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Marcos Estrada


In 2017, I successfully completed my Ph.D. with the research Everyday Practices of Transnational Living: Making Sense of Brasiguaio identities. My multi-sited ethnography seeking to make sense the different Brasiguaios identities encompassed as primary research sites the towns of Itaquiraí and Ponta Porã, in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS), Brazil, and Pedro Juan Caballero in the department of Amambay, Paraguay. My focus was on the subjects’ everyday experiences daily practices, identities, and aspirations. My ethnography in the ‘Brasiguaio landless camp’, in Itaquiraí - MS, was characterised by the subjects’ pursuit of land reform through their engagement in the Brazilian Rural Workers’ Landless Movement. In the bordering towns of Ponta Porã and Pedro Juan Caballero, my work was deeply marked by the subjects’ everyday circulation and engagement in the socioeconomic life across both cities/countries, as if both towns/countries were one single place. As a part of my research, I have developed and I advocate for the adoption of the concept proximal transnationalism for the understanding of transnationalism within border regions. My future scholarly and related information about my work is going to be available in the academic platform


In parallel to my Ph.D. research, I produced the documentary Brasiguaios: Transnational Lives and Identities. The objective of this documentary is to present the narrative of individuals living in the landless camp Antônio Irmão, known as the Brasiguaios’ landless camp, in the town of Itaquiraí (MS) in Brazil. The documentary has already been exhibited in the UK and abroad. The trailer and further information are available at



My research interests include, but they are not limited to, sociological theories, social movements, identities, migration, ethnicity, transnationalism, interdisciplinary research methods. My main region of expertise is the Latin American Southern Cone, particularly Brazil and Paraguay.

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My Ph.D. research would not have been possible without the support of Brasiguaios and non-Brasiguaios who shared their time and life stories. I am also grateful for the institutional support received from Department of Sociology, Institute of Teaching and Learning (IATL) and Institute of Advanced Study (IAS) at University of Warwick; Brazilian Rural Workers' Landless Movement (Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra - MST), the UK Society for Latin America Studies (SLAS) and Centre for Critical Inquiry into Society and Culture at Aston University.