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Marking criteria (oral) levels 3, 4, 5 and Business 1 (European)

Candidates who demonstrate most or all of the qualities required at a given level, and whose work successfully shows additional sophistication, ambition and/or willingness to take risks, may be awarded a mark in the higher category.
For example: A slight increase in avoidable errors expected at a given level may be offset by the successful demonstration of sophistication and ambition.

Scale Language:
- accuracy, range and sophistication (40)
Mark Communication and interaction:
- scope, clarity and coherence of ideas presented
- comprehension and response (40)
Delivery:
- pronunciation & intonation
- flow, pace, spontaneity
- may include some or all of the following: body language, audibility… (20)
Mark
Excellent 1st  An exceptional performance
Exceptional command of the language. An exceptional performance in terms of grammatical and lexical accuracy.
An exceptional range of pertinent vocabulary and idiomatic expressions.
100 (40) 94 (37.5) An exceptional performance
Exceptional fulfilment of all aspects of the task(s).
An exceptional ability to argue, present and develop ideas with clarity.
Register entirely appropriate to the context and task.
An exceptional ability to understand and respond to detailed questions, and/or to react to a different point of view.
Exceptionally confident delivery
Exceptional ability to engage the interlocutor.
The candidate expresses themselves effortlessly and effectively.
Virtually no errors of pronunciation.
Exceptionally accurate intonation.
100 (20) 94 (19)
High 1st High Mid 1st An outstanding performance
Outstanding command of the language.
An outstanding performance in terms of grammatical and lexical accuracy.
An outstanding range of pertinent vocabulary.
88 (35) 82 (33) An outstanding performance
Outstanding fulfilment of all aspects of the task(s).
An outstanding ability to argue, present and develop ideas with clarity.
Register entirely appropriate to the context and task.
An outstanding ability to understand and respond to detailed questions, and to react to a different point of view.
Outstanding delivery
Outstanding ability to engage the interlocutor.
The candidate expresses themselves spontaneously and effectively.
Virtually no errors of pronunciation.
Highly convincing intonation.
88 (18) 82 (17) 
Low Mid 1st Low 1st An excellent performance
Excellent command of the language.
Highly accurate and fluent with few minor errors and/or isolated major errors.
Excellent range of pertinent vocabulary.
78 (31) 74 (29.5) An excellent performance
Excellent fulfilment of all aspects of the task(s).
An excellent ability to argue, present and develop ideas with clarity.
Register entirely appropriate to the context and task.
An excellent ability to understand and respond to detailed questions, and to react to a different point of view.
Excellent delivery
Excellent ability to engage the interlocutor.
The candidate expresses themselves
very confidently and effectively.
Excellent pronunciation and intonation displayed overall though there may be occasional minor errors.
78 (16) 74 (15)
High 2:1 A very good performance
Very good command of the language.
Generally accurate and fluent with a few minor and occasional major grammatical and/or lexical errors.
Very good range of pertinent vocabulary.
68 (27) A very good performance
Very good fulfilment of all aspects of the task(s).
A very good ability to argue, present and develop ideas with clarity.
Register fully appropriate to the context and task.
A very good ability to understand and respond to detailed questions, and to react to a different point of view.
Very good delivery
Very good ability to engage the interlocutor.
The candidate expresses themselves confidently and effectively.
Generally fluent, but may need time for rephrasing to adjust to sudden or complex changes of tone or topic.
Very good pronunciation and intonation displayed overall, though there are occasional minor errors.
68 (14)
Mid 2:1 A good performance
Good command of the language.
Generally accurate and fluent with some minor and occasional major grammatical and/or lexical errors.
Good range of pertinent vocabulary.
65 (26) A good performance
Good fulfilment of the task(s).
Good ability to argue, present and develop ideas with clarity.
Register appropriate to the context and task.
Good ability to understand and respond to questions, but may occasionally need to ask the interlocutor to clarify their point of view.
Good delivery
Good ability to engage the interlocutor.
The candidate generally expresses themselves confidently and effectively but may be hesitant in places.
Good pronunciation and intonation displayed overall but there are some minor errors.
65 (13)
Low 2:1 A mostly good performance
Mostly good command of the language.
Mostly good performance in terms of grammatical and lexical accuracy.
Mostly good range of pertinent vocabulary.
Several minor grammatical and/or lexical errors are present.
Mostly accurate and fluent but with several grammatical and/or lexical errors, especially when dealing with more complex structures.
Occasional interferences from other language(s) (syntax & vocabulary).
62 (24.75) A mostly good performance
Mostly good fulfilment of the task(s).
Mostly good ability to present and develop ideas with clarity, but these may be lacking in scope and/or depth, or are insufficiently developed.
Register mostly appropriate to the context and task.
Mostly good ability to understand and respond to a range of questions but the candidate may need to ask for clarification.
Mostly good delivery
Mostly good ability to engage the interlocutor.
The candidate generally expresses themselves confidently and effectively but is hesitant in places.
Mostly good pronunciation and intonation displayed overall buterrors may be more frequent.
62 (12.5)
High 2:2 A reasonable performance
Reasonable command of the language.
May rely on basic structures.
Reasonable, if somewhat limited, range of pertinent vocabulary and idiomatic expressions.
Several minor and major grammatical and/or lexical errors.
Interferences from other language(s) (syntax & vocabulary) are more frequent.
58 (23) A reasonable performance
Task(s) fulfilled but pedestrian approach.
Reasonable ability to present and develop ideas.
Ideas are lacking in scope and/or depth.
Register not always appropriate to the context and task.
The candidate does not sufficiently develop their response.
The discussion may falter in places.
Occasional difficulty in understanding and responding to questions.
The candidate aptly answers simple questions but starts to struggle with more detailed/complex questions.
The candidate may need to ask for clarification and/or repetition.
Reasonable delivery
Reasonable ability to engage the interlocutor
(some of the following may apply: over-reliance on notes; pre-prepared verbatim delivery)
The candidate expresses themselves reasonably well, but is hesitant in places.
Frequent errors in pronunciation and intonation but these do not place undue strain on the interlocutor.
58 (12)
Mid 2:2 An inconsistent performance
Inconsistent command of the language.
Tends to rely on basic structures.
Uneven performance in terms of grammatical and lexical accuracy.
Syntax may be deficient in places.
Limited range of pertinent vocabulary and idiomatic expressions.
Frequent minor and regular major grammatical and/or lexical errors.
Interferences from other language(s) (syntax & vocabulary) are more frequent.
55 (22) An inconsistent performance
Task(s) partially fulfilled but pedestrian and somewhat unconvincing approach.
The candidate tends to struggle in presenting and developing ideas in a coherent way.
Ideas are generally underdeveloped.
Register not always appropriate to the context and task.
In places, the candidate clearly has difficulty in understanding questions, even when they have been rephrased/simplified.
As a result, they may be unable to respond.
Inconsistent delivery
Engagement with the interlocutor is inconsistent
(some of the following are likely to apply: over-reliance on notes; pre-prepared verbatim delivery)
The candidate struggles to maintain the flow of discussion and communication is halted with hesitations.
Frequent errors in pronunciation and intonation which may occasionally result in the interlocutor struggling to understand the candidate’s arguments/answers.
55 (11)
Low 2:2 An insecure performance
Insecure command of the language.
Tends to rely on basic structures.
Poor in terms of grammatical and lexical accuracy.
Syntax may be deficient.
Very limited range of pertinent vocabulary and idiomatic expressions.
Persistent minor and regular major grammatical and/or lexical errors.
Interferences from other language(s) (syntax & vocabulary) are frequent.
52 (20.75) An insecure performance
Fairly unconvincing approach to the task(s).
The candidate tends to struggle in presenting and developing ideas in a coherent way.
Ideas are generally underdeveloped and/or simplistic.
Key information is missing.
Understanding of the issues is often vague.
Register not always appropriate to the context and task.
In places, the candidate clearly has difficulty in understanding questions, even when they have been rephrased/simplified.
As a result, they may be unable to respond.
Insecure delivery
Engagement with the interlocutor is insecure
(e.g. over-reliance on notes; pre-prepared verbatim delivery)
The candidate struggles to maintain the flow of speech and frequently hesitates.
Frequent errors in pronunciation and intonation which may result in the interlocutor struggling to understand the candidate’s arguments/answers.
52 (10.5)
High 3rd A poor performance
Poor command of the language.
Syntax may be awkward.
Poor in terms of grammatical and lexical accuracy.
Limited range of vocabulary.
Mother tongue interferes with performance.
Frequent minor and major grammatical and/or lexical errors.
Interferences from other language(s) (syntax & vocabulary) are so frequent that they may impede comprehension.
48 (19) A poor performance
Unconvincing approach to the task(s).
The candidates struggles to present and develop ideas in a coherent way.
Ideas are underdeveloped and rather simplistic and/or irrelevant.
Poor understanding of the issues.
Register often inappropriate to the context and task.
The candidate has persistent difficulty in understanding questions, even when they have been rephrased/simplified.
As a result, they may be unable to respond.
Very insecure delivery
Engagement with the interlocutor is insecure
(e.g. over-reliance on notes; pre-prepared verbatim delivery)
The candidate struggles to maintain the flow of discussion and communication is laborious.
Frequent errors in pronunciation and intonation which may impede comprehension in places.
48 (10)
Mid 3rd A very poor performance
Very poor command of the language.
Syntax is rather awkward and affects comprehension.
Very poor in terms of grammatical and lexical accuracy.
Very limited range of vocabulary.
Mother tongue regularly interferes with performance.
Persistent minor and major grammatical and/or lexical errors, which may result in incoherent syntax and may obscure meaning.
 
45 (18) A very poor performance
Very unconvincing approach to the task(s).
The candidate is more often than not unable to present and develop ideas in a coherent way.
Ideas are not developed and are simplistic and irrelevant.
Poor understanding of the issues.
Register often inappropriate to the context and task.
The candidate has persistent difficulty in understanding questions, even when they have been rephrased/simplified.
As a result, they may be unable to respond.
Very poor delivery
Engagement with the interlocutor is very poor
(e.
g.

over-reliance on notes; pre-prepared verbatim delivery)
The candidate really struggles to maintain the flow of discussion and communication is particularly laborious.
Persistent errors in pronunciation and intonation which occasionally impede comprehension.
45 (9)
Low 3rd  An extremely poor performance
Extremely poor command of the language.
Syntax is awkward and affects comprehension.
Extremely poor in terms of grammatical and lexical accuracy.
Severely limited range of vocabulary.
Mother tongue interferes with performance.
Numerous minor and major grammatical and/or lexical errors, which often obscure meaning.
42 (17) An extremely poor performance
Task(s) largely unfulfilled and unconvincing.
The candidate displays a clear inability to present and develop ideas in a coherent way.
Ideas are not developed, are simplistic and often irrelevant.
Register often inappropriate to the context and task.
The candidate generally fails to understand questions, even when they have been rephrased/simplified.
As a result, they may be unable to respond.
Extremely poor delivery
Engagement with the interlocutor is extremely poor
(e.g. over-reliance on notes; pre-prepared verbatim delivery)
The candidate is unable to maintain the flow of discussion and communication is pared down to simple laborious utterances.
Persistent errors in pronunciation and intonation which impede comprehension.
42 (8)
High Fail (sub honours) An unsatisfactory performance
Unsatisfactory command of the language.
Unsatisfactory command of syntax.
Unsatisfactory in terms of grammatical and lexical accuracy.
Severely limited range of vocabulary, which obscures meaning and prevents communication.
Mother tongue systematically interferes with performance.
Preponderance of minor and major grammatical and/or lexical errors, which result in incoherent syntax and obscure meaning.
38 (15.25) An unsatisfactory performance
Task(s) unfulfilled and unconvincing.
The candidate is barely able to present simple ideas.
A lot of irrelevant material.
The candidate tends to repeat the same ideas.
Register inappropriate to the context and task.
The candidate fails to understand questions, even when they have been rephrased/simplified.
As a result, they are unable to respond.
Unsatisfactory delivery
Engagement with the interlocutor is unsatisfactory
(e.g. the candidate is unable to detach themselves from their notes, pre-prepared verbatim delivery)
The candidate is unable to take part in the discussion and communication is pared down to simple laborious/irrelevant utterances.
Endemic errors in pronunciation and intonation which impede comprehension.
38 (7.5) 
Mid Fail A very unsatisfactory performance
A very unsatisfactory command of the language.
A very unsatisfactory command of syntax.
Very unsatisfactory in terms of grammatical and lexical accuracy.
Extremely limited range of vocabulary, which obscures meaning and prevents communication.
Mother tongue systematically interferes with performance.
Preponderance of minor and major grammatical and/or lexical errors, which result in incoherent syntax and obscure meaning.
32 (13) A very unsatisfactory performance
Task(s) unfulfilled.
The candidate is barely able to present simple ideas and completely fails to analyse and develop them.
Mostly irrelevant material.
The candidate tends to repeat the same ideas.
Register inappropriate to the context and task.
The candidate fails to understand questions, even when they have been rephrased/simplified.
As a result, they are unable to respond.
A very unsatisfactory delivery.
Engagement with the interlocutor is very unsatisfactory.

The candidate is unable to take part in the discussion and performance is pared down to simple laborious/irrelevant utterances or breaks down completely.
Frequent errors in pronunciation and intonation which make comprehension almost impossible.
32 (6)
A wholly inadequate performance
Little evidence of grammatical / lexical competence.
Comprehension is near impossible.
Or not enough language to assess.
25 (10) A wholly inadequate performance
Wholly inadequate grasp of the subject matter.
Few signs of coherence and logic.
Work that falls well below the standards required at this level, and a total inability to convey ideas.
Wholly inadequate delivery
The delivery is so halted or unintelligible that the examiner consistently fails to understand what the candidate tries to say.
 
25 (5)
LowFail
12 (5) 12 (2)
Zero   0 Work of no merit OR Absent OR Work not submitted OR Penalty in some misconduct cases   0