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Resources for lecture at the University of Bremen, 12 December 2017

How can English teachers develop appropriate methodology? How can they have autonomy?

Powerpoints for the lecture

A. Pedagogy of autonomy as appropriate methodology

B. Understanding ‘teacher-learner autonomy’

C. Historical sense as a foundation

D. Teachers sharing success stories

E. Valuing teacher associations

F, Teacher-research (for difficult circumstances)

A. Pedagogy of autonomy as appropriate methodology

(2001). ‘Group work for autonomy in Asia: insights from teacher research’. AILA Review 15: 70–81. Available online at:

2002) ‘Autonomy, context and appropriate methodology’, in Vieira, F., M.A. Moreira, I. Barbosa and M. Paiva (eds) Pedagogy for Autonomy and English Learning: Proceedings of the 1st Conference of the Working Group-Pedagogy for Autonomy, University of Minho, 11th-14th March 2001. Braga: University of Minho, 13-23. Also available online (different page numbers).

(2003) 'Pedagogy for autonomy as (becoming-)appropriate methodology'. In Smith, R.C. and D. Palfreyman (eds), Learner Autonomy across Cultures. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

B. Understanding 'teacher-learner autonomy'

(1999). ‘Teacher-learner autonomy: the role of conference and workshop design’.(co-authored with A. Barfield). In Proceedings of Teachers Develop Teachers Research (TDTR) 4 (CD-ROM). Whitstable, Kent: IATEFL. Also available online:

(2000). ‘Starting with ourselves: Teacher-learner autonomy in language learning’. In Sinclair, B., McGrath, I. and Lamb, T. (eds.). Learner Autonomy, Teacher Autonomy: New Directions. London: Addison Wesley Longman, 89–99.

(2008) ‘Teacher-learner autonomy: Programme goals and student-teacher constructs’ (co-authored with S. Erdoğan).In Lamb, T. and Reinders, H. (eds), Learner and Teacher Autonomy: Concepts, Realities and Responses. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

C. Historical sense as a foundation

Warwick ELT Archive

1999. The Writings of Harold E. Palmer: An Overview. Tokyo: Hon-no- Tomosha. Also available online:

(2000–2005) 22 volumes (11 co-edited with A.P.R. Howatt) reissuing works by 19th-century innovators, Reform Movement theorists and pioneers of ELT (Routledge).

(2004) ‘Lessons from the past: traditions and reforms’, in Makarova, V. and T. Rodgers (eds.) English Language Teaching: The Case of Japan. Munich: Lincom Europa, 2004. [Co-authored with M. Imura]. Also available online.

(2011) ‘Harold E. Palmer’s alternative "applied linguistics"’. Histoire–Epistémologie–Langage 33/1: 53-67. Online (Open Access).

(2012) 'Unpackaging the past: 'CLT' through ELTJ keywords'. ELT Journal 66/4: 430-439. [Co-authored wiith D. Hunter.]

(2014) 'The history of Teaching English as a Foreign Language, from a British and European perspective’ (with A.P.R. Howatt). Language and History 57/1: 75-95. Online (Open Access)

(2013) 'Harold E. Palmer, IRLT and "historical sense" in ELT’. IRLT Journal 12 (Journal of the Institute for Research in Language Teaching, Tokyo: Special issue to celebrate the Institute's 90th anniversary). Pre-publication version.

(2016). 'Building "Applied Linguistic Historiography": Rationale, scope and methods', by Richard Smith. Applied Linguistics 37/1: 71-87. Online (Open Access).

D. Teachers sharing success stories

(2008 onwards) TELCnet: Teaching English in Large Classes network

(2011) ‘Pedagogy of autonomy for difficult circumstances: From practice to principles’. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching 5/2: 119-139 [co-authored with K. Kuchah.]

(2017) Teaching in Low-resource Classrooms: Voices of Experience. (edited with A. Padwad and D. Bullock). London: British Council. Online (Open Access).

(2018) 'Learner autonomy in developing countries' (with K. Kuchah and M. Lamb). In Chik, A., Aoki, N. and Smith, R. (eds) Autonomy in Language Learning and Teaching: New Research Agendas. London: Palgrave Pivot.

E. Valuing teacher associations

(2017) A History of IATEFL: The First 50 Years of the International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language (with Shelagh Rixon). Faversham: IATEFL. Online (Open Access).

(2016). 'Researching teacher associations' (with Kuchah Kuchah). ELT Journal 70/2: 212-221.

F. Teacher-research for difficult circumstances

'Teachers Research!: Posters, Talks, Discussions' (record of the first IATEFL Research SIG 'Teachers Research!' event, April 2014)

Teacher-research for difficult circumstances ESRC impact initiative

(2016). Champion Teachers: Stories of Exploratory Action Research (edited with P. Rebolledo and D. Bullock). London: British Council. Online (Open Access).

(2016). Children and Teachers as Co-researchers in Indian Primary English Classrooms. (Co-authored with A. Pinter and R. Mathew). London: The British Council. Online (Open Access).

(2016). 'By teachers for teachers': innovative, teacher-friendly publishing of practitioner research' (with D. Bullock, P. Rebolledo and A. Robles López). English Language Teacher Education and Development (ELTED) Journal20: 116–125. Online (Open Access)

(2017–18) International Festival of Teacher-research in ELT

(Jan.-Feb. 2018) TESOL CALL-IS Electronic Village Online (EVO): Clasroom-based research for professional development 

Further information and links via:
Twitter: @RichardSmithELT