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Research and Publications

Research Interests

Political philosophy

Theories of distributive justice

Liberal political thought, particularly John Rawls and Ronald Dworkin

Philosophy of childhood and education




Justice and Legitimacy in Upbringing (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006).


Edited Books

Social Justice (co-edited with Andrew Williams) [Blackwell Readings in Philosophy] (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004).

The Ideal of Equality (co-edited with Andrew Williams) (London/New York: Macmillan and St. Martin's Press, 2000); paperback (Palgrave Macmillan, 2002). A PDF version of the opening chapter by the editors is available here: 'Some Questions for Egalitarians'.


'Big Data and the Liberal Conception of Education' (with Daniel Halliday), Theory and Research in Education (online first).

'Liberal Equality: Political not Erinaceous', Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 19 (2016), 416-433.

'Is the Free Market Acceptable to Everyone?' (with David Stevens), Res Publica, 21 (2015), 363-382.

'Dignified Morality' (with Zofia Stemplowska), Jurisprudence, 6 (2015), 309-326.

'When God Commands Disobedience: Political Liberalism and Unreasonable Religions' (with David Stevens), Res Publica, 20 (2014), 65-84.

'On Widening Participation in Higher Education Through Positive Discrimination', Journal of Philosophy of Education, 46 (2012), 414-431.

'The Case Against the Comprehensive Enrolment of Children', Journal of Political Philosophy, 20 (2012), 353-364.

'Equality, Justice and Legitimacy in Selection', Journal of Moral Philosophy, 9 (2012), 8-30. The pre-proof draft is available here.

'Reply to Morgan', Studies in Philosophy and Education, 28 (2009), 91-100.

'Should the Voting Age be Lowered to Sixteen? Normative and Empirical Considerations' (with Tak Wing Chan), Political Studies, 54 (2006), 533-558.

'School Choice and the Burdens of Justice' (with David Stevens), Theory and Research in Education, 2 (2004), 111-126.

'Liberal Equality and Ethics', Ethics, 113 (2002), 8-22.

'Rawls and Natural Aristocracy', Croatian Journal of Philosophy, 1 (2001), 239-259.

'The Resources of Liberal Equality', Imprints, 5 (2000), 63-84.

'Political Liberalism, Disagreement, and Sectarianism', Polis: Revista de Stiinte Politice, 6 (1999), 71-92.

'Egalitarian Justice and Interpersonal Comparison' (with Andrew Williams), European Journal of Political Research, 35 (1999), 445-464.

'White on Autonomy, Neutrality and Well-Being', Journal of Philosophy of Education, 27 (1993), 101-12.

Book chapters

'Is Ethical Independence Enough?', in Cecile Laborde & Aurelia Bardon (eds.), Religion in Liberal Political Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017), 132-146.

'Rawls and Dworkin on Hypothetical Reasoning', in Timothy Hinton (ed.), The Original Position (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015), 97-118.

'How Much Do We Owe to Children?', in Sarah Hannan, Samantha Brennan & Richard Vernon (eds.), Permissible Progeny? The Morality of Procreation and Parenting (New York: Oxford University Press, 2015), 246-264.

'Anti-Perfectionist Childrearing', in Alexander Bagattini and Colin Macleod (eds.), The Nature of Children's Well-Being (Dordrecht: Springer, 2014), 123-140. The pre-proof draft is available here.

'Equal Inheritance: An Anti-Perfectionist View', in John Cunliffe and Guido Erreygers (eds.), Inherited Wealth, Justice and Equality (London: Routledge, 2012), 98-118.

'Justice and Distribution', in John Skorupski (ed.) The Routledge Companion to Ethics (London: Routledge, 2010), 692-703.

'A Puzzle about Ethics, Justice, and the Sacred', in Justine Burley (ed.), Dworkin and His Critics (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004), 99-110.

'Individual Autonomy and Genetic Choice', in Justine Burley and John Harris (eds.), A Companion to Genethics (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002), 191-205.

'Some Questions for Egalitarians' (with Andrew Williams), in M. Clayton & A. Williams (eds.), The Ideal of Equality (London/New York: Macmillan and St. Martin’s Press, 2000), 1-19.

'Distributive Justice and Subjective Health Assessment' (with Andrew Williams), in C. Jenkinson (ed.), Measuring Health and Medical Outcomes (London: UCL Press, 1994), 160-75.

Other things

'Contemporary Liberalism', in Mark Bevir (ed.) Encyclopedia of Political Theory (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2010), vol. 2, 802-808.

'Parents and Children's Rights', in Barry McGaw, Penelope Peterson and Eva Baker (eds.) The International Encyclopedia of Education, 3rd Edition, (Oxford: Elsevier, 2010), vol. 6, 17-21.

'The Limits of Equal Opportunity', European Political Science, 6 (2007), 412-420. (A critical notice of Andrew Mason's, Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and Its Place in Egalitarian Thought (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006).)

'Liberalism', Encyclopedia of Globalization, eds. Roland Robertson & Jan Aart Scholte (New York: Routledge, 2007).

Work in progress

Independence for Children

The Content and Distribution of Education

What's the Point of Religious Education? (with David Stevens)

Children, Morality, and Neurointerventions (with Andres Moles)

Ronald Dworkin: Freedom and Equality's Advocate

Social Progress: A Compass (one of many authors in the International Panel on Social Progress)

The Voting Age (with Tak Wing Chan)