Born 1887, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. Died 1965
Born Charles-Edouard Jeanneret he enrolled in 1901 as an apprentice engraver at the School of Art in his home town. He began to design buildings in 1905 and in 1917 he settled in Paris where he became a friend of the painter Ozenfant, and exhibited with the Purists. Regarded as father of the modern movement in architecture, his most notable buildings are the Cité de Refuge (1933), Nôtre Dame du Haut, Ronchamp (1950-55) and the Indian City of Chandigarh begun in 1951. First and foremost an architect and designer, he was also a painter, sculptor and printmaker whose calligraphic style is akin to Léger and Picasso.
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