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Brendan Simms, Three Victories and a Defeat: The Rise and Fall of the First British Empire, 1714-1783 (Allen Lane: London, 2007), 44-106, 227-73, 307-54. Electronic version here

Hannah Smith, “The Idea of a Protestant Monarchy in Britain, 1714-1760,” Past & Present, 185 (2004), 91-118. This is available electronically at

Kathleen Wilson, “Empire, Trade and Popular Politics”, Past and Present no. 121 (1988). This is available electronically at

Tony Claydon, Europe and the Making of England 1660-1760, (CUP 2007), Introduction. Electronic version here

Vincent Brown, The Reaper’s Garden: Death and Power in the World of Atlantic Slavery (Cambridge, Mass., 2008), chapter 5: “The Soul of the British Empire” (pp. 157-200). Electronic version here