Japan faces increasing calls to play a greater role in stabilising both the Asia-Pacific region and the entire international system. Approaching this issue from the perspective of international political economy, the aim of this project is to assess the nature of Japan's regional and global security concerns under conditions of globalisation, and how it is responding to them. A new security agenda facing Japanese policymakers is defined. As well as remnants of Cold War conflicts such as territorial disputes with China, the challenges include the re-emergence of terrorism, piracy and organised crime, and 'post-globalization' security problems in the Asia-Pacific region--economic dislocation, financial crises, and environmental disasters. The project takes a multidimensional approach to exploring Japan's key security relationships, covering economic as well as military issues, and multiple actors from states to NGOs and international think-tanks. Finally, the project considers whether Japan's history and engagement with economic concerns might allow it to offer the world an alternative global security paradigm from that of the traditional US and European military-dominated model.