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NB: the following bibliography is intended as a general bibliography of background reading on the themes and problems addressed as part of this Module. For bibliographies on individual texts please see separate page, under construction.

Identity and Alterity

AERS, David. Community, Gender and Individual Identity: English Writing 1360-1430. London: Routledge, 1988.

COHEN, Jeffrey Jerome. Medieval Identity Machines. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.

HARDMAN, Phillipa. The Matter of Identity in Medieval Romance. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2002.

LAVEZZO, Kathryn (ed.). Imagining a Medieval English Nation. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.

*UEBEL, Michael. Ecstatic Transformation: On the Uses of Alterity in the Middle Ages. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.

WALKER BYNUM, Caroline. Metamorphosis and Identity. New York: Zone Books, 2001.

Jews and Saracens:

*AKBARI, Suzanne Conklin. Idols in the East: European Representations of Islam andthe Orient, 1100-1450. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2009.

BLANKS, David R. and Michael FRASSETTO. Western views of Islam in medieval and early modern Europe: Perception of Other. New York: St Martins, 1999. , also pdf available online on open access:

CALKIN, Siobhain Bly. Saracens and the Making of English Identity: The Auchinleck Manuscript. New York, NY: Routledge, 2005.

COHEN, Jeffrey Jerome. ‘On Saracen enjoyment: Some fantasies of race in late medieval France and England’ Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 31 (2001): 113-46.

DELANY, Sheila (ed.). Chaucer and the Jews: Sources, Contexts, Meanings. New York: Routledge, 2002.

HAIDU, Peter. The Subject of Violence: The Song of Roland and the Birth of the State. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1993.

HENG, Geraldine. ‘The Invention of Race in the European Middle Ages’ I and II, Literature Compass 8.5 (2011), 315–31; 332–350.

NORMAN, David. Islam and the West : the making of an image. Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press, 1980.

RUBIN, Miri. Gentile Tales: The Narrative Assault on Late Medieval Jews. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

SKINNER, Patricia (ed.). The Jews in Medieval Britain: Historical, Literary and Archaeological Perspectives. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003.

*STRICKLAND, Debra Higgs. Saracens, Demons and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art. Princeton University Press: 2003.

*STOW, Kenneth R. Alienated minority: the Jews of medieval Latin Europe. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1994.

*TOLAN, John Victor. Saracens : Islam in the medieval European imagination. Columbia UP, 2002.

Orientalism and Postcoloniamism in the Middle Ages

BURGE, Amy. Representing Difference in the Medieval and Modern Orientalist Romance. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

*COHEN, Jeffrey Jerome. The Postcolonial Middle Ages. New York: Palgrave, 2000.

HIGGINS, Ian Macleod. Writing East: the Travels of sir John Mandeville. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Poress, 1997.

HEFFERNAN, Carol Falvo. The Orient in Chaucer and medieval romance. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2003.

HENG, Geraldine. Empire of Magic: Medieval Romance and the Politics of Cultural Fantasy. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.

INGHAM, Patricia C., Michelle WARREN, eds. Postcolonial Moves: Medieval Through Modern. Palgrave Macmillan: New York, 2003.

*KABIR, Ananya Jahanara... [et al.] Postcolonial approaches to the European Middle Ages : Translating cultures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

LAMPERT-WEISSIG, Lisa. Medieval Literature and Postcolonial Studies. Edinburgh UP, 2010.

SAUNDERS, C. Cultural Encounters in the Romance of Medieval England. Cambridge, D.S. Brewer, 2005.

YEAGER, Suzanne. Jerusalem in Medieval Narrative. Cambridge UP, 2008.

Online Resources

Claire Harrill, 'Saracens and Otherness in Middle English Romance', British Library: Discovering Literature.

Josephine Livingston, 'Travel, Trade, and Exploration in the Middle Ages', British Library: Discovering Literature.

Nicola McDonald et al. Middle English Romance Database