Born 1913, Buffalo, New York, USA. Died 1967
Ad Reinhardt graduated from Columbia College in 1936 and worked with the painters Call Holly, Francis Crissand, Karl Anderson. From 1937 to 1941 he worked on the WPA Easel Painting Project. A member of the American Abstract Artists Group from 1937-42, he was the only member of the New York School who began and ended his career as an abstract artist. Deeply influenced by Far Eastern Art, his approach was purist to the point of puritanism. He crusaded for an art devoid of gesture, pictorial incident and colour. In 1953 he renounced colour, from 1960 all his work was composed of nearly black trisected squares. Like Albers, he created optical effects that dissolve the edges of forms, and like Albers, his work attains a near mystic quality akin to Far Eastern aesthetics.