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FRM Readings

Readings recommended in Foundation Research Methods (FRM)

Core Texts

Bieger, G. R. & Gerlach, G. J. (1996). Educational research: A practical approach. Wadsworth Publishing.

Cohen, L. Manion, L. & Morrison, K. (2007). Research Methods in Education (6th Edition). London: Routledge/Falmer. also Research methods in education: A practical handbook (7th edition). London: Routledge. (pp 147-152, 160-168, 281-286).

Flick, U., Editor (2007). The Sage Qualitative Research Kit. Sage (in 8 volumes)

Gorard, S. & Taylor, C. (2004). Combining methods in educational and social research. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

Grey, D. (2004). Doing research in the real world. London: Sage.

Hammersley, M. (2007) Educational Research and Evidence Based Practice. Sage

Hunt, A. (2005). Your research project. London: Routledge.

McCulloch, G. (2004). Documentary research in education, history and the social sciences. London: Routledge.

Muijs, D. (2004). Doing quantitative research with SPSS. London: Sage.

Opie, C. (2004). Doing educational research. London: Sage.

Prior, L. (2003). Using documents in social research. London: Sage.

Robson, C. (2002).2nd Edition. Real world research: A resource for social scientists and practitioner researchers. Oxford: Blackwell.

Rudduck, J. and McIntyre, D. (eds) (1998) Challenges for Educational Research. London: Paul Chapman.

Silverman, D. (2004). Doing qualitative research: A practical handbook. London: Sage.

Suggested additional reading

Campbell, A. & Groundwater-Smith, S. (2007). An ethical approach to practitioner research. London: Routledge.

Connolly, P. (2007). Quantitative data analysis in education: A critical introduction using SPSS. London: Routledge.

David, M., Edwards, R. & Aldred, P. (2001). Children and school-based research: ‘informed consent’ or ‘educational consent’. British Educational Research Journal, 27, (3), 346-365.

Denscombe, M. (2003 2nd Ed.) The Good Research Guide. Open University Press) (Part I on Strategies for social research)

Denzin, N. K. & Lincoln, Y. (Eds) (2005). Handbook of qualitative research (Third Edition). Thousand Oaks: Sage. (Part IV).

Farrell, A. (2005). Ethical research with children. Maidenhead: Open University Press

Greig, A., Taylor, S. & Mackay, T. (2007) Doing research with children. 2nd Ed. London: Sage (Chapter 9: Ethics of doing research with children)

Gregory, I. (2003). Ethics in research. London: Continuum.

Hammersley, M. & Atkinson, P. (1995). Ethnography principles in practice (Second Edition). London: Routledge. pp. 80-156 (or see first edition 1993 pp. 77-126).

Hart, C. (2001). Doing a literature search: A comprehensive guide for the social sciences. London: Sage.

Henn, M., Weinstein, M. and Foard, N. (2006) Social Research. London: Sage. (Chp. 3)

Pole, C. and Lampard, R. (2002) Practical Social Investigation. London: Prentice Hall. (Chp. 2).

Hitchcock, G. & Hughes, D. (1995). Research and the teacher: A qualitative introduction to school-based research (Second Edition). London: Routledge. pp. 115-182.

* Lindsay, G. (2000). Researching children’s perspectives: ethical issues. In Lewis, A. & Lindsay, G. (Eds.) ‘Researching children’s perspectives’. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Munn, P. & Drever, E. (1999). Using questionnaires in small-scale research (Revised Edition). Edinburgh: Scottish Council for Research in Education.

Oliver, P. (2003) The student’s guide to research ethics. Maidenhead: Open University Press

Sikes, P. (2000). “Truth” and “lies” revisited. British Educational Research Journal, 26, (2), pp. 257-269.

Cryer, P. (2000). The research student’s guide to success (Chapter 20). Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

Simpson, M. & Tuson, J. (1997). Using observations in small-scale research. Edinburgh: Scottish Council for Research in Education

* British Educational Research Association (2004). Revised ethical guidelines for educational research. Southwell: BERA. (


Dissertation Writing (University of Strathclyde) (

Seven steps to writing a dissertation (Edge Hill College) (

Swetnam, D. (2000). Writing your dissertation: How to plan, prepare and present successful work. London: How To Books.

On methods:

a) Two chapters from Christensen, P. and James A. (2000 and 2008) Research with children; perspectives and practices. Second edition. London/ New York: Routledge.

Woodhead, M. and Faulkner D. ‘Subjects, objects or participants? Dilemmas of psychological research with children’, pp. 10-39.

Christensen, P. and James A. ‘Childhood diversity and commonality: Some methodological insights’, pp. 156-172.

b) Christensen, P. (2004) ‘Children's Participation in Ethnographic research: Issues of power and representation’, Children and Society 18: pp. 165-176.

c) Fraser, S. (2004) ‘Situating Empirical Research’ in Doing Research with Children and Young People (eds.) Fraser, S. Lewis,V. Ding,S. Kellett,M. and Robinson,C. London: Sage pp15-26

On Ethics:

Christensen, P. and Prout, A. (2002) ‘Working with Ethical Symmetry in Social Research with Children’. Childhood 9 (4): pp. 477-497 (note: this is available on-line on the Warwick network:

Also Recommended:

O'Kane, C (2008) ‘The development of participatory techniques: facilitating children's views about decisions which affect them’, In: Christensen, P. and James, A. (eds) Research with Children: Perspectives and Practices, pp.125-155. London: Routledge. Second edition.

Roberts, H. (2008) ‘Listening to children and hearing them’. In: Christensen, P. and James, A. (eds) Research with Children: Perspectives and Practices, pp. 260-276. London: Routledge. Second edition.

Alderson, P. and Morrow, V. (2004) Ethics, Social Research and Consulting with Children and Young People. Barkingside: Barnardo’s.