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Esherick, Joseph W., and Mary Backus Rankin, eds., Chinese Local Elites and Patterns of Dominance (Berkeley, 1990)


Fewsmith, Joseph, Elite Politics in Contemporary China (Armonk, NY, 2000)


Fewsmith, Joseph, Party, State, and Local Elites in Republican China: Merchant Organizations and Politics in Shanghai 1890-1930 (Honolulu, 1985)


Johnson, David G., The Medieval Chinese Oligarchy (Boulder, 1977)


Li, Cheng, China’s Leaders (Lanham, MD, 2001)


Scalapino, Robert A., Elites in the People’s Republic of China (Seattle, 1972)