Skip to main content Skip to navigation


Middle English Dream Vision Poetry

General background reading

J. Boffey ed. 15th century English Dream Visions: An anthology (2003)

J. Boffey, J. Cowen, eds, Chaucer and Fifteenth-Century Poetry (1991)

S.F. Kruger, Dreaming in the Middle Ages (1992)

S. F. Kruger, ‘Dialogue, debate, and dream vision’, in The Cambridge Companion to Medieval English Literature 1100-1500, ed. L. Scanlon (2009), pp. 71-82

K.L. Lynch, The high medieval dream vision: poetry, philosophy and literary form (1988)

A.C. Spearing, Medieval Dream Poetry (1976)

Boethius, The Consolation of Philosophy, translated Peter Walsh (Oxford, 2008) (see also Chaucer’s own translation, Boece, in The Riverside Chaucer, pp. 395–472)

Dante, The Divine Comedy, trans. C. H. Sisson (Oxford, 2008)

Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meun, The Romance of the Rose, translated Frances Horgan (Oxford, 1999) (see also the Middle English translation, part of which is perhaps by Chaucer, in The Riverside Chaucer, pp. 686–767)


H. Barr, ‘Pearl - or “the Jeweller’s Tale”’, Medium Aevum 69 (2000), 59-79

D. Brewer and J. Gibson eds., A Companion to the Gawain-poet (1997)

J. Bowers, The Politics of Pearl: Court Poetry in the Age of Richard II (2001)

--- An Introduction to the Gawain Poet (2013)

P. M. Kean, The Pearl: An Interpretation (1967)

E. D. Kirk, ‘The anatomy of a mourning: reflections on the Pearl dreamer’, in M. T. Tavormina and R. F. Yeager eds, The Endless Knot: Essays on Old and Middle English in Honor of Marie Borroff, (1995), pp. 215-225

A. Putter, An Introduction to the Gawain-poet (1996)

A. C. Spearing, The Gawain-poet: A Critical Study (1970)

L. Staley, ‘Pearl and the Contingencies of Love and Piety’, in D. Aers ed., Medieval Literature and Historical Inquiry: Essays in Honour of Derek Pearsall (2000), pp. 83-114

The Book of the Duchess and The Parlement of Fowles

J. A. W. Bennett, The Parlement of Foules: An Interpretation (1957)

W. H. Clemen, Chaucer’s Early Poetry (1963)

H. M. Leicester, ‘The Harmony of Chaucer’s Parliament: A Dissonant Voice’, Chaucer Review 9 (1974), 15-34

A. J. Minnis, The Oxford Guides to Chaucer: The Shorter Poems (1995)

C. Muscatine, Chaucer and the French Tradition (1957)

J. I. Wimsatt, Chaucer and the French Love Poets (1968)

B. A. Windeatt, Chaucer’s Dream Poetry, Sources and Analogues (Woodbridge, 1982), pp. 3–124

J. Winny, Chaucer’s Dream-Poems (1973)

The Kingis Quair

J. A. W. Bennett, ‘A King's Quire’, Poetica 3 (1975), 1-16

V. Caretta, ‘The Kingis Quair and The Consolation of Philosophy’, Studies in Scottish Literature 16 (1981), 14-28

L. A. Ebin, ‘Boethius, Chaucer, and the Kingis Quair,’ Philological Quarterly 53 (1974), 321-41

D. R. Marks, ‘Poems from Prison: James I of Scotland and Charles of Orleans’, Fifteenth-Century Studies 15 (1989), 245-58

J. Macqueen, ‘Poetry–James I to Henryson’, in R. D. S. Jack ed., The History of Scottish Literature (1988), I, 117-31

S. Mapstone, ‘Kingship and the Kingis Quair’, in H. Cooper and S. Mapstone eds, The Long Fifteenth Century: Essays for Douglas Gray (1997), pp. 52–69

A. Miskimin, ‘Patterns in The Kingis Quair and the Temple of Glass,’ Papers on Language and Literature 13 (1977), 339-61

D. Pearsall, ‘The English Chaucerians’, in D. Brewer ed, Chaucer and Chaucerians: Critical Studies in Middle English Literature (1966), pp. 201-39

A. Petrina, The Kingis Quair of James I of Scotland (1997)

Preston, J., ‘Fortunys Exiltree: A Study of The Kingis Quair,’ Review of English Studies n.s. 7 (1956), 339-47

W. Quinn, ‘Memory and the Matrix of Unity in The Kingis Quair’, Chaucer Review 15 (1981), 332-55

W. Scheps, ‘Chaucerian Synthesis: The Art of The Kingis Quair’, Studies in Scottish Literature 8 (1971), 143-65

The Palis of Honoure

P. Bawcutt, Gavin Douglas: A Critical Study (1976)

D. Fox, ‘The Scottish Chaucerians’ in D. Brewer ed, Chaucer and Chaucerians (1966), pp. 193-200

R. Morse, ‘Gavin Douglas: “Off Eloquence the flowand balmy strand”,’ in R. Morse and B. Windeatt eds, Chaucer Traditions: Studies in Honour of Derek Brewer (1990), pp. 107-21

J. Norton-Smith, ‘Ekphrasis as a Stylistic Element in Douglas’s Palis of Honoure,’ Medium Aevum 48 (1979), 240-53

D. Parkinson, ‘The Farce of Modesty in Gavin Douglas’s The Palis of Honoure,’ Philological Quarterly 70 (1990), 13-25

William Langland, Piers Plowman

D. Aers, Chaucer, Langland and the Creative Imagination (1980).

---, Community, Gender and Individual Identity: English Writing 1360-1430 (1988)

J.A. Alford (ed.), A Companion to Piers Plowman (1988)

A Baldwin, A Guidebook to Piers Plowman (2007)

S.A. Barney, The Penn Commentary on Piers Plowman, V: C Passus 20-22; B Pasus 18-20 (2006)

M. Calabrese, An Introduction to Piers Plowman (2016)

A Cole & A. Galloway (eds), The Cambridge Companion to Piers Plowman (2014)

A Galloway, The Penn Commentary on Piers Plowman, I: C Prologue-Passus 4; B Prologue-Passus 4; A Prologue-Passus 4 (2006)

R. Hanna, William Langland, Authors of the Middle Ages: English Writers of the Late Middle Ages (1993)

---, London Literature, 1300-1380 (2005), pp. 243-304.

K. Kerby-Fulton and Steven Justice (eds), Written Work: Langland, Labor, and Authorship (1997)

E.D. Kirk, The Dream Thought of Piers Plowman (1972)

D. Lawton, 'The Subject of Piers Plowman', Yearbook of Langland Studies 1 (1987), 1-30.

P. Martin, Piers Plowman: the Field and the Tower (1979)

A. Middleton, 'The Audience and Public of Piers Plowman', in Middle English Alliterative Poetry and its Literary Background: Seven Essays ed. D. Lawton (1982), pp. 101-23, 147-54.

---, 'Narration and the Invention of Experience: Episodic Form in Piers Plowman', in The Wisdom of Poetry: Essays in Early English Literature in honour of Morton W. Bloomfield, ed. L.D. Benson & S. Wenzel (1982), pp. 91-122.

D. Pearsall, An Annotated Critical Bibliography of Langland (1990)

W. Scase, Piers Plowman and the New Anticlericalism (1989)

J. Simpson, Piers Plowman: An Introduction (1990; 2nd edn. 2007)

E. Steiner, Reading Piers Plowman (2013)

M. Stokes, Justice and Mercy in Piers Plowman: A Reading of the B-Text Visio (1984)

S.J. Wood, Conscience and the Composition of Piers Plowman (2012)

See also articles published in the dedicated journal, The Yearbook of Langland Studies.