Alexandria Female Orphan Asylum
Runs a school that merges with that of the Washington Free School
Alexandria Free School for Girls
Founded in 1812 aka Female Lancastrian School.
Alexandria Orphan Society and Female Free School Society
Orphanage and school founded in 1832
See: First Annual Report of the Orphan Asylum and Female Free School of Alexandria (printed in US House of Representatives documents, No. 65, Jan 25, 1833)
Female Charitable Society
Founded in January 1822.
See: Washington Theological Repertory 6 (1824-6) 374
Female Free School of Alexandria
Founded by men and incorporated March 22, 1847
Ladies Benevolent Society
Founded in 1855, assists the Orphan Asylum Orphan Asylum of Alexandria Incorporated March 22, 1847
St Francis Xavier School
Free School founded by the Sisters of Charity May 2, 1833 and closed on August 13, 1839.
Had a charitable committee which fuel, clothing and fuel to the poor
See: Alexandria Gazette
Washington Free School
Founded in 1786, housed in the Alexandria Academy. Had a mixed intake until 1812, after which it only taught boys. Established by a donation and bequest by George Washington.
Washington Society of Alexandria
Founded before 1814
See: Francis Scott Key, An oration delivered by Francis S. Key before the Washington Society of Alexandria (Alexandria, 1814)
Fredericksburg Boarding School for Poor Girls
Founded in 1802, aka Female Charity School, incorporated January 22, 1808. Associated with St George’s Episcopal Church, and part funded by a lottery from 1804.
See: Carrol H. Quenzel, The history and background of St. George's Episcopal Church, Fredericksburg, Virginia (Richmond, 1951), 23
Fredericksburg Female Orphan Asylum
Orphanage founded in 1833, part funded from taxation from 1840 for out of county inmates. Revived and re-incorporated Feb 25, 1856
Male Charity School
Founded in 1795, incorporated December 13th, 1796. Appropriated the funds of the Fredericksburg Academy in 1799, and received a legacy from Mr Thomas Colson in 1805. Associated with St George’s Episcopal Church.
See: Carrol H. Quenzel, The history and background of St. George's Episcopal Church, Fredericksburg, Virginia (Richmond, 1951), 23.
Lynchburg Charity School
Incorporated Feb 14th, 1823.
Lynchburg Dorcas Society
Voluntary society founded 1823
See: 9th Annual Report Lynchburg Virginian, (Lynchburg, VA) Thursday, May 30, 1833
Lynchburg Orphan Asylum Society
Orphanage founded as the Anne Norvell Orphan Asylum Association of Lynchburg, incorporated Feb 16, 1846
Lynchburg Female Orphan Asylum
Male managers, incorporated March 16, 1849
Founded before 1822
See: 'The state of religion and means of religious improvement in the borough of Norfolk, Va., and its vicinity' Family Visitor 1 (1822-3) 5.
Episcopal Orphan Asylum
Defunct by 1860 when its funds are appropriated by the Jackson Orphan Asylum.
Howard Association of Norfolk
Incorporated December 11, 1855
Jackson Orphan Asylum
Founded by male managers and incorporated Feb 26, 1856 ‘for the purpose of maintaining and educating orphan children.’ Asylum opened in a rented house in 1861, and admitted both boys and girls.
See: Board of Director’s Minutes, 1859-1878; Record Book 1861-1922 in Library of Virginia
Infant School Society
Founded in 1829 to provide free education to pre-school children
Norfolk Bethel Union
Founded in 1823 See: Sailor's Magazine 1 (1828-9) 26.
Norfolk Female Orphan Society
Founded in 1804, incorporated Jan 16th, 1816 also known as the Female Charitable Society
See: Minute Book, 1816-1853, Account Book 1844-1862,and other papers in the library of the University of Virginia, Charlottesville.(Click here for extracts)
Norfolk Manual Labour School for Indigent Boys.
Founded by men to take boys bound by parents or orphan boys bound by the city and ‘retain such boys and employ them on their farm in useful occupations until they arrive at the age of twenty-one.’ Incorporated February 7, 1853
Norfolk Mechanics Benevolent Society
Mutual aid society, founded in 1811
Norfolk Marine Society
Voluntary society founded February 7th, 1817 to assist visiting sailors
Norfolk Provident Society
Founded in 1819
St Mary’s Female Academy and Orphan Asylum in the city of Norfolk
Founded by the Sisters of Charity in February 1848, incorporated May 22, 1852. Received an annual grant from Miss Ann Herron of $1000 from 1849.
See: Sister Mary Agnes Yeakel, The nineteenth century educational contribution of the Sisters of charity of Saint Vincent de Paul in Virginia (Baltimore : Johns Hopkins, 1939.), 57-61
Saint Patrick’s Beneficiary Society of the city of Norfolk
Founded by men for ‘the relief or maintenance of such persons as the said society may select’ and incorporated on March 14, 1856
Hospital of St Vincent of Paul in the City of Norfolk
Founded by four women ‘for the purposes of receiving and taking care of such sick and disabled persons as may, under the rules and regulations of the corporation be taken in’ and incorporated March 3, 1856
The Association for Improvement of the Condition of the Poor
Founded in 1858 by christian ministers and laymen
Hebrew Benevolent Society
Mutual aid society founded in 1859
Offers indoor relief and before 1823 outdoor relief
Petersburg Dorcas Society
Founded in 1821 by Presbyterian women
Petersburg Female Orphan Asylum
Orphanage founded in 1811, second asylum founded in1847
See: 'Female Orphan Asylum of Petersburg' FamilyVisitor 2 (1823-4) 1.
Petersburg House of Industry
Voluntary society founded to provide employment for poorhouse inmates
Petersburg Ladies Benevolent Society
Voluntary society founded by Presbyterian women
Petersburg Benevolent Mechanics Association
Mutual aid society, founded in 1825
See: Microfilm copies of minutes (1825-1941) at UVA library Charlottesville, originals at Petersburg Public Library; also Minute Book 1825-36 held at Virginia Historical Society (click here for extracts); Constitution and Bye-Laws of the Petersburg Benevolent Mechanics Association (Petersburg,Va., 1825)
Thomas C. Paul Female Orphan Society of Petersburg
Incorporated March 20, 1848
Female Humane Association of the City of Richmond
Founded 1805, incorporated January 8, 1811
See: Female Humane Association Papers, VHS, Richmond; Rules and Regulations of the Richmond Female Humane Society (Richmond, 1807); At a meeting of the Female Humane Association, February 5th, 1816 (Richmond: Ritchie, Trueheart & Duval, 1816); Constitution and By-Laws of the Female Humane Association of the City of Richmond (Richmond: Shephard & Colin 1843); Memorial Foundation for Children (Richmond, Va. 1915). History of the Memorial Home for Girls (Richmond, Va. 1938); A brief history of the Memorial Foundation for Children (Richmond, Va.1965)
Gentlemen's Benevolent Society
Founded in 1844 auxiliary to Union Benevolent Society
See: 1st Annual Report Richmond Daily Whig, November 22, 1845; 2nd Annual Report, Richmond Daily Whig November 28, 1846
German Beneficial Society
Formed by 1859
In existence in 1859
Voluntary society founded in 1855 to provide healthcare to yellow fever sufferers
Male Orphan Society
Founded in 1846 after encouragement from Ladies of the Female Humane Society, incorporated March 9, 1847
See: Constitution and By-laws of the Richmond Men's Orphan Society incorporated in 1847 (np, nd); Jane Taylor Duke, History of the Richmond Home for Boys (unpublished typescript, VHS)
Mutual Assurance Society of Virginia
Founded in 1794
Richmond Amicable Society
Founded in 1788 See: Minute Book 1788-1816 in Virginia Historical Society; Samuel Mordecai, Richmond in By-Gone days (Richmond, Dietz Press, 1860)
Richmond Dorcas Society
Founded in 1827
See: '1st Annual Report of the Richmond Dorcas Society' Religious Herald (Richmond, Va) 1 (1828) 51
Richmond Bethel Union Society
Founded in 1821
See: 'Richmond Bethel Union Society' Family Visitor 1 (1822-3) no. 8; Virginia Evangelical and Literary Magazine 5 (1822) 277-80; Sailor's Magazine (NY)1(1828-29), 123
Richmond Charitable Association of Young Men
Formed in 1817 to provide general assistance for the poor and sick through visiting them.
See: 'Constitution of the Richmond Charitable Association of Young Men' Christian Monitor (Richmond Va) 2(1816-17) 222-4.
Ladies Hebrew Benevolent Association
Mutual society founded in 1849
Richmond Lancastrian Society
Founded in November 1816 to provide free education
See: The fundamental rule and regulation of the Lancastrian institution within this city (Richmond, 1817)
Richmond Typographical Society
In existence in 1859
St Joseph's Orphan Asylum and Free School
Catholic orphanage founded by the Sisters of Charity November 25, 1834 incorporated as the St Joseph’s Female Academy and Orphan Asylum in the City of Richmond, March 28, 1848. New larger asylum built 1857.
See: Sister Mary Agnes Yeakel, The nineteenth century educational contribution of the Sisters of charity of Saint Vincent de Paul in Virginia (Baltimore : Johns Hopkins, 1939), 39-41.
St Vincent’s Catholic Beneficial Society
In existence in 1859
Tredegar Free School
Formed before 1850
Union Benevolent Society
Voluntary society founded in 1836 to provide women with employment
See: 9th Annual Report Richmond Daily Whig, November 22, 1845; 10th Annual Report, Richmond Daily Whig November 28, 1846
Union Society of Journeymen Cordwainers
In existence in 1859
Young Catholics Friend Society
In existence in 1859 ‘for the purpose of clothing poor children and encouraging their attendance at Sunday School’
Benevolent Society of the Parish of St Andrew's
Founded in 1816 to provide free education
See: 1st Annual Report of the Benevolent Society of the Parish of St Andrew's (Sheperd's-Town, Va.,1817)
Female Benevolent Society
Founded in Winchester before 1824
King George County Free School
Incorporated January 1st, 1808.
Lunenburg and Farnham Charity School
Founded in Richmond County, incorporated February 13, 1811.
Orange Humane Society
Formed to provided free education to poor children. Incorporated in Orange County January 19, 1811, still in existence in 1839.
Portsmouth Orphan Asylum
Founded by men ‘for an orphan asylum for orphan children, and for connecting therewith, if it should be found expedient and proper, an asylum for widows and single women of good character’ and incorporated March 15, 1856
St John’s Orphan Asylum
Founded by men, location unknown, takes boys and girls, incorporated February 17, 1853
Society for the relief of the distressed widows and orphans of the clergymen of the Protestant Episcopal Churchin the State of Virginia
Founded in 1792
Westmoreland Poor School Society
Incorporated January 30, 1813.
Permitted to keep an orphan asylum in its charter of incorporation Feb 21, 1856
Founded in Bruton Parish before 1828