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Modernist Cultures Timeline

1895 The trial of Oscar Wilde

1896 Founding of the Daily Mail, London

--------Rontgen’s discovery of x rays

--------Guglielmo Marconi invents telegraphy

---------Joseph Conrad, Preface to The Nigger of the Narcissus

1898 The Curies discover radium and plutonium

*1899 Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness

-------Beginning of the Boer War (1899-1902)

1900 Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams

1901 Death of Queen Victoria, accession of Edward VII

1903 Emmeline Pankhurst founds the WSPU

-------First successful flight of the Wright brothers

1905 Albert Einstein proposes the theory of relativity

-------The founding of Sinn Fein, the Irish nationalist party

1907 Cubist exhibition in Paris

-------Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’ Avignon

--------Henri Bergson, Creative Evolution

1909 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, ‘The Founding and Manifesto of Futurism’

1910 Post-impressionist exhibition in London

*-------E.M. Forster, Howards End

--------Death of Edward VII, accession of George V

1912 Marcel Duchamp, Nude Descending a Staircase

1913 Igor Stravinsky, Le Sacre du Printemps (for the Ballets Russes)

-------Suffragette demonstrations in London

*1914 Founding of Blast

------Ford Madox Ford, ‘On Impressionism’

*-------Ford Madox Ford, The Good Soldier

-------Outbreak of World War 1

1916 Dada performances in Zurich

------Easter Rising in Dublin

1917 TS Eliot, Prufrock and other Observations

-------Russian Revolution

1918 Votes for women age 30 and over in Britain

1919 Ezra Pound, Hugh Selwyn Mauberley

------Virginia Woolf, ‘Modern Fiction’

--------Treaty of Versailles, end of World War 1

---------T.S. Eliot, ‘Tradition and the Individual Talent’

1920 D.H. Lawrence, Women in Love

*1921 Charlie Chaplin, The Kid

-------The Little Review prosecuted for publishing Ulysses

1922 T.S. Eliot, The Waste Land

------James Joyce, Ulysses

*-------Virginia Woolf, Jacob’s Room

----------Founding of the British Broadcasting Company (BBC)

1924 First Labour government in Britain

-------Virginia Woolf, ‘Mr. Bennett and Mrs. Brown’

1925 Virginia Woolf, Mrs. Dalloway

-------Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf

1926 General Strike throughout Britain

1929 Collapse of the New York stock market

------Virginia Woolf, A Room of One’s Own

1930 Mahatma Gandhi begins campaign against British rule in India

------Sigmund Freud, Civilization and its Discontents

1933 Hitler becomes Reich Chancellor in Germany

*1934 Jean Rhys, Voyage in the Dark

1936 Spanish Civil War begins

------Charles Chaplin, Modern Times

1939 Beginning of World War II