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  CTE Safeguarding and disclosures processes document

CTE online reporting form


This page is intended to provide you with some useful information, links and guidance relating to the safeguarding of children and young people.

Key Documents and updates

What is safeguarding/child protection?

Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is defined as:

  • protecting children from maltreatment
  • preventing impairment of children’s health or development
  • ensuring children are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care
  • taking action to enable all children to have the best outcomes

Child protection is a part of safeguarding and promoting welfare. It refers to the activity that is undertaken to protect specific children who are suffering, or are likely to suffer, significant harm.

'Working Together to Safeguard Children 2013' sets out how organisations and individuals should work together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and how practitioners should conduct the assessment of children.

Personal Support

If you are affected by any of the issues raised by safeguarding children and young people you could contact:


Definition of Terms

NSPCC legal definition of a child fact sheet

A 'child' is defined as anyone under the age of 18, in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Child protection
A broad term to describe philosophies, policies, standards, guidelines and procedures to protect children from both intentional and unintentional harm. In the current context, it applies particularly to the duty of Child-to-Child – and individuals associated with Child-to-Child – towards children in their care.

Categories of abuse

Child abuse
According to the World Health Organisation, 'Child abuse' or 'maltreatment' constitutes "all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power."

NSPCC similarly specify 'cruelty to children' or 'child abuse' as "behaviour that causes significant harm to a child. It also includes when someone knowingly fails to prevent serious harm to a child. All forms of cruelty are damaging – it can be harder to recover from the emotional impact than from the physical effects."

These definitions therefore point to four types of cruelty:

  • Physical abuse: including hurting or injuring a child, inflicting pain, poisoning, drowning, or smothering.
  • Sexual abuse: including direct or indirect sexual exploitation or corruption of children by involving them (or threatening to involve them) in inappropriate sexual activities.
  • Emotional abuse: repeatedly rejecting children, humiliating them or denying their worth and rights as human beings.
  • Neglect: the persistent lack of appropriate care of children, including love, stimulation, safety, nourishment, warmth, education, and medical attention.

A child who is being abused may experience more than one type of cruelty.

Discrimination, harassment, and bullying are also abusive and can harm a child, both physically and emotionally.

Significant harm

Section 31(10) of the Children Act 1989 states that "where the question of whether harm suffered by a child is significant turns on the child's health or development, his health or development shall be compared with that which could be reasonably be expected of a similar child."



See latest Government documents at the top of this page.


Teacher Guidance

NSPCC Child protection training resources for teaching and non-teaching staff

"All staff should clearly understand the need to maintain appropriate boundaries in their dealings with young people." 


Useful Web Links