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EN278 Ends and Beginnings: Late 19th- and Early 20th-century Literature and Culture

PLEASE SEE THE EXAM SUB-PAGE ABOVE FOR INFORMATION ABOUT THE 2018 EXAM.

This is a Pathway Approved Option for the English Pathway and one of the Distributional Requirements for the Theory, North American and World Literature Pathways.

Module Convenor: Dr Ross G. Forman (H539)
r.g.forman@warwick.ac.uk

Module Convenor's Office Hours for Term 2: Mondays, 2-3 pm and Thursdays, 3.30-4.30pm

Seminar Times for 2017/18:

Monday, 12-1.30 (H5.07) and 3-4.30 (H5.07)

Overview

This module will introduce students to the literature and culture of the late Victorian and Edwardian eras. Among the topics we will broach are New Woman literature, Decadence and Aestheticism, slum fiction, empire at the fin de siècle, and, to some extent, the birth of cinema. The fin-de-siècle and early twentieth century were a time of enormous technological, political, social, and cultural change, and we will see how literature manifested and participated in these changes, participating in movements such as suffragism and anti-imperial agitation and helping to construct new notions of modernity.

Old Nichol


Outline Syllabus

The module is organized around overlapping thematic units. In Term 1, we consider London as/and the global city. We start with the growth of suburbia. We will consider ‘Slum Literature’ and look at the impact of Jewish and Asian immigration on urban Britain through writers such as Israel Zangwill and Thomas Burke. In Term 2, we will focus on ‘Gender and Sexuality at the Fin de Siècle.’ Among the topics discussed will be the New Woman and suffrage, the invention of ‘homosexuality,’ the rise of psychopathology and neurasthenia, gender and the British Empire, Aestheticism and the Decadence, the Arts and Craft Movement, and fin-de-siècle drama.


Syllabus for 2017/18:

Most secondary readings will be available via the Library's Talis Aspire.

Please note that some of the core texts can be downloaded for free from the Internet Archive portal.

TERM 1

UNIT 1: LONDON AND/AS THE GLOBAL CITY

Week 1:
Introduction

Week 2:
George and Weedon Grossmith, The Diary of a Nobody (1892)

Week 3:

Stephen Crane, Maggie: A Girl of the Streets (1893)
plus "George's Mother"(1896); "An Experiment in Misery" (1895); "An Experiment in Luxury" (1894);

Required Critical Reading:

Andrew Lawson, "Class Mimicry in Stephen Crane's City," American Literary History 16.4 (2004): 596-618 (PDF Document)

Jacob Riis, "The Down Town Back-Alleys" in How the Other Half Lives (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1890): 28-47 (PDF Document)

Week 4:
Margaret Harkness, In Darkest London (1889)

Required Critical Reading:
Seth Koven, "The Social Question and the Jewish Question in late Victorian London," Groningen Studies in Cultural Change (Leuven: Peeters 2010) (PDF Document)
William Booth, In Darkest England and the Way Out (1890) [excerpts] (PDF Document)

Recommended: David Glover, "Palaces and Sweatshops: East End Fictions and East End Politics" in Literature, Immigration, and Diaspora in Fin-de-Siècle England: A Cultural History of the 1905 Aliens Act, 47-79. [E-book available through the library.] (PDF Document)

Week 5:
Arthur Morrison, A Child of the Jago (1896)

Required Critical Reading:
Sarah Wise, "Telling Tales," The Blackest Streets(PDF Document)

Week 6: READING WEEK

Week 7:
A Comparative Perspective

Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Dom Casmurro (1899) (Library Latin America Edition Only)*
**PLEASE MAKE SURE TO BUY ONLY THE TRANSLATION BY JOHN GLEDSON

Required Critical Reading:
João Cezar de Castro Rocha, "The Shipwreck of Illusions," Chapter 1 in Machado de Assis: Towards a Poetics of Emulation (East Lansing, MI: Michigan State UP, 2015. 1-44.

Week 8:
London and the Experience of Immigration

Texts:
Israel Zangwill, from Children of the Ghetto (1892)(PDF Document)
Thomas Burke, Limehouse Nights [London: Daily Express Fiction Library, 1916]: "The Chink and the Child" [Colour 3.3 (1915): 82-88] and "The Paw" (PDF Document)
Henry Nevinson, "Sissero's Return" (PDF Document)
Grant Allen [J. Arbuthnot Wilson, pseud.], "Mr Chung," Belgravia: A London Magazine 49.196 (Dec 1882): 67-80. (PDF Document)
Arthur Conan Doyle, "The Man with the Twisted Lip" (PDF Document)
Joseph Salter, "The East in the West" (1896) [extracts] (PDF Document)

Required Critical Reading:
John Seed, 'Limehouse Blues: Looking for 'Chinatown' in the London Docks, 1900-40' (PDF Document)

Recommended reading:
Meri-Jane Rochelson, 'Language, Gender, and Ethnic Anxiety in Zangwill's Children of the Ghetto.' (PDF Document)

Week 9:

Amy Levy, The Romance of a Shop (1888) [Broadview edition only, ed. Susan Bernstein]

Required Critical Reading:
Kate Flint, 'Photographic Memory,' Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net 53 (2009),http://www.erudit.org/revue/ravon/2009/v/n53/029898ar.html

Recommended Critical Reading:
Elizabeth F. Evans, "We Are Photographers, Not Mountebanks!": Spectacle, Commercial Space, and the New Public Woman," Amy Levy: Critical Essays, ed. Naomi Hetherington and Nadia Valman (Athens, OH: Ohio UP, 2010) 2-46. (PDF Document)

Week 10:
Richard Marsh, The Beetle (1897)

Required Critical Reading:
Anna Maria Jones, 'Conservation of Energy, Individual Agency, and Gothic Terror in Richard Marsh's The Beetle, or, What's Scarier than an Ancient, Evil, Shape-Shifting Bug? '(PDF Document)

Recommended Critical Reading:
Ailise Bulfin, 'The Fiction of Gothic Egypt and British Imperial Paranoia.' (PDF Document)

New Woman

TERM 2:

GENDER AND SEXUALITY AT THE FIN DE SIECLE

REMINDER: I WILL BE AWAY AT A CONFERENCE ON 8 JANUARY. WE WILL START SEMINARS IN WEEK 2 WITH IBSEN AND SHAW AND WILL SCHEDULE A MAKE-UP SESSION IN TERM THREE, OR IN THE SECOND HALF OF TERM 2.

Week 1:
Henrik Ibsen, Ghosts (1881)
George Bernard Shaw, Mrs Warren’s Profession (1893)

Required Critical Reading:
Shaw, from The Quintessence of Ibsenism (section on Ghosts [82-92] and 'The Morals of the Play' [122-134) (PDF Document)

Week 2:
Selected Stories from Daughters of Decadence, ed. Elaine Showalter:

Vernon Lee, "Lady Tal"
Kate Chopin, "An Egyptian Cigarette"
Charlotte Mew, "A White Night"
George Egerton, "A Cross Line"
Ada Leverson, "Suggestion"
Olive Schreiner, "The Buddhist Priest’s Wife"

Week 3:

Kate Chopin, The Awakening

Required Critical Reading:
Ann Heillman, "The Awakening and New Woman Fiction," The Cambridge Companion to Kate Chopin 87-104.

Week 4:

George Du Maurier, Trilby*

*Trilby is a long novel, so please try to read it over the winter break.

Required Critical Reading:
Kimberley J. Stern, "Rule Bohemia: The Cosmopolitcs of Subculture in George Du Maurier's Trilby" 547-570

Week 5:

Robert Baden-Powell, Scouting for Boys (1899) [Oxford UP edition, ed. Elleke Boehmer only]

Please read the following parts:


All of Part I (Chapter 1)
All of Part II (Chapter 2 and 3)
Part IV: Chapter 6 (“Endurance for Scouts”)
Part V: Chapter 9 (“Patriotism”)
All of Part VI (“Notes for Instructors”)
Appendix: Continence

Required Critical Reading:
Introduction by Boehmer

Week 6: READING WEEK

Week 7: Queer Histories

Readings:
Oscar Wilde, "De Profundis" and "The Ballad of Reading Gaol" in De Profundis and Other Writings, ed. Colm Toibin
Frederick Rolfe, The Venice Letters (Selections) (PDF Document)
Jack Saul, The Sins of the Cities of the Plains (1881) (PDF Document)

Required Critical Reading:
Michel Foucault, "The Repressive Hypothesis" in The History of Sexuality, vol. 1 (PDF Document)
Dominic Janes, "Oscar Wilde, Sodomy, and Mental Illness in Late Victorian England" (PDF Document)

Week 8: Queer Poetics

Michael Field [Katharine Bradley and Edith Cooper], Selected Poems (PDF Document)
Sappho poems (PDF Document)
John Addington Symonds:

Selected Poems (PDF Document)
"Clifton and a Lad's Love" (PDF Document)

ADDITIONAL POEMS TO BE INCLUDED HERE

Required Critical Reading:
Henry Havelock Ellis, "Sexual Inversion in Women" in Studies in the Psychology of Sex, vol 2: Sexual Inversion (PDF Document)
Kate Thomas, "'What Time We Kiss': Michael Field's Queer Temporalities" (PDF Document)

Recommended Critical Reading:

Simon Avery, "Christina Rosetti: Gender and Power" at http://www.bl.uk/romantics-and-victorians/articles/christina-rossetti-gender-and-power.

Week 9:
Joseph Jeffrey Walters, Guanya Pau: A Story of an African Princess (1891) [Broadview Edition Required]

PLEASE MAKE SURE TO HAVE THE COMPLETE TEXT AND THE BROADVIEW EDITION, AS SOME PRINT-ON-DEMAND VERSIONS ARE INCOMPLETE. ALSO, YOU WILL NEED BROADVIEW'S CRITICAL EDITION, AS THE NOTES ARE EXTREMELY HELPFUL TO UNDERSTAND THE NOVEL.

Required Critical Reading:
Introduction, Broadview Edition

Recommended Critical Reading:
Gareth Griffiths, from African Literatures in English: East and West

Week 10:
Miles Franklin, My Brilliant Career (1901)

Required Critical Reading:
Tanya Dalziell, "Colonial Displacements: Another Look at Miles Franklin's My Brilliant Career,"ARIEL: A Review of International English Literature 35.3-4 (2004):39-56. (PDF Document)


BOOKS TO PURCHASE FOR 2017/18 (IN ORDER OF APPEARANCE)*

* Please see the syllabus above for weeks when the readings/secondary readings will be available online.

Term 1:

George and Weedon Grossmith, The Diary of a Nobody (1892) [Wordsworth Classics edition]

Stephen Crane, Maggie: A Girl of the Streets and Other Tales of New York [Penguin Classics Edition]

Margaret Harkness, In Darkest London (1889) [Black Apollo]

Arthur Morrison, A Child of the Jago (1896) [ Oxford, or fantastic Broadview edition by Diana Maltz]

Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Dom Casmurro (1899) [Library of Latin America Edition, trans. John Gledson ONLY]

Amy Levy, The Romance of a Shop (1888) [Broadview edition]

Richard Marsh, The Beetle (1897)

Term 2:

Henrik Ibsen, Ghosts (1881)

George Bernard Shaw, Mrs Warren’s Profession (1893)

Elaine Showalter, ed. Daughters of Decadence

George Du Maurier, Trilby (1894)

Robert Baden-Powell, Scouting for Boys (1899) [Oxford UP edition edited by Elleke Boehmer ONLY]

Oscar Wilde, De Profundis (1897) [Penguin edition edited by Colm Toibin ONLY]

Joseph Jeffrey Walters, Guanya Pau: A Story of an African Princess (1891) [Broadview edition, ed. Gareth Griffiths]

Miles Franklin, My Brilliant Career (1901) [Virago]


Method of Assessment for 2017/18:

Presentation and write-up: 1,500 words, 20%

Essay covering term 1 materials: 3,000 words, 30% (due Term 1, Week 11; subject to confirmation with the undergraduate office)

Exam, covering term 2 and synoptic/synthetic: 50%

N.B. The oral presentations will take place throughout Terms 1 and 2. Your write-up will be due in the week following the presentation.


Background Reading:

Agathocleous, Tanya. Urban Realism and the Cosmopolitan Imagination in the Nineteenth Century: Visible City, Invisible World. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2011.

Boehmer, Elleke. Empire, the National, and the Postcolonial, 1890-1920. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2005.

BRANCH: Britain, Representation, and Nineteenth-Century History, http://www.branchcollective.org/. [A huge collective project with articles on over 100 topics written by top scholars from around the world.]

Brantlinger, Patrick. Dark Vanishings: Discourse on the Extinction of Primitive Races, 1800-1900. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 2003.

Cook, Matt. London and the Culture of Homosexuality, 1885-1914. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2008.

Deane, Bradley. Masculinity and the New Imperialism: Rewriting Manhood in British Popular Literature, 1870–1914. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2014.

Eltis, Sos. Acts of Desire: Women and Sex on Stage 1800-1930. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Gagnier, Regenia. Individualism, Decadence and Globalization: On the Relationship of Part to Whole, 1859-1920. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Kaplan, Morris. Sodom on the Thames: Sex, Love, and Scandal in Wilde Times. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 2005.

Koven, Seth. Slumming: Sexual and Social Politics in Victorian London. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 2004.

Ledger, Sally, and Roger Luckhurst. The Fin de Siecle: A Reader in Cultural History. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000.

Ledger, Sally. The New Woman: Fiction and Feminism at the Fin de Siècle. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1997.

Livesey, Ruth. Socialism, Sex, and the Culture of Aestheticism in Britain, 1880-1914. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2005.

Maltz, Diana. British Aestheticism and the Urban Working Classes, 1870-1900. London: Palgrave, 2005.

Marshall, Gail, ed. The Cambridge Companion to the Fin de Siècle. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2007.

Nemesvari, Richard. Thomas Hardy, Sensationalism, and the Melodramatic Mode. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Richardson, Angelique. Love and Eugenics in the Late Nineteenth Century: Rational Reproduction and the New Woman. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2003.

Showalter, Elaine. Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siecle. London: Bloomsbury, 1992.

Valman, Nadia. The Jewess in Nineteenth-century British Literary Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2010.