It can be argued that theory not only interprets our real life but also gives contributions to the advancement of a research field. Logistics research has been criticised for lacking in literature related to theory development and for not having a rich heritage of theory development. Similarly, an urgent need for theory development has been identified by scholars in the field of Operation and Supply Chain Management (O&SCM).
A theoretical framework that can help O&SCM researchers develop theories in the field have been developed. The study proposed a four-stage theory development process as well as a map indicating a link between different stages of the theory development process and the logics involved. A series of comprehensive analysis is conducted to verify the framework, and findings not only prove the empirical validity of the framework, but also reveal biases. This paper can be used to augment current research on O&SCM.