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Financial Crisis in East Asia: Bank Runs, Asset Bubbles and Antidotes

Pongsak Luangaram & Marcus Miller

CSGR Working Paper No. 11/98

July 1998

 

Abstract

 

Was the East Asian crisis just a creditor panic with a mad scramble for liquidity that brought the banking system to its knees and the region's much-vaunted 'economic miracle' to a standstill? Or was the miracle indeed flawed by fundamental problems in asset prices and resource allocation? After a summary of the facts and an outline of various types of financial crisis, we conclude that the truth involves both factors, interacting in a vicious downward spiral. There certainly was panic among the creditors but it was triggered by genuine problems of overinvestment and overvaluation in emerging East Asian economies.

 

Before turning to outline various approaches of crisis prevention and management and a brief account of the future prospects, we discuss how contagion can occur in environments where investors are poorly informed and each looks to the others for guidance. The paper ends with immediate steps that might help resolve the current crises; and with proposed reforms to the international monetary system to prevent a recurrence.

 

Keywords: East Asian crisis; Creditor panic; Asset bubbles; Moral hazard; Contagion; Crisis resolution; Reform of the international monetary system