At Ideas Cafe events, we encourage those who attend to scribble down their thoughts and feelings on the table cloths as the talks are happening. Here's what was written during the Connecting Cultures event, unedited, as it appeared on the table cloths:
We are constantly translating within our own language and culture – the interlingual aspect is only one facet of this perhaps more fundamental process.
Mental health and culture: How cultures treat mental health issues. The relativity of mental health and mental illness is reflected in cultures.Free speech
- Ideologies of countries eg how history is taught eg Facism – After 1975 (Portugal) revolution attitude to Angola etc different.
- Politics of parents
- Films and other arts eg painting/music
- Lit eg Richard III
- Monuments – changes
- Symbol of flag – cultural changes
- Fado – imp. In Protugal. Now abroad concept is clearer. Chracterisitics of people who live in place (sea). Moving to other countries cultures. – Palestinian woman link with Fado singer (Link with S. Pacific Islands)
Memory erasal in Germany
Pressure of having a collective identity
Minorities in collective memory?
PECHA KUCHA! 20 slides x 20 seconds each.
Silence vs amnesia
Forgetting as memory
Do we need to forget to remember?
Communication as an instrument of power
Forgetting as part of remembering
If cultural stories are not passed down to younger generation – is this silence or amnesia? “Forgetting as part of remembering”
Tatoos are a way of remembering for working class cultures who cannot express their emotions in words.
Effects a cultural identity of your country’s boundaries and name being changed.
“Bronze soldier” in Talin Estonia
Death / sleep
Hesiod, Theogony (c.800 BC)
Lack of sleep - ill health
One period 8 hour
“Each society interpreting its own past”
How does what a society remembers depend on what it forgets?
“More people speak more than one language than only one.”
Destruction of memory
Inferring collective memory from individual
Destruction of memories
Inferring collective memory with the individual
Where is the border between reserving memories and Nazism
Erasing memory and inscribing
Biological / genetic memory
Landscape and memory
Craft and culture
Part of memory
Changing notions of beauty
Web & memory
+ leaving pictures/text
Generational interpretation of historical events in living memory
Interpretation of one’s own cultural history preserving own identity when actually influenced even introduced from outside
SLEEP + ENERGY
A 1.3m2 ink picture based on the form of the Muppa Mundi – oldest medieval map of the world – telling a story of the riddle of energy (individual and the planet). This connects many cultures:- medical, physiological, literary, physics, history, natural history, philosophy, film studies and the “lay perspective” of health and disease – as the spar was/ ill health – trying to make sense of a low energy medical condition, which is not amenable to medical intervention and has dragged on for years. So…. Connecting cultures – healthcare and art – can have a positive outcome (it has for me in the sense of well-being of the spirit – positive outlook). Contact me if you would like to see this as part of the Connecting Cultures project.
Needs to simplify a little bit
- how can we research it?
- relation between food & body size & health
What dictates what level of health is acceptable.
Issues with regarding decisions of health & women not able to make decisions without – men –
- India – infectious disease
- Healthy - & chronic disease
? Effect of Religion ?
China – social gradient key story
Affluent in China – Chronic disease
West phase - Cutting down rich food
Social gradient opposition
India, China and West
Cultural difference in acceptance
Wealth distribution = Health
Social inequalities – discontent
Some societies – accepted
Other societies not accepted – unstable culture
Whats acceptable regards health in a culture for women – (PMS)
Cultural difference in diet acceptance
Partaking in festivals v health requirement
Healthcare delivery at point of need = NHS
- Not what you can pay for –
Religious reasons for rejecting health – may have severe consequence
? all cultures value health or major religious belief more competent
- Heart transplant may be culturally different
- West – take health options available
Inequality of health in other cultures as can not afford to give health to all no NHS
India – obesity – fast transition
- Stone –
- Symptoms – medically
- Punishment – Ed – belief
Dominance of a language
Politics of language
Translation enriches the reading culture
Multilingual – flexible minds
Provision of national services such as NHS – how much requirement for users to speak English? How much provision for interpretation?
Language as a tool for building the national identity.
When your country choose a language, it also choose the political ecnom., social directions (orientation).
My personal life:
Enjoy books, opera in source language
Get to know locals and get under the skin of a nation
Pick up sensitivity/emotive responses
My prof life
Enjoy teaching/exploring literature
Learning new languages
Got a better job
Opened up contacts with peers
National identity – essential link to language
Language as a weapon. E.g. Sri Lanka Tamil/Sinhala both official
e.g. S. Tyrol = Italian owned + supressed German majority
CH: French / German / Italian / Romansh
Nationality? Swiss or Valaisan, E. Swiss, Ticino?
False memories ≠ false cultures
Internet “open access” – self translated / mistranslation perhaps
Complexity of the original may cause problems in translation
Visual less prone to change than textual?
Authority – authorised versions official versions
Schlink The Reader Varleser
Fluidity of e.g. borders shifting borders e.g. German history? In 19th and 20th century
Past v present
Is there such a thing as a national culture in a 21st century global world?
Where does the wwweb fit in this debate?
What defines a good translator?
The challenge of mediating another culture – the target language – making compromises.
All comments here are the work and opinion of the Ideas Café audience and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Warwick.