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Bibliography

HA229: The Art of Byzantium 843-1261

Bibliography

Contents

General

History

Art

    Introductory/thematic

    Surveys

    Exhibition catalogues

    Useful collections of essays

    Reprints of articles

    Sources

      8th/9th century

      10th century

      11th century

      12th & 13th century

      Art after Iconoclasm

        Hagia Sophia

        Koimesis church, Nicaea

        Khludov Psalter

        Homilies of Gregory of Nazianzus (Gk 510)

        Imperial Art

          Ninth century

          Tenth century

          Eleventh century

          Twelfth century

          Patronage

          The 'Macedonian Renaissance' & Luxury art

          The past

          Gender

          Icons

          Ivories

          Enamels

          Manuscripts

          Light and Colour

          Ritual & processions

          Cults

          Art, Iconography and liturgy

          Text and Image in Byzantium (ekphrasis)

            Discussions of ekphrasis

            Constantinople

            Cappadocia

            Monuments of the eleventh century

              Hosios Loukas [c.1000]

              Nea Moni on Chios [c.1045]

              Daphni [c.1100]

              Kievan Rus

              Monuments of the twelfth-century

                Constantinople (Pantokrator Monastery)

                Kastoria

                Cyprus

                Macedonia (St Panteleimon at Nerezi)

                Byzantium and the West

                Sicily

                  Cappella Palatina in Palermo

                  The Martorana Church

                  Monreale Cathedral

                  Venice

                    San Marco

                    Pala d'Oro

                    Southern Italy

                    Serbia

                    Byzantium and the East

                    Georgia

                    Armenia

                      History

                      Art

                      Armenian Cilicia

                      The Fourth Crusade

                      Gardens

                      * = recommended
                      + = reference

                      General

                        + Kazhdan A. ed., Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, (Oxford, 1991) 3 vols [ref]
                        Mango
                        C., Byzantium: The Empire of New Rome, (London, 1980)
                        Cavallo
                        G. ed., The Byzantines, (Chicago, 1997)
                        Vryonis
                        S., Byzantium and Europe, (London, 1967)
                        Laiou
                        A.E., H. Maguire, Byzantium: A World Civilization, (Washington, DC, 1992)

                        History

                          Ostrogorsky G., History of the Byzantine State, (Oxford, 1968)
                          * Angold M., The Byzantine Empire 1025-1204, (Oxford, 1984)
                          Whittow
                          M., The Making of Orthodox Byzantium 600-1025, (London, 1996)
                          Jenkins
                          R.J.H., Byzantium: The Imperial Centuries AD 610-1071, (London, 1968)
                          Haldon
                          J., Byzantium : a history (Stroud, 2000)
                          Kazhdan
                          A., A.W. Epstein, Change in Byzantine Culture in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries, (Berkeley, 1985)
                          NB: Avoid John Julius Norwich's volumes.

                          Art

                          Introductory/thematic

                            * Cormack R., Writing in Gold. Byzantine Society and its Icons, (London, 1985)
                            * Safran L. ed., Heaven on Earth. Art and the Church in Byzantium, (University Park, PA, 1998)
                            Mathews
                            T.F., The Art of Byzantium: between Antiquity and the Renaissance, (London, 1998)

                            Surveys

                              * Cormack R., Byzantine Art, (Oxford, 2000)
                              * Lowden J., Early Christian and Byzantine Art, (London, 1997)
                              * Mango C., Byzantine Architecture, (London, 1976)
                              Ousterhout
                              R., Master Builders of Byzantium, (Princeton NJ, 1999)
                              Durand
                              J., Byzantine Art, (Paris, 1999) [good pictures]
                              Cutler
                              A., J.-M. Spieser, Byzance Mediévale, 700-1204, (Paris, 1996) [good pictures]
                              Velmans
                              T., V. Korac, M. Suput, Rayonnement de Byzance, (Paris, 1999) [good pictures]

                              NB: the following surveys are either boring, out-of-date or both. You are advised to read them with caution:
                              Rodley
                              L., Byzantine Art and Architecture. An Introduction, (Cambridge, 1994)
                              Beckwith
                              J., Early Christian and Byzantine Art, (Harmondsworth, 1979)
                              Talbot Rice
                              D., Art of the Byzantine Era, (London, 1963)

                              Exhibition catalogues

                                * Evans H.C., W.D. Wixom eds., The Glory of Byzantium. Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era, A.D. 843-1261, (New York, 1997)
                                Buckton
                                D. ed., The Treasury of San Marco, Venice, (Milan, 1984)
                                Buckton
                                D. ed., Byzantium. Treasures of Byzantine Art and Culture from British Collections, (London, 1994)
                                Durand
                                J. ed., Byzance, L'art byzantin dans les collections publiques françaises, (Paris, 1992)
                                Morello
                                G. ed., Splendori di Bisanzio, (Milan, 1990)
                                * Vassilaki M. ed., Mother of God. Representations of the Virgin in Byzantine Art, (Athens, 2000)
                                Piatnitsky
                                Y., O. Baddeley, E. Brunner, M.M. Mango eds., Sinai Byzantium Russia. Orthodox Art from the Sixth to the Twentieth Century, (London, 2000)
                                Karakatsanis
                                A.A. ed., Treasures of Mount Athos, (Thessaloniki, 1997)
                                Baumstark
                                R. ed., Rom und Byzanz. Schatzkammerstücke aus bayerischen Sammlungen, (Munich, 1998)
                                From Byzantium to El Greco: Greek frescoes and icons
                                , (Athens, 1987)

                                Useful collections of essays

                                  Maguire H. ed., Byzantine Court Culture from 829 to 1204, (Washington DC, 1997)
                                  Ousterhout
                                  R., L. Brubaker eds., The Sacred Image East and West, (Urbana & Chicago, 1995)
                                  Durand
                                  J. ed., Byzance et les images, (Paris, 1994)
                                  Hutter
                                  I. ed., Byzanz und der Westen, (Vienna, 1984)
                                  Magdalino
                                  P. ed., New Constantines: the Rhythm of Imperial Renewal in Byzantium, 4th-13th Centuries, (Aldershot, 1994)
                                  Brubaker
                                  L. ed., Byzantium in the Ninth Century: Dead or Alive?, (Aldershot, 1998)
                                  Eastmond
                                  A. and L. James, Icon and Word. The Power of Images in Byzantium (Aldershot, 2003)
                                  Pevny
                                  O.Z. ed., Perceptions of Byzantium and Its Neighbors (843-1261), (New York, 2000)
                                  Littlewood
                                  A.R. ed., Originality in Byzantine Literature, Art and Music, (Oxford, 1995)
                                  Moss
                                  C., K. Kiefer eds., Byzantine East, Latin West. Art-Historical Studies in honor of Kurt Weitzmann, (Princeton, 1995)

                                  Reprints of articles

                                    If you are looking for an article by one of the following, it is worth checking whether it has been reprinted in the following:
                                    Cormack
                                    R., The Byzantine Eye, (Variorum, 1988)
                                    Cutler
                                    A., Late Antique and Byzantine Ivory Carving (Variorum, 1998)
                                    Magdalino
                                    P., Tradition and Transformation in Medieval Byzantium (Variorum, 1998)
                                    Maguire
                                    H., Rhetoric, Nature and Magic in Byzantine Art (Variorum, 1998)
                                    Mango
                                    C., Studies on Constantinople, (Variorum, 1993)
                                    Mango
                                    C., Byzantium and Its Image, (Variorum, 1984)
                                    Also, recent publications by Dumbarton Oaks, including Dumbarton Oaks Papers can be found on-line at: http://www.doaks.org/Etexts.html

                                    Sources

                                      * Mango C., The Art of the Byzantine Empire 312-1453, (Englewood Cliffs N.J., 1972; reprinted Toronto, 1986)

                                      8th/9th century

                                        Brubaker L., J. Haldon, Byzantium in the Iconoclast Era (ca 680-850): The Sources. An Annotated Survey, (Aldershot, 2001)
                                        Cameron
                                        A., J. Herrin eds., Constantinople in the Early Eighth Century: The Parastaseis Syntomoi Chronikai, (Leiden, 1984)

                                        10th century

                                          Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos, De Administrando Imperio, eds. G. Moravcsik; R.J.H. Jenkins, (Dumbarton Oaks Texts: 1), (Washington, D.C., 1967)
                                          Liutprand of Cremona
                                          , Antapodosis, trans. F.A. Wright, The Works of Liutprand of Cremona (London, 1930)

                                          11th century

                                            Michael Psellos, 14 Byzantine Rulers, trans. E.R.A. Sewter, (Harmondsworth, 1953) [on-line at: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/psellus-chronographia.html]

                                            12th & 13th century

                                              Anna Comnena: The Alexiad, trans. E.R.A. Sewter, (Harmondsworth, 1969) [ on-line at: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/AnnaComnena-Alexiad.html]
                                              John
                                              Kinnamos, Deeds of John and Manuel Komnenos, trans. C.M. Brand, (New York, 1976)
                                              Eustathius
                                              of Thessaloniki, The Capture of Thessaloniki, trans. J.R. Melville Jones, (Canberra, 1988)
                                              Niketas Choniates
                                              , O City of Byzantium, the Annals of Niketas Choniates, trans. H. Magoulias, (Detroit, 1984)
                                              Robert de Clari
                                              , The Conquest of Constantinople, trans. E.H. McNeal, (Columbia, 1936)

                                              Art after Iconoclasm

                                                Cormack R., "The Arts during the Age of Iconoclasm", in A.A.M. Bryer, J. Herrin eds., Iconoclasm, (Birmingham, 1977), 35-44
                                                Cormack
                                                R., "Painting after Iconoclasm", in A.A.M. Bryer, J. Herrin eds., Iconoclasm, (Birmingham, 1977), 147-64
                                                Elsner
                                                J., "Image and Iconoclasm in Byzantium", ArtH 11, (1988), 471-91
                                                Brubaker
                                                L., "The Chalke Gate, the construction of the past, and the Trier ivory", BMGS 23, (1999), 258-85
                                                Barber
                                                C., 'From Transformation to Desire: art and Worship after Byzantine Iconoclasm', Art Bulletin 75 (1993), 7-16
                                                Barber
                                                C., 'The Truth in Painting: Iconoclasm and Identity in Early Medieval Art', Speculum 72/4 (1997), 1019-36
                                                Barber
                                                C., 'Writing on the body: memory, desire, and the holy in iconoclasm', in L. James ed., Desire and Denial in Byzantium (Aldershot, 1999), 111-20
                                                Barber
                                                C., Figure and Likeness. On the limits of representation in Byzantine iconoclasm (Princeton, 2002)

                                                Hagia Sophia

                                                  Cormack R., "Interpreting the Mosaics of S. Sophia at Istanbul", Art History 4, (1981), 131-49
                                                  Photios
                                                  , Homily 17, in Mango C. ed., The Homilies of Photius, Patriarch of Constantinople, (Dumbarton Oaks Studies: 3), (Cambridge, Mass., 1958); also excerpted in Mango C., The Art of the Byzantine Empire 312-1453, 187
                                                  Mango
                                                  C., E.J.W. Hawkins, "The Apse Mosaics of St Sophia at Istanbul. Report on work carried out in 1964", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 19, (1965), 113-52
                                                  Mango
                                                  C., E.J.W. Hawkins, "The Mosaics of St Sophia at Istanbul. The Church Fathers in the North Tympanum", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 26, (1972), 3-41

                                                  Koimesis church, Nicaea

                                                    Barber C., 'The Koimesis Church, Nicaea', Jahrbuch der österreichischen Byzantinistik 41 (1991), 43-60

                                                    Khludov Psalter

                                                      Corrigan K., Visual Polemics in the Ninth-Century Byzantine Psalters, (Cambridge, 1992)

                                                      Homilies of Gregory of Nazianzus (Gk 510)

                                                        Brubaker L., Vision and Meaning. Image as Exegesis in the Homilies of Gregory of Nazianzos, (Cambridge, 1999)
                                                        Der
                                                        Nersessian S., "The Illustrations of the Homilies of Gregory of Nazianzus Paris Gr. 510. A Study of the Connections between Text and Images", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 16, (1962), 197-228
                                                        Brubaker
                                                        L., "Politics, Patronage, and Art in ninth-century Byzantium: The Homilies of Gregory of Nazianzus in Paris (B.N. Gr. 510)", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 39, (1985), 1-13
                                                        Brubaker
                                                        L., "Miniatures and Liturgy: Evidence from the ninth-century Codex Paris. Gr 510", Byzantion 66, (1996), 9-34
                                                        Brubaker
                                                        L., "Perception and conception: art, theory and culture in ninth-century Byzantium", Word & Image 5, (1989), 19-32
                                                        Brubaker
                                                        L., "When pictures speak: the incorporation of dialogue in the ninth-century miniatures of Paris gr. 510", Word & Image 12, (1996), 94-109

                                                        Imperial Art

                                                          Grabar A., L'empereur dans l'art byzantin, (Paris, 1936)
                                                          Cormack
                                                          R., "Interpreting the Mosaics of S. Sophia at Istanbul", Art History 4, (1981), 131-49
                                                          Cormack
                                                          R., "The Emperor at St Sophia: Viewer and Viewed", in J. Durand ed., Byzance et les images, (Paris, 1994), 223-54
                                                          Maguire
                                                          H., "Style and Ideology in Byzantine Imperial Art", Gesta 28, (1990), 217-31

                                                          Ninth century

                                                            Maguire H., "A Murderer among the Angels: The Frontispiece Miniatures of Paris. Gr. 510 and the Iconography of the Archangels in Byzantine Art", in R. Ousterhout, L. Brubaker eds., The Sacred Image East and West, (Urbana & Chicago, 1995), 63-71.
                                                            Brubaker
                                                            L., "To Legitimize an Emperor: Constantine and Visual Authority in the Eighth and Nineth Centuries", in P. Magdalino ed., New Constantines: the Rhythm of Imperial Renewal in Byzantium, 4th-13th Centuries, (Aldershot, 1994), 139-58
                                                            Kalavrezou-Maxeiner
                                                            I., "The Portraits of Basil I in Paris gr.510", Jahrbuch der österreichischen Byzantinistik 27, (1978), 19-24

                                                            Tenth century

                                                              Oikonomides N., "Leo VI and the narthex mosaic of Saint Sophia", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 30, (1976), 151-72
                                                              Whittemore
                                                              T. [look under Byzantine Institute of America], The Mosaics of Haghia Sophia at Istanbul. First Preliminary Report. Work Done in 1931-32. The Mosaics of the Narthex, (Boston, Oxford, 1935)
                                                              Gavrilović
                                                              Z., "The Humiliation of Leo VI the Wise", Cahiers Archéologiques 28, (1979)
                                                              Corrigan
                                                              K., "The Ivory Scepter of Leo VI: A Statement of Post-Iconoclastic Imperial Ideology", Art Bulletin 60, (1978), 407-16
                                                              Gerstel
                                                              S.E.J., "Saint Eudokia and the Imperial Household of Leo VI", Art Bulletin 79, (1997), 699-707
                                                              Rodley
                                                              L., "The Pigeon House Church, Çavuşin", Jahrbuch Der österreichischen Byzantinistik 33, (1983), 301-39
                                                              Kalavrezou-Maxeiner
                                                              I., "Eudokia Makrembolitissa and the Romanos Ivory", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 31, (1977), 305-25
                                                              Cutler
                                                              A., "The date and significance of the Romanos Ivory", in C. Moss, K. Kiefer eds., Byzantine East, Latin West. Art-Historical Studies in honor of Kurt Weitzmann, (Princeton, 1995)
                                                              Liutprand of Cremona
                                                              : http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/liudprand1.html
                                                              Arab
                                                              ambassador to Byzantium: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/byz-arabambas.html

                                                              Eleventh century

                                                                Cutler A., "The Psalter of Basil II", Arte Veneta 30, (1976), 9-19
                                                                Crostini
                                                                B., "The Emperor Basil II's Cultural Life", Byzantion 66, (1996), 55-80
                                                                Whittemore
                                                                T. [look under Byzantine Institute of America], The Mosaics of Haghia Sophia at Istanbul. Third Preliminary Report. Work Done in 1935-8. The Imperial Portraits of the South Gallery, (Boston, Oxford, 1942)
                                                                Maguire
                                                                H., "The Mosaics of Nea Moni: An Imperial Reading", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 46, (1992), 205-14
                                                                Hill
                                                                B., L. James, D.C. Smythe, "Zoe: the rhythm method of imperial renewal", in P. Magdalino ed., New Constantines. The Rhythm of Imperial Renewal in Byzantium, (Aldershot, 1994), 215-30
                                                                Oikonomides
                                                                N., "The Mosaic Panel of Constantine IX and Zoe in Saint Sophia", Revue des Etudes Byzantines 36, (1978), 219-32

                                                                Kovács E., Lovag Z., The Hungarian Crown and other Regalia, (Budapest, 1980)
                                                                Maguire
                                                                H., "The Crown of Constantine Monomachos and its Images", Jewish Art 22, (1996)

                                                                Twelfth century

                                                                  Magdalino P., R.S. Nelson, "The Emperor in Byzantine Art of the Twelfth Century", Byzantinische Forschungen 8, (1982), 123-83 repr. in Tradition and Transformation in Medieval Byzantium (Aldershot, 1991), study VI
                                                                  Mullett
                                                                  M., D.C. Smythe eds., Alexios I Komnenos, (Belfast, 1996)
                                                                  Magdalino
                                                                  P., "Manuel Komnenos and the Great Palace", Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 4, (1978), 101-14 repr. in Tradition and Transformation in Medieval Byzantium (Aldershot, 1991), study V
                                                                  Kalavrezou
                                                                  I., "Imperial Relations with the Church in the Art of the Komnenians", in N. Oikonomides ed., Byzantium in the 12th Century. Canon Law, State and Society, (Athens, 1991), 25-36
                                                                  Eastmond
                                                                  A., "An Intentional Error? Imperial Art and "Mis"-Interpretation under Andronikos I Komnenos", Art Bulletin 76, (1994), 502-10

                                                                  Patronage

                                                                    Cormack R., "Patronage and New Programs of Byzantine Iconography", in 17th International Byzantine Congress. Major Papers, (New York, 1986), 609-38
                                                                    Cutler
                                                                    A., "Art in Byzantine Society: Motive forces of Byzantine patronage", Jahrbuch der österreichischen Byzantinistik 32, (1981), 759-87
                                                                    Cutler
                                                                    A., "Sacred and Profane: the Locus of the Political in Middle Byzantine Art", in A. Iacobini, E. Zanini eds., Arte profana e arte sacra a bisanzio (Rome, 1995), 315-38
                                                                    Cormack
                                                                    R., "But is it art?", in J. Shepard, S. Franklin eds., Byzantine Diplomacy, (Aldershot, 1992), 218-36

                                                                    The 'Macedonian Renaissance' & Luxury art

                                                                      Glory of Byzantium, 219-33.
                                                                      Cutler
                                                                      A. ed., "Uses of Luxury: on the functions of Consumption and Symbolic Capital in Byzantine Culture", in J. Durand ed., Byzance et les images (Paris, 1994), 287-328

                                                                      Weitzmann
                                                                      K., The Joshua Roll, (Princeton NJ, 1948, reprinted 1970)
                                                                      Schapiro
                                                                      M., "The Place of the Joshua Roll in Byzantine History", in his Late Antique, Early Christian and Medieval Art, (London, 1980), 49-66
                                                                      Weitzmann
                                                                      K., "The Character and Intellectual Origins of the Macedonian Renaissance", in H.L. Kessler ed., Studies in Classical and Byzantine Manuscript Illumination, (Chicago, 1971), 176-223
                                                                      Cutler
                                                                      A. ed., "The Mythological Bowl in the Treasury of San Marco at Venice", in D. Kouymjian ed., Near Eastern Numismatics, Iconography, Epigraphy and History. Studies in Honor of George C. Miles, (Beirut, 1974), 235-54
                                                                      Kalavrezou-Maxeiner
                                                                      I., "The Cup of San Marco and the 'Classical' in Byzantium", in K. Bierbrauer, P.K. Klein, W. Sauerländer eds., Studien zur mittelalterlichen Kunst 800-1250 Festschrift für Florentine Mütherlich zum 70. Geburtstag, (Munich 1985), 167-74
                                                                      Buchthal
                                                                      H., The Miniatures of the Paris Psalter, (London, 1938)
                                                                      Mathews
                                                                      T.F., "The Epigrams of Leo Sacellarios and an Exegetical Approach to the Miniatures of Vat. Reg. Gr. 1", Orientalia Christiana Periodica 43, (1977), 94-133
                                                                      Magdalino
                                                                      P., "The Bath of Leo the Wise and the 'Macedonian Renaissance' Revisited: Topography, Iconography, Ceremonial, Ideology", DOP 42, (1988), 97-118
                                                                      Maguire
                                                                      H., "Epigrams, Art and the 'Macedonian Renaissance'", DOP 48, (1994), 105-15

                                                                      The past

                                                                        James L., ""Pray Not to Fall into Temptation and Be on Your Guard": Pagan Statues in Christian Constantinople", Gesta 35, (1996), 12-20
                                                                        Mango
                                                                        C., "Antique Statuary and the Byzantine Beholder", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 17, (1963), 55-75
                                                                        Grigg
                                                                        R.J., "Byzantine Credulity as an Impediment to Antiquarianism", Gesta 26, (1987), 3-7

                                                                        Gender

                                                                          James L. ed., Desire and Denial in Byzantium, (Aldershot, 1999)
                                                                          James
                                                                          L. ed., Women, Men and Eunuchs. Gender in Byzantium, (London, 1997)
                                                                          Kalavrezou
                                                                          I ed., Byzantine Women and their World
                                                                          Laiou
                                                                          A.E., "The role of women in Byzantine society", Jahrbuch der österreichischen Byzantinistik 32, (1981), 233-60
                                                                          Herrin
                                                                          J., "In search of Byzantine Women; 3 avenues of approach", in A. Cameron, A. Kuhrt eds., Images of Women in Antiquity, (London, 1983), 167-90
                                                                          Herrin
                                                                          J., "The Imperial Feminine in Byzantium", Past and Present 169, (2000), 3-35
                                                                          Garland
                                                                          L., "'In the Eye of the Beholder': Byzantine Imperial Women and their Public Image from Zoe Porphyrogenita to Euphrosyne Kamaterissa Doukaina (1028-1203)", Byzantion 64, (1994), 19-39, 261-313
                                                                          Galatariotou
                                                                          C., "Holy women and witches: Aspects of Byzantine Conceptions of Gender", Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 9, (1984-85), 55-94
                                                                          Taft
                                                                          R.F., "Women at church in Byzantium: where, when - and why?", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 52, (1998), 27-88
                                                                          Gerstel
                                                                          S.E.J., "Painted sources for female piety in medieval Byzantium", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 52, (1998), 89-112
                                                                          Talbot
                                                                          A.-M., "Women's space in Byzantine monasteries", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 52, (1998), 113-28

                                                                          Icons

                                                                            Weitzmann K. ed., The Icon, (London, 1982)
                                                                            Belting
                                                                            H., Likeness and Presence. A History of the Image before the Era of Art, (Chicago, 1994)
                                                                            Cormack
                                                                            R., Painting the Soul. Icons, Death Masks and Shrouds, (London, 1997)
                                                                            Maguire
                                                                            H., The Icons of their Bodies. Saints and their Images in Byzantium, (Princeton, 1996)
                                                                            Nelson
                                                                            R.S., "The Discourse of Icons, Then and Now", Art History 49, (1989)
                                                                            Ousterhout
                                                                            R., L. Brubaker eds., The Sacred Image East and West, (Urbana & Chicago, 1995)

                                                                            Carr
                                                                            A., "Court Culture and Cult Icons in Middle Byzantine Constantinople", in H. Maguire ed., Byzantine Court Culture from 829 to 1204, (Washington DC, 1997), 81-100
                                                                            Sevcenko
                                                                            N.P., "Close encounters: Contact between Holy Figures and the Faithful as represented in Byzantine works of Art", in J. Durand ed., Byzance et les images, (Paris, 1994), 255-86
                                                                            Sevcenko
                                                                            N.P., "Vita Icons and "Decorated Icons"", in B. Davezac ed., Four Icons in the Menil Collection, (Houston, 1992), 56-69
                                                                            Sevcenko
                                                                            N.P., "The Vita Icon and the Painter as Hagiographer", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 53, (1999), 149-66
                                                                            Carr
                                                                            A.W., "The Presentation of an Icon at Mount Sinai", DChAE 17, (1993-94), 239-48
                                                                            Dagron
                                                                            G., "Holy Images and Likeness", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 45, (1991), 23-33
                                                                            Anderson
                                                                            J., "The Byzantine Panel Portrait before and after Iconoclasm", in R. Ousterhout, L. Brubaker eds., The Sacred Image East and West, (Urbana & Chicago, 1995), 25-44
                                                                            Corrigan
                                                                            K., "Text and Image on an Icon of the Crucifixion at Mount Sinai", in R. Ousterhout, L. Brubaker eds., The Sacred Image East and West, (Urbana & Chicago, 1995), 45-62
                                                                            Brubaker
                                                                            L. , "Conclusion: Image, Audience, and Place: Interaction and Reproduction", in R. Ousterhout, L. Brubaker, The Sacred Image East and West, (Urbana & Chicago, 1995), 204-21
                                                                            Weitzmann
                                                                            K. ed., "Crusader Icons and Maniera Greca", in I. Hutter ed., Byzanz und der Westen, (Vienna, 1984), 143-70
                                                                            Kartsonis
                                                                            A., "The Responding Icon", in L. Safran ed., Heaven on Earth. Art and the Church in Byzantium, (University Park, PA, 1998), 58-80
                                                                            Freedberg
                                                                            D., "Holy Images and Other Images", in The Art of Interpreting, (University Park, 1995), 69-87
                                                                            Carr
                                                                            A.W., "Originality and the Icon: The Panel Painted Icon", in A.R. Littlewood ed., Originality in Byzantine Literature, Art and Music, (Oxford, 1995), 115-24

                                                                            Ivories

                                                                              Cutler A., The Hand of the Master: craftsmanship, ivory and society in Byzantium (9th-11th centuries), (Princeton, 1994)
                                                                              Connor
                                                                              C., The Color of Ivory. Polychromy on Byzantine Ivories, (Princeton NJ, 1998)
                                                                              Connor
                                                                              C., "New Perspectives on Byzantine Ivories", Gesta 30, (1991), 100-111
                                                                              Beckwith
                                                                              J., The Veroli Casket, (London, 1962)
                                                                              Cutler
                                                                              A., "On Byzantine boxes", Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 42-43, (1984-85), 32-47
                                                                              Maguire
                                                                              H., "Magic and Money in the Early Middle Ages", Speculum 72, (1997), 1037-54
                                                                              Keck
                                                                              A.S., "A Group of Italo-byzantine Ivories", Art Bulletin 12, (1930), 147-62

                                                                              Enamels

                                                                                Wessel K., Byzantine Enamels from the fifth to the thirteenth century, (Shannon, 1967)

                                                                                Manuscripts

                                                                                  Weitzmann K., G. Galavaris, The Monastery of Saint Catherine at Mount Sinai. The Illuminated Greek Manuscripts, (Princeton NJ, 1990)
                                                                                  Dolezal
                                                                                  M.-L., "Manuscript studies in the twentieth century: Kurt Weitzmann reconsidered", BMGS 22, (1998), 216-63
                                                                                  Cutler
                                                                                  A., The Aristocratic Psalters in Byzantium, (Paris, 1984)

                                                                                  Sevcenko
                                                                                  N.P. ed., "Illuminating the Liturgy: Illustrated Service Books in Byzantium", in L. Safran ed., Heaven on Earth. Art and the Church in Byzantium, (University Park, PA, 1998), 186-228
                                                                                  Dolezal
                                                                                  M.-L., "Illuminating the liturgical word: text and image in a decorated lectionary (Mount Athos, Dionysiou Monastery, Cod 587)", Word & Image 12, (1996), 23-60
                                                                                  Carr
                                                                                  A.W., "Gospel Frontispieces from the Comnenian Period", Gesta 21, (1982), 3-20
                                                                                  Nelson
                                                                                  R.S., The Iconography of Preface and Miniature in the Byzantine Gospel Book, (University Park PA, 1980)
                                                                                  Galavaris
                                                                                  G., The Illustrations of the Prefaces in Byzantine Gospels, (Vienna, 1979)
                                                                                  Meredith
                                                                                  C., "The Illustrations of Codex Ebnerianus", Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 29, (1966), 419-24

                                                                                  Barber
                                                                                  C. ed., The Theodore Psalter, (London, 2000)
                                                                                  Anderson
                                                                                  J., "On the Nature of the Theodore Psalter", Art Bulletin 70, (1988), 55-68

                                                                                  Anderson
                                                                                  J., "The Seraglio Octateuch and the Kokkinobaphos Master", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 36, (1982), 83-114
                                                                                  Anderson
                                                                                  J., "The illustrated Sermons of James the Monk: their Dates, Order, and Place in the History of Byzantine Art", Viator 22, (1991), 69-120

                                                                                  Sevcenko
                                                                                  I., "The Illuminators of the Menologium of Basil II", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 16, (1962), 243-76
                                                                                  Grabar
                                                                                  A., M. Manoussacas, L'Illustration du Manuscrit de Skylitzès de Madrid, (Venice, 1979)
                                                                                  Sevcenko
                                                                                  I., "The Madrid Manuscript of the Chronicle of Skylitzes in the Light of its New Dating", in I. Hutter ed., Byzanz und der Westen, (Vienna, 1984), 117-30
                                                                                  Corrigan
                                                                                  K., "Constantine's problems: the making of the Heavenly Ladder of John Climacus, Vat. gr. 394", Word & Image 12, (1996), 61-93
                                                                                  Kalavrezou
                                                                                  I., N. Trahoulia, S. Sabar, "Critique of the Emperor in the Vatican Psalter, gr. 752", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 47, (1993), 195-219
                                                                                  Martin
                                                                                  J.R., The Illustration of the Heavenly Ladder of John Climacus, (Princeton, 1954)
                                                                                  Brubaker
                                                                                  L., "The Relationship of Text and Image in the Byzantine MSS. of Cosmas Indicopleustes", Byzantinische Zeitschrift 70, (1977), 42-57
                                                                                  Lowden
                                                                                  J., Illuminated Prophet Books, (University Park, PA, 1988)
                                                                                  Lowden
                                                                                  J., The Octateuchs, (University Park, PA, 1992)

                                                                                  Light and Colour

                                                                                    James L., "Colour and the Byzantine Rainbow", Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 15, (1991), 66-94
                                                                                    James
                                                                                    L., Light and Colour in Byzantine Art, (Oxford, 1996)

                                                                                    Ritual & processions

                                                                                      Cameron A., "The construction of court ritual: the Byzantine Book of Ceremonies", in D. Cannadine, S.R.F. Price eds., Rituals of Royalty. Power and ceremonial in traditional societies, (Cambridge, 1987), 106-36
                                                                                      McCormick
                                                                                      M., Eternal Victory. Triumphal rulership in late antiquity, Byzantium, and the early medieval West, (Cambridge, 1986)
                                                                                      McCormick
                                                                                      M., "Analysing imperial ceremonies", Jahrbuch der österreichischen Byzantinistik 35, (1985), 1-20
                                                                                      Majeska
                                                                                      G.P., "The Emperor in His Church: Imperial Ritual in the Church of St. Sophia", in H. Maguire ed., Byzantine Court Culture from 829 to 1204, (Washington DC, 1997), 1-12
                                                                                      Berger
                                                                                      A., "Imperial and Ecclesiastical Processions in Constantinople", in N. Necipoglu ed., Byzantine Constantinople: monuments, topography, and everyday life, (Leiden, Boston, 2001), 73-87
                                                                                      Papalexandrou
                                                                                      A., 'Text in context: eloquent monuments and the Byzantine beholder', Word & Image 17/3 (2001), 259-83

                                                                                      Cults

                                                                                        Walter C., Warrior Saints in Byzantine Art (Alsdershot, 2003)
                                                                                        Kalavrezou
                                                                                        I., "Helping Hands for the Empire: Imperial Ceremonies and the Cult of Relics at the Byzantine Court", in H. Maguire ed., Byzantine Court Culture from 829 to 1204, (Washington DC, 1997), 53-80
                                                                                        Carr
                                                                                        A.W., "Court Culture and Cult Icons in Middle Byzantine Constantinople", in H. Maguire ed., Byzantine Court Culture from 829 to 1204, (Washington DC, 1997), 81-100

                                                                                        Art, Iconography and liturgy

                                                                                          Belting H., "An image and its function in the liturgy: the Man of Sorrows in Byzantium", DOP 34-35, (1980-1981), 1-16

                                                                                          Belting H., Likeness and Presence. A History of the Image before the Era of Art, (Chicago, 1994)
                                                                                          Kalavrezou
                                                                                          I., "Images of the Mother: When the Virgin Mary Became Meter Theou", DOP 44, (1990), 165-72
                                                                                          Kartsonis
                                                                                          A., Anastasis: the Making of an Image, (Princeton, 1986)
                                                                                          Kartsonis
                                                                                          A., "The Emancipation of the Crucifixion", in J. Durand ed., Byzance et les images, (Paris, 1994), 151-88
                                                                                          Kartsonis
                                                                                          A., "The Responding Icon", in L. Safran ed., Heaven on Earth. Art and the Church in Byzantium, (University Park, PA, 1998), 58-80
                                                                                          Maguire
                                                                                          H., "The Depiction of Sorrow in Middle Byzantine Art", DOP 31, (1977), 123-74
                                                                                          Maguire
                                                                                          H., "The Iconography of Symeon with the Christ Child", DOP 34-35, (1980-81), 261-69
                                                                                          Maguire
                                                                                          H., "The Self-Conscious Angel: Character Study in Byzantine Paintings of the Annunciation", in Okeanos. Essays presented to Ihor Sevcenko on his 60th Birthday, (Cambridge MA, 1983), 377-92

                                                                                          Text and Image in Byzantium (ekphrasis)

                                                                                            Downey G., "Nikolaos Mesarites: Description of the Church of the Holy Apostles at Constantinople", Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 47, (1957), 855-924

                                                                                            Discussions of ekphrasis

                                                                                              James L., R. Webb, "To Understand Ultimate Things and Enter Secret Places: Ekphrasis and Art in Byzantium", Art History 14, (1991), 1-17
                                                                                              Maguire
                                                                                              H., Art and Eloquence in Byzantium, (Princeton, 1981)
                                                                                              Maguire
                                                                                              H., "The art of comparing in Byzantium", Art Bulletin 70, (1988), 88-103
                                                                                              Saradi
                                                                                              H., "The Kallos of the Byzantine City: The Development of a Rhetorical Topos and historical Reality", Gesta 34, (1995), 37-56
                                                                                              Epstein
                                                                                              A.W., "The Rebuilding and Redecoration of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople: A Reconsideration", Greek Roman and Byzantine Studies 23, (1982), 79-92
                                                                                              Maguire
                                                                                              H., "Truth and Convention in Byzantine Descriptions of Works of Art", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 28, (1974), 109-40
                                                                                              Maguire
                                                                                              H., Image and Imagination: The Byzantine Epigram as evidence for viewer response, (Toronto, n.d.)
                                                                                              Webb
                                                                                              R., "Ekphrasis ancient and modern: the invention of a genre", Word & Image 15, (1999), 7-18
                                                                                              Nelson
                                                                                              R.S., "To say and to see: Ekphrasis and vision in Byzantium", in R.S. Nelson ed., Visuality before and beyond the Renaissance. Seeing as Others Saw, (Cambridge, 2000), 143-68
                                                                                              Webb
                                                                                              R., "The Aesthetics of Sacred Space: Narrative, Metaphor, and Motion in Ekphraseis of Church Buildings", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 53, (1999), 59-73

                                                                                              Constantinople

                                                                                                Sherrard P., Constantinople. Iconography of a Sacred City, (London, 1963)
                                                                                                Magdalino
                                                                                                P., Constantinople médiévale, (Paris, 1996)
                                                                                                Necipoğlu
                                                                                                N. ed., Byzantine Constantinople: monuments, topography, and everyday life, (Leiden, Boston, 2001)
                                                                                                Ousterhout
                                                                                                R., "Reconstructing ninth-century Constantinople", in L. Brubaker ed., Byzantium in the Ninth Century: Dead or Alive?, (Aldershot, 1998), 115-30
                                                                                                Striker
                                                                                                C., The Myrelaion (Bodrum Camii) in Istanbul, (Princeton, 1981)
                                                                                                Striker
                                                                                                C., Y.D. Kuban, Kalenderhane in Istanbul. The buildings, their history, architecture, and decoration, (Mainz, 1997)

                                                                                                Cappadocia

                                                                                                  Epstein A.W., Tokalı Kilise. Tenth-Century Metropolitan art in Cappadocia, (Washington, 1986)
                                                                                                  Wharton
                                                                                                  A., Art of Empire. Painting and Architecture of the Byzantine Periphery, A Comparative Study of Four Provinces, (University Park and London, 1988)
                                                                                                  Rodley
                                                                                                  L., "The Pigeon House Church, Çavuşin", Jahrbuch der österreichischen Byzantinistik 33, (1983), 301-39
                                                                                                  Cormack
                                                                                                  R., "Away from the centre: 'provincial' art in the ninth century", in L. Brubaker ed., Byzantium in the Ninth Century: Dead or Alive?, (Aldershot, 1998), 151-63
                                                                                                  Restle
                                                                                                  M., Byzantine Wall Painting in Asia Minor 3 vols, (Shannon, 1968)

                                                                                                  Monuments of the eleventh century

                                                                                                    * Demus O., Byzantine Mosaic Decoration. Aspects of Monumental Art in Byzantium, (London, 1948)
                                                                                                    * Maguire H. ed., "The Cycle of Images in the Church", in L. Safran ed., Heaven on Earth. Art and the Church in Byzantium, (University Park, PA, 1998), 121-51
                                                                                                    Ousterhout
                                                                                                    R., "The Holy Space: Architecture and the Liturgy", in L. Safran ed., Heaven on Earth. Art and the Church in Byzantium, (University Park, PA, 1998), 81-120
                                                                                                    Kitzinger
                                                                                                    E., "Reflections on the Feast Cycle in Byzantine Art", Cahiers Archéologiques 36, (1988), 51-73
                                                                                                    Mouriki
                                                                                                    D., "Stylistic Trends in Monumental Painting of Greece during the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 34, (1980), 77-124

                                                                                                    Mullett M., A. Kirby eds., The Theotokos Evergetis and eleventh-century monasticism, (Belfast, 1994)
                                                                                                    Mullett
                                                                                                    M., A. Kirby eds., Work and worship at the Theotokos Evergetis, (Belfast, 1997)

                                                                                                    Hosios Loukas [c.1000]

                                                                                                      * Chatzidakis M., Hosios Loukas, (Athens, 1996)
                                                                                                      Connor
                                                                                                      C., Art and Miracles in Medieval Byzantium: The Crypt at Hosios Loukas and its Frescoes, (Princeton, 1991)
                                                                                                      Oikonomides
                                                                                                      N., "The First Century of the Monastery of Hosios Loukas", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 46, (1992), 245-55
                                                                                                      Connor
                                                                                                      C., "Hosios Loukas as a Victory Church", Greek Roman and Byzantine Studies 33, (1992), 293-308
                                                                                                      Connor
                                                                                                      C., W.R. Connor eds., The Life and Miracles of Saint Luke of Steiris, (Brookline, Mass., 1994)

                                                                                                      Nea Moni on Chios [c.1045]

                                                                                                        * Mouriki D., The Mosaics of Nea Moni on Chios 2 vols, (Athens, 1985) [nb library only has vol 1; for images consult the slides in the slide library]
                                                                                                        Maguire
                                                                                                        H., "The Mosaics of Nea Moni: An Imperial Reading", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 46, (1992), 205-14
                                                                                                        Barber
                                                                                                        C., "Mimesis and Memory in the Narthex Mosaics at the Nea Moni, Chios", Art History 24, (2001), 323-37

                                                                                                        Daphni [c.1100]

                                                                                                          Herbert M., Daphni: A Guide to the Mosaics and their Inscriptions, (Chichester, 1978)

                                                                                                          Kievan Rus

                                                                                                            Lazarev V., Old Russian Murals and Mosaics, (London, 1966)

                                                                                                            Monuments of the twelfth-century

                                                                                                            Constantinople (Pantokrator Monastery)

                                                                                                              typikon: http://www.doaks.org/typikaPDF/typ038.pdf
                                                                                                              Cormack
                                                                                                              R., Writing in Gold. Byzantine Society and its Icons, (London, 1985), chap 5
                                                                                                              Congdon
                                                                                                              E.A., "Imperial Commemoration and Ritual in the Typikon of the Monastery of Christ Pantokrator", Revue des Etudes Byzantines 54, (1996), 161-99
                                                                                                              Mathews
                                                                                                              T.F., ""Private" Liturgy in Byzantine Architecture: Toward a Re-appraisal", Cahiers Archéologiques 30, (1982), 125-38

                                                                                                              Kastoria

                                                                                                                Pelekanides S., M. Chatzidakis, Kastoria, (Athens, 1985)
                                                                                                                Epstein
                                                                                                                A.W., "Middle Byzantine Churches of Kastoria: Dates and Implications", Art Bulletin 62, (1980), 190-207

                                                                                                                Epstein A.W., "Frescoes of the Mavriotissa Monastery near Kastoria: Evidence of Millenarianism and anti-Semitism in the Wake of the First Crusade", Gesta 21, (1982), 21-29

                                                                                                                Cyprus

                                                                                                                  Stylianou A., J. Stylianou, The Painted Churches of Cyprus. Treasures of Byzantine Art, (London, 1985)
                                                                                                                  Hein
                                                                                                                  E., A. Jakovljevic, B. Kleidt, Cyprus. Byzantine Churches and Monasteries, Mosaics and Frescoes, (Ratingen, 1997)
                                                                                                                  Mango
                                                                                                                  C., E.J.W. Hawkins, "The Hermitage of St. Neophytos and Its Wall Paintings", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 20, (1966), 119-206
                                                                                                                  Mouriki
                                                                                                                  D., "The Wall Paintings of the church of the Panagia at Moutoullas, Cyprus", in I. Hutter ed., Byzanz und der Westen. Studien zur Kunst des europaïschen Mittelalters, (Vienna, 1984), 171-214
                                                                                                                  Sevcenko
                                                                                                                  N.P., C. Moss eds., Medieval Cyprus. Studies in Art, Architecture and History in Memory of Doula Mouriki, (Princeton, 1999)
                                                                                                                  Winfield
                                                                                                                  D., E.J.W. Hawkins, "The Church of Our Lady at Asinou, Cyprus", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 21, (1967), 261-66
                                                                                                                  Winfield
                                                                                                                  D., Winfield J., The Church of the Panaghia tou Arakos at Lagoudhera, Cyprus: The Paintings and Their Painterly Significance (Washington DC, 2003)
                                                                                                                  Nicolaïdès
                                                                                                                  A., "L'église de la Panagia Arakiotissa à Lagoudéra, Chypre: Etude iconographique des fresques de 1192", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 50 (1996)
                                                                                                                  Curcic
                                                                                                                  S., Middle Byzantine Architecture on Cyprus: Provincial or Regional?, (Nicosia, 2000)

                                                                                                                  Macedonia (St Panteleimon at Nerezi)

                                                                                                                    Sinkević I., "Alexios Angelos Komnenos, a patron without history?", Gesta 35, (1996), 34-42
                                                                                                                    Sinkević
                                                                                                                    I., The Church of St Panteleimon at Nerezi. Architecture, programme, patronage, (Wiesbaden, 2000)

                                                                                                                    Byzantium and the West

                                                                                                                      Demus O., Byzantine Art and the West, (London, 1970)
                                                                                                                      Goss
                                                                                                                      V.P., C.V. Bornstein eds., The Meeting of Two Worlds, (Kalamazoo, 1986)
                                                                                                                      Demus
                                                                                                                      O., "The Role of Byzantine Art in Europe", in Byzantine Art. A European Art, (Athens, 1964), 89-110
                                                                                                                      Davids
                                                                                                                      A. ed., The Empress Theophano, (Cambridge, 1995)
                                                                                                                      Kitzinger
                                                                                                                      E., "The Byzantine Contribution to Western Art of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 20, (1966), 25-

                                                                                                                      Kitzinger E., "Byzantium and the West in the Second Half of the Twelfth Century: Problems of Stylistic Relationships", Gesta 9, (1970), 49-58

                                                                                                                      Sicily

                                                                                                                        Demus O., The Mosaics of Norman Sicily, (London, 1948)
                                                                                                                        Borsook
                                                                                                                        E., Messages in Mosaic. The Royal Programmes of Norman Sicily (1130-1187), (Oxford, 1990)

                                                                                                                        Cappella Palatina in Palermo

                                                                                                                          Tronzo W., "The medieval object-enigma, and the problem of the Cappella Palatina in Palermo", Word & Image 9, (1993), 197-228
                                                                                                                          Tronzo
                                                                                                                          W., The Cultures of His Kingdom. Roger II and the Cappella Palatina in Palermo, (Princeton, 1997)
                                                                                                                          Kitzinger
                                                                                                                          E., "Mosaic decoration in Sicily under Roger II and the classical Byzantine system of church decoration", in W. Tronzo ed., Italian Church Decoration of the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance. Functions, forms and regional traditions, (Bologna, 1989), 147-65
                                                                                                                          Kitzinger
                                                                                                                          E., "The Mosaics of the Cappella Palatina in Palermo: An Essay in the Choice and Arrangement of Subjects", Art Bulletin 31, (1949), 269-92; reprinted in Art of Byzantium and the Medieval West, ed. W.E. Kleinbauer, (Bloomington, Indiana, 1976)
                                                                                                                          Tronzo
                                                                                                                          W. ed., "Byzantine Court Culture from the Point of View of Norman Sicily: The Case of the Cappella Palatina in Palermo", in H. Maguire ed., Byzantine Court Culture from 829 to 1204, (Washington DC, 1997), 101-14
                                                                                                                          Sinding-Larsen
                                                                                                                          S., "Plura ordinatur ad unum. Some Perspectives regarding the "Arab-Islamic" Ceiling of the Cappella Palatina in Palermo (1132-1143)", AAAHP (SA8) 7, (1989), 55-96

                                                                                                                          The Martorana Church

                                                                                                                            Kitzinger E., The Mosaics of St Mary's of the Admiral in Palermo, (Washington, 1990)
                                                                                                                            Kitzinger
                                                                                                                            E., "On The Portrait of Roger II in the Martorana in Palermo", Proporzione 3, (1950), 30-35; reprinted in The Art of Byzantium and the Medieval West, ed. W.E. Kleinbauer, (Bloomington, Indiana, 1976), XI, 320-26

                                                                                                                            Monreale Cathedral

                                                                                                                              Kitzinger E., I mosaici del periodo normanno in Sicilia, (Palermo, 1992-4)

                                                                                                                              Venice

                                                                                                                                Nicol D., Venice and Byzantium. A study in diplomatic and cultural relations, (Oxford, 1988)

                                                                                                                                San Marco

                                                                                                                                  Demus O., The Church of San Marco in Venice: History, Architecture, Sculpture, (Washington DC, 1960)
                                                                                                                                  Demus
                                                                                                                                  O., The Mosaics of San Marco in Venice 4 vols, (Chicago & London, 1984)
                                                                                                                                  Dale
                                                                                                                                  T.E.A., "Inventing a Sacred Past: Pictorial Narratives of St Mark the Evangelist in Aquileia and Venice, ca. 1000-1300", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 48, (1994), 53-104
                                                                                                                                  Jacoff
                                                                                                                                  M., The Horses of San Marco and the Quadriga of the Lord, (Princeton, 1993)
                                                                                                                                  Dale
                                                                                                                                  T.E.A., Relics, Prayer, and Politics in Medieval Venetia. Romanesque Painting in the Crypt of Aquileia Cathedral, (Princeton, NJ, 1997)
                                                                                                                                  Rodini
                                                                                                                                  E., "Mapping narrative at the church of San Marco: a study in visual storying", Word & Image 14, (1998), 387-96

                                                                                                                                  Pala d'Oro

                                                                                                                                    Hahnloser H.R., La Pala d'Oro, (Venice, 1994)
                                                                                                                                    Frazer
                                                                                                                                    M.E., "The Pala d'Oro and the cult of St Mark in Venice", Jahrbuch Der österreichischen Byzantinistik 32, (1982), 273-79
                                                                                                                                    Buckton
                                                                                                                                    D., J. Osborne, "The Enamel of Ordelaffo Falier on the Pala d'Oro in Venice", Gesta 39, (2000), 43-49

                                                                                                                                    Southern Italy

                                                                                                                                      Belting H., "Byzantine Art among Greeks and Latins in Southern Italy", DOP 28, (1974), 3-29
                                                                                                                                      Wharton
                                                                                                                                      A., Art of Empire. Painting and Architecture of the Byzantine Periphery, A Comparative Study of Four Provinces, (University Park and London, 1988)

                                                                                                                                      Serbia

                                                                                                                                        Subotic G., Art of Kosovo. The Sacred Land, (New York, 1997)
                                                                                                                                        Bihalji
                                                                                                                                        -Merin O., Byzantine frescoes and icons in Yugoslavia, (London, 1960)

                                                                                                                                        Byzantium and the East

                                                                                                                                          Hunt L.-A. ed., "Comnenian Aristocratic Palace Decorations: Descriptions and Islamic Connections", in M. Angold ed., The Byzantine Aristocracy IX-XIII Centuries, (Oxford, 1984), 138-57
                                                                                                                                          Katzenstein
                                                                                                                                          R.A., G.D. Lowry, "Christian Themes in Thirteenth-Century Islamic Metalwork", Muqarnas 1, (1983), 53-68
                                                                                                                                          Miles
                                                                                                                                          G.C., "Byzantium and the Arabs: Relations in Crete and the Aegean Area", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 18, (1964), 1-32
                                                                                                                                          Grabar
                                                                                                                                          O., "Islamic Art and Byzantium", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 18, (1964), 67-88
                                                                                                                                          Grabar
                                                                                                                                          O., "The Shared Culture of Objects", in H. Maguire ed., Byzantine Court Culture from 829 to 1204, (Washington DC, 1997), 115-30
                                                                                                                                          Hoffman
                                                                                                                                          E.R., "Pathways to Portability: Islamic and Christian Interchange from the Tenth to the Twelfth Century", Art History 24, (2001), 17-50
                                                                                                                                          Baer
                                                                                                                                          E., Ayyubid Metalwork with Christian Images, (Leiden, 1989)

                                                                                                                                          Georgia

                                                                                                                                            Mepisashvili R., V. Cincadze, The Arts of Ancient Georgia, (London, 1979)
                                                                                                                                            Eastmond
                                                                                                                                            A., Royal Imagery in Medieval Georgia, (University Park, PA, 1998)

                                                                                                                                            Armenia

                                                                                                                                            History

                                                                                                                                              Hovannisian R.G. ed., The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times vol 1: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century, (New York, 1997)
                                                                                                                                              Thomson
                                                                                                                                              R.W. ed., Thomas Artsruni, History of the House of Artsrunik`, (Detroit, 1985)

                                                                                                                                              Art

                                                                                                                                                Jones L., "The Church of the Holy Cross and the Iconography of Kingship", Gesta 33, (1994), 104-17
                                                                                                                                                Eastmond
                                                                                                                                                A., L. Jones ed., "Robing, Power, and Legitimacy in Armenia and Georgia", in S. Gordon ed., Robes and Honor: The Medieval World of Investiture, (New York, Basingstoke, 2001), 146-91
                                                                                                                                                Jones
                                                                                                                                                L., "The visual expression of power and piety in medieval Armenia: the palace and palace church at Aghtamar", in A. Eastmond ed., Eastern Approaches to Byzantium, (Aldershot, 2001), 149-67
                                                                                                                                                http://www.virtualani.freeserve.co.uk
                                                                                                                                                http://www.virtualarmenia.am
                                                                                                                                                Nersessian
                                                                                                                                                V., Treasures from the Ark. 1700 Years of Armenian Christian Art, (London, 2001)
                                                                                                                                                Mathews
                                                                                                                                                T.F., R.S. Wieck eds., Treasures in Heaven. Armenian Illuminated Manuscripts, (Princeton, 1994)
                                                                                                                                                Mathews
                                                                                                                                                T.F., R.S. Wieck eds., Treasures in Heaven. Armenian Art, Religion and Society, (New York, 1998)

                                                                                                                                                Armenian Cilicia

                                                                                                                                                  Boase T.S.R. ed., The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia, (Edinburgh, 1978)
                                                                                                                                                  Der Nersessian
                                                                                                                                                  S., Miniature Painting in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia from the Twelfth to the Fourteenth Century (Washington DC, 1993)
                                                                                                                                                  Evans
                                                                                                                                                  H.C., "Imperial Aspirations: Armenian Cilicia and Byzantium in the thirteenth century", in A. Eastmond ed., Eastern Approaches to Byzantium, (Aldershot, 2001), 243-56

                                                                                                                                                  The Fourth Crusade

                                                                                                                                                    Niketas Choniates, O City of Byzantium, the Annals of Niketas Choniates, trans. H. Magoulias, (Detroit, 1984)
                                                                                                                                                    Robert de Clari
                                                                                                                                                    , The Conquest of Constantinople, trans. E.H. McNeal, (Columbia, 1936)
                                                                                                                                                    Eastmond
                                                                                                                                                    A., "'Local' Saints, Art and Regional Identity in the Orthodox World after the Fourth Crusade", Speculum 78, (2003), 707-49
                                                                                                                                                    Talbot Rice
                                                                                                                                                    D. ed., The Church of Haghia Sophia at Trebizond, (Edinburgh, 1968)
                                                                                                                                                    Eastmond
                                                                                                                                                    A., "Narratives of the Fall: Structure and Meaning in the Genesis Frieze at Hagia Sophia, Trebizond", DOP 53, (1999), 219-36

                                                                                                                                                    Gardens

                                                                                                                                                      Littlewood A.R., H. Maguire, J. Wolschke-Bulmahn eds., Byzantine Garden Culture, (Washington DC, 2002)
                                                                                                                                                      Barber
                                                                                                                                                      C., 'Reading the garden in Byzantium: nature and sexuality', Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 16 (1992), 1-19

                                                                                                                                                      © Antony Eastmond 2003