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Dr Carol Rutter



Born and raised in southern California, Carol Chillington Rutter took her BA at the University of California, San Diego (with her final year at the University of Exeter), then her MA and PhD at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor). Awarded a Rackham Fellowship from UMich, she spent the final year of her PhD in London researching and writing Philip Henslowe and His Diary, which won the Horace Rackham Graduate School prize for outstanding scholarship in 1979. By then she had settled permanently in England, teaching first at the North London Polytechnic before moving to the University of Warwick in 1980, where she was appointed to a full-time lectureship in 1994. In 2005 she became the first woman in the history of the Department to be promoted to a personal chair in English when she was made Professor of Shakespeare and Performance Studies. From 2006-2011 she was Director of the CAPITAL Centre (Creativity and Performance in Teaching and Learning), a HEFCE-funded Centre of Excellence in Teaching and Learning that, in partnership with the Royal Shakespeare Company, developed (cross-university and cross-faculty) open-space learning for higher education. Rutter's pioneering 'Shakespeare Without Chairs', which uses rehearsal techniques to conduct 'close reading as three dimensional literary criticism' is now a permanent fixture on the final year English syllabus. In 2007 she was awarded a WATE (Warwick Award for Teaching Excellence) and in 2011, appointed a National Teaching Fellow. She presided over the transformation of CAPITAL into a university core-funded Institute of Advanced Teaching and Learning (IATL) in 2011.

Research and Publication:

Carol Rutter's major research interests lie in Shakespeare performance studies. She writes about Shakespeare (and his contemporaries) both in early modern and in subsequent performance. A historian of the early modern stage (as in Documents of the Rose Playhouse), she is also engaged with writing contemporary theatre history (see theatre review articles in Shakespeare Survey 63 - 68), and she uses theatre records to write about the material remains of performance (posters, props, costumes; objects that 'remember' performance). She has a special interest in early modern childhood and pedagogy (which aligns with her writing on teaching and learning in today's university); is a regular contributor to BBC Radio arts and education programmes; and has recently begun publishing digitally. First infected with 'archive fever' thirty-five years ago, she has never fully recovered: her current project locates her in the Archivio di Stato, Venice, transcribing from Collegio Secreta state papers the primary materials that will equip her to write a biography of one of Shakespeare's most charismatic (and disaster-prone) contemporaries, Henry Wotton, James I's English ambassador to the Venetian Republic from 1604. Alongside the life writing Rutter aims to publish 'Wotton's Digital Diplomatic Bag' to make available to students and scholars a virtual archive of documents, transcriptions and translations, annotated and interpreted, interleaving records from Venice and the National Records Office (London), that will put on view for the first time the daily life of one jobbing early modern ambassador.

As co-editor (with James Bulman) of the Manchester University Press Shakespeare in Performance series, she welcomes enquiries from authors interested to propose a volume in the series.


Carol Rutter is currently supervising PhD projects on cross-gender casting in all-women productions of Shakespeare (1980-present); the history and working practices of Propeller theatre company; the dramatic exegesis of scripture in Shakespeare’s comedy; and the persistence of Shakespeare in post-Rising Ireland. Recently completed (and successfully defended) dissertations include Iman Sheeha’s Staging the Servant: An Examination of the Roles of Household Servants in Early Modern Domestic Tragedy (2014); Claire Kenward’s ‘Memory Wrapped Round a Corpse English Hecubas, 1473-2011 (2010): and Chi-fang Sophia Lee’s Thomas Dekker and Chaucerian Re-imaginings (2009). She would welcome research proposals in any area of Shakespeare and early modern performance studies, including the performance of childhood.

Selected monographs and co-authored books

Documents of the Rose Playhouse (Manchester University Press, 1984; Second Edition 1999).

Clamorous Voices: Shakespeare’s Women Today (The Women’s Press, 1988 [reprinted 1989, 1991, 1994; Routledge, 1989]).

Tony Harrison: Permanently Bard (Bloodaxe Books, 1995), Winner of the Heinemann Prize, 1996.

Enter the Body: Women and Representation on Shakespeare’s Stage (Routledge, 2001).

Macbeth. ('Introduction', 'The Play in Performance') Penguin 3. (London, 2005).

Henry VI in Performance, with Stuart Hampton Reeves (Manchester University Press, 2006).

Shakespeare and Child’s Play: Performing Lost Boys on Stage and Screen (Routledge, 2007).

The Winter’s Tale: Shakespeare in Performance, with Judith Dunbar

(Manchester University Press, 2011).

Open Space Learning: A Study in Transdisciplinary Pedagogy, with Nicholas Monk, Jonothan Neelands and Jonathan Heron (Bloomsbury Academic, 2011).

Selected articles and chapters in edited books:

Designs on Shakespeare: Sleeves, Gloves, and Helen’s Placket’ in Grace Ioppolo (ed.), Shakespeare Performed: Essays in Honor of R.A. Foakes (University of Delaware Press, 2000), 216-239.

‘Rough Magic: Northern Broadsides at Work at Play’, Shakespeare Survey 56 (2003), 236-255.

‘Looking Like a Child – or – Titus: The Comedy’, Shakespeare Survey 56 (2003), 1-26.

‘Remind Me: How Many Children Had Lady Macbeth?’, Shakespeare Survey 57 (2004) 38-53.

‘Learning Thisby’s Part – or – What’s Hecuba to Him?’, Shakespeare Bulletin 22:3 (Fall 2004), 5-30.

‘Maverick Shakespeare’ in Barbara Hodgdon and W.B. Worthen (eds), A Companion to Shakespeare and Performance (Blackwell, 2005), 335-358.

‘“Her First Remembrance from the Moor”: Actors and the Materials of Memory’ in Peter Holland (ed.), Shakespeare, Memory and Performance (Cambridge University Press, 2006), 168-206).

‘Looking at Shakespeare’s Women on Film’ (revised), in Russell Jackson (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare on Film Second Edition (Cambridge University Press, 2007), 241-260.

‘Shakespeare’s Popular Face: From the Playbill to the Poster’ in Robert Shaughnessy (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare and Popular Culture (Cambridge University Press, 2007), 248-271.

‘Deborah Warner’ in John Russell Brown (ed.), Routledge Companion to Directors’ Shakespeare (Routledge, 2008), 474-492.

‘Playing Hercules or Laboring in My Vocation’, in G.B.Shand (ed.), Teaching Shakespeare: Passing It On (Routledge, 2009), 217-31.

‘Shakespeare Performances in England', Shakespeare Survey 63, 64, 65, 66 (2010, 2011, 2012, 2012, 2014).

‘Simon Russell Beale' in John Russell Brown (ed.), Routledge Companion to Actors' Shakespeare (Routledge, 2011), pp. 1-14.

‘Playing with Boys on Middleton’s Stage – and Ours’, in Gary Taylor and Trish Henley (eds) Oxford Middleton Handbook (Oxford University Press, 2012), 98-115.

‘Talking Heads’ in Stuart Hampton-Reeves and Bridget Escolme, Shakespeare and the Making of Theatre (Palgrave, 2012), 102-127.

'Shakespeare in School' in Paul Edmondson and Stanley Wells (eds), Shakespeare Beyond Doubt: Evidence, Argument, Controversy (Cambridge University Press, 2013), 133-144.

'Working with Shakespeare: Michael Pavelka in Conversation', Shakespeare Survey 66 (2013), 129-144.

'"Hear the ambassadors": Marking Shakespeare's Venice Connection', Shakespeare Survey 66 (2013), 265-286.

‘Peggy Ashcroft, Actor’, in Russell Jackson (ed.), Gielgud, Olivier, Ashcroft, Dench Great Shakespeareans Vol. XVI (Arden/Methuen, 2013), 110-156.