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Online lecture on Historiography in Applied Linguistics - PUC, Sao Paulo (9.12.20)

Here is video of the lectureLink opens in a new window (approx. 1 hour), with PowerPoint slides

Details of publications and sources referred to during the lecture are listed below in order of mention:


1. In connection with Harold E. Palmer and the roots of ELT

The Bulletin of the Institute for Research in English teaching – reissued in 7 volumes by Meicho-no-Fukyukai, Tokyo (1985)

English through Actions by Harold E. Palmer & Dorothée Palmer - first published by Kaitakusha (Tokyo) in 1925; reissued by Longmans (London) in 1959.

Colloquial English Part I. 100 Substitution Tables by Harold E. Palmer - published by Heffer (Cambridge) in 1916.

Everyday Sentences in Spoken English by Harold E. Palmer & F.G. Blandford - published by Heffer (Cambridge) in 1922.

Institute for Research in English Teaching (1929). Report on Research Activities During the Year 1928–1929.

A Commemorative Volume Issued by the Institute for Research in English Teaching on the Occasion of the Tenth Annual Conference of English Teachers Held under Its Auspices (1933).

Diffusion of Innovations in English Language Teaching: The ELEC Effort in Japan, 1956–1968 by Lynn Earl Henrichsen - published by Greenwood Press (New York, 1989).

Appropriate Methodology and Social Context by Adrian Holliday Published by Cambridge University Press (1994).

A History of English Language Teaching by A.P.R. Howatt. Published by Oxford University Press in 1984 / 2004 (2nd edition, with H.G. Widdowson).

'An Investigation into the Roots of ELT, with a Particular Focus on the Career and Legacy of Harold E. Palmer (1877–1949)' by Richard Smith. PhD thesis, University of Edinburgh (2005).

Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching by H.H. Stern. Published by Oxford University Press (1983).

More information: The Writings of Harold E. Palmer: An Overview, by Richard Smith (1999). Tokyo: Hon-no-Tomosha.


2. Further work in connection with the development of English language teaching

Foundations of Foreign Language Teaching: Nineteenth-century Innovators, six volumes, with General Introduction, edited by A.P.R. Howatt and Richard C. Smith (2000). London: Routledge.

Modern Language Teaching: The Reform Movement, five volumes, with General Introduction and volume introductions, edited by A.P.R. Howatt and Richard C. Smith (2002). London: Routledge. Sample pagesLink opens in a new window.

In Honour of A.S. Hornby, edited by Peter Strevens - published by Oxford University Press (1978).

Teaching English as a Foreign Language, 1912-1936: Pioneers of ELT, five volumes, with General Introduction and volume introductions, edited by Richard C. Smith (2003). London: Routledge. Sample pagesLink opens in a new window.

Teaching English as a Foreign Language, 1936–1961: Foundations of ELT, six volumes, with General Introduction, edited by Richard C. Smith (2005). Abingdon: Routledge. Sample pagesLink opens in a new window.

'Communicative Language Teaching and the ELT Journal: A Corpus-Based Approach to the History of a Discourse', by Duncan Hunter (2009). PhD thesis, Centre for Applied Linguistics, University of Warwick.

'The history of Teaching English as a Foreign Language, from a British and European perspective’, by A.P.R. Howatt and Richard Smith (2014). Language and History 57/1: 75-95. Online (open access)

Dhi Fonètik Tîtcer ('The Phonetic Teacher') - edited by Paul Passy, May 1886 onwards.

ELT Journal (originally, English Language Teaching), published by Oxford University Press (originally by British Council) 1946 onwards.

'A brief history of ELT Journal' by Richard Smith (in press), ELT Journal 75/1.

A History of IATEFL: The First 50 Years of the International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language by Shelagh Rixon and Richard Smith (2017). Faversham: IATEFL.

Michael West (1960) Teaching English in Difficult Circumstances. Published by Longmans (1960).

‘Lessons from the past: traditions and reforms’, by Richard C. Smith, with Imura Motomichi (2004). In Makarova, V. and T. Rodgers (eds.) English Language Teaching: The Case of Japan. Munich: Lincom Europa. Also available online: opens in a new window

‘Bilingual English teaching in colonial India: the case of John Murdoch’s work in Madras Presidency, 1855–1875’, co-authored by R. Smith & R. Vennela (2019). Language & History 62(2), 96-118. Corrected pre-publication version here.

ELT in Germany - e.g. Klippel, Friederike. (1994) Englischlernen im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert: Die Geschichte der Lehrbücher und Unterrichtsmethoden. Münster: Nodus. See also Giesler, Tim (2019) 'Munich works: German perspectives on the history of language learning and teaching'. Language & History 62/3: 265-269.

Warwick ELT Archive website (for more information, see, for example 'Publications' and 'Hall of Fame' pages)


3. Related to historiography in applied linguistics

Koerner, E.F.K. 1978. Toward a Historiography of Linguistics: Selected Essays. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

The Real Professor Higgins: the Life and Career of Daniel Jones, by Beverley Collins & Inger M. Mees, published in 1999 by Mouton de Gruyter (Amsterdam).

Language Learning, founded by Charles C. Fries (1946).

‘On the Limitations of Linguistics Applied’ by H.G. Widdowson (1980). Applied Linguistics, 21(1): 3–25.

Language as a Means of Mental Culture and International Communication; or, Manual of the Teacher and the Learner of Languages by Claude Marcel (2 volumes, 1853) - published by Chapman and Hall (London). See Claude Marcel (1793-1876): A neglected applied linguist?', by Richard Smith (2009). Language and History 52/2: 171-181.

The Scientific Study and Teaching of Languages by Harold E. Palmer (1917, Harrap)

'Building "Applied Linguistic Historiography": Rationale, scope and methods', by Richard Smith (2016). Applied Linguistics 37/1: 71-87. Online (Open Access).

More information: 'Developing the history of applied linguistics: introductory remarks' by Richard Smith (2000). See also: Candel, D., Léon, J. and Linn, A. (eds) (2011) Themed issue of Histoire Epistémologie Langage ( 33/1) on the history of applied linguistics.


4. Towards History of Language Learning and Teaching (HoLLT) in its own right

Special Open Access issue of Language & History (57/1) on ‘History of Modern Language Education in Europe’. Online (Open Access

Special Open Access issue of The Language Learning Journal (46/1) on 'Histories of language learning and teaching in Europe', co-edited by R. Smith and N. McLelland (2018)).

Teaching and Learning Foreign Languages: a History of Language Education, Assessment and Policy in Britain by Nicola McLelland (Routledge, 2017).

The History of Language Learning and Teaching, 3 volumes (Vol. I: 16th-18th Century Europe Vol. II: 19th-20th Century Europe; Vol. III: Across Cultures), co-edited by N. McLelland and R. Smith (2018). Oxford: Legenda (for the Modern Humanities Research Association).

AILA Research Network on History of Language Learning and Teaching website

See, in particular, ​HELBLink opens in a new window (História do Ensino de Línguas no Bresil) website.


5. Related to the life and career of Professor Antonieta Celani

'Teacher-learner autonomy: the role of conference and workshop design' by Andy Barfield & Richard Smith (1999), in Proceedings of Teachers Develop Teachers Research (TDTR) 4 (CD-ROM). Whitstable, Kent: IATEFL.

'A retrospective view of an ESP teacher education programme' by Maria Antonieta Alba Celani, in The ESPecialist 19/2: 233–244.

'Profesora Calani' - YouTube video by Cultura Inglesa

Moita Lopes, L.P. (Ed.) 2013. Linguística Aplicada na Modernidade Recente: Festschrift Para Antonieta Celani. São Paulo: Parábola Editorial.

Reflections on Language Learning. In Honour of Antonieta Celani. Edited by Leila Barbara and Mike Scott. Multilingual Matters (1994)

'In memoriam: Maria Antonieta Alba Celani (1923–2018)' by Angela Lessa and Maria Lúcia (The ESPecialist, 2019)

'Maria Antonieta Alba Celani (1923–2018)' by Tony Berber Sardinha n.d.

'Antonieta Celani fala sobre o ensino de Lingua Estrangeira' - interview by Daniela Almeida. Nova Escola website (2009)

'ELT and the British Council, 1934–2014: research notes' by Richard Smith (n.d.). Warwick ELT Archive website.

Norris, William E. and Strain, Jeris E. (eds). 1989. Charles Carpenter Fries: His 'Oral Approach' for Teaching and Learning Foreign Languages. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

Fries, C.C. 'As we see it', Language Learning 1/1.

HELB Linha do Tempo

'Ensino de Línguas estrangeiras nos anos da ditadura no Brasil' by Leila Ribeiro, Maria Angélica Costa & Selma Abdalla (Revista HELB 1/1, 2007)

Munby, John. 1978. Communicative Syllabus Design. Cambridge University Press.


6. Answers to questions

Henry Sweet (1899) The Practical Study of Languages. London: Dent. See also "Scientific" language teaching', by Richard Smith (2017). The Journal of English Language Teaching (India) 59/5: 18-21.

Kumaravadivelu, B. 'Postmethod pedagogy'. Chapter 9 in Understanding Language Teaching: from Method to Postemethod. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum (2006).

'Harold E. Palmer's alternative "applied linguistics"' by Richard Smith (2011). Histoire–Epistémologie–Langage 33/1: 53-67.

'Postmethod disourse and practice' by Ramin Akbari (2011), TESOL Quarterly 42/4: 641–652.

Assessing English on the Global Stage: The British Council and English Language Testing, 1941–2016, by Cyril J. Weir & Barry O'Sullivan. Published in 2017 by Equinox.

'Unpackaging the past: 'CLT' through ELTJ keywords', by Duncan Hunter and Richard Smith (2012). ELT Journal 66/4: 430-439.