You've already seen one option you can run with make; the -p option. There are many other useful options available, a list of some of these is given below:
- -d run with debugging options on (produces lots of output!)
- -s run in silent mode - don't write anything to standard output
- -n print the commands that would be executed, but do not execute them
- -j [n] run [n] jobs in parallel (e.g., [n]=50); especially for very large programs this speeds-up the compilation
Read the man file to find out about more options for make.