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MA3E1 Content

Content: The concept of a group is defined abstractly (as set with an associative binary operation, a neutral element, and a unary operation of inversion) but is better understood through concrete examples, for instance:

  • Permutation groups
  • Matrix groups
  • Groups defined by generators and relations.

All these concrete forms can be investigated with computers. In this module we will study groups by:

  • Finding matrix groups to represent them
  • Using matrix arithmetic to uncover new properties. In particular, we will study the irreducible characters of a group and the square table of complex numbers they define. Character tables have a tightly-constrained structure and contain a great deal of information about a group in condensed form. The emphasis of this module will be on the interplay of theory with calculation and examples.

Aims: To introduce representation theory of finite groups in a hands-on fashion.

Objectives: To enable students to:

  • Understand matrix and linear representations of groups and their associated modules
  • Compute representations and character tables of groups
  • Know the statements and understand the proofs of theorems about groups and representations covered in this module.


We will work through printed notes written by the lecturer.
A nice book that we shall not use is:
G James & M Liebeck, Representations and Characters of Groups, Cambridge University Press, 1993. Second edition, 2001. (IBSN: 052100392X).