Content: Topics would include:
Vertical motion and the role of moisture:
- Atmospheric stability: Dry and saturated adiabatic lapse rates
- Water vapour: Relative humidity, evaporation and condensation
Mechanics in a rotating frame (linear theory):
- Pressure gradients and their origins.
- Coriolis force, geostrophic wind.
- Stability and waves in a rotating frame.
- Stability and waves due to stratification.
Circulation on a global scale (nonlinear theory):
- Prevailing winds, jet streams, synoptic scale motion.
- Air masses, fronts, cyclones and accompanying weather patterns
Mesoscale and microscale motion:
- The planetary boundary layer.
- Ekman layers.
- Thunderstorm initiation.
J.C. McWilliams, Fundamentals of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, CUP (2006).
B. Cushman-Roisoin, Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Prentice-Hall (1994).
John M. Wallace and Peter V. Hobbs, Atmospheric science: an introductory survey (2nd ed), Academic Press, 2006.
Roland Stull, Meteorology For Scientists And Engineers: A Technical Companion Book To C. Donald Ahrens' Meteorology Today.