# old Entry Requirements

**Please carefully read the information below about entry requirements and supporting documentation before you apply to ensure your application has the best chance for success.**

### Degree Requirements

**Good honours degree (Upper-second class honours degree 2.1 or equivalent).** Your undergraduate degree should be in Philosophy, Politics and Economics or a closely related programme with significant components from each subject area.

### MA PPE: Tripartite

##### Economics Requirement

You should have achieved a good standard (2:1 or higher) in undergraduate modules in microeconomics and macroeconomics at an intermediate level or above (at 40 hours of lectures across intermediate or final years). Module choice in Economics will restricted according to the strength of your background in Economics to a set list. Students without intermediate-level econometrics will only have access to a restricted list of Economics optional modules. Whilst formal techniques are taught as part of the Economics component of MA in PPE pathways with Economics, prior training in these areas of mathematics and statistics is required. All Tripartite students are also required to take the 2-week pre-sessional course in Mathematics and Statistics.

##### Philosophy Requirement

You should have taken at least 25% of one year of study in intermediate Philosophy modules.

### MA PPE: Bipartite: Economics and Philosophy

##### Economics Requirement

You should have achieved a good standard (2:1 or higher) in undergraduate modules in microeconomics and macroeconomics at an intermediate level or above (at 40 hours of lectures across intermediate or final years). Module choice in Economics will be restricted according to the strength of your background in Economics to a set list. Econometrics (at 40 hours of lectures or equivalent) at an intermediate level or above would also be a strong advantage. Bipartite students without intermediate-level econometrics will only have access to a restricted list of Economics optional modules.

In order to take the full selected set of MA in PPE Economics optional modules, students must have obtained a good standard (2:1 or higher) in undergraduate courses in mathematics and economic statistics (at least the equivalent of a year-long module or two term/semester–long modules, and economic statistics should include econometrics):

- Calculus, functions of several variables, partial derivatives, constrained optimization using Lagrange multipliers, matrix algebra and linear equations.
- Probability theory, distribution theory (binomial, normal and associated distributions), sampling theory, statistical inference, interval estimation, hypothesis testing (means and variances), least squares regression.

Where this has not been obtained, students may take Quantitative Methods: Econometrics A (30 credits) in Term 1 to enable further Economics optional module choices. Where this has not been taken only a restricted optional module catalogue will be available. Whilst formal techniques are taught as part of the Economics component of MA in PPE pathways with Economics, prior training in these areas of mathematics and statistics is required. All MA in PPE Bipartite: Economics and Philosophy students are also required to take the 2-week pre-sessional course in Mathematics and Statistics.

##### Philosophy Requirement

You should have taken at least 25% of one year of study in intermediate Philosophy modules.

### MA PPE: Bipartite: Politics and Economics

##### Economics Requirement

You should have achieved a good standard (2:1 or higher) in undergraduate modules in microeconomics and macroeconomics at an intermediate level or above (at 40 hours of lectures across intermediate or final years). Module choice in Economics will be restricted according to the strength of your background in Economics to a set list. Econometrics (at 40 hours of lectures or equivalent) at an intermediate level or above would also be a strong advantage. Bipartite students without intermediate-level econometrics will only have access to a restricted list of Economics optional modules.

In order to take the full selected set of MA in PPE Economics optional modules, students must have obtained a good standard (2:1 or higher) in undergraduate courses in mathematics and economic statistics (at least the equivalent of a year-long module or two term/semester–long modules, and economic statistics should include econometrics):

- Calculus, functions of several variables, partial derivatives, constrained optimization using Lagrange multipliers, matrix algebra and linear equations.
- Probability theory, distribution theory (binomial, normal and associated distributions), sampling theory, statistical inference, interval estimation, hypothesis testing (means and variances), least squares regression. Where this has not been obtained, students may take Quantitative Methods: Econometrics A (30 credits) in Term 1 to enable further Economics optional module choices.

Where this has not been taken only a restricted optional module catalogue will be available. Whilst formal techniques are taught as part of the Economics component of MA in PPE pathways with Economics, prior training in these areas of mathematics and statistics is required. All MA in PPE Bipartite: Politics and Economics students are also required to take the 2-week pre-sessional course in Mathematics and Statistics.

### MA PPE: Bipartite: Politics and Philosophy

##### Philosophy Requirement

You should have taken at least 25% of one year of study in intermediate Philosophy modules.