The GLOBE Policy Brief Series aims to provide short, policy-relevant briefings on issues of public interest and contemporary concerns within GLOBE’s thematic areas written by GLOBE Centre colleagues. The series supports the GLOBE Centre’s objective of disseminating our academic research in accessible and relevant manner to broader audiences, including policymakers, the media, civil society groups and the general public.
Apart from our Policy Brief Series, GLOBE is also proud to host Briefing Notes. The GLOBE Centre Briefing Notes are shorter documents making a specific policy recommendation and connected to a particular impact-related or public engagement activity undertaken by a member of GLOBE.
Measures taken in response to a pandemic, even if nationally-focussed, inevitably have implications in other countries. This poses a distinct set of human rights issues for the UK. Our contribution is based on setting out international law which is binding on the UK with a particular focus on the right to health, rather than more debateable ethical or political claims. We clearly state the UK's three main extraterritorial obligations with respect to the right to health and evaluate the UK’s performance at the global level with reference to these norms.
This Policy Note outlines a proposal for a statutory stay on recovering commercial debt repayments owed by low-income countries to free up resources to combat COVID-19. The proposal enhances the effect of the Debt Service Suspension Initiative committed to by the G20 and Paris Club official creditors and voluntary arrangements of private creditors. The current proposal is time-bound, does not interfere with the underlying contractual rights of parties to the contract and is contingent on the country subject to such claims making a suspension request to the court.
Dr Stephen Connelly, Law School, University of Warwick
This briefing note, specially commissioned by Jubilee Debt Campaign, provides an overview of the proposal to publicly register sovereign loans under English law. It is proposed that bilateral sovereign loans governed by English law be publicly registered by lenders. Failure to register a loan will render it unenforceable. Public registration of loans in exchange for enforceability is not new. For example, lenders have always been required to register security for loans, or risk the security being void/unenforceable.
Dr Andi Hoxhaj, Law School, University of Warwick
UK policy towards the Western Balkans has been tied to the EU enlargement policy since the 1990s. Since the Brexit vote, the UK has been exploring policy alternatives, and in July 2018 the UK Government hosted the 'UK–Western Balkans Summit’. This brief explores potential directions of the UK’s post-Brexit policy towards the Western Balkans, and makes recommendations on how the UK could go beyond security co-operation and provide support for socio-economic development in the Western Balkans to the mutual benefit of both sides. | Press Release.
Professor Christian Twigg-Flesner, Law School, University of Warwick
Major legal changes and new legislation, as expected after Brexit, can affect the performance of long-term contracts. Yet, English contract law provides limited assistance to contracting parties faced with new laws that affect their contracts. As a result, policy-makers and legislators need to identify the implications of new laws for existing long-term contracts, and consider introducing provisions specifying the date from which new laws take effect. Moreover, contracting parties need to understand the impact of these legal changes on their existing contracts, and legal advisers should advise clients to include enhanced force majeure clauses in their contracts. | Press Release.
Dr Celine Tan, Law School, University of Warwick
Blended finance instruments are promoted as a means of scaling up resources to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by using public and philanthropic resources to mobilise private capital for financing global public goods. This brief explores how the expansion of blended finance without consideration of broader regulatory and governance implications can undermine sustainable development in four ways: fragmenting the aid architecture, weakening accountability and community safeguards, undermining the ownership of policies by countries and communities, and creating new risks in the international financial system. | Press Release.
Dr Stephen Connelly, Law School, University of Warwick
Businesses often incorporate as companies to benefit from separate corporate personality and limited liability for shareholders. The EU right to freedom of establishment allows companies duly incorporated in one Member State to be recognised and enjoy these benefits in any other Member State without question. The UK’s decision to withdraw from the EU removes this right from UK companies and other EU corporates in the UK. There is a material risk that post- Brexit UK companies operating in the EU could cease to be recognised, with serious consequences for shareholders and creditors. | Press Release.
Dr Ben Farrand, Law School, University of Warwick
Intellectual property (IP) protections are essential to British creative and innovative sectors. Through the EU, the UK has unrestricted access to its biggest market for IP-intensive exports, influence over international standards as part of a major trade bloc, and certainty in its legal relations with other states. Brexit puts these benefits at risk and limits the UK’s ability to diverge from EU standards. This brief proposes policy options to mitigate these risks, considering four models of UK-EU cooperation | News Article.
Dr Andreas Kokkinis, Law School, University of Warwick
Apart from ensuring tariff-free trade in goods, the UK’s EU membership removes regulatory barriers to trade and investment. If Brexit results in the UK losing full access to the Single Market, financial transactions, business activity, and investment will be seriously affected. UK companies, especially banks, will have difficulty expanding and offering their services across the Channel, which could motivate firms to relocate. The London Stock Exchange will be less attractive for European companies and investors, and fewer multinational companies will locate their European headquarters in London. This brief examines three policy options to mitigate these risks. | Press Release.