (I) (¿) ¿E¿I; Victory crowning a trophy\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"RPC Vol. 1 532\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"For an image of a similar coin (with different obverse inscription) see RPC Vol. 1 531. Diameters range between 10-13mm.\",\"oldTitle\":\"102742866\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.532","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1532"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cad6a0e63","lastUpdated":1376049959000,"anchor":"rpcvol1532","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cad6a0e63","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049959000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Forum Julii\",\"region\":\"Northern Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/383680\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"c. 31-27\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":11,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Prow with rostra, left.\",\"reverse\":\"Capricorn with globe, r.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 534\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 10-12mm.\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.534","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1534"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cad4d083e","lastUpdated":1377621089000,"anchor":"rpcvol1534","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cad4d083e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377621089000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"RPC_535.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Comptoir Général Financier (Mail Bid Sale 32, lot 831).\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Forum Julii\",\"region\":\"Northern Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/383680\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"c. 31-27\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":12,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":2.2},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head, right.\",\"reverse\":\"Capricorn with cornucopia, r.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 535\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 10-14mm.\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.535","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1535"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cad2f0e62","lastUpdated":1377621105000,"anchor":"rpcvol1535","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cad2f0e62","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377621105000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Forum Julii\",\"region\":\"Northern Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/383680\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-27,\"note\":\"c. 31-27\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":14,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.22},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Prow with rostra, left.\",\"reverse\":\"Capricorn, r.; below, O.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 536\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"AR Drachm, Diameters range between 12-16mm.\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.536","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1536"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cad10083d","lastUpdated":1377621118000,"anchor":"rpcvol1536","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cad10083d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377621118000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"rpc_601.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction 87, Lot 945) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Mediolanum (Milan)\",\"region\":\"Northern Italy\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/383706\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-45,\"note\":\"46-45\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"metal\":\"Or\",\"weight\":14.91},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Clovius\",\"obverse\":\"CAESAR DIC TER; draped bust of Victory, right; (behind, star).\",\"reverse\":\"C. CLOV PRAEF; Minerva standing, l., with trophy and spear and shield; before, snake.\"},\"reference\":\"RPC 1 601\",\"bibliography\":\"Burnett A., Amandry M., & Ripollé P.P. (1992) Roman Provincial Coinage Vol. 1, London, The British Museum Press.\",\"notes\":\"Diameters range between 27-28mm.\"}","title":"RPC.Vol.1.601","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rpcvol1601"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cacc40e61","lastUpdated":1377621130000,"anchor":"rpcvol1601","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cacc40e61","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377621130000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_282_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 288, Lot 356) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Narbo\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246347\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-118,\"until\":-118,\"note\":\"118\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.98},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Pomponius Cn. f., L. Licinius, Cn. Domitius, and associates\",\"obverse\":\"Helmeted head of Roma r.; before M.AVELI upwards; behind, ROMA downwards and X. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Naked, bearded warrior in biga r., holding shield, carnyx and reins l. hand and hurling spear with r. hand; below SCARI; in exergue, L.LIC.CN.DOM. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 282/1-5\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"Denarius, struck for foundation of colony.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100874814\"}","title":"RRC.282/1-5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc28215"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd23108cd","lastUpdated":1376049917000,"anchor":"rrc28215","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd23108cd","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049917000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_359_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica (Auction 46 Lot 372)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Sulla\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-84\",\"until\":\"-83\",\"note\":\"84-83\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Sulla\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Venus r., wearing diadem; on r., Cupid holding palm-branch; below, L.SVLLA. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Two trophies; between, jug and lituus; above, IMPER; below, ITERVM or ITERV. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"10.76\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 359/1\",\"notes\":\"Only nine specimens known.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100881743\"}","title":"RRC.359/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc3591"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd1dd08cc","lastUpdated":1376049917000,"anchor":"rrc3591","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd1dd08cc","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049917000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_359_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 279 Lot 331) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Sulla\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-84,\"until\":-83,\"note\":\"84-83\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.94},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Sulla\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Venus r., wearing diadem; on r., Cupid holding palm-branch; below, L.SVLLA. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Two trophies; between jug and lituus; above, IMPER; below, ITERVM or ITERV. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 359/2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100877937\"}","title":"RRC.359/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc3592"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd2050ef4","lastUpdated":1376049917000,"anchor":"rrc3592","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd2050ef4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049917000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_365_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 64 Lot 954)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Massalia\",\"region\":\"Gaul\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/148127\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-82,\"until\":-82,\"note\":\"82\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":4.01},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Valerius Flaccus\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of VIctory r., draped; behind, control-symbol. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Legionary eagle; on l., standard of maniple of hastati; on r., standard of maniple of principes; below EX S.C.; on l., C.VA.FLA upwards; on r., IMPERAT upwards. Line border.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 365/1a-c\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"Coin image 1a, control-symbol - Caduceus\",\"oldTitle\":\"100884139\"}","title":"RRC.365/1a-c","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc3651ac"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd1b30ef3","lastUpdated":1376049917000,"anchor":"rrc3651ac","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd1b30ef3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049917000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_366_2b.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction Lot 288) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Northern Italy or Spain\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-82\",\"until\":\"-81\",\"note\":\"82-81\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Annius\",\"obverse\":\"Female bust r., draped and wearing diadem; around, C.ANNI.T.F.T.N.PRO.COS.EX.S.C; below, control-letter with dot. Bead and reel border\",\"reverse\":\"Victory in quadriga r., holding reins in l. hand and palm-branch in r.hand; in exergue, L.FABI.L.F.HISP; above, Q; below control letter with dot. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"19\",\"weight\":\"3.93\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 366/1a-c, 2a-b, 3a-c, 4\",\"notes\":\"Within each variety, no control-mark has more than one die.



Group 1. 1a-c: Obverse; before, scales; behind, winged caduceus. Border of dots.



Group 2. 3a-c: Obverse; before, scales. Reverse; above, HISP.Q.



4; Reverse; Victory in biga r., holding reins in l. hand and palm-branch in r. hand; in exergue, C.TARQVITI.P.F.; below horses, Q; above horses, control-number. Border of dots\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100885556\"}","title":"RRC.366/1a-c,2a-b,3a-c,4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc3661ac2ab3ac4"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd18b08cb","lastUpdated":1376049917000,"anchor":"rrc3661ac2ab3ac4","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd18b08cb","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049917000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_367_5.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 281 Lot 267) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Sulla\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-82\",\"until\":\"82\",\"note\":\"82\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Sulla and L. Manlius Torquatus\",\"obverse\":\"Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind L.M downards; before, ANLI.PROQ upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Triumphator, crowned by flying Victory\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"19\",\"weight\":\"3.87\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 367/1,3,5\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100889196\"}","title":"RRC.367/1,3,5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc367135"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd1610ef2","lastUpdated":1376049917000,"anchor":"rrc367135","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd1610ef2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049917000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_367_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 54, lot 433)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Sulla\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-82\",\"until\":\"-82\",\"note\":\"82\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Sulla and L. Manlius Torquatus\",\"obverse\":\"Helmeted head of Roma r; behind L.M downwards; before, L.MANLI PROQ. upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Triumphator, crownded by flying Victory, in quadriga r., holding reins in l. hand and caduceus in r. hand; in exergue, L.SULLA.IMPE or L.SULLA.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"10.75\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 367/2,4\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100890056\"}","title":"RRC.367/2,4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc36724"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd13908ca","lastUpdated":1376049918000,"anchor":"rrc36724","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd13908ca","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049918000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_368_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 164)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Sulla\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-82\",\"until\":\"-82\",\"note\":\"82\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Sulla\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Janus; above, I.\",\"reverse\":\"Prow r.; above, L.SV or L. SVA; below, IMPE.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 368/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100890974\"}","title":"RRC.368/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc3681"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd1110ef1","lastUpdated":1376049918000,"anchor":"rrc3681","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd1110ef1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049918000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_373_1b.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 171)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-81\",\"until\":\"-81\",\"note\":\"81\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Anonymous\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Apollo r. Line border.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory r. crowning trophy; in exergue, ROMA; control-mark between Victory and trophy.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"1.54\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 373/1a-b\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100901498\"}","title":"RRC.373/1a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc3731ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd0e908c9","lastUpdated":1376049918000,"anchor":"rrc3731ab","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd0e908c9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049918000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_374_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 279 Lot 339) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Northern Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-81\",\"until\":\"-81\",\"note\":\"81\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Pietas r., wearing diadem; before, stork. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Elephant l.; in exergue, Q.C.M.P.I. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"17\",\"weight\":\"3.92\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 374/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100914889\"}","title":"RRC.374/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc3741"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd0c10ef0","lastUpdated":1376049918000,"anchor":"rrc3741","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd0c10ef0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049918000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_374_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 279 Lot 340) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Northern Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-81\",\"until\":\"-81\",\"note\":\"81\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Pietas r., wearing diadem; before, stork. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Jug and lituus; in exergue, IMPER. Laurel-wreath border.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"19\",\"weight\":\"3.74\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 374/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100915387\"}","title":"RRC.374/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc3742"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd09908c8","lastUpdated":1376049918000,"anchor":"rrc3742","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd09908c8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049918000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-81\",\"until\":\"-81\",\"note\":\"81\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q (Anonymous)\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Venus r., wearing diadem. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Double cornucopiae; below, Q. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 375/1\",\"notes\":\"Identical to RRC 375/2 apart from metal.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100963253\"}","title":"RRC.375/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc3751"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd04908c7","lastUpdated":1376049918000,"anchor":"rrc3751","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cd04908c7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049918000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_375_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 1 & 2 Lot 774) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-81\",\"until\":\"-81\",\"note\":\"81\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q (Uncertain)\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Venus r., wearing diadem. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Double cornucopiae; below, Q. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"18\",\"weight\":\"3.92\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 375/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100915979\"}","title":"RRC.375/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc3752"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd0700eef","lastUpdated":1376049918000,"anchor":"rrc3752","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd0700eef","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049918000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_376_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 54, Lot 212)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-81\",\"until\":\"-81\",\"note\":\"81\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"EX S.C.\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Venus r., wearing diadem; behind, control-mark. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Cornucopiae; on r., EX upwards; on l., S.C downwards; around, laurel-wreath. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"4.19\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 376/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100963360\"}","title":"RRC.376/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc3761"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd0220eee","lastUpdated":1376049919000,"anchor":"rrc3761","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cd0220eee","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049919000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_393_1b.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction 91 Lot 834) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"?Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-76,\"until\":-75,\"note\":\"76-75\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.98},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Lentulus\",\"obverse\":\"Male bust r. (Genius Populi Romani), draped, hair tied with band, and with sceptre over shoulder; above, G.P.R. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Sceptre with wreath, globe and rudder; on l., EX; on r., S.C; below, LENT.CVR.X.FL or LENT.CVR.X.F.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 393/1b\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"1a, Similar obverse. Reverse; below, CN.LEN.Q.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100964572\"}","title":"RRC.393/1b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc3931b"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccffa08c6","lastUpdated":1376049919000,"anchor":"rrc3931b","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccffa08c6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049919000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_443_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4 Lot 882) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Caesar\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-49\",\"until\":\"-48\",\"note\":\"49-48\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Julius Caesar\",\"obverse\":\"Pontifical emblems - culullus, aspergillum, axe and apex. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Elephant r., trampling dragon; in exergue, CAESAR. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"18\",\"weight\":\"3.94\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 443/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100967977\"}","title":"RRC.443/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4431"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccfd40eed","lastUpdated":1376049919000,"anchor":"rrc4431","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccfd40eed","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049919000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_444_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4 Lot 860) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Pompey\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-49\",\"until\":\"-49\",\"note\":\"49\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo r., hair tied with band; below, star; before, Q.SICINIVS downwards; behind, III.VIR upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Club upright, on which hangs lion's skin (head in profile); on l., arrow; on r., bow; on r., C.COPONIVS downwards; on l., PR.SC upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"19\",\"weight\":\"3.95\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 444/1a\",\"notes\":\"444/1b Obverse; similar. Reverse; Similar, but lion's head facing.



444/1c Obverse; Similar, but head l. Reverse; similar to 1a.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100968732\"}","title":"RRC.444/1a","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4441a"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccfab08c5","lastUpdated":1376049919000,"anchor":"rrc4441a","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccfab08c5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049919000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_445_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton VI Lot 752) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Apollonia, then Asia\",\"region\":\"Israel, then Asia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-49,\"until\":-49,\"note\":\"49\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.93},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Lentulus and C. Claudius Marcellus\",\"obverse\":\"Triskeles with winged head of Medusa in centre and corn-ears between legs. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Jupiter standing facing, holding thunderbolt in r. hand and eagle in l. hand; on l., LENT MAR upwards; on r., COS upwards; on far r., harpa. Border of dots\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 445/1a\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"445/1b Obverse; similar. Reverse; Similar, but no harpa.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100971090\"}","title":"RRC.445/1a","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4451a"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccf830eec","lastUpdated":1376049919000,"anchor":"rrc4451a","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccf830eec","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049919000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_445_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction Triton VI Lot 753) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Apollonia, then Asia\",\"region\":\"Israel, then Asia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-49,\"until\":-49,\"note\":\"49\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.98},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Lentulus and C. Claudius Marcellus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Apollo r.; before, L.LENT.C.MARC downwards; behind, COS upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Jupiter standing facing, holding thunderbolt in r. hand and eagle in l. hand; on l., star and Q; on r., altar decorated with garland. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 445/2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"100973066\"}","title":"RRC.445/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4452"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccf5b08c4","lastUpdated":1376049919000,"anchor":"rrc4452","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccf5b08c4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049919000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_445_3b.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 79 Lot 976) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Apollonia, then Asia\",\"region\":\"Israel, then Asia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-49,\"until\":-49,\"note\":\"49\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.87},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Lentulus and C. Claudius Marcellus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Jupiter r. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Artemis of Ephesus facing; on r., L.LENTVLVS downwards; on l., MAR COS upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 445/3a-b\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 445/3a Obverse; similar. Reverse; Similar, but on l., C.MARC.COS. upwards\",\"oldTitle\":\"100973998\"}","title":"RRC.445/3a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4453ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccf2e0eeb","lastUpdated":1376049920000,"anchor":"rrc4453ab","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccf2e0eeb","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049920000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_446_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4 Lot 854) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Pompey\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-49\",\"until\":\"-49\",\"note\":\"49\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius Magnus and Cn. Calpurnius Piso\",\"obverse\":\"Bearded head of Numa r., wearing diadem inscribed NVMA; behind, CN.PISO.Q downwards. Line border.\",\"reverse\":\"Prow r.; above, MAGN; below, PRO.COS\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"18\",\"weight\":\"3.77\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 446/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100976384\"}","title":"RRC.446/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4461"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccf0708c3","lastUpdated":1376049920000,"anchor":"rrc4461","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccf0708c3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049920000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_447_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 51, Lot 67)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"moving with Pompey\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-49\",\"until\":\"-49\",\"note\":\"49\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius Magnus and Terentius Varro\",\"obverse\":\"Terminal bust of Jupiter r., wearing diadem; behind, VARRO.PRO.Q downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Sceptre upright; on l., dolphin; on r., eagle; in exergue, MAGN.PRO/COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.85\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 447/1a\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100977275\"}","title":"RRC.447/1a","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4471a"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccee00eea","lastUpdated":1376049920000,"anchor":"rrc4471a","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccee00eea","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049920000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_447_1b.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 342)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Pompey\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-49\",\"until\":\"-49\",\"note\":\"49\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius Magnus and Terentius Varro\",\"obverse\":\"Terminal bust of Jupiter r., wearing diadem; behind, VARRO.PRO.Q downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Similar to Obverse.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"4.07\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 447_1b\",\"notes\":\"Exceedingly rare 'two headed variety'. Hypothesised that Pompey’s field mint ran short of reverse dies.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100981469\"}","title":"RRC.447_1b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4471b"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cceb908c2","lastUpdated":1376049920000,"anchor":"rrc4471b","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cceb908c2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049920000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_452_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 31, Lot 3)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Caesar\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-48\",\"until\":\"-47\",\"note\":\"48-47\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Julius Caesar\",\"obverse\":\"Female head r., wearing oak-wreath and diadem; behind LII. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with Gallic shield and carnyx; on r., axe; below, CAESAR. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"21\",\"weight\":\"8.55\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 452/1\",\"notes\":\"'LII' on obverse reckoned to represent age of Caesar at time of casting.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100982499\"}","title":"RRC.452/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4521"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cce910ee9","lastUpdated":1376049920000,"anchor":"rrc4521","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cce910ee9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049920000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_452_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 69 Lot 1354) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Caesar\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-48\",\"until\":\"-47\",\"note\":\"48-47\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Julius Caesar\",\"obverse\":\"Female head r., wearing oak-wreath and diadem; behind, LII downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with Gallic shield and carnyx; on r., axe; below, CAESAR. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.99\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 452/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100983795\"}","title":"RRC.452/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4522"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cce6b08c1","lastUpdated":1376049920000,"anchor":"rrc4522","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cce6b08c1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049920000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_452_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 356)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Caesar\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-48\",\"until\":\"-47\",\"note\":\"48-47\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Julius Caesar\",\"obverse\":\"Female head r., wearing veil; behind, LII downwards and culullus. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with round shield and sword; on l., wreath; on r., ancile; below, CAESAR. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"1.86\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 452/3\",\"notes\":\"Quinarius\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100986286\"}","title":"RRC.452/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4523"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cce440ee8","lastUpdated":1376049921000,"anchor":"rrc4523","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cce440ee8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049921000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_452_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4 Lot 886) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Caesar\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-48\",\"until\":\"-47\",\"note\":\"48-47\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Julius Caesar\",\"obverse\":\"Female head r., wearing oak-wreath and diadem; behind, LII downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with Gallic shield and carnyx; below, bearded captive seated with hands tied behind back; on either side, CAESAR. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"20\",\"weight\":\"3.55\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 452/4,5\",\"notes\":\"RRC 452/4 similar to 452/5, but on reverse captive looks up at trophy.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100986957\"}","title":"RRC.452/4,5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc45245"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cce1d08c0","lastUpdated":1376049921000,"anchor":"rrc45245","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cce1d08c0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049921000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_456_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 31 Lot 4)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"East\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-47\",\"until\":\"-47\",\"note\":\"47\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Julius Caesar\",\"obverse\":\"Axe and culullus; on r., CAESAR downwards; on l., DICT upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Jug and lituus; below, ITER. Laurel-wreath as border.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"21\",\"weight\":\"8.13\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 456/1a-b\",\"notes\":\"RRC 456/1b; Obverse; similar, but on l., CAESAR upwards and on r., DICT upwards. Reverse; similar.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"100991532\"}","title":"RRC.456/1a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4561ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccdf40ee7","lastUpdated":1376049921000,"anchor":"rrc4561ab","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccdf40ee7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049921000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_457_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 374)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Sicily\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981549\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-47,\"note\":\"47\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":4.2},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Julius Caesar and A. Allienus\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Venus r., draped and wearing diadem; around, C.CAESAR IMP. COS. ITER. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trinacrus l., placing r. foot on prow and holding triskeles in r. hand and cloak in l. hand; around, A.ALLIENVS PRO.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 457/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"100995113\"}","title":"RRC.457/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4571"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccdcf08bf","lastUpdated":1376049921000,"anchor":"rrc4571","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccdcf08bf","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049921000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_458_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction 91 Lot 846) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.84},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Julius Caesar\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Venus r., wearing diadem. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Aeneas l., carrying palladium in r. hand and Anchises on l. shoulder; on r., CAESAR downwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 458/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"100995927\"}","title":"RRC.458/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4581"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccda70ee6","lastUpdated":1376049921000,"anchor":"rrc4581","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccda70ee6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049921000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_459_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 62, Lot 2001)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":4.07},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Metellus Scipio\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Jupiter r.; before, Q.METEL downwards; below, PIVS. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Elephant r.; above, SCIPIO; below, IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 459/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"100997360\"}","title":"RRC.459/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4591"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccd7808be","lastUpdated":1376049921000,"anchor":"rrc4591","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccd7808be","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049921000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Metellus Scipio and P. Licinius Crassus \",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Jupiter r., hair tied with band; below, eagle's head and sceptre; before, METEL.PIVS downwards; behind, SCIP.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Curule chair; above, scales balanced on cornucopiae; on l., corn-ear; on r., dragon's head; on r., CRASS.IVN downwards; on l., LEG.PRO.PR upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 460/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"Image unavailable\",\"oldTitle\":\"100998614\"}","title":"RRC.460/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4601"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccd520ee5","lastUpdated":1376049922000,"anchor":"rrc4601","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccd520ee5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049922000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_460_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 377)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.88},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Metellus Scipio and P. Licinius Crassus\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Jupiter r., hair tied with band; below, eagle's head and sceptre; before, METEL.PIVS downwards; behind, SCIP.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Curule chair; above, scales balanced on cornucopiae; on l., corn-ear; on r., dragon's head; on r., CRASS.IVN downwards; on l., LEG.PRO.PR upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 460/2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"100998781\"}","title":"RRC.460/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4602"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccd2908bd","lastUpdated":1376049922000,"anchor":"rrc4602","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccd2908bd","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049922000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_460_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 41, Lot 14)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.9},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Metellus Scipio and P. Licinius Crassus\",\"obverse\":\"Female head r., wearing turreted crown; on l., corn-ear; on r., caduceus; below, rostrum tridens; above, uncertain rectangular object; on r., CRASS.IVN downwards; on l., LEG.PRO.PR upwards. Laurel-wreath as border.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy; on l., lituus; on r., jug; on far r., METEL.PIVS downwards; on far l., SCIP.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 460/3\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"100999726\"}","title":"RRC.460/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4603"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccd030ee4","lastUpdated":1376049922000,"anchor":"rrc4603","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccd030ee4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049922000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_460_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 379)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.95},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Metellus Scipio and P. Licinius Crassus\",\"obverse\":\"Lion-headed Genius terrae Africae (head surmounted by disk), holding ankh in r. hand; above, G.T.A; on r., Q.METEL.PIVS downwards; on l., SCIPIO.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory standing l., holding caduceus in r. hand, patera in l. hand; behind, P.CRASSUS.IVN downwards; before, LEG.PRO.PR upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 460/4\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101000300\"}","title":"RRC.460/4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4604"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cccdc08bc","lastUpdated":1376049922000,"anchor":"rrc4604","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cccdc08bc","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049922000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_461_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 380)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.91},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Metellus Scipio and Eppius Legatus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Africa r., laureate and wearing elephant's skin; on r., corn-ear; below, plough; on far r., Q.METELL downwards; on l., SCIPIO.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Hercules standing facing, with r. hand on hip and resting l. arm on club draped with lion's skin (club rests on rock); on r., EPPIVS downwards; on l., LEG.F.C upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 461/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101001388\"}","title":"RRC.461/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4611"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccca90ee3","lastUpdated":1376049922000,"anchor":"rrc4611","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccca90ee3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049922000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_462_1b.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 40, Lot 555)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.9},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Porcius Cato\",\"obverse\":\"Female bust r., draped, hair tied with band; behind, ROMA; before, M.CATO.PRO.PR upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory seated r., holding wreath in r. hand and palm-branch in l. hand, over l. shoulder; in exergue, VICTRIX. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 462/1a-c\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 462/1b.



462/1a Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but holding patera in r. hand.



461/1c Obverse; similar but hair-style different (no band) and no ROMA. Reverse; similar to 461/1a.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101002620\"}","title":"RRC.462/1a-c","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4621ac"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccc8408bb","lastUpdated":1376049922000,"anchor":"rrc4621ac","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccc8408bb","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049922000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_462_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 48 Lot 1040) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-47,\"until\":-46,\"note\":\"47-46\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":1.88},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Porcius Cato\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Liber r., wearing ivy-wreath; below, M.CAO.PRO.PR. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory seated r., holding patera in r. hand and palm-branch in l.hand, over l. shoulder; in exergue, VICTRIX. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 462/2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101003569\"}","title":"RRC.462/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4622"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccc5d0ee2","lastUpdated":1376049922000,"anchor":"rrc4622","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccc5d0ee2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049922000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_467_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 171 Lot 265) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Uncertain\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-46\",\"until\":\"-46\",\"note\":\"46\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Julius Caesar\",\"obverse\":\"Headof Ceres r.,; behind, COS.TERT downwards; before, DICT.ITER upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Culullus, aspergillum, jug and lituus; above, AVGVR; below, PONT.MAX; on r., D. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"18\",\"weight\":\"4.06\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 467/1a-b\",\"notes\":\"RRC 467/1a.



RRC 467/1b similar, Obverse; Similar. Reverse; Similar, but on r., M.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101004632\"}","title":"RRC.467/1a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4671ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccc370ee1","lastUpdated":1376049923000,"anchor":"rrc4671ab","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccc370ee1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049923000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_468_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 413)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-45,\"note\":\"46-45\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.81},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Julius Caesar\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Venus r., wearing diadem; behind, Cupid. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with oval shield and carnyx in each hand; on l., seated female captive resting head in r. hand; on r., bearded captive seated with hands tied behind back; in exergue, CAESAR. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 468/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101029768\"}","title":"RRC.468/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4681"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccc100ee0","lastUpdated":1376049923000,"anchor":"rrc4681","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccc100ee0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049923000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_468_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 46, Lot 430)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-45,\"note\":\"46-45\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.77},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Julius Caesar\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Venus l., draped, wearing diadem and with star in hair; on shoulder, Cupid; behind, sceptre; on l., lituus. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with oval shield and carnyx in r.hand and oblong shield and carnyx in l. hand; on l., kneeling bearded captive with hands tied behind back; on r., seated female captive resting head in r. hand; in exergue, CAESAR. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 468/2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101040934\"}","title":"RRC.468/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4682"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccbea08ba","lastUpdated":1376049923000,"anchor":"rrc4682","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccbea08ba","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049923000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_469_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction 90 Lot 1375) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-45,\"note\":\"46-45\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":17,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.81},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius (Jr) and M. Poblicius\",\"obverse\":\"Helmeted head of Roma r.; before, M.POBLICI.LEG.PRO upwards; behind, PR downwards. Bead and reel border.\",\"reverse\":\"Female figure standing r., with shield slung on back, holding two spears in l. hand and with r. hand giving palm-branch to soldier, standing l. on prow of ship; on r., CN.MAGNUS.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 469/1a-e\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 469/1a. RRC 469/1b-e similar.



469/1b. Obverse; similar. Reverse; Similar, but prow of ship much larger.



469/1c. Obverse; similar. Reverse; Similar to 1a, but palm-branch with long stem.



469/1d. Obverse; similar. Reverse; Similar to 1b, but palm-branch with long stem.



469/1e. Obverse Similar, but before, M.POBLICI.LEG. upwards; behind, PRO.PR downwards. Border of dots. Reverse; similar to 1d.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101041668\"}","title":"RRC.469/1a-e","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4691ae"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccb9b0edf","lastUpdated":1376049923000,"anchor":"rrc4691ae","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccb9b0edf","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049923000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_470_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 59, Lot 1783)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-45,\"note\":\"46-45\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":4.07},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius (Jr) and M. Minatius Sabinus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Cn. Pompeius Magnus r.; around, varying legend. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Corduba standing r. among a pile of arms, wearing turreted crown, holding sceptre in l. hand and with r. hand welcoming Pompeian soldier who debarks from stern of ship to r.; in exergue, M.MINAT; on l., PR.Q upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 470/1a\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101095689\"}","title":"RRC.470/1a","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4701a"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccbc508b9","lastUpdated":1376049923000,"anchor":"rrc4701a","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccbc508b9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049923000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_470_1c-2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-45,\"note\":\"46-45\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":4.02},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius (Jr) and M. Minatius Sabinus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Cn. Pompeius Magnus r.; around, varying legend. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Spanish city standing r., wearing turreted crown, holding caduceus in l. hand and with r. hand offering branch to Pompeian soldier who stands facing, leaning on spear with r. hand; on r., another Spanish city, walking l., wearing turreted crown, holding trophy in l. hand, over l. shoulder, and with r. hand crowning soldier; in exergue, M.MINAT; SABIN on l., PR.Q upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 470/1c-d\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 470/1c.



470/1d Similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; Similar, but no branch or spear; city and soldier shake hands.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101098401\"}","title":"RRC.470/1c-d","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4701cd"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccb4b08b8","lastUpdated":1376049923000,"anchor":"rrc4701cd","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccb4b08b8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049923000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_470_1c.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Heritage World Coin Auctions (Long Beach Signature Sale 3015 Lot 23263)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-45,\"note\":\"46-45\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":4.02},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius (Jr) and M. Minatius Sabinus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Cn. Pompeius Magnus r.; around, varying legend. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Spanish city standing r., wearing turreted crown, holding caduceus in l. hand and with r. hand offering branch to Pompeian soldier who stands facing, leaning on spear with r. hand; on r., another Spanish city, walking l., wearing turreted crown, holding trophy in l. hand, over l. shoulder, and with r. hand crowning soldier; in exergue M.MINAT; SABIN on l., PR.Q upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 470/1c-d\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 470/1c.



470/1d similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but no branch or spear; city and soldier shake hands.\"}","title":"RRC.470/1c-d.","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4701cd"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccb240edd","lastUpdated":1395152734000,"anchor":"rrc4701cd","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccb240edd","categories":[],"publicationDate":1395152734000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_470_1b.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 54, Lot 966)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-45,\"note\":\"46-45\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.65},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius (Jr) and M. Minatius Sabinus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Cn. Pompeius Magnus r.; around, varying legend. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Spanish city standing r., wearing turreted crown, raising r. hand to greet Pompeian soldier who recieves shield from another Spanish city, kneeling l., wearing turreted crown; in exergue, M.MINAT; on l., PR.Q upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 470/2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101096290\"}","title":"RRC.470/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4702"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccb740ede","lastUpdated":1376049923000,"anchor":"rrc4702","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccb740ede","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049923000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_471_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 78 Lot 1617) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-46,\"until\":-45,\"note\":\"46-45\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":19.72},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Pompeius (Jr)\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Janus; above, I.\",\"reverse\":\"Prow r.; above, CN.MAG; before, I; below, IMP.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 471/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101102691\"}","title":"RRC.471/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4711"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccaff08b7","lastUpdated":1376049924000,"anchor":"rrc4711","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccaff08b7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049924000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_476_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction 87 Lot 945) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Uncertain\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-45\",\"until\":\"-45\",\"note\":\"45\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Clovius and Julius Caesar.\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Victory r., draped; before, CAESAR.DIC.TER upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Minerva standing l., holding trophy over shoulder with r. hand and with l. hand holding spear and shield, decorated with gorgoneion, and from which hang streamers; before, snake; on l., C.CLOVI downwards; on r., PRAEF upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"28\",\"weight\":\"13.53\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 476/1a-b\",\"notes\":\"Orichalcum Dupondius.



RRC 476/1a.



476/1b similar. Obverse; similar, but behind, star. Reverse; similar.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101103252\"}","title":"RRC.476/1a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4761ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccad80edc","lastUpdated":1376049924000,"anchor":"rrc4761ab","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ccad80edc","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049924000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_477_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 440) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-45,\"until\":-44,\"note\":\"45-44\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.53},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sextus Pompeius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Cn. Pompeius Magnus r.; before, SEX.MAGNVS upwards; behind, IMP downwards; below, B. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Pietas standing l., holding palm-branch in r. hand and sceptre in l. hand; behind, PIETAS downwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 477/1a-b\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 477/1a.



477/1b similar. Obverse; similar, but before, SEX.MAGN upwards; behind, IMP downwards; below, SAL. Reverse; similar.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101104199\"}","title":"RRC.477/1a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4771ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccab308b6","lastUpdated":1376049924000,"anchor":"rrc4771ab","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ccab308b6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049924000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_477_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton X, Lot 540) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-45,\"until\":-44,\"note\":\"45-44\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.72},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sextus Pomepius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Cn. Pompeius junior (?) l.; before, SEX.MAGNVS downwards; behind, IMP upwards; below, SAL. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Pietas standing i., holding palm-branch in r. hand and sceptre in l. hand; behind, PIETAS downwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 477/2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\\r\\n\\r\\nButtrey, T. V. (1960). \\\"The 'pietas' denarii of Sextus Pompey.\\\" Numismatic Chronicle 20: 83-101.\\r\\n\\t\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"The identity of the portrait on the obverse has been the subject of debate, but Buttrey argues it should be identified as Pompey the Great, not his son, due to the characteristic 'lick' of hair.\"}","title":"RRC.477/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4772"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cca8e0edb","lastUpdated":1377621190000,"anchor":"rrc4772","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cca8e0edb","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377621190000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_477_3b.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 874) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-45,\"until\":-44,\"note\":\"45-44\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.75},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sextus Pompeius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Cn. Pompeius Magnus r.; around, SEX.MAGN.PIVS.IMP. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Pietas standing l., holding palm-branch in r. hand and sceptre in l. hand; behind, PIETAS downwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 477/3a-b\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 477/3b.



477/3a, similar. Obverse similar, but below, SAL. Reverse; similar.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101106252\"}","title":"RRC.477/3a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4773ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cca6608b5","lastUpdated":1376049924000,"anchor":"rrc4773ab","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cca6608b5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049924000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_478_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 443) \"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/992072\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-45,\"until\":-44,\"note\":\"45-44\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":15.92},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sextus Pompeius and F. Eppius\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head ofJanus; in centre, altar; above, MAGNVS, MAGNVS, MAGNV or MAGN; below, PIVS.IMP.F.\",\"reverse\":\"Prow r.; above, EPPIVS; below, LEG.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 478/1a-b\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"As.



RRC 478/1a.



478/1b similar. Obverse; Similar, but no altar or legend; above, I. Reverse; Similar.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101113739\"}","title":"RRC.478/1a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4781ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cca410eda","lastUpdated":1376049924000,"anchor":"rrc4781ab","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cca410eda","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049924000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_479_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 876) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Spain and Sicily\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-45\",\"until\":\"-35\",\"note\":\"45 onwards\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sextus Pompeius\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Janus, with features of Cn. Pompeius Magnus; above, MAGNVS, MAGNV, MAGN or MGN.\",\"reverse\":\"Prow r.; above, PIVS; below, IMP.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"28\",\"weight\":\"24.05\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 479/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101115235\"}","title":"RRC.479/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4791"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cca1d08b4","lastUpdated":1376049925000,"anchor":"rrc4791","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cca1d08b4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049925000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_482_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XII, Lot 513) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Uncertain\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-44\",\"until\":\"-44\",\"note\":\"44\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Julius Caesar\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Venus r. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy; on l., chariot; on r., shield, two spears and carnyx; on l., C.CAESAR. or CAESAR. upwards; on r., IMP downwards. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.97\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 482/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101116776\"}","title":"RRC.482/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4821"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc9f80ed9","lastUpdated":1376049925000,"anchor":"rrc4821","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc9f80ed9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049925000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_483_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 59, Lot 839)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Sextus Pompeius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-44\",\"until\":\"-43\",\"note\":\"44-43\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sextus Pompeius and Q. Nasidius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Cn. Pompeius Magnus l.; before, trident; below, dolphin; behind, NEPTVNI upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Sea-battle with two ships on each side; below, Q.NASIDIVS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.8\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 483/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101118247\"}","title":"RRC.483/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4831"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc9d308b3","lastUpdated":1376049925000,"anchor":"rrc4831","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc9d308b3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049925000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_483_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 875) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Sextus Pompeius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-44\",\"until\":\"-43\",\"note\":\"44-43\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sextus Pompeius and Q. Nasidius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Cn. Pompeius Magnus r.; before, trident; below, dolphin; behind, NEPTVNI downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Ship sailing r.; above, star; below, Q.NASIDVS or Q.NASIDIV. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"17\",\"weight\":\"3.72\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 483/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101122380\"}","title":"RRC.483/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4832"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc9ac0ed8","lastUpdated":1376049925000,"anchor":"rrc4832","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc9ac0ed8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049925000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_484_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 271, Lot 31) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with C. Antonius\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-43,\"note\":\"43\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":4.05},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Antonius\",\"obverse\":\"Female bust r., draped and wearing causia; around, C.ANTONIVS.M.F.PRO.COS. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Two cululli and axe; below, PONTIFEX. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 484/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101124719\"}","title":"RRC.484/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4841"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc98708b2","lastUpdated":1376049925000,"anchor":"rrc4841","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc98708b2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049925000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_488_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XII, Lot 517) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Transalpina and Cisalpina\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-43,\"note\":\"43\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.73},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and Julius Caesar\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r., bearded; behind, lituus; before, M.ANTON.IMP.R.P.C or M.ANTO.IMP.R.P.C downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Laureate head of Caesar r.; behind, jug; before, CAESAR.DIC downwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 488/1,2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 488/2.



488/1 similar. Obverse; similar, but without R.P.C. Reverse; similar.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101125202\"}","title":"RRC.488/1,2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc48812"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc9630ed7","lastUpdated":1376049925000,"anchor":"rrc48812","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc9630ed7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049925000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_489_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 479)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Transalpina and Cisalpina\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.82},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and M. Lepidus\",\"obverse\":\"Lituus, jug and raven; above, M.ANTON.IMP. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Simpulum, asapergillum, axe and apex; around, M.LEPID.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 489/1,2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 489/2.



489/1 similar. Obverse; similar, but above M.ANTON.COS. Reverse; similar, but M.LEPID.COS.IMP.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101125679\"}","title":"RRC.489/1,2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc48912"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc93e08b1","lastUpdated":1376049926000,"anchor":"rrc48912","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc93e08b1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049926000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_489_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 81, Lot 953) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Transalpina and Cisalpina\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":1.84},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and M. Lepidus\",\"obverse\":\"Lituus, jug and raven; above, M.ANT.IMP. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Simpulum, aspergillum, axe and apex; around, LEP.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 489/3\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"Quinarius\",\"oldTitle\":\"101126354\"}","title":"RRC.489/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4893"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc91b0ed6","lastUpdated":1376049926000,"anchor":"rrc4893","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc91b0ed6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049926000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_489_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 930) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Transalpina and Cisalpina\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":1.9},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and M. Lepidus\",\"obverse\":\"Lituus, jug and raven; above, M.ANT.IMP. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory., crowning trophy. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 489/4\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"Quinarius.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101126864\"}","title":"RRC.489/4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4894"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc8f708b0","lastUpdated":1376049926000,"anchor":"rrc4894","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc8f708b0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049926000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_489_5.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 931) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Transalpina and Cisalpina\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":13,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":1.82},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and M. Lepidus\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of VIctory r. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Lion walking r.; below, LVGV; above, inverted DVNI; on l., A; on r., XL. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 489/5\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"Quinarius\",\"oldTitle\":\"101127857\"}","title":"RRC.489/5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4895"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc8d30ed5","lastUpdated":1376049926000,"anchor":"rrc4895","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc8d30ed5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049926000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_489_6.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 483)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Transalpina and Cisalpina\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":1.71},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and M. Lepidus\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Victory r.; around, M.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Lion walking r.; below IMP; above, ANTONI; on l., A; on r., XLI. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 489/6\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"Quinarius\",\"oldTitle\":\"101128136\"}","title":"RRC.489/6","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4896"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc8b008af","lastUpdated":1376049926000,"anchor":"rrc4896","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc8b008af","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049926000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_490_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 51, Lot 776)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Cisalpina and Italy\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-43,\"note\":\"43\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.81},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around C.CAESAR.IMP. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Equestrian statue l., with r. hand raised; in exergue, S.C. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 490/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101130116\"}","title":"RRC.490/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4901"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc88b0ed4","lastUpdated":1376049926000,"anchor":"rrc4901","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc88b0ed4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049926000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_490_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 41, Lot 22)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Cisalpina and Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-43\",\"note\":\"43\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, C.CAESAR.COS.PONT.AVG. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Laureate head of Caesar r.; around, C.CAESAR.DICT.PERP.PONT.MAX. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"7.68\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 490/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101132160\"}","title":"RRC.490/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4902"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc86708ae","lastUpdated":1376049926000,"anchor":"rrc4902","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc86708ae","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049926000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_490_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 484)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Cisalpina and Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-43\",\"note\":\"43\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around C.CAESAR.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Equestrian statue r., with r. hand raised; in exergue, S.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.86\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 490/3\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101132464\"}","title":"RRC.490/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4903"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc8440ed3","lastUpdated":1376049927000,"anchor":"rrc4903","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc8440ed3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049927000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image Unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Cisalpina and Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-43\",\"note\":\"43\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around C.CAESAR.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Laureate head of Caesar r. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 490/4\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101133114\"}","title":"RRC.490/4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4904"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc82108ad","lastUpdated":1376049927000,"anchor":"rrc4904","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc82108ad","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049927000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_492_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 51, Lot 99)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Cisalpina\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-43\",\"note\":\"43\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r., bearded; behind, lituus; around, M.ANTONIVS.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, C.CAESAR.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"7.95\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 492/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101133212\"}","title":"RRC.492/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4921"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc7fe0ed2","lastUpdated":1376049927000,"anchor":"rrc4921","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc7fe0ed2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049927000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Cisalpina\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-43\",\"note\":\"43\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r., bearded; behind, lituus; around, M.ANTONIVS.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Lepidus r.; behind, aspergillum and simpulum; around, M.LEPIDVS.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 492/2\",\"notes\":\"Struck by Mark Antony to mark the foundation of the second Triumvirate.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101133734\"}","title":"RRC.492/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4922"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc7db08ac","lastUpdated":1376049927000,"anchor":"rrc4922","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc7db08ac","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049927000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Gallia Cisalpina\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-43\",\"note\":\"43\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, C.CAESAR.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C.PONT.AVG. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r., bearded; behind, lituus; around, M.ANTONIVS.IM.III.VIR.R.P.C.AVG. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 493/1a-c\",\"notes\":\"RRC 493/1a.



493/1b similar. Obverse; similar, but PONT.A^V instead of PONT.AV^G. Reverse; similar, but IMP instead of IM.



493/1c similar. Obverse; similar, but PON^T.A^VG instead of PON^T.A^V. Reverse; similar.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101134203\"}","title":"RRC.493/1a-c","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4931ac"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc7b40ed1","lastUpdated":1376049927000,"anchor":"rrc4931ac","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc7b40ed1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049927000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-42\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Lepidus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of M. Lepidus r.; around, LEPIDVS.PONT.MAX.III.V.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Octavian r.; around, CAESAR.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 495/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101134955\"}","title":"RRC.495/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4951"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc79108ab","lastUpdated":1376049927000,"anchor":"rrc4951","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc79108ab","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049927000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_495_2a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 513)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-42\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Lepidus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of M. Lepidus r.; around, LEPIDVS.PONT.MAX.III.V.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Octavian r.; around, CAESAR.IM^P.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.88\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 495/2a-d\",\"notes\":\"RRC 495/2a.



495/2b similar. Obverse; similar, but legend ends III.VR.R.P.C. Reverse; similar.



495/2c similar. Obverse; similar to 2a. Reverse; similar, but IMP instead of IM^P.



495/2d similar. Obverse; similar to 2a. Reverse; similar, but legend C.CAESAR.IM^P.III.VIR.R.P.C.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101135097\"}","title":"RRC.495/2a-d","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4952ad"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc76c0ed0","lastUpdated":1376049927000,"anchor":"rrc4952ad","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc76c0ed0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049927000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_496_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 514)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-42\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r., bearded; behind, M.ANTONI downwards; before, IMP or IM^P upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Distyle temple; within, medallion bearing radiate bust of Sol facing, draped; around, III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"4.09\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 496/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101135813\"}","title":"RRC.496/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4961"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc74808aa","lastUpdated":1376049928000,"anchor":"rrc4961","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc74808aa","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049928000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_496_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 33, Lot 382) \"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-42\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r., bearded; behind, lituus. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Radiate head of Sol r.; around M.ANTONIVS.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"19\",\"weight\":\"4.07\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 496/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101136296\"}","title":"RRC.496/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4962"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc7250ecf","lastUpdated":1376049928000,"anchor":"rrc4962","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc7250ecf","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049928000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_496_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 40, Lot 603)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-42\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; behind, lituus and IMP upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Radiate head of Sol r.; around M.ANTONIVS.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"20\",\"weight\":\"3.77\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 496/3\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101136537\"}","title":"RRC.496/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4963"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc70108a9","lastUpdated":1376049928000,"anchor":"rrc4963","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc70108a9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049928000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_497_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 67, Lot 104) \"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-42\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, CAESAR.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Equestrian statue l., holding lituus in r. hand (horse decorated with phalerae); in exergue, rostrum tridens, on either side of which, S C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"8.01\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 497/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101136895\"}","title":"RRC.497/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4971"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc6de0ece","lastUpdated":1376049928000,"anchor":"rrc4971","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc6de0ece","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049928000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_497_2a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 517)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-42\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, CAESAR.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Curule chair, of which front and back legs are decorated with sculptured eagles and on which lies wreath, inscribed CA^ESA^R.DIC.PER. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.77\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 497/2a-d\",\"notes\":\"RRC 497/2a.



497/2b similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but CA^ESAR.DIC.PER.



497/2c similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but CA^ESA^R.DIC.PR.



497/2d similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; Similar, but sculptured eagles barely visible; CAESAR.DIC.PER or CAESAR.DIC.PE.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101137286\"}","title":"RRC.497/2a-d","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4972ad"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc6bc08a8","lastUpdated":1376049928000,"anchor":"rrc4972ad","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc6bc08a8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049928000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_498_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 51, Lot 108)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Cassius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Cassius Longinus and M. Aquinus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Libertas r., wearing diadem; below, LIBERTAS; behind, M.AQVINVS.LEG downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod with cauldron, decorated with two laurel-branches; on l., C.CASSI upwards; on r., PR.COS upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"8.41\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 498/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101137644\"}","title":"RRC.498/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4981"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc6980ecd","lastUpdated":1376049928000,"anchor":"rrc4981","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc6980ecd","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049928000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_499_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton X, Lot 545) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Cassius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Cassius Longinus and M. Aquinus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Libertas r., wearing diadem; below, LIBERTAS; behind, M.AQVINVS.LEG downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod with cauldron, decorated with two laurel-branches; on l., C.CASSI upwards; on r., IMP upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"7.86\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 499/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101230956\"}","title":"RRC.499/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc4991"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc67608a7","lastUpdated":1376049928000,"anchor":"rrc4991","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc67608a7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049928000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_500_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction 91, Lot 849) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus and Cassius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Cassius Longinus, M. Junius Brutus, and P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther\",\"obverse\":\"Tripod with cauldron, decorated with two laurel-branches; on l., C.CASSI upwards; on r., IMP upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Jug and lituus; below, LENTVLVS./SPINT\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"18\",\"weight\":\"3.65\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 500/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101239525\"}","title":"RRC.500/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5001"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc6510ecc","lastUpdated":1376049929000,"anchor":"rrc5001","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc6510ecc","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049929000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_500_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 41, Lot 28)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus and Cassius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Cassius Longinus, M. Junius Brutus, and P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Libertas r., wearing diadem; before, LEIBERTAS upwards; behind, C.CASSI.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Jug and lituus; below, LENTVLVS./SPINT\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"22\",\"weight\":\"8.21\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 500/2,4\",\"notes\":\"RRC 500/2.



RRC 500/4 similar. Obverse; Similar, but Libertas wearing diadem and veil. Reverse; similar.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101239990\"}","title":"RRC.500/2,4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc50024"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc62c08a6","lastUpdated":1376049929000,"anchor":"rrc50024","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc62c08a6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049929000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_500_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 521)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus and Cassius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Cassius Longinus, M. Junius Brutus, and P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Libertas r., wearing diadem; before, LEIBERTAS upwards; behind, C.CASSI.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Jug and lituus; below, LENTVLVS./SPINT\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.77\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 500/3,5\",\"notes\":\"RRC 500/3.



RRC 500/5 similar. Obverse, similar, but Libertas wearing diadem and veil. Reverse; similar.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101240591\"}","title":"RRC.500/3,5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc50035"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc60a0ecb","lastUpdated":1376049929000,"anchor":"rrc50035","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc60a0ecb","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049929000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_500_6.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 45, Lot 34)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus and Cassius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Cassius Longinus, M. Junius Brutus, and P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther\",\"obverse\":\"Axe, culullus and knife; below, BRVTVS. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Jug and lituus; below, LENTVLVS./SPINT\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"8.01\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 500/6\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101241463\"}","title":"RRC.500/6","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5006"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc5e308a5","lastUpdated":1376049929000,"anchor":"rrc5006","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc5e308a5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049929000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_500_7.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 919) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus and Cassius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Cassius Longinus, M. Junius Brutus, and P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther\",\"obverse\":\"Axe, culullus and knife; below, BRVTVS. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Jug and lituus; below, LENTVLVS./SPINT\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"19\",\"weight\":\"4.01\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 500/7\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101242359\"}","title":"RRC.500/7","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5007"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc5aa0eca","lastUpdated":1376049929000,"anchor":"rrc5007","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc5aa0eca","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049929000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_501_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 40, Lot 607)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Libertas r.; before, LEIBERTAS upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Plectrum, lyre and laurel-branch tied with fillet; around, CAEPIO.BRVTVS PRO.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"20\",\"weight\":\"3.38\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 501/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101245041\"}","title":"RRC.501/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5011"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc58808a4","lastUpdated":1376049929000,"anchor":"rrc5011","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc58808a4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049929000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Libertas r., draped and wearing veil; before, L.SESTI upwards; behind, PRO.Q downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod; on l., axe; on r., simpulum; around, Q.CAEPIO.BRVTVS.PRO.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 502/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101248147\"}","title":"RRC.502/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5021"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc5650ec9","lastUpdated":1376049929000,"anchor":"rrc5021","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc5650ec9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049929000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_502_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 525)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Libertas r., draped and wearing veil; before, L.SESTI upwards; behind, PRO.Q downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod; on l., axe; on r., simpulum; around, Q.CAEPIO.BRVTVS.PRO.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.8\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 502/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101249229\"}","title":"RRC.502/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5022"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc54208a3","lastUpdated":1376049930000,"anchor":"rrc5022","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc54208a3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049930000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_502_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 526)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus and L. Sestius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Libertas r., draped and wearing veil; before, L.SESTI upwards; behind, PRO.Q downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory walking r., holding palm-branch over l. shoulder with l. hand and wreath in r. hand; around, Q.CAEPIO.BRVTVS.PRO.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"1.7\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 502/3\",\"notes\":\"Quinarius\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101249923\"}","title":"RRC.502/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5023"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc51a0ec8","lastUpdated":1376049930000,"anchor":"rrc5023","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc51a0ec8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049930000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_502_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 527)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus and L. Sestius Quirinalis\",\"obverse\":\"Sella, against which rests staff; below, modius; above, L.SESTI; in exergue, PRO.Q. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod; on l., simpulum; on r., apex; around, Q. CAEPIO.BRVTVS.PRO.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"1.84\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 502/4\",\"notes\":\"Quinarius\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101250586\"}","title":"RRC.502/4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5024"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc4d508a2","lastUpdated":1376049930000,"anchor":"rrc5024","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc4d508a2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049930000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Apollo r. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with oval shield and figure-of-eight shield; below, female and male captive, each resting head in r. hand; around, Q.CAEPIO.BRVTVS.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 503/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101251140\"}","title":"RRC.503/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5031"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc4f60ec7","lastUpdated":1376049930000,"anchor":"rrc5031","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc4f60ec7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049930000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_504_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 76, Lot 1295)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus and C. Flavius Hemicillus\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Apollo r., draped; before, lyre; around, C.FLAV.HEMIC.LEG.PRO.PR. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with figure-of-eight shield and curved sword, with another sword hanging from waist; on r., Victory holding palm-branch over l. shoulder with l. hand and crowning trophy with r. hand; around, Q.CAEP.BRVT.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.88\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 504/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101252868\"}","title":"RRC.504/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5041"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc4ae08a1","lastUpdated":1376049930000,"anchor":"rrc5041","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc4ae08a1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049930000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_505_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 62, Lot 2004)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus and Cassius\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-43,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"weight\":8.04},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Cassius Longinus and M. Junius Brutus\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Libertas r.; behind, C.CASSI.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Aplustre, with branches ending in flowers; above, M.SERVILIVS; below, LEG. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 505/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101254649\"}","title":"RRC.505/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5051"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc48c0ec6","lastUpdated":1376049930000,"anchor":"rrc5051","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc48c0ec6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049930000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_505_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 529)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus and Cassius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Cassius Longinus and M. Junius Brutus\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Libertas r.; behind, C.CASSI.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Aplustre, with branches ending in flowers; above, M.SERVILIVS; below, LEG. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.85\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 505/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101255134\"}","title":"RRC.505/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5052"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc4670ec5","lastUpdated":1376049930000,"anchor":"rrc5052","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc4670ec5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049930000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_505_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 530)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus and Cassius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Cassius Longinus and M. Junius Brutus\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Libertas r.; behind, C.CASSEI.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Crab r., holding aplustre in claws; on l., rose and untied diadem; above, M.SERVILIVS; below, LEG. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.9\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 505/3\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101255462\"}","title":"RRC.505/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5053"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc44408a0","lastUpdated":1376049931000,"anchor":"rrc5053","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc44408a0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049931000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_505_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 41, Lot 32)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus and Cassius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Cassius Longinus and M. Junius Brutus\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Libertas r.; behind, M.SERVILIVS upwards; before, LEG upwards.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with two spears and figure-of-eight shiled; on l., Q.CAEPIO upwards; on r., BRVTVS.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"21\",\"weight\":\"8.07\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 505/4\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101257449\"}","title":"RRC.505/4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5054"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc41f0ec4","lastUpdated":1376049931000,"anchor":"rrc5054","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc41f0ec4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049931000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_505_5.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 531) \"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus and Cassius\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"C. Cassius Longinus and M. Junius Brutus\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Libertas r.; behind, M.SERVILIVS upwards; before, LEG upwards.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with two spears and figure-of-eight shield; on l.; Q.CAEPIO upwards; on r., BRVTVS.IMP upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.73\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 505/5\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101257844\"}","title":"RRC.505/5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5055"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc3f9089f","lastUpdated":1376049931000,"anchor":"rrc5055","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc3f9089f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049931000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus and Pedanius Costa\",\"obverse\":\"Head of L. Junius Brutus, r., bearded; around L.BRVTVS.PRIM.COS. Oak-wreath as border.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Brutus r., bearded; above, M.BRVTVS.IMP; below, COSTA.LEG in reverse. Oak-wreath as border.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 506/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101258538\"}","title":"RRC.506/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5061"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc3d50ec3","lastUpdated":1376049931000,"anchor":"rrc5061","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc3d50ec3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049931000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_506_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 81, Lot 964) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus and Pedanius Costa\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Apollo r.; before, COSTA downwards; behind, LEG upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with figure-of-eight shield and two spears; on r., BRVTVS downwards; on l., IMP upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.95\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 506/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101259104\"}","title":"RRC.506/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5062"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc3aa089e","lastUpdated":1376049931000,"anchor":"rrc5062","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc3aa089e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049931000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_506_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 533)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus and Pedanius Costa\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Libertas r., wearing diadem; before, LEIBERTAS upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Prow-stem and anchor in saltire. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"1.6\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 506/3\",\"notes\":\"Quinarius\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101259682\"}","title":"RRC.506/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5063"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc3870ec2","lastUpdated":1376049931000,"anchor":"rrc5063","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc3870ec2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049931000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_507_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 34, Lot 3)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus and Casca Longus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Brutus r., bearded; behind, BRVTVS upwards; before, IMP upwards. Laurel-wreath as border.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with curved sword and two spears on l. and figure-of-eight shield on r.; at base, on either side, prow and, on r., sword with square handle; on l., CASCA upwards; on r., LONGVS upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"21\",\"weight\":\"8.04\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 507/1a-b\",\"notes\":\"RRC 507/1a.



507/1b similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but by prow on l., 'L'.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101260119\"}","title":"RRC.507/1a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5071ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc365089d","lastUpdated":1376049932000,"anchor":"rrc5071ab","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc365089d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049932000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_507_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 534)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus and Casca Longus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r., bearded; below, trident; on l., CASCA upwards; on r., LONGVS upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory walking r., holding palm-branch over l. shoulder with l. hand and with both hands holding (?breaking) diadem tied with fillet; below, broken sceptre; on l., BRVTVS upwards; on r., IMP upwards. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.46\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 507/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101260677\"}","title":"RRC.507/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5072"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc3410ec1","lastUpdated":1376049932000,"anchor":"rrc5072","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc3410ec1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049932000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus and L. Plaetorius Cestianus\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate female bust r. (?Artemis), draped and wearing veil and polos; behind, L.PLAET.CEST downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Axe and culullus; below, BRVT.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 508/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101261002\"}","title":"RRC.508/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5081"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc31e089c","lastUpdated":1376049932000,"anchor":"rrc5081","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc31e089c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049932000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_508_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 535)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus and L. Plaetorius Cestianus\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate female bust r. (?Artemis), draped and wearing veil and polos; behind, L.PLAET.CEST downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Axe and culullus; below, BRVT.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.76\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 508/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101261089\"}","title":"RRC.508/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5082"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc2f80ec0","lastUpdated":1376049932000,"anchor":"rrc5082","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc2f80ec0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049932000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_508_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 62, Lot 2005)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Brutus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-42\",\"note\":\"43-42\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"M. Junius Brutus and L. Plaetorius Cestianus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Brutus r., bearded; around, BRVT.IMP; around, L.PLAET.CEST. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Pileus between two daggers; below, EID.MAR. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.45\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 508/3\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101303745\"}","title":"RRC.508/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5083"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc2d6089b","lastUpdated":1376049932000,"anchor":"rrc5083","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc2d6089b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049932000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"42\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q.Cornuficius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Jupiter Ammon l. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Q. Cornuficius standing l., wearing veil and holding lituus in r. hand; on r., Juno Sospita, with crow perching on shoulder, holding spear and shield in l. hand and with r. hand crowning Q. Cornuficius; around, Q.CORNVFICI.AVGVR.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 509/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"For image of a similar reverse, see 509/3.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101305521\"}","title":"RRC.509/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5091"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc2b50ebf","lastUpdated":1376049932000,"anchor":"rrc5091","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc2b50ebf","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049932000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"42\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q.Cornuficius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Jupiter Ammon l. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Q. Cornuficius standing l., wearing veil and holding lituus in r. hand; on r., Juno Sospita, with crow perching on shoulder, holding spear and shield in l. hand and with r. hand crowning Q. Cornuficius; around, Q.CORNVFICI.AVGVR.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 509/2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"For image of a similar reverse, see 509/3.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101305681\"}","title":"RRC.509/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5092"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc294089a","lastUpdated":1376049932000,"anchor":"rrc5092","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc294089a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049932000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_509_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gemini LLC (Auction X, Lot 357)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"42\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"weight\":3.86},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q.Cornuficius\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Africa r., draped and wearing elephant's skin; behind, two spears. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Q. Cornuficius standing l., wearing veil and holding lituus in r. hand; on r., Juno Sospita, with crow perching on shoulder, holding spear and shield in l. hand and with r. hand crowning Q. Cornuficius; around, Q.CORNVFICI.AVGVR.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 509/3\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101306057\"}","title":"RRC.509/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5093"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc2710ebe","lastUpdated":1376049933000,"anchor":"rrc5093","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc2710ebe","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049933000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-42,\"note\":\"42\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q.Cornuficius\",\"obverse\":\"Bust of Africa r., draped and wearing elephant's skin; behind, two spears. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Q. Cornuficius standing l., wearing veil and holding lituus in r. hand; on r., Juno Sospita, with crow perching on shoulder, holding spear and shield in l. hand and with r. hand crowning Q. Cornuficius; around, Q.CORNVFICI.AVGVR.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 509/4\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"For image of obverse and reverse, see RRC 509/3\",\"oldTitle\":\"101306568\"}","title":"RRC.509/4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5094"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc24d0899","lastUpdated":1376049933000,"anchor":"rrc5094","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc24d0899","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049933000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_509_5.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gemini LLC (Auction X, Lot 358)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Africa\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/775\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-42},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.5},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"42\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Tanit l. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Q. Cornuficius standing l., wearing veil and holding lituus in r. hand; on r., Juno Sospita, with crow perching on shoulder, holding spear and shield in l. hand and with r. hand crowning Q. Cornuficius; around, Q.CORNVFICI.AVGVR.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 509/5\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"IMP VES countermark on neck.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101306966\"}","title":"RRC.509/5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5095"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc2290ebd","lastUpdated":1376049933000,"anchor":"rrc5095","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc2290ebd","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049933000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_510_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 64, Lot 984)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with L. Staius Murcus\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-41,\"note\":\"42-41\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.5},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L.Staius Murcus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r. with trident over shoulder. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Male figure on r., holding sword in l. hand and with r. hand raising kneeling female figure on l.; behind, trophy with sword and shield; in exergue, MVRCVS.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 510/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101310755\"}","title":"RRC.510/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5101"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc2060898","lastUpdated":1376049933000,"anchor":"rrc5101","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc2060898","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049933000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_511_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 537)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Sicily\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981549\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"42-40\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"weight\":7.94},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sextus Pompeius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Sex. Pompeius r., bearded; behind, MAG.PIVS upwards; before, IMP.ITER downwards. Oak-wreath as border.\",\"reverse\":\"Heads of Cn. Pompeius Magnus and Cn. Pompeius junior facing each other, the latter bearded; on l., lituus; on r., tripod; above, PRA^EF; below CLAS.ET.ORA^E/M^A^RIT.EX.SC. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 511/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101311162\"}","title":"RRC.511/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5111"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc1e40ebc","lastUpdated":1376049933000,"anchor":"rrc5111","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc1e40ebc","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049933000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_511_2a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton VII, Lot 836) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Sicily\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981549\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"42-40\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":4.01},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sextus Pompeius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Neptune r., hair tied with band, with trident over shoulder; around, MAG.PIVS.IMP.ITER. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with trident above and anchor below, prow-stem on l. and aplustre on r., two heads of Scylla at base; around, PRA^EF.CLAS.ET.ORA^E.MA^RIT.EX.S.C or PRA^EF.CLAS.ET.ORA^E.MA^RI.T^EX.S.C. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 511/2a-c\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 511/2a.



511/2b similar. Obverse; similar, but M^AG.PIVS.IMP.ITER. Reverse, similar.



511/2c similar. Obverse; similar, but M^AG.PIVS.IMP.IT^ER. Reverse; similar, but second variety of 511/2a's legend only.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101313392\"}","title":"RRC.511/2a-c","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5112ac"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc1c20897","lastUpdated":1376049933000,"anchor":"rrc5112ac","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc1c20897","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049933000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_511_3a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton VII, Lot 836) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Sicily\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981549\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"42-40\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":4.01},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sextus Pompeius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Cn. Pompeius Magnus r.; behind, jug; before, lituus; around, MAG.PIVS.IMP.ITER. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Neptune standing l., wearing diadem, holding aplustre in r. hand and cloak over l. arm; placing r. foot on prow; on either side, one of the Catanaean brothers, bearing his father on his shoulders; above PRAE^F; in exergue, CLAS.ET.ORA^E/M^A^RIT.EX.SC. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 511/3a-c\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 511/3a.



511/3b, similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but in exergue, ORA^E.M^A^RIT.ET./CLAS.EX.S.C.



511/3C similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; Similar, but legend ends CLAS.S.C.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101315869\"}","title":"RRC.511/3a-c","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5113ac"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc1a10ebb","lastUpdated":1376049933000,"anchor":"rrc5113ac","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc1a10ebb","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049933000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_511_4a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton X, Lot 1847) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Sicily\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981549\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-42,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"42-40\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.5},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sextus Pompeius\",\"obverse\":\"Pharos of Messana, surmounted by statue of Neptune, helmeted, holding trident in r. hand and rudder in l. hand and placing l. foot on prow; before, ship l., with aquila in prow and sceptre tied with fillet on stern; around MAG.PIVS.IMP.ITER. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Scylla, wielding rudder with both hands; around, PRA^EF.CLAS/ET/ORA^E.M^A^RIT.EX.S.C. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 511/4a-d\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 511/4a.



511/4b similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but legend ends M^A^RI.T^EX.S.C.



511/4c similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but legend ends M^A^RIT.S.C.



511/4d similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but legend PRAE^F.ORA^E.M^A^RI.T^ET.CLAS.S.C or PRAE^EF.ORA^E.MA^RIT.ET.CLAS.S.C.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101317814\"}","title":"RRC.511/4a-d","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5114ad"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc1810896","lastUpdated":1376049934000,"anchor":"rrc5114ad","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc1810896","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049934000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_516_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 52, Lot 294)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around A^N^T.A^VG.IMP.III.V.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Fortuna standing l., holding rudder in r. hand and cornucopiae in l. hand; at feet, stork; below, PIETAS.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"8.11\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 516/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101319057\"}","title":"RRC.516/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5161"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc15f0eba","lastUpdated":1376049934000,"anchor":"rrc5161","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc15f0eba","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049934000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_516_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 51, Lot 117)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around A^N^T.A^VG.IMP.III.V.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Fortuna standing l., holding rudder in r. hand and cornucopiae in l. hand; at feet, stork; below, PIETAS.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.89\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 516/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101319586\"}","title":"RRC.516/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5162"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc13e0895","lastUpdated":1376049934000,"anchor":"rrc5162","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc13e0895","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049934000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; behind lituus; around, M.ANTONIVS.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Fortuna standing l., holding rudder in r. hand and cornucopiae in l. hand; below, PIETAS.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 516/3\",\"notes\":\"For similar image of obverse, see 516/4 (AU), and for reverse see 516/2 (with added stork before feet)\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101320019\"}","title":"RRC.516/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5163"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc11e0eb9","lastUpdated":1376049934000,"anchor":"rrc5163","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc11e0eb9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049934000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_516_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton VII, Lot 837) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; behind, lituus; around M.ANTONIVS.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Pietas standing l., holding lighted turibulum in r. hand and cornucopiae in l. hand; two storks perch on cornucopiae; on l., PIETAS or PIET^AS; on r., COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"8.06\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 516/4\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101320098\"}","title":"RRC.516/4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5164"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc0fb0894","lastUpdated":1376049934000,"anchor":"rrc5164","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc0fb0894","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049934000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_516_5.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 936) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; behind, lituus; around M.ANTONIVS.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Pietas standing l., holding lighted turibulum in r. hand and cornucopiae in l. hand; two storks perch on cornucopiae; on l., PIETAS or PIET^AS; on r., COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"23\",\"weight\":\"3.94\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 516/5\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101320501\"}","title":"RRC.516/5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5165"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc0d00eb8","lastUpdated":1376049934000,"anchor":"rrc5165","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc0d00eb8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049934000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_517_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton V, Lot 1840) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and M. Barbatius Pollio\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around M.ANT.IM^P.A^VG.III.VIR.R.P.C.M.BARBAT.Q.P. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, CAESAR.IMP.PONT.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"7.95\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 517/1a-b\",\"notes\":\"RRC 517/1a.



517/1b similar. Obverse Similar, but legend ends M.R:·A.R.R.AT.Q.P. Reverse; similar.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101324058\"}","title":"RRC.517/1a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5171ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc0af0893","lastUpdated":1376049934000,"anchor":"rrc5171ab","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc0af0893","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049934000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_517_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 937) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and M. Barbatius Pollio\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around M.ANT.IM^P.A^VG.III.VIR.R.P.C.M.BARBAT.Q.P. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, CAESAR.IMP.PONT.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"19\",\"weight\":\"3.75\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 517/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101324646\"}","title":"RRC.517/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5172"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc08e0eb7","lastUpdated":1376049935000,"anchor":"rrc5172","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc08e0eb7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049935000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and M. Barbatius Pollio\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around M.ANT.IM^P.A^VG.III.VIR.R.P.C.M.BARBAT.Q.P. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of L. Antonius r.; around, L.ANTONIVS.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 517/3\",\"notes\":\"For image of a similar obverse, see 517/2. For reverse, see 517/4a.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101324955\"}","title":"RRC.517/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5173"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc06e0892","lastUpdated":1376049935000,"anchor":"rrc5173","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc06e0892","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049935000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_517_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 41, Lot 33)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and M. Barbatius Pollio\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around, M.ANT.IM^P.A^VG.III.VIR.R.P.C.M.N^ERVA.PROQ.P. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of L. Antonius r.; around, L.ANTONIVS.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"21\",\"weight\":\"8.03\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 517/4a-b\",\"notes\":\"RRC 517/4a.



517/4b similar. Obverse, similar, but III missing from legend. Reverse, similar.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101327129\"}","title":"RRC.517/4a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5174ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc04c0eb6","lastUpdated":1376049935000,"anchor":"rrc5174ab","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc04c0eb6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049935000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_517_5a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 550)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and M. Barbatius Pollio\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around, M.ANT.IM^P.A^VG.III.VIR.R.P.C.M.N^ERVA.PROQ.P. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of L. Antonius r.; around, L.ANTONIVS.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.95\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 517/5a-c\",\"notes\":\"RRC 517/5a.



517/5b similar. Obverse; similar, but III missing from legend. Reverse; similar.



517/5c similar. Obverse; similar to 5a, but behind head, jug. Reverse; similar.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101328067\"}","title":"RRC.517/5a-c","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5175ac"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc02a0891","lastUpdated":1376049935000,"anchor":"rrc5175ac","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cc02a0891","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049935000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_518_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 973) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian and L. Cornelius Balbus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., sometimes bearded; around, C.CAESAR.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Club pointing l.; above, BALBVS; below, PRO.PR. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"18\",\"weight\":\"3.92\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 518/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101328712\"}","title":"RRC.518/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5181"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc00a0eb5","lastUpdated":1376049935000,"anchor":"rrc5181","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cc00a0eb5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049935000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_518_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 85, Lot 84) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian and L. Cornelius Balbus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., sometimes bearded; around, C.CAESAR.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Galloping equestrian statue l.; in exergue and on r. (upwards), POPVL.IVSSV. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"18\",\"weight\":\"3.69\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 518/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101329135\"}","title":"RRC.518/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5182"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbfe90890","lastUpdated":1376049935000,"anchor":"rrc5182","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbfe90890","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049935000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_519_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 34, Lot 6)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus\",\"obverse\":\"Male head r.; before, AHENOBAR upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Tetrastyle temple; above, NEPT; around, CN.DOMITIVS.L.F.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"21\",\"weight\":\"7.97\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 519/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press\",\"oldTitle\":\"101330391\"}","title":"RRC.519/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5191"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbfc80eb4","lastUpdated":1376049936000,"anchor":"rrc5191","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbfc80eb4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049936000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_519_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 41, Lot 34)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-41\",\"until\":\"-41\",\"note\":\"41\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus\",\"obverse\":\"Male head r., beaded; before, AHENOBAR upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Prow r., on which stands trophy with two spears and shield; around, CN.DOMITIVS.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"20\",\"weight\":\"4.16\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 519/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press\",\"oldTitle\":\"101331155\"}","title":"RRC.519/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5192"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbf9c088f","lastUpdated":1376049936000,"anchor":"rrc5192","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbf9c088f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049936000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_520_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 947) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-40\",\"until\":\"-40\",\"note\":\"40\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; behind, lituus. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Caduceus between two cornucopiae on globe; above, M.ANT.IM^P or M.AN^T.IM^P or M.A^N^T.IM^P; below, III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"18\",\"weight\":\"3.74\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 520/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press\",\"oldTitle\":\"101331637\"}","title":"RRC.520/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5201"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbf7a0eb3","lastUpdated":1376049936000,"anchor":"rrc5201","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbf7a0eb3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049936000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_521_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 51, Lot 122) \"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-40\",\"until\":\"-40\",\"note\":\"40\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; behind, lituus; around, ANT.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Prow r.; above, star; around, CN.DOMIT.AHENOBARBVS.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"8.03\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 521/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press\",\"oldTitle\":\"101332937\"}","title":"RRC.521/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5211"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbf5a088e","lastUpdated":1376049936000,"anchor":"rrc5211","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbf5a088e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049936000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_521_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction 90, Lot 1397) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-40\",\"until\":\"-40\",\"note\":\"40\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; behind, lituus; around, ANT.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Prow r.; above, star; around, CN.DOMIT.AHENOBARBVS.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"18\",\"weight\":\"3.75\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 521/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press\",\"oldTitle\":\"101333519\"}","title":"RRC.521/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5212"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbf3a0eb2","lastUpdated":1376049936000,"anchor":"rrc5212","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbf3a0eb2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049936000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"?Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981502\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"40\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and L. Munatius Plancus\",\"obverse\":\"Lituus and jug; around M.ANTON.IMP.AVG.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Thunderbolt, jug and caduceus; around, L.PLANCVS.PRO.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 522/1,3\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 522/1.



522/3 similar. Obverse, similar. Reverse; similar, but L.PLANCVS.IMP.ITER.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101334170\"}","title":"RRC.522/1,3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc52213"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbf19088d","lastUpdated":1376049936000,"anchor":"rrc52213","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbf19088d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049936000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_522_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 556)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"?Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981502\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"40\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.91},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and L. Munatius Plancus\",\"obverse\":\"Lituus and jug; around M.ANTON.IMP.AVG.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Thunderbolt, jug and caduceus; around, L.PLANCVS.PRO.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 522/2,4\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 522/2.



522/4 similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but L.PLANCVS.IMP.ITER\",\"oldTitle\":\"101334188\"}","title":"RRC.522/2,4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc52224"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbef80eb1","lastUpdated":1376049937000,"anchor":"rrc52224","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbef80eb1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049937000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_523_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 974) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"?Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-40\",\"until\":\"-40\",\"note\":\"40\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian and Q. Salvius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, C.CAESAR.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Thunderbolt; around, Q.SALVIVS.IM^P.COS.DESIG. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"20\",\"weight\":\"3.81\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 523/1a-b\",\"notes\":\"RRC 523/1a.



523/1b, similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but Q.SALVIVS.IMP.COS./G/DESG or DES.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101334636\"}","title":"RRC.523/1a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5231ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbed7088c","lastUpdated":1376049937000,"anchor":"rrc5231ab","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbed7088c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049937000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_524_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 54, Lot 279)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Q. Labienus\",\"region\":\"?Asia Minor\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"40\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"weight\":8.15},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Labienus Parthicus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Q. Labienus r.; around, Q.LABIENVS.PARTHICVS.IMP. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Parthian horse r., with bridle and saddle, to which bow-case and quiver are attached. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 524/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101335550\"}","title":"RRC.524/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5241"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbeb50eb0","lastUpdated":1376049937000,"anchor":"rrc5241","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbeb50eb0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049937000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_524_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 39, Lot 91)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Q. Labienus\",\"region\":\"?Asia Minor\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-40,\"until\":-40,\"note\":\"40\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.79},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Labienus Parthicus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Q. Labienus r.; around, Q.LABIENVS.PARTHICVS.IMP. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Parthian horse r., with bridle and saddle, to which bow-case and quiver are attached. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 524/2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101351645\"}","title":"RRC.524/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5242"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbe93088b","lastUpdated":1376049937000,"anchor":"rrc5242","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbe93088b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049937000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-39\",\"until\":\"-39\",\"note\":\"39\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around, M.ANTONIVS.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Octavia r. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 527/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101356653\"}","title":"RRC.527/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5271"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbe710eaf","lastUpdated":1376049937000,"anchor":"rrc5271","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbe710eaf","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049937000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_528_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 54, Lot 281)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-39\",\"until\":\"-39\",\"note\":\"39\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; below, star; around, M.ANTON.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, CAESAR.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"8.09\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 528/1a-b\",\"notes\":\"RRC 528/1a.



528/1b similar. Obverse; similar, but no star. Reverse; similar.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101357041\"}","title":"RRC.528/1a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5281ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbe50088a","lastUpdated":1376049937000,"anchor":"rrc5281ab","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbe50088a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049937000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_528_2a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 945) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-39\",\"until\":\"-39\",\"note\":\"39\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; below, star; around, M.ANTON.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, CAESAR.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"21\",\"weight\":\"3.77\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 528/2a-b\",\"notes\":\"RRC 528/2a.



528/2b similar. Obverse; similar, but no star. Reverse; similar.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101357629\"}","title":"RRC.528/2a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5282ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbe300eae","lastUpdated":1376049937000,"anchor":"rrc5282ab","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbe300eae","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049937000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_528_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 946) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-39\",\"until\":\"-39\",\"note\":\"39\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around, M.ANTON.IMP.III.VIR.R.P.C.AVG. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., sometimes bearded; around, CAESAR.IMP.PONT.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"21\",\"weight\":\"3.77\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 528/3\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101357840\"}","title":"RRC.528/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5283"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbe0f0889","lastUpdated":1376049938000,"anchor":"rrc5283","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbe0f0889","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049938000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_529_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 41, Lot 35)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"Southern or Central Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-39\",\"until\":\"-39\",\"note\":\"39\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; behind, CAESAR upwards; before, IMP downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; behind, ANTONIVS upwards; before, IMP downwards. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"21\",\"weight\":\"7.9\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 529/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101515753\"}","title":"RRC.529/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5291"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbdef0ead","lastUpdated":1376049938000,"anchor":"rrc5291","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbdef0ead","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049938000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_529_2a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 232, Lot 177) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"Southern or Central Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-39\",\"until\":\"-39\",\"note\":\"39\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; behind, CAESAR upwards; before, IMP downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Caduceus; around, ANTONIVS.IMP.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"20\",\"weight\":\"3.65\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 529/2a-c\",\"notes\":\"RRC 529/2a.



529/2b similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but ANTON.IMP.



529/2c similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar to 2a, but legend around in opposite direction.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101516309\"}","title":"RRC.529/2a-c","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5292ac"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbdd00888","lastUpdated":1376049938000,"anchor":"rrc5292ac","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbdd00888","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049938000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_529_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 566)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"Southern or Central Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-39\",\"until\":\"-39\",\"note\":\"39\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; behind, ANTONIVS upwards; before, IMP downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Caduceus; around, CAESAR.IMP\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"4.09\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 529/3\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101517005\"}","title":"RRC.529/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5293"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbdae0eac","lastUpdated":1376049938000,"anchor":"rrc5293","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbdae0eac","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049938000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_529_4b.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 46, Lot 949)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"Southern or Central Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-39\",\"until\":\"-39\",\"note\":\"39\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Concordia r., wearing diadem and veil; around, III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Two hands clasped round caduceus; around, M.ANTON.C.CAESAR. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"1.63\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 529/4a-b\",\"notes\":\"Quinarius.



RRC 529/4b.



529/4a similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but M.ANTON.C.CAESAR.IMP.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101517962\"}","title":"RRC.529/4a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5294ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbd8c0887","lastUpdated":1376049938000,"anchor":"rrc5294ab","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbd8c0887","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049938000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_530.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XV, Lot 1482) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Asia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981509\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-39,\"note\":\"?39\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":24,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14.75},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and L. Atratinus\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Janus; above l; below, L.ATRATINVS.AVGVR.\",\"reverse\":\"Prow r.; above, ANTONIVS; below, IMP.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 530/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"Leaded As\",\"oldTitle\":\"101518564\"}","title":"RRC.530/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5301"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbd6c0eab","lastUpdated":1376049938000,"anchor":"rrc5301","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbd6c0eab","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049938000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_531_1b.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 271, Lot 44) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"East, ?Cilicia or Northern Syria\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981514\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-39,\"note\":\"39\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.6},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r., bearded; behind, lituus; around, M.A^T.IM.III.V.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Male figure standing facing, holding sceptre in r. hand, cloak over l. arm and branch in l. hand; on r., P.VEN^TIDI downwards; on l., PON^T.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 531/1a-b\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 531/1b.



513/1a similar. Obverse; similar, but IM^P instead of IM. Reverse; similar.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101519602\"}","title":"RRC.531/1a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5311ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbd4e0886","lastUpdated":1376049939000,"anchor":"rrc5311ab","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbd4e0886","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049939000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_532_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 51, Lot 124)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Osca\",\"region\":\"Spain\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/246539\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-39,\"until\":-39,\"note\":\"39\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.96},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Cn. Domitius Calvinus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Hercules r.; behind, OSCA downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Simpulum, aspergillum, axe and apex; below, DOM.COS.ITER.IMP. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 532/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"The male head on the obverse of this coin is the same which was used on previous Iberian issues of the city.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101520775\"}","title":"RRC.532/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5321"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbd310eaa","lastUpdated":1376049939000,"anchor":"rrc5321","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbd310eaa","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049939000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony. ?Athens\",\"region\":\"?Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981502\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-38,\"note\":\"38\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Mark Antony standing r., wearing cuirass, holding spear in r. hand and sword in l. hand and placing l. foot on prow; around, M.ANTONIVS.M.F.M.N.AVG.IM^P.TER. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Lion standing l., holding sword in r. paw; above, star; around, III.VIR.R.P.C.COS.DESG.ITER.ET.TERT. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 533/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101523376\"}","title":"RRC.533/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5331"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbd140885","lastUpdated":1376049939000,"anchor":"rrc5331","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbd140885","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049939000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_533_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 951) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony. ?Athens\",\"region\":\"?Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981502\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-38,\"note\":\"38\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.62},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Mark Antony standing r., togate and wearing veil holding lituus in r. hand; around, M.ANTONIVS.M.FM.N.AVGVR.IM^P.TER^T. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Radiate head of Sol r.; around, III.VIR.R.P.C.COS.DESIG.ITER.ET.TERT. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 533/2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101524165\"}","title":"RRC.533/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5332"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbcf50ea9","lastUpdated":1376049939000,"anchor":"rrc5332","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbcf50ea9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049939000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_533_3a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 33, Lot 392)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony. ?Athens\",\"region\":\"?Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981502\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-38,\"note\":\"38\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":21,\"metal\":\"AU\",\"weight\":8.03},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around, M.ANTONIVS.M.F.MN.AVGVR.IMP.TER. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of Octavia r.; around, COS.DESIGN.ITER.ET.TER.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 533/3a-b\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 533/3a.



533/3b similar. Obverse; similar, but ,.ANTONIVS.M.F.M.N.AVGVR.IMP.TIIRT. Reverse; similar, but COS.DIISIG.ITIIR.IIT.TIIRT.III.VIR.R.P.C.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101525380\"}","title":"RRC.533/3a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5333ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbcd60884","lastUpdated":1376049939000,"anchor":"rrc5333ab","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbcd60884","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049939000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_534_1a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 46, Lot 457)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-38\",\"until\":\"-38\",\"note\":\"38\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian and Marcus Agrippa\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Caesar r.; on forehead, star; around, IMP.DIVI.IVLI.F.TER.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"M.AGRIPPA.COS /DESIG. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"8.1\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 534/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101526402\"}","title":"RRC.534/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5341"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbcb50ea8","lastUpdated":1376049939000,"anchor":"rrc5341","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbcb50ea8","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049939000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_534_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 51, Lot 125)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-38\",\"until\":\"-38\",\"note\":\"38\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian and Marcus Agrippa\",\"obverse\":\"Wreathed head of Caesar and head of Octavian facing each other; on l., DIVOS.IVLIVS upwards; on r., DIVI.F downwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"M.AGRIPPA.COS /DESIG. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.6\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 534/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101527599\"}","title":"RRC.534/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5342"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbc960883","lastUpdated":1376049939000,"anchor":"rrc5342","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbc960883","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049939000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_534_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 57, Lot 993) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-38\",\"until\":\"-38\",\"note\":\"38\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian and Marcus Agrippa\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, IMP.CAESAR.DIVI.IVLI.F. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"M.AGRIPPA.COS /DESIG. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.73\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 534/3\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101528261\"}","title":"RRC.534/3","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5343"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbc740ea7","lastUpdated":1376049940000,"anchor":"rrc5343","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbc740ea7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049940000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_535_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 52, Lot 300)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-38\",\"until\":\"-38\",\"note\":\"?38\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; before, CAESAR downwards; behind, DIVI.F downwards.\",\"reverse\":\"Wreathed head of Caesar r.; before, DIVOS downwards; behind, IVLIVS downwards.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"30\",\"weight\":\"18.92\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 535/1\",\"notes\":\"Dupondius or Sestertius\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101528596\"}","title":"RRC.535/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5351"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbc4d0882","lastUpdated":1376049940000,"anchor":"rrc5351","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbc4d0882","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049940000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_535_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 271, Lot 46) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-38\",\"until\":\"-38\",\"note\":\"?38\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; before, star; behind, DIVI.F downwards.\",\"reverse\":\"Laurel-wreath; within, DIVOS / IVLIVS.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"31\",\"weight\":\"19.97\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 535/2\",\"notes\":\"Sestertius or Dupondius\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101529682\"}","title":"RRC.535/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5352"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbc2b0ea6","lastUpdated":1376049940000,"anchor":"rrc5352","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbc2b0ea6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049940000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_536_3.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 573)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"?Northern Syria\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981550\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-38,\"until\":-38,\"note\":\"38\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.74},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around, ANT.AVGV.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Trophy with curved sword and figure-of-eight shield, with another sword hanging from waist; at base of trophy, prow and round shield; on either side of trophy, IMP TER. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 536/1-4\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 536/3.



536/1 similar. Obverse; similar, but M.ANT.AVGVR.III.VIR.R.P.C. Reverse; similar, but at base of trophy, two round shields and two spears.



536/2 similar. Obverse; similar to 536/1. Reverse; similar to 536/3.



536/4 similar. Obverse; similar, but ANT.AVGVR.III.VIR.R.P.C. Reverse; similar to 536/1, but another figure-of-eight shield instead of curved sword and no sword hanging from waist.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101530940\"}","title":"RRC.536/1-4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc53614"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbc090881","lastUpdated":1376049940000,"anchor":"rrc53614","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbc090881","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049940000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_537_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 574)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"?Southern or Central Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-37\",\"until\":\"-37\",\"note\":\"37\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Around, IMP.CAESAR.DIVI.F.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Simpulum, asapergillum, jug and lituus. Borderof dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.74\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 537/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101532242\"}","title":"RRC.537/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5371"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbbea0ea5","lastUpdated":1376049940000,"anchor":"rrc5371","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbbea0ea5","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049940000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"?Southern or Central Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-37\",\"until\":\"-37\",\"note\":\"37\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Laurel-wreath; within, IMP.CAESAR /DIVI.F. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Tripod with cauldron; around, COS.ITER.ET.TER.DESI[G]. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 537/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101533025\"}","title":"RRC.537/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5372"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbbca0880","lastUpdated":1376049940000,"anchor":"rrc5372","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbbca0880","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049940000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_538_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 51, Lot 126)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"?Southern or Central Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-37\",\"until\":\"-37\",\"note\":\"37\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, IMP.CAESAR.DIVI.F.III.VIR.ITER.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Simpulum, aspergillum, jug and lituus; above, COS.ITER.ET.TER.DESIG. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"4.12\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 538/1\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101533333\"}","title":"RRC.538/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5381"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbba90ea4","lastUpdated":1376049940000,"anchor":"rrc5381","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbba90ea4","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049940000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_538_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 576)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"Southern or Central Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-37\",\"until\":\"-37\",\"note\":\"37\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Tripod with cauldron; around, IMP.CAESAR.DIVI.F.III.VIR.ITER; cauldron inscribed R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Laurel-wreath; within, COS.ITER.ET. /TERT.DESIG. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.43\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 538/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101534020\"}","title":"RRC.538/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5382"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbb8a087f","lastUpdated":1376049941000,"anchor":"rrc5382","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbb8a087f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049941000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_539_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4 Lot 952) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Antioch, or moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"Southern Turkey or Armenia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/658381\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-36,\"until\":-36,\"note\":\"36\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":20,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.72},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and/or Canidius Crassus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around, ANTONIVS.AVGVR.COS.DES.ITER.ET.TERT. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Armenian tiara; behind, bow and arrow in saltire; around, IMP.TERTIO.III.VIR..R.P.C. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 539/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101536200\"}","title":"RRC.539/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5391"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbb6b0ea3","lastUpdated":1376049941000,"anchor":"rrc5391","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbb6b0ea3","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049941000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"Southern or Central Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-36\",\"until\":\"-36\",\"note\":\"36\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, IMP.CAESAR.DIVI.F.III.VIR.ITER.R.P.C.\",\"reverse\":\"Tetrastyle temple; within, figure wearing veil and holding lituus in r. hand; on architrave, DIVO.IVL; within pediment, star; on l., lighted altar; around, COS.ITER.ET.TER.DESIG. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 540/1\",\"notes\":\"For similar obverse and reverse, see 540/2.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101545268\"}","title":"RRC.540/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5401"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbb49087e","lastUpdated":1376049941000,"anchor":"rrc5401","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbb49087e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049941000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_540_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 267, Lot 348) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Octavian\",\"region\":\"Southern or Central Italy\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-36\",\"until\":\"-36\",\"note\":\"36\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Octavian\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Octavian r., bearded; around, IMP.CAESAR.DIVI.F.III.VIR.ITER.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Tetrastyle temple; within, figure wearing veil and holding lituus in r. hand; on architrave, DIVO.IVL; within pediment, star; on l., lighted altar; around, COS.ITER.ET.TER.DESIG. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"19\",\"weight\":\"3.87\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 540/2\",\"notes\":\"\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101545692\"}","title":"RRC.540/2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5402"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbb2a0ea2","lastUpdated":1376049941000,"anchor":"rrc5402","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbb2a0ea2","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049941000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_541_2.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 54, Lot 285)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"unknown\",\"map\":true},\"date\":{\"from\":-34,\"until\":-34,\"note\":\"34\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\",\"weight\":8.09},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around ANTON. AVG. IMP. III. COS. DES. III. III. V. R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Head of M. Antonius junior r.; around M. ANTONIVS. M. F. F. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 541/1,2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 541/2.



RRC 541/1 similar. Obverse; similar, but M.ANTONI.M.F.M.N.AVG.IMP.TERT. Reverse; similar, but COS.ITER.DESIGN.TERT.III.VIR.R.P.C.\"}","title":"RRC.541/1,2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc54112"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbb0b087d","lastUpdated":1392303271000,"anchor":"rrc54112","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbb0b087d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1392303271000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_542_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 54, Lot 286)\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-33\",\"until\":\"-33\",\"note\":\"33\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and M. Julius Silanus\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around, ANTON.AVG.IMP.III.COS.DES.III.III.V.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"M.SILANVS.AVG /Q.PRO.COS. Border of dots.\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"3.81\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 542/1.2\",\"notes\":\"RRC 542/1.



542/2 similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but ANTONIVS /AVG.IMP.III.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101550224\"}","title":"RRC.542/1.2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc54212"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbaed0ea1","lastUpdated":1376049941000,"anchor":"rrc54212","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbaed0ea1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049941000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_543.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton VII, Lot 839) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony. ?Alexandria\",\"region\":\"Egypt\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/727070\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-32,\"until\":-32,\"note\":\"32\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.98},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and Cleopatra\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; behind, Armenian tiara; around ANTONI.ARMENIA.DEVICTA. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Bust of Cleopatra r., draped and wearing diadem; before, prow; around, CLEOPATRAE.REGINAE.REGVM.FILIORVM.REGVM. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 543/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101551782\"}","title":"RRC.543/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5431"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbace087c","lastUpdated":1376049942000,"anchor":"rrc5431","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cbace087c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049942000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"No Image available\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Patras\",\"region\":\"Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570567\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-32,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"32-31\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Ship r., with sceptre tied with fillet on prow; above, ANT.AVG; below, III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Aquila between two standards; around, CHORTIVM.PRAETORIARVM. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 544/1-7\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 544/1.



544/2 similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but below, LEG IV.



544/3 similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG VI.



544/4 similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG XII.



544/5 similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG XIII.



544/6 similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG XIV.



544/7 similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG XIX.\"}","title":"RRC.544/1-7","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc54417"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbaaf0ea0","lastUpdated":1424347019265,"anchor":"rrc54417","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cbaaf0ea0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424347019265,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_544_8.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 82, Lot 961) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony. ?Patras\",\"region\":\"Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570567\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-32,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"32-31\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.97},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Ship r., with sceptre tied with fillet on prow; above, ANT.AVG; below, III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Aquila between two standards; around, CHORTIVM.PRAETORIARVM. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 544/8-11, 13-39\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 544/8.



544/9; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG.XII.ANTIQVAE.



544/10; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG.XVII.CLASSICAE.



544/11; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG.XVIII.LYBICAE.



544/13; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but below LEG PRI.



544/14; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG II.



544/15; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG III.



544/16; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG IIII.



544/17; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG IV.



544/18; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG V.



Pattern continues sequentially to 544/39; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but LEG XXIII.\"}","title":"RRC.544/8-11,13-39","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5448111339"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cba92087b","lastUpdated":1424347057615,"anchor":"rrc5448111339","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cba92087b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424347057615,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_545_1.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 962) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Moving with Mark Antony. ?Possibly Actium\",\"region\":\"Greece\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/981502\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"31\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.71},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mark Antony and D. Turillius.\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Mark Antony r.; around, M.ANTONIVS.AVG.IMP.IIII.COS.TERT.III.VIR.R.P.C. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory standing l., holding wreath tied with fillet in r. hand and palm-branch over l. shoulder with l. hand; on r., D.V^I^R. Laurel-wreath as border.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 545/1,2\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 545/1.



545/2 similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but no legend.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101554766\"}","title":"RRC.545/1,2","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc54512"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cba740e9f","lastUpdated":1376049942000,"anchor":"rrc54512","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cba740e9f","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049942000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cyrene\",\"region\":\"Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373778\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"31\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Pinarius Scarpus for Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Jupiter Ammon r.; around, M.ANTO.COS.III.IMP.IIII. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Aquila between two standards; above, SCARPVS; on r., IMP downwards; below, LEG VIII. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 546/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"Image of a similar obverse can be seen on RRC 546/2a-d.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101560535\"}","title":"RRC.546/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5461"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cba57087a","lastUpdated":1376049942000,"anchor":"rrc5461","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cba57087a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049942000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_546_2a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Mail Bid Sale 67, Lot 1251) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cyrene\",\"region\":\"Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373778\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"31\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.47},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Pinarius Scarpus for Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Jupiter Ammon r.; around, M.ANTO.COS.III.IMP.IIII. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory standing r., holding wreath tied with fillet in r. hand and palm-branch over l. shoulder with l. hand; before, ANTONIO /AVG; behind P (above M) /SCARPVS.IM. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 546/2a-d\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 546/2a.



546/2b; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but legend ends SCARPVS.IM^P.



546/2c; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but legend ends IP (above M) / SCARPVS.M.



546/2d; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but legend ends P (above M) / SCARPV.IM\",\"oldTitle\":\"101560760\"}","title":"RRC.546/2a-d","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5462ad"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cba380e9e","lastUpdated":1376049942000,"anchor":"rrc5462ad","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cba380e9e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049942000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_546_3a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 602)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cyrene\",\"region\":\"Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373778\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"31\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.79},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Pinarius Scarpus for Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Jupiter Ammon r.; around, M.ANTONIO.COS.III.IMP.IIII. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory standing r., holding wreath tied with fillet in r. hand and palm-branch over l. shoulder with l. hand; before, ANTONIO / AVG; behind, P (above M) / SCARPVS.IM. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 546/3a-c\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 546/3a.



546/3b; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but legend ends P (above M) / SCARPVS.M.



546/3c; similar. Obverse, similar. Reverse; similar, but legend ends P (above M) / SCARPV.IM.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101561659\"}","title":"RRC.546/3a-c","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5463ac"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cba180879","lastUpdated":1376049942000,"anchor":"rrc5463ac","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cba180879","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049942000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_546_4.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Auction Triton XVI Sessions 3 & 4, Lot 986) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cyrene\",\"region\":\"Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373778\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"31\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Pinarius Scarpus for Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Jupiter Ammon r.; behind, AVGVR upwards; before, PONTIF upwards. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory on globe r., holding wreath tied with fillet in r. hand and palm-branch over l. shoulder with l. hand; on either side, IMP / DIVI and CAESA^R / F. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 546/4\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"undefined\",\"oldTitle\":\"101566676\"}","title":"RRC.546/4","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5464"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb9f50e9d","lastUpdated":1376049943000,"anchor":"rrc5464","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb9f50e9d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049943000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cyrene\",\"region\":\"Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373778\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"31\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Pinarius Scarpus for Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Open r. hand; above, IMP.CAESARI; below, SCARPVS.IMP. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory on globe r., holding wreath tied with fillet in r. hand and palm-branch over l. shoulder with l. hand; on r., DIVI.F downwards; on l., AVG.PONΓ downwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 546/5\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"For image of both faces see 546/6.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101567510\"}","title":"RRC.546/5","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5465"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb9d70878","lastUpdated":1376049943000,"anchor":"rrc5465","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb9d70878","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049943000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_546_6.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 51, Lot 132)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cyrene\",\"region\":\"Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373778\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"31\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":4.41},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Pinarius Scarpus for Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Open r. hand; above, IMP.CAESARI; below, SCARPVS.IMP. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory on globe r., holding wreath tied with fillet in r. hand and palm-branch over l. shoulder with l. hand; on r., DIVI.F downwards; on l., AVG.PONΓ downwards. Border of dots.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 546/6,7\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"RRC 546/6.



546/7; similar. Obverse; similar, but above, SCARPVS; below, IMP. Reverse; similar, but on r., CAESARI downwards; on l., DIVI.F downwards.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101568686\"}","title":"RRC.546/6,7","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc54667"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb9b60e9c","lastUpdated":1376049943000,"anchor":"rrc54667","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb9b60e9c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049943000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_546_8.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 605)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Cyrene\",\"region\":\"Libya\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/373778\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-31,\"until\":-31,\"note\":\"31\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":1.25},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"L. Pinarius Scarpus for Mark Antony\",\"obverse\":\"Open r. hand; above, IMP.CAESARI; above, SCARPVS; below, IMP. Border of dots.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory standing r., holding wreath tied with fillet in r. hand and palm-branch over l. shoulder with l. hand; on r., CAESARI / DIVI.F downwards.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 546/8\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"Quinarius\",\"oldTitle\":\"101569047\"}","title":"RRC.546/8","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5468"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb9970877","lastUpdated":1376049943000,"anchor":"rrc5468","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb9970877","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049943000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"map\":\"No\",\"city\":\"Uncertain\",\"region\":\"\"},\"date\":{\"from\":\"-43\",\"until\":\"-31\",\"note\":\"43-31\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"?Cn. Calpurnius Piso\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Janus. Above, II.\",\"reverse\":\"Two ships r.; above, ROMA; below, [C]N.PISO.FRVGI\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"diameter\":\"\",\"weight\":\"unknown\",\"die-axis\":\"\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 547/1\",\"notes\":\"Dupondius\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101570910\"}","title":"RRC.547/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5471"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb9760e9b","lastUpdated":1376049943000,"anchor":"rrc5471","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb9760e9b","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049943000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Antioch\",\"region\":\"Southern Turkey\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/658381\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-59,\"until\":-59,\"note\":\"59\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AU\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"?Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Jupiter r. Bead and reel border.\",\"reverse\":\"Eagle on thunderbolt l., looking r. and with wings outstretched; below, CN.LEN^TVL. Bead and reel border.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 549/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"Gold Stater\",\"oldTitle\":\"101571137\"}","title":"RRC.549/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5491"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb9590876","lastUpdated":1376049943000,"anchor":"rrc5491","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb9590876","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049943000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Laodiceia-ad-Lycum\",\"region\":\"Turkey\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/638955\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-88,\"until\":-88,\"note\":\"?88\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Oppius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Venus r., wearing diadem.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory facing, holding wreath in r. hand and palm-branch in l. hand; on l., Q.OPPIVS downwards; on r., PR downwards.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 550/1\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"Origin source of some considerable speculation, Crawford's suggestion of Laodiceia-ad-Lycum is justified but still warrants caution.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101579795\"}","title":"RRC.550/1","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5501"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb9390e9a","lastUpdated":1376049943000,"anchor":"rrc5501","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb9390e9a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049943000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_550_2b.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 186, Lot 122) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Laodiceia-ad-Lycum\",\"region\":\"Turkey\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/638955\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-88,\"until\":-88,\"note\":\"?88\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":27,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":13.9},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Oppius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Venus r., wearing diadem; before, crescent.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory walking l., holding palm-branch in r. hand and bowl of fruit in l. hand; on l., Q.OPPIVS.PR.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 550/2a-e.\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"?Dupondius



RRC 550/2b.



550/2a; similar. Obverse; similar, but before, star in crescent. Reverse; similar.



550/c; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but below, thunderbolt.



550/2d; similar. Obverse; similar, but behind, capricorn. Reverse; similar.



550/2e; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but below, vine-leaf.



550/2f; similar. Obverse; similar, but before, crescent; behind, capricorn. Reverse; similar, but bbelow, thunderbolt.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101579849\"}","title":"RRC.550/2a-e.","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5502ae"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb91d0875","lastUpdated":1376049944000,"anchor":"rrc5502ae","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09cb91d0875","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049944000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"crawford_550_3a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG (Auction 63, Lot 607)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"?Laodiceia-ad-Lycum\",\"region\":\"Turkey\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/638955\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-88,\"until\":-88,\"note\":\"?88\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":14.25},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Q. Oppius\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Venus r., wearing diadem; before, star.\",\"reverse\":\"Victory walking l., holding palm-branch in r. hand and bowl of fruit in l. hand; on l., Q.OPPIVS.PR.\"},\"reference\":\"RRC 550/3a-b\",\"bibliography\":\"Crawford, M. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.\",\"notes\":\"?Dupondius



Some conjecture over origin, (as 550/1,2a-f), also possibly Italian, minted in 46BC



RRC 550/3a.



550/3b; similar. Obverse; similar, but before, star; behind, ram's head. Reverse; similar.



550/3c; similar. Obverse; similar. Reverse; similar, but below, vine-leaf.\",\"oldTitle\":\"101585152\"}","title":"RRC.550/3a-b","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=R#rrc5503ab"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb9000e99","lastUpdated":1376049944000,"anchor":"rrc5503ab","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09cb9000e99","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049944000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"scmr_a.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Electronic Auction 271, Lot 247) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"First Meris\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/991368\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-174,\"until\":-158,\"note\":\"174/3-158\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.82},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"undefined\",\"obverse\":\"Diademed and draped bust of Artemis ,right; bow and quiver over shoulder; within boss of a Macedonian shield.\",\"reverse\":\"Club; monogram above and below; all within oak wreath; thunderbolt to left. ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ ΠΡΩΤΗΣ.\"},\"reference\":\"SCMR 1-137\",\"bibliography\":\"Prokopov I (2012) The Silver Coinage of the Macedonian Regions 2nd-1st Century BC. Wetteren, Moneta.\",\"notes\":\"Large number of varying monograms. Some issues have a non-thunderbolt symbol (below).



1-2; symbol, dolphin.



3; symbol, plough.



4; symbol, star or winged thunderbolt



5, 10-11, 13; symbol, trident.



6-8, 23-25, 28, 36-37, 53-69, 72-73, 72-78; symbol, winged thunderbolt.



9, 12; symbol, trident or winged thunderbolt.



38, 108,112; symbol not visible.



47-52; symbol, star.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104500878\"}","title":"SCMR.1-137","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=S#scmr1137"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca3c70e29","lastUpdated":1376049976000,"anchor":"scmr1137","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca3c70e29","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049976000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"scmr_b.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XV, Lot 1148) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"First Meris\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/991368\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-158,\"until\":-148,\"note\":\"158-149/8\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":38,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.75},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder, in the center of a Macedonian shield.\",\"reverse\":\"Club; monogram and MAKΔONΩN above, ΔEYTEPAΣ below; all within oak wreath; thunderbolt to left.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"SCMR 144-212\",\"bibliography\":\"Prokopov I (2012) The Silver Coinage of the Macedonian Regions 2nd-1st Century BC. Wetteren, Moneta.\",\"notes\":\"Monograms vary across issue.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104550839\"}","title":"SCMR.144-212","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=S#scmr144212"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca3b80806","lastUpdated":1376049976000,"anchor":"scmr144212","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca3b80806","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049976000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"scmr_c.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton XIV, Lot 97) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Second Meris\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/991368\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-158,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"158- second part of 2nd century\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":31,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.62},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder, in the center of a Macedonian shield.\",\"reverse\":\"Club; monogram and MAKΔONΩN above, monogram and ΔEYTEPAΣ below; all within oak wreath; thunderbolt to left.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"SCMR 213-609\",\"bibliography\":\"Prokopov I (2012) The Silver Coinage of the Macedonian Regions 2nd-1st Century BC. Wetteren, Moneta.\",\"notes\":\"Monograms vary across issue.



557-609, no monogram below club.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104554965\"}","title":"SCMR.213-609","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=S#scmr213609"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca3aa0e28","lastUpdated":1376049976000,"anchor":"scmr213609","id":"094d43d53dacaa96013dd09ca3aa0e28","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049976000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"rights\":\"Image unavailable\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Second Meris\",\"region\":\"Macedonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/991368\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-149,\"until\":-100,\"note\":\"149/148-second part of second century\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder, in the center of a Macedonian shield.\",\"reverse\":\"Club; monogram and MAKΔONΩN above, ΔEYTEPAΣ below; all within oak wreath; thunderbolt to left.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"SCMR 610-745\",\"bibliography\":\"Prokopov I (2012) The Silver Coinage of the Macedonian Regions 2nd-1st Century BC. Wetteren, Moneta.\",\"notes\":\"For similar image, see 557-609.



Monogram varies across issue.\",\"oldTitle\":\"104559020\"}","title":"SCMR.610-745","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=S#scmr610745"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca39b0805","lastUpdated":1376049976000,"anchor":"scmr610745","id":"094d43d53daca972013dd09ca39b0805","categories":[],"publicationDate":1376049976000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"sicyon_group_12.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 260, lot 145) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Sicyon\",\"region\":\"Sikyonia\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/570668\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-100,\"until\":-1,\"note\":\"Roughly dated to first century BC, but probably issued in the first half of this period.\"},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":18,\"metal\":\"AE\",\"weight\":4},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"various\",\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Apollo.\",\"reverse\":\"Dove flying or alighting holding knotted fillet in beak; (part of) magistrate's name, ΣΙ.\"},\"reference\":\"Warren Sicyon Group 12\",\"bibliography\":\"Warren, J. A. (1984). \\\"The autonomous bronze coinage of Sicyon Part 2.\\\" Numismatic Chronicle 144: 1-24.\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"Eight magistrates are known for the group. Diameters range between 16-19mm, and weights between 3-7g. Several coins of this series were overstruck at Athens with the types Athena / owl on prow. \"}","title":"Sicyon.Group.12","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=S#sicyongroup12"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43454b97788a014ba19cf6085c1c","lastUpdated":1424345593189,"anchor":"sicyongroup12","id":"094d43454b97788a014ba19cf6085c1c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1424345593189,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"SNGCop_398.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group (Triton V, 1359); www.cngcoins.com.\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Thebes\",\"region\":\"Boeotia (Greece)\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-197,\"until\":-146,\"note\":\"From Flaminius' victory over Philip V of Macedon (197 BC) to the sack of Corinth by Mummius and disollution of the Achaean Leage (146 BC).\"},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":5.04},\"details\":{\"obverse\":\"Laureate head of Poseidon.\",\"reverse\":\"βοιωτωη right, Nike standing half-left, holding wreath in right hand, trident in left; monogram before.\",\"moneyer\":\"undefined\"},\"reference\":\"SNG Cop 398\",\"bibliography\":\"SNG Copenhagen 398; BMC Central Greece pg. 42, 102\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"SNG.Cop. 398","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=S#sngcop-398"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407dbf630140b00259ea0f49","lastUpdated":1377342478000,"anchor":"sngcop-398","id":"094d43a2407dbf630140b00259ea0f49","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377342478000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Thompson_158.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Image reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 287, lot 84) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-145,\"until\":-144},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":34,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.92},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"PAND - LYSIA Forepart of horse\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. All within a wreath of olive. ΠΑΝΩ (part in monogram), ΛΥΣΙΑ, forepart of bridled horse.\"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 158-169\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society.\\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42.\\r\\n\\r\\n\",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Thompson.158to169","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson158to169"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43a2407db20b0140a5e6041a15d9","lastUpdated":1377172849000,"anchor":"thompson158to169","id":"094d43a2407db20b0140a5e6041a15d9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1377172849000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-107,\"until\":-106},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":2.05},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Herakleides, Eukles, winged Tyche with amphora\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on club which lies on its side. ΗΡΑΚ, ΕΥ, winged Tyche with amphora, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive.\\r\\n\"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 748\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR hemidrachm.\"}","title":"Thompson.748","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson748"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d54228a54601422e6ec19a1446","lastUpdated":1383758479000,"anchor":"thompson748","id":"094d43d54228a54601422e6ec19a1446","categories":[],"publicationDate":1383758479000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"thompson_1022.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 121, lot 67) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-95,\"until\":-94},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.41},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Xenokles, Harmoxenos, coiled serpent\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΞΕΝΟΚΛΗΣ, ΑΡΜΟΞΕΝΟΣ, coiled serpent, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1014-1031X\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm.\"}","title":"Thompson1014to1031X","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1014to1031x"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542dced940142dd2c709f078d","lastUpdated":1386691434000,"anchor":"thompson1014to1031x","id":"094d43d542dced940142dd2c709f078d","categories":[],"publicationDate":1386691434000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-96,\"until\":-95},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.67},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Aropos, Mnasago, winged Agon\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΑΡΟΠΟΣ, ΜΝΑΣΑΓΟ, winged Agon, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1015\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR drachm.\"}","title":"Thompson1015","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1015"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542289cfa01422ebc9a9e1c94","lastUpdated":1383763581000,"anchor":"thompson1015","id":"094d43d542289cfa01422ebc9a9e1c94","categories":[],"publicationDate":1383763581000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Thompson1039.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 314, lot 111) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-94,\"until\":-93},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.41},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Nikogenes, Kallimachos, Hermes or no symbol\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΝΙΚΟΓΕΝΗΣ, ΚΑΛΛΙΜΑΧΟΣ, Hermes or no symbol, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1032-1048\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm. At times the symbol on this issue is ommitted and the name of the third magistrate given in full. The symbol was also deleted from at least four dies in this issue, which Thompson characterises as a 'senseless mutilation on the part of either the mint or an individual'. Thompson notes there is no plausible phenomenon of this strange phenomenon.\"}","title":"Thompson1032to1048","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1032to1048"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542dced940142dd3462d10884","lastUpdated":1386691476000,"anchor":"thompson1032to1048","id":"094d43d542dced940142dd3462d10884","categories":[],"publicationDate":1386691476000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-94,\"until\":-93},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.35},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Nikogenes, Kallimachos, Hermes or no symbol\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΝΙΚΟΓΕΝΗΣ, ΚΑΛΛΙΜΑΧΟΣ, no symbol, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1049\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR drachm.\"}","title":"Thompson1049","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1049"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542dcf1d70142dd392fa608ef","lastUpdated":1386691486000,"anchor":"thompson1049","id":"094d43d542dcf1d70142dd392fa608ef","categories":[],"publicationDate":1386691486000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Thompson1060.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton VI, lot 275) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-93,\"until\":-92},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.56},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Demeas, Hermokles, crown of Isis\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΔΗΜΕΑΣ, ΕΡΜΟΚΛΗΣ, headdress of Isis, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1050-1066\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm.\"}","title":"Thompson1050to1066","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1050to1066"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542dcf1d70142dd468b3d0af9","lastUpdated":1386691857000,"anchor":"thompson1050to1066","id":"094d43d542dcf1d70142dd468b3d0af9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1386691857000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Thompson1066.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung (Auction 159, lot 146)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-92,\"until\":-91},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":28,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.61},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Xenokles, Harmoxenos, dolphin and trident\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΞΕΝΟΚΛΗΣ, ΑΡΜΟΞΕΝΟΣ, dolphin and trident, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1066-1105\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm. These are most likely the same magistrates who served three years earlier, using the coiled serpent as a symbol.\"}","title":"Thompson1066to1105","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1066to1105"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542dced940142dd4be0a90bdb","lastUpdated":1386692206000,"anchor":"thompson1066to1105","id":"094d43d542dced940142dd4be0a90bdb","categories":[],"publicationDate":1386692206000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Thompson1106.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 158, lot 44) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-92,\"until\":-91},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":19,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.67},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Xenokles, Harmoxenos, dolphin and trident\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΞΕΝΟΚΛΗΣ, ΑΡΜΟΞΕΝΟΣ, dolphin and trident, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \\r\\n\"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1106-1109\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR drachm. These are most likely the same magistrates who served three years earlier, using the coiled serpent as a symbol.\"}","title":"Thompson1106to1109","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1106to1109"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542dcf1d70142dd4f39ea0c1e","lastUpdated":1386692426000,"anchor":"thompson1106to1109","id":"094d43d542dcf1d70142dd4f39ea0c1e","categories":[],"publicationDate":1386692426000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Thompson1119.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Gerhard Hirsch Nachfolger (Auction 271, lot 1972)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.89},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Xenokles, Harmoxenos, seated Roma\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΞΕΝΟΚΛΗΣ, ΑΡΜΟΞΕΝΟΣ, seated frontal Roma, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1110-1123\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm. This is the third time that Xenokles and Harmoxenos serve as magistrates. Mørkholm connects the appearance of Roma as a declaration of pro-Roman sympathy, struck when the eponymous archon Medeios illegally remained in office. Thompson observes that on the reverses of 1117b and 1118b the representation of Roma is partially effaced, whether due to deliberate mutilation or imperfect striking.\"}","title":"Thompson1110to1123","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1110to1123"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542dced940142dd64b7530f2a","lastUpdated":1386694121000,"anchor":"thompson1110to1123","id":"094d43d542dced940142dd64b7530f2a","categories":[],"publicationDate":1386694121000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Thompson1125.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Auction 87, lot 464) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-89,\"until\":-88},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":32,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.43},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Kointos, Kleas, Roma and Nike\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΚΟΙΝΤΟΣ, ΚΛΕΑΣ, seated frontal Roma being crowned by Nike, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1122-1129\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm. Mørkholm connects the appearance of Roma as a declaration of pro-Roman sympathy, struck when the eponymous archon Medeios illegally remained in office.\\r\\n\"}","title":"Thompson1122to1129","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1122to1129"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542dced940142dd6d746f1020","lastUpdated":1386694407000,"anchor":"thompson1122to1129","id":"094d43d542dced940142dd6d746f1020","categories":[],"publicationDate":1386694407000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Thompson1124.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton V, lot 1372) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-90,\"until\":-89},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.89},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Xenokles, Harmoxenos, seated Roma\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΞΕΝΟΚΛΗΣ, ΑΡΜΟΞΕΝΟΣ, seated frontal Roma, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \\r\\n\"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1124\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR drachm. This is the third time that Xenokles and Harmoxenos serve as magistrates. Mørkholm connects the appearance of Roma as a declaration of pro-Roman sympathy, struck when the eponymous archon Medeios illegally remained in office.\"}","title":"Thompson1124","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1124"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542dced940142dd6730820f74","lastUpdated":1386693996000,"anchor":"thompson1124","id":"094d43d542dced940142dd6730820f74","categories":[],"publicationDate":1386693996000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-89,\"until\":-88},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":4},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Kointos, Kleas, Roma and Nike\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΚΟΙΝΤΟΣ, ΚΛΕΑΣ, seated frontal Roma being crowned by Nike, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \\r\\n\"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1130\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR drachm. Mørkholm connects the appearance of Roma as a declaration of pro-Roman sympathy, struck when the eponymous archon Medeios illegally remained in office.\\r\\n\"}","title":"Thompson1130","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1130"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542dced940142dd6edeb11042","lastUpdated":1386694499000,"anchor":"thompson1130","id":"094d43d542dced940142dd6edeb11042","categories":[],"publicationDate":1386694499000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-88,\"until\":-87},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Apellikon, Gorgias, Griffin\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΑΠΕΛΛΙΚΩΝ, ΓΟΡΓΙΑΣ, griffin, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1130 (a)\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"Shared obverse die with earlier series. AR drachm.\"}","title":"Thompson1130a","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1130a"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5449317980144e03064875962","lastUpdated":1395330671000,"anchor":"thompson1130a","id":"094d43d5449317980144e03064875962","categories":[],"publicationDate":1395330671000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Thompson_1131.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 249, lot 114) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-88,\"until\":-87},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.72},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Apellikon, Gorgias, Griffin\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΑΠΕΛΛΙΚΩΝ, ΓΟΡΓΙΑΣ, griffin, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1131 - 1142\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Thompson1131to1142","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1131to1142"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5449317980144e02c3a8a58b7","lastUpdated":1395330398000,"anchor":"thompson1131to1142","id":"094d43d5449317980144e02c3a8a58b7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1395330398000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Thompson_1143.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Auction 87, lot 466) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-87,\"until\":-86},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.55},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"King Mithridates, Aristion, star between crescents\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΒΑΣΙΛΕ ΜΙΘΡΑΔΑΤΗΣ, ΑΡΙΣΤΙΟΝ, star between crescents, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \\r\\n\"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1143-1145\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm. Struck during the Mithridatic war, when Aristion was tyrant in Athens. \"}","title":"Thompson1143to1145","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1143to1145"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5449317980144e033c2a559d7","lastUpdated":1395330892000,"anchor":"thompson1143to1145","id":"094d43d5449317980144e033c2a559d7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1395330892000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-87,\"until\":-86},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\"},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"King Mithridates, Aristion, star between crescents\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΒΑΣΙΛΕ ΜΙΘΡΑΔΑΤΗΣ, ΑΡΙΣΤΙΟΝ, star between crescents, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \\r\\n\"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1146\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR drachm. Struck during the Mithridatic War, when the tyrant Aristion ruled Athens.\"}","title":"Thompson1146","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1146"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5449317980144e035414b5a03","lastUpdated":1395330990000,"anchor":"thompson1146","id":"094d43d5449317980144e035414b5a03","categories":[],"publicationDate":1395330990000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Thompson1147.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Electronic Auction 121, lot 68) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-91,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.64},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mnaseas, Nestor, Kerchnos\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΜΝΑΣΕΑΣ, ΝΕΣΩΡ, Kerchnos, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive.\"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1147-1156\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm.\"}","title":"Thompson1147to1156","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1147to1156"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542dced940142dd59c0fb0da7","lastUpdated":1386693115000,"anchor":"thompson1147to1156","id":"094d43d542dced940142dd59c0fb0da7","categories":[],"publicationDate":1386693115000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-91,\"until\":-90},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.78},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mnaseas, Nestor, Kerchnos\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΜΝΑΣΕΑΣ, ΝΕΣΩΡ, Kerchnos, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1157\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR drachm.\"}","title":"Thompson1157","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1157"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d542dced940142dd5c8df80e12","lastUpdated":1386693299000,"anchor":"thompson1157","id":"094d43d542dced940142dd5c8df80e12","categories":[],"publicationDate":1386693299000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"thompson_1159.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Auctiones AG (Auction 29, lot 293)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-85,\"until\":-84},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.57},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Kleophanes, Epithetes, Baitulos with Fillet\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΚΛΕΟΦΑΝΗΣ, ΕΠΙΘΕΤΗΣ, baitulos with fillet, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \\r\\n\"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1158-64\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"undefined\"}","title":"Thompson1158to1164","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1158to1164"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5449317980144e01a2e07566c","lastUpdated":1395330019000,"anchor":"thompson1158to1164","id":"094d43d5449317980144e01a2e07566c","categories":[],"publicationDate":1395330019000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-84,\"until\":-83},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.83},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Mentor, Moschion, Harmodios and Aristogeiton\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side.ΜΕΝΤΩΡ, ΜΟΣΧΙΩΝ, Harmodios and Aristogeiton, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \\r\\n\"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1165 to 1172\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm. The inclusion of the tyrant slayers Harmodios and Aristogeiton on this issue is believed by Mørkholm/Habicht to be a reference to Sulla's stay in Athens after his final defeat of Mithridates.\"}","title":"Thompson1165to1172","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1165to1172"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5449319890144e01ed65b51b6","lastUpdated":1395331607000,"anchor":"thompson1165to1172","id":"094d43d5449319890144e01ed65b51b6","categories":[],"publicationDate":1395331607000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-83,\"until\":-82},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.6},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Architimos, Demetri, Isis\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΑΡΧΙΤΙΜΟΣ, ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙ, Isis, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1173-1178, 1169\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"Shared obverse die with Thompson 1169.\"}","title":"Thompson1173to1178","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1173to1178"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5449317980144e023d62a57a9","lastUpdated":1395331873000,"anchor":"thompson1173to1178","id":"094d43d5449317980144e023d62a57a9","categories":[],"publicationDate":1395331873000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-82,\"until\":-81},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.63},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Lysandros, Oinophilos, Poppy-head and grain ears\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΛΥΣΑΝΔΡΟΣ, ΟΙΝΟΦΙΛΟΣ, poppy-head and grain ears, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson1179-1184\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm.\"}","title":"Thompson1179to1184","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1179to1184"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5449317980144e047075c5cf1","lastUpdated":1395332155000,"anchor":"thompson1179to1184","id":"094d43d5449317980144e047075c5cf1","categories":[],"publicationDate":1395332155000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-82,\"until\":-81},\"properties\":{\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":3.3},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Lysandros, Oinophilos, Poppy-head and grain ears\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΛΥΣΑΝΔΡΟΣ, ΟΙΝΟΦΙΛΟΣ, poppy-head and grain ears, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \\r\\n\"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1185-1186\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR drachm.\"}","title":"Thompson1185to1186","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1185to1186"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5449319890144e0487fe65793","lastUpdated":1395332251000,"anchor":"thompson1185to1186","id":"094d43d5449319890144e0487fe65793","categories":[],"publicationDate":1395332251000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"image\":{\"url\":\"Thompson_1188.jpg\",\"rights\":\"Reproduced courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group Inc., (Triton X, lot 243) (www.cngcoins.com)\"},\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-81,\"until\":-80},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.61},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Amphias, Oinophilos, Demeter\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΑΜΦΙΑΣ, ΟΙΝΟΦΙΛΟΣ, Demeter, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1187-1195\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. 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Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side.ΝΕΣΤΩΡ, ΜΝΑΣΕΑΣ, stag, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1205-1221\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 29, 29-42. \",\"notes\":\"AR tetradrachm.\"}","title":"Thompson1205to1221","enclosures":[],"url":{"rel":"self","length":0,"href":"https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/classics/research/dept_projects/beginningsofempire/database/store/?selectedLetter=T#thompson1205to1221"},"content":"","script":"","entryId":"094d43d5449317980144e056a52a5ef0","lastUpdated":1395333178000,"anchor":"thompson1205to1221","id":"094d43d5449317980144e056a52a5ef0","categories":[],"publicationDate":1395333178000,"authors":[{"name":"Steve Ranford"}]},{"metadata":"{\"location\":{\"city\":\"Athens\",\"region\":\"Achaea (Greece)\",\"map\":true,\"place\":\"http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885\"},\"date\":{\"from\":-78,\"until\":-77},\"properties\":{\"diameter\":30,\"die-axis\":12,\"metal\":\"AR\",\"weight\":16.77},\"details\":{\"moneyer\":\"Sotades, Themistokles, Bakchos\",\"obverse\":\"Head of Athena Parthenos right.\",\"reverse\":\"ΑΘΕ. Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΣΩΤΑΔΗΣ, ΘΕΜΙΣΤΟΚΛΗΣ, Bakchos, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1222-1226X\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. 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Owl right, head facing, wings closed, standing on amphora which lies on its side. ΛΕΥΚΙΟΣ, ΑΝΤΙΚΡΑΤΗΣ, Demeter and Artemis, other Greek control letters, or a third magistrate's name. All within a wreath of olive. \"},\"reference\":\"Thompson 1227\",\"bibliography\":\"Thompson, M. 1961. The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, New York, The American Numismatic Society. \\r\\nMørkholm, O. 1984. The chronology of the new style coinage of Athens. American Numisma