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Glossary

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%GC
How much of the DNA is made up of the guanine and cytosine bases.

A

Annealing
The binding of a complementary sequence to DNA.

B

Biophysics
An area of science looking at the physical properties of biological molecules

C

Concentration

The strength of a solution given in molarity (M). µM is x10-6 of M, mM is x10-3 of M.

D

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid: A linear molecule found in the nucleus of the cell and contains the building blocks of life

Denaturation
When double stranded DNA becomes single stranded most commonly by heating.
Dichroism

Two colours

Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS)

An instrument that measures the size of small particles

E

Emma Gilroy
A Chemistry PhD student studying at Warwick university.
Exon
The part of DNA which contains the information to create proteins.

G

Genetics
The study of hereditary and how DNA relates to genes.

L

Ligand

A molecule that can bind to another.

Linear Dichroism
Spectropolarimeter that uses light polarised in two directions (parallel and perpendicular) to the sample to measure the absorbance difference.

M

Microsatellite
Section of DNA that contains a repeat of the same bases. These can differ between individuals.

P

PCR
Polymerase Chain Reaction: A method for copying DNA
Porphyrin

A large molecule containing four rings that can bind to a metal ion in the middle.

R

Rheology
The study of the flow and friction of fluids.
Rheometer
An instrument that measures the flow of fluids

S

Spectra/spectrum
Spectrum means image. It is a way of viewing results over a range of colours of light (wavelength)
Spectropolarimeter
An instrument that measures the properties of polarised light.
Synchrotron
Cyclic particle accelerator

T

Thermophile
Found at high temperature (thermo=heat, phile=like)

V

Viscometer
An instrument that measures the viscosity of a fluid.
Viscosity
The measurement of the movement and thickness of a fluid