As environmental awareness continues to grow, the idea of circular economy has triggered evaluative discussion on business practices. The pressures from surging resource price with inefficient utilization of materials has become a driver to find ways in which to beat the system. Supply chain management takes responsibility in managing the materials and products in an organization, obviously playing a vital role in the evolution towards a circular economy.
This thesis explores the role of supply chain in enabling a circular economy developing an empirically tested framework of three supply chain configurations, linear supply chain, reverse supply chain and circular supply chain. The empirical framework provides an insight for company to understand the development from a linear supply chain to a more circular supply chain, and it is a tool for organizations to identify their position in supply chain configurations. The recommendations proposed in this thesis offers a series of practical guides for the companies which may contribute to their operational decisions.