Skip to main content Skip to navigation

Critical reading


Essays published in the period


Edmund Burke, A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origins of our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful (1757)

Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792)

William Wordsworth, 'Preface', to the Lyrical Ballads (1802) 

S. T. Coleridge, Biographia Literaria (1817)

John Keats, letter to George and Tom Keats, December 21, 1817; letter to John Hamilton Reynolds, May 3, 1818; letter to Richard Woodhouse, October 27, 1818

P. B. Shelley, A Defence of Poetry (1821)

Thomas Carlyle, 'Signs of the Times' (1829) 

William Johnson Fox, 'Tennyson: Poems, Chiefly Lyrical 1830'

John Stuart Mill, 'What is Poetry?' (1833)

Charles Lyell, Principles of Geology (1830-33) 

Arthur Hallam, ‘On Some Characteristics of Modern Poetry’ (1831)

Robert Buchanan, 'The Fleshly School of Poetry: Mr D. G. Rossetti' (1871)

Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 'The Stealthy School of Criticism' (1871)

Coventry Patmore, 'Prefatory Study on English Metrical Law' (1878)

Gerard Manley Hopkins, 'Author's Preface' (1918)


Secondary criticism


M. H. Abrams, The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic theory and the Critical Tradition (1958)

Isobel Armstrong, Victorian Poetry: Poetry, Poetics, and Politics (1993)

Harold Bloom, The Visionary Company: A Reading of English Romantic Poetry (1961)

Marilyn Butler, Romantics, Rebels and Reactionaries (1982)

Joseph Bristow, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Victorian Poetry (2002)

Cynthia Chase, ed., Romanticism (1993)

Stuart Curran, Poetic Form and British Romanticism (1986)

Richard Cronin et al, ed., A Companion to Victorian Poetry (2002)

Aidan Day, Romanticism (1995)

Paula Feldman and Theresa Kelley, ed., Romantic Women Writers (1995)

Margaret Homans, Women Writers and Poetic Identity (1980)

Linda K. Hughes, The Cambridge Introduction to Victorian Poetry (2010)

Emma Mason and Jonathan Herapath, Nineteenth-Century Poetry: Criticisms and Debates (Routledge: 2016)

Emma Mason, The Cambridge Introduction to Wordsworth (2010)

Iain McCalman, ed., An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age (1999)

Anne Mellor, Romanticism and Gender (1993)

Marlon B. Ross, The Contours of Masculine Desire: Romanticism and the Rise of Women's Poetry (1989)

Sharon Ruston, Romanticism (2007)

Jason Rudy, Electric Meters: Victorian Physiological Poetics (2010)

Janet Todd, Sensibility: An Introduction (1986)

Raymond Williams, Culture and Society 1780-1950 (1958)