Michael Devereux, Ben Lockwood and Michela Redoano
This paper studies whether exchange controls, particularly on the capital account, affect the choice of corporate tax rates, using a panel of 21 OECD countries over the period 1983-1999. It builds on existing literature (i) by using a unique data-set with several different measures of the corporate tax rate calculated from the actual parameters of the tax systems: (ii) by allowing exchange controls to affect the intensity of strategic interaction between countries in setting taxes, as well as the levels of tax they choose. We find some evidence that (i) the level of a country’s tax, other things equal, is lowered by a unilateral liberalization of exchange controls, and (ii) that strategic interaction in tax-setting between countries is increased by liberalization. These effects are stronger if the country is a high-tax one, and if the tax is the statutory or effective average one. There is also evidence that countries’ own tax rates are reduced by liberalization of exchange controls in other countries.
Keywords: capital controls, tax competition, globalization.
JEL Classification Numbers: H0, H25, H77
Address for correspondence:
Professor Ben Lockwood
Department of Economics
University of Warwick
Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK