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Term 1 2018-19 - The seminars are held on Wednesday 12:00 - 13:00 in B3.02 - Mathematics Institute

Week 1: Wednesday 3rd October

Stephen Cantrell - Ergodic Theory, Symbolic Dynamics and their Applications to Geometry

This talk will be a gentle introduction to a branch of ergodic theory known as symbolic dynamics. We will introduce basic ideas and notions from ergodic theory and look at how they can be used to understand the long term behaviour of dynamical systems. We will then explore how techniques from symbolic dynamics can be used to tackle problems from geometry. In particular, we will discuss 'comparison theorems' and a 'dynamical version' of the prime number theorem.

This talk will be accessible to mathematicians from all areas - no prior knowledge of ergodic theory required!

Week 2: Wednesday 10th October

Sami Al-Izzi - Active Membrane Tubes: Geometry, Fluids & Elasticity in Cell Biology

Lipid membranes are an interesting biological material as they display 2D viscous behaviour laterally, but behave as an elastic surface in the normal direction. The coupling of these processes (along with hydrodynamics of the solvent) can lead to novel phenomena which can be key to shaping cell and organelle morphology.
We will focus on the morphology of membrane tubes, which are found throughout cells, and are involved in many processes vital to cell survival. I will start by reviewing some of the basic properties of membrane tubes and their formation, in particular their similarities and differences from columns of fluid with surface tension. We will then outline two ways in which "active" processes can act on membrane tubes to change their morphology. The first of these is related to the problem of volume conservation in single celled organisms and the second is related to the scissoring of membrane tubes in cells more generally.

This talk will be accessible to a general mathematics audience; no knowledge of biology is assumed.

Week 3: Wednesday 17th October

Rob Chamberlain - Computing With Permutation Representations of Finite Groups

How we represent a group significantly affects the speed of computations involving the group. In this talk we concentrate on permutation representations of finite groups. The aim is to present the main mathematical approaches to speeding up such computations. The focus will be on the 'best' representation of a finite group and how one might use the structure of the group to find a 'good' representation, though other mathematical approaches are introduced.

Week 4: Wednesday 24th October

Sophie Meakin - Stochastic modelling of infectious diseases in interacting populations

Heterogeneity in the interaction between individuals plays an important role in the dynamics, persistence, evolution and control of infectious diseases. This can be incorporated into epidemiological models by dividing the population into multiple interacting subpopulations. In this talk I will discuss two results based around this framework: firstly, a method for inferring the level of interaction between populations using data on disease incidence; and secondly, a model for a recent outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Week 5: Wednesday 31st October

Philip Herbert - An introduction to PDEs on surfaces with surface finite elements.

We start by talking about what it means in general to solve a PDE (weak solutions) in a flat domain. We then move on to discuss some of the basic notions from Finite Element Methods (FEM), and see how this gets translated to the surface finite element case. If time permits I will discuss some of my related research.

Week 6: Wednesday 7th November

Week 7: Wednesday 14th Novermber

Week 8: Wednesday 21st November

Week 9: Wednesday 28th November

Week 10: Wednesday 5th December