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You can browse books, articles, papers, and other research published by our academic staff using the Warwick Research Archive Portal (WRAP), which contains links to open-access full text documents for most of the bibliographic entries. You can search WRAP if you know what you're looking for or browse through our listing by year.

Current projects

PAIS hosts both individual and collaborative research projects, many of which attract external funding. Some are located within particular research clusters whilst others cross clusters and even disciplines. Current projects include:

Keith Hyams Project Grantlever Anthropogenic Global Catastrophic Risk: The Challenge of Governance. An anthropogenic global catastrophic risk (AGCR) is a human-induced risk that threatens sustained and widescale loss of life and damage to civilisation across the globe. Central to the danger posed by future AGCRs is the problem that technological progress and uptake has proceeded much more rapidly than commensurate understanding and implementation of effective governance. The present project aims to address this deficit by investigating the key challenges of governance for AGCRs, and by identifying practical and ethical guidelines within which new governance solutions for specific AGCRs will be advanced. Three case studies are developed: synthetic biology, nanotechnology, and artificial intelligence. 01.10.18
Keith Hyams Tackling the UK’s International Challenges Programme BA Justice, Rights and Equality (Uk's International Challenges). This project aims to contribute to the research theme Justice, Rights, and Equality through an interdisciplinary approach that combines methods within normative political philosophy and applied ethics with qualitative and participatory empirical research within indigenous communities. The project fulfills the objectives of the research theme by bringing into focus the unjustness of the current distribution of burdens caused by
climate change and the underrepresentation of indigenous voices within current
climate change adaptation policies. In particular, the project aims to show how
integrating indigenous values and knowledge within climate adaptation strategies can
address such injustices and contribute to more responsive and robust climate
adaptation policies.
Keith Hyams, Morten Byskov NWO Third Wave Development Expertise: The Ethics of Integrating Local and Indigenous Knowledge with Technical Epertise. The effects of climate change can have a negative impact on the quantity and quality of agricultural output, especially in the indigenous communities of developing countries. While solutions have often focused on the introduction of new technologies, recent cutting-edge research has shown that integrating local and indigenous knowledge about local crops, environmental conditions, and socioeconomic norms with the more technical expertise of external development experts can help mitigate the negative effects of climate change. Integrating local and indigenous knowledge in development discussions is not unproblematic, however, yet little literature has addressed the ethical issues that arise in this regard. This project investigates the potential for and normative-ethical implications of collaboration between local stakeholders and external development experts towards addressing issues of food security and climate change adaptation. 01.03.18
Arzu Kibris Starting Granterc logo EXPOVIBE will explore the individual level effects of being exposed to political violence in a civil conflict context. This project will explore how exposure to political violence in a civil conflict context impacts upon social, economic and political behaviour of individuals. Two large-n survey studies will be designed and conducted in Turkey to analyse: a) whether those exposed to political violence in a civil conflict context are more likely to be perpetrators
of domestic violence against their intimate partners; b) whether exposure to political violence impacts upon risk, time and social preferences, savings behaviour, employment, and earnings;
c) whether exposure to political violence affects political participation, political tolerance, political support, ideology, voting behaviour, and party choice.
Matthew Clayton, Adam Swift, Andy Mason Strategic Initiative - Philosophy in Education Policy and Practicespencer Faith Schooling: Principles and Policies. This project seeks to bridge the divide between abstract philosophical principles and concrete policy recommendations in the area of religious schooling. The project team will engage in innovative research on normative questions such as the moral basis of the family, parents’ rights to raise their children in accordance with their own beliefs and values, children’s right to autonomy, and the state’s interest in social cohesion and the creation of future citizens. However, the project will also comprise a move from ideal theory (or 'theory of ideals') into non-ideal (or applied) theory, by combining the aforementioned philosophical enterprise with the best available relevant empirical studies, across a range of polities, to produce a morally defensible and politically feasible regulatory framework for the UK. Faith Schooling Project Website 
Matthew Watson Professorial FellowshipESRC logo 'Exploring the Concept of ‘the Market’: Combining History of Ideas and Historiographical Approaches. Matthew Watson holds an ESRC Professorial Fellowship from 2013 to 2018 for his ‘Rethinking the Market’ project ( He is particularly interested in exploring the multiple ways in which the language of markets as it has developed in the history of economic thought has subsequently become an instinctive means through which so many people locate and make sense of their everyday economic practices. This can lead on many occasions to market-based concepts becoming an important political force even though they are used today in a manner that is completely at odds with their initial intellectual framing. 01.09.13
Julia Welland Early Career FellowshipLever The Joy of War: Pleasure and Performance in contemporary Military Conduct. This project seeks to understand the emotional and embodied pleasures of war. Using case study research and interviews with military personnel and members of the public who engage in 'social militarism' the project contributes to sociological explorations of the military by taking the academic literature beyond war's traumas. Instead, the project traces the numerous positive physical and emotional sensations experienced in order to produce a fuller conception of war's affective landscape and how its violence becomes an accepted part of national life. Joy of War Project Website 01.09.16
Georg Lofflmann Early Career Fellowshiplever logo 'The enemy inside the gates: Anti-elite hostility and the political agency of the ‘everyday’ in Europe and the USA.' The project aims to explore the politics of enmity and friendship in contemporary populism, and how right-wing populists, anti-establishment movements and associated media in the UK, the United States, and Germany construct threats to the nation both internally and externally, and how these processes are linked in a transnational context. The project continues my strong research interest in the role of the 'everyday' in producing competing concepts of identity and security. 01.05.18
Maurice Stierl Early Career FellowshipLever The EU’s contested forms of Border Governance in the Mediterranean Sea. This research project enquires into the fast-changing dynamics of bordering in the Mediterranean Sea by ethnographically exploring the interrelated actors and forces in both European and Northern African contexts. It draws from a novel conceptual framework to significantly add to ongoing academic debates and the struggles of human rights groups. 01.05.14
Mike Smith PACO Agreementjean monnet network Inter Parliamentary Cooperation in EU External Action. The PACO Jean Monnet Network focuses on inter-parliamentary cooperation and parliamentary scrutiny with a particular focus on EU external action and diplomacy. As part of the network, Professor Michael Smith is tasked with exploring parliamentary scrutiny of diplomacy, especially by the European Parliament but also in other contexts such as the USA. The key event in this area has been an international conference on scrutiny of diplomacy in the EP and the US Congress, which was held at the European Parliament Office in London during May 2016. For more details see the project web site at  01.09.14
Tom Sorell FP& SIIP Speaker Identification Integrated Project Funded by the European Commission, SIIP research project will develop a break-through Suspect Identification solution based on a novel Speaker Identification (SID) engine and Global Info Sharing Mechanism (GISM) which will identify unknown speakers that are captured in lawfully intercepted calls, in recorded crime or terror arenas and in any other type of speech medium and channel (including social-media). 01.10.15
Tom Sorell h2020 logo The PERICLES (Policy recommendation and im-proved communication tools for law enforcement and security agencies preventing violent radicali-sation) project is especially dedicated to transitional processes of radicalisation. To meet its aims, PERICLES will consider violent left-wing and right-wing as well as religious ideologies. A special focus will be set on the risks connected with digital violent propaganda. The PERICLES project will deliver advanced and validated counter-propaganda techniques that are target-group-specific. Furthermore, the cooperation between relevant authorities who have due regard against violent rad-icalisation or support the process of de-radicalisation will be enhanced through the use of the project outputs. The comprehensive PERICLES prevention strategy will therefore largely address law enforcement agencies (LEAs) and security agencies; but will also find use by prisons and social workers, teachers and even relatives of affected people. 01.05.17
Tom Sorell H2020 PRISMA (Piloting RRI in Industry: a roadmap for tranSforMAtive technologies). There is now only limited experience with RRI in industry and there is also limited evidence of the added value of opening up the innovation process in industry for social engagement and gender considerations. This project will overcome these current limitations by carrying out eight RRI pilot projects in a real-world industry context. To establish the added value of the RRI approach and the gender dimension in and for industry, the project will assess the pilot projects on a number of product and process RRI dimensions and compare the score of the pilots on the relevant RRI dimensions with the score of similar projects in the same companies in which the RRI approach has not been followed. The focus is on implementing RRI for some of the major technological challenges in the EU including nanotechnology, synthetic biology, Internet of Things and self-driving or automated cars. These are all transformative technologies that have the potential to transform existing modes of production and to change the relation of the company with users, suppliers or other stakeholders. The pilots aim at integrating RRI in the CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) policies of the participating companies. 01.08.16
Tom Sorell EPSRC Standard GrantEPSRC DAPM: Detecting and Preventing Mass-Marketing Fraud (MMF). Fraud can be broadly defined as trickery used to gain a dishonest advantage, usually financial, over another person or organisation. Mass-marketing fraud (MMF) is a type of fraud that exploits mass communication techniques (e.g., email, Instant Messenger, bulk mailing, social networking sites, telemarketing) to con people out of money. It is a scam that targets victims in most countries. The proposed project will develop novel techniques to detect and prevent MMF. Through its multi-disciplinary approach and close focus on co-designing the solutions with its range of project partners and testing them in-the-wild during live MMF-detection settings, the project will lead not only to new scientific understanding of the anatomy of MMF but also to tools and techniques that can form the basis of practical interventions in tackling such fraud. DAPM Website 01.04.16
Jon Coaffee,Tom Sorell H2020 MEDI@4SEC. This project seeks to understand the emerging role of new social media in enhancing public security. The MEDI@4SEC project brings together researchers and security practitioners from across Europe to focus on the opportunities, challenges and ethical consideration of social media use for public security. MEDI@4SEC 01.07.16
Jon Coaffee h2020 logo RESILENS. Moving resilience from a conceptual understanding to applied, operational measures for critical infrastructure so that it is capable of withstanding, adapting and recovering from adverse events, that integrate best practice from the related realm of risk management is the focus of the RESILENS project. RESILENS 01.05.15
George Christou Standard Grantesrc logo International Professional for a study of civil society organisation participation in internet governance. Does civil society participation in self-regulatory fora promote public interest goals in internet governance at the international level? The project investigates solutions put forth by different actors in Standard Developing Organisations (SDOs) with case studies on standards for privacy/data protection; mobile communications and open source software. This will be an invaluable study considering that standards have a salient role to play in the development of markets and citizens interaction in the world today but are, at the same time, immensely technical, technocratic and largely inaccessible to the non-expert.Project Website: 01.09.15
George Christou Image result for Marie Skłodowska-Curie Innovative Training Networks LOGO GEM-STONES: It's shared research agenda on "Globalisation, Europe and Multilateralism" seeks to unpack the growing "Sophistication of the Transnational Order, Networks and European Strategies" in light of the EU's attempts at regime complex management.
To this effect, the EU's response to international institutional proliferation is alternatively analyzed through the lens of its ability to provide purposeful complex regime management in light of its institutional capacities, network capacities, relative capacities and framing capacities. Collectively GEM-STONES will increase the breath of regime complex management theory as its postulates are confronted with the specific experience of the EU. The project will also expand the state-of-the art in EU studies, notably on the EU's external action. The research will ultimately sketch a nuanced, innovative, and interdisciplinary answer to the question: how does the EU contributes towards the management of institutional proliferation?
Charlotte Heath-Kelly Wellcome ‘Counterterrorism in the NHS: Prevent Duty Safeguarding and the New 'Pathology' of Radicalisation’. This project explores the delivery of counter-terrorism policy through NHS England since the 2011 Prevent Review. Despite the historical novelty of enacting counter-radicalisation through UK healthcare, there is no academic study of how the new 'Prevent Duty' has been implemented or its effects. The key goals of the pilot study are to analyse: 1) what kinds of counter-terrorism expertise have been created in the NHS; 2) how the Prevent safeguarding duty is implemented vis-a-vis medical ethics, and 3) how counter-terrorism safeguarding is situated in histories of medico-security collaboration. 01.03.17
Charlotte Heath-Kelly Future Research Leadersesrc logo Resilience at the Bombsite - Reconstructing Post-Terrorist Space. The research project compares the reconstruction and memorialisation of post-terrorist space between the London Bombings, the 9/11 attacks, the bomb and gun attacks in Norway, and the Madrid bombings. Through site visits and interviews with designers and activist groups, I explore the relationship between architectural design, post-disaster social resilience and social protest. How is reconstruction intended to heal sites and societies after traumatic events, and what shortcomings exist in planning, design and implementation? 01.01.16
Tony King Standard Grantesrc logo The Post-Heroic General: military command in the 21st century. In the light of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, there has been deep public concern about the quality of military command in the UK. This research project addresses the problem of command in the 21st century. Focusing on the command of the army division, a formation of some 20,000 soldiers, this research analyses the distinctive character of contemporary military command across the four major western powers, US, UK, France and Germany. It explores the way in which in response to the increasing complexity of military operations, the ‘heroic’ individual commanders of the 20th century has been increasingly replaced by command teams, boards or networks. Because decision-making cycles have multiplied, divisional commanders have had to devolve some of their decision-making authority to deputies who act as agents and proxies for them. Individual commanders have given way to command collectives. This collectivisation of command does not imply command by committee or consensus. On the contrary, precisely because commanders are now at the centre of an ever more intricate operational complex, their responsibilities and importance has been enhanced. However, to command effectively, they have had to build a command team around them. The project’s primary aim is, of course, scholarly but significant impact is sought on the basis of the research. Most significantly, the project involves a major international scholar-practitioner conference ‘Military Command in the 21st Century’ to take place at the Scarman Centre, University of Warwick in September 2017. Leading scholars, such as Professors Sir Hew Strachan and Sir Lawrence Freedman, and prominent generals, such as James Mattis, HR McMaster, Ben Hodges and Nick Carter, will be in attendance. 01.01.16
Julian Gruin Future Research Leadersesrc logo Reshaping Global Capital - The Politics of Uncertainty in China's Financial Transnationalisation. As China's economy has experienced rapid growth and accelerating transnationalization, the significance and impact of Chinese finance and capital within the global economy are only just now beginning to emerge. How well do we understand the implications of China's distinctive political economy for a global financial system whose normative underpinnings remain deeply in flux, seven years following the 2008 financial crisis? This project examines the shifting nature of political and economy power within global finance exploring how the functional and technocratic demands of managing and regulating increasing complexity and systemic interdependence within the global financial system are interacting with the distinctly political implications of China's illiberal yet highly capitalist mode of financial governance. 01.04.16
Nick Vaughan-Williams Phillip Leverhulme Prizelever logo Everyday narratives of European Border Security and Insecurity. The 'Border Narratives' project investigates how diverse publics perceive, understand, and experience the so-called ‘Mediterranean migration crisis’: how they narrate their own identities — and those of their communities and nations — in relation to perceptions of 'irregular' migration and border security; how these narratives compare across different geographical sites and converge with/diverge from media and policy representations; and what these narratives tell us about contemporary cultures of hospitality, hostility, and (in)security across Europe today. The programme of research employs a range of qualitative and participatory research methods including two waves of focus group discussion in cities along the Balkan route in Germany, Greece, and Hungary, and in the UK post-Brexit. A link to the website for the project and further information and updates can be found here:  01.04.16
Charoula Tzanoukou h2020 logo PLOTINA The objective of PLOTINA is to enable the development, implementation and assessment of self-tailored Gender Equality Plans (GEPs) for Research Performing Organisations (RPOs). It will create a platform of resources that can be used by RPOs across Europe and it will contribute to the body of knowledge regarding gender equality actions in organisations. 17.02.16
Nicola Pratt Standard Grantahrc logo Popular Culture and Politics in Egypt after the 25 January 2011 Uprising.Though still ubiquitous in English-language scholarship and media, the term 'Arab Spring' is heavily contested in the Middle East. The breadth and depth of these contestations is no more apparent than in the explosion of popular cultural products and social media commentary in the largest and most populous Arab country, Egypt. From pop music to graffiti, these sources have played a vital role in articulating political meaning 'from below' in a vastly expanded public sphere. Yet there has been surprisingly little sustained analysis of how Egyptians have narrated their own history/ies of the 25 January Revolution. This project will put 'the people' back at the centre of scholarly understanding of Egypt's tumultuous transition amidst official attempts to script a history-still-in-the-making and erase alternative narratives of events unfoldinfg since 2011. It will reveal how struggles over the definition of Egyptian national identity have been central to this process and dependent upon malleable constructions of 'self' and 'other'. More broadly, it will investigate how moments of domestic political crisis represent opportunities to recreate notions of 'East' and 'West' with wider implications for how we understand the geopolitical. 01.09.16
Mike Saward Major Research Fellowshiplever logo Democratic Design - Modelling Political Futures.The democratic design project offers and defends a flexible framework for rethinking democratic governance and politics. Combining robust theory and pragmatic guidance, the framework presents to democracy's designers the critical questions about democracy's structure and functions, the design options available to them, and examples of specific design ideas. The project focuses on the big picture – what can democracy be, now and in the future? Democracy’s resilience will depend on experimental tailoring, drawing widely on interdisciplinary perspectives. The project’s ambition is to reset the standard for exploring the idea of democracy and the active practical modeling of its political futures. 01.09.16
Richard Aldrich Major Research Fellowshiplever logo Whistle Blowers, Electronic data and the transparent state. State secrecy is under pressure. "Whistle-blowers" are deploying new technologies that facilitate the anonymous data-sharing of large volumes of classified information, working with prominent media outlets such as The New York Times. Meanwhile, the oversight of national security is changing rapidly. We are seeing the decline in formal accountability and the rise of what we might call "regulation by revelation". Recent activities by Edward Snowden, Julian Assange and Bradley Manning have been interpreted through the prism of panic over privacy. Instead, this fellowship proposal suggests they are even more important for the changing nature of secrecy, which remains largely unexplored. 01.09.16
Shaun Breslin Leverhulme Major Research FellowshipLever China Risen? What is Global Power (and in what ways does China have it)? This project will bridge the divide between those who study domestic Chinese politics and scholars of international relations to produce a research monograph on the nature of China as a global power, and what this means for the global order. It approaches the question of a potential China challenge from both the bottom up (an analysis of the changing nature of Chinese capitalism) and the top down (an analysis of the changing nature of the global order). It seeks to disaggregate China's rise and identify different levels of ambition, influence and/or assimilation across different issue areas. 01.09.17
Ben Clift Leverhulme Major Research FellowshipLever The OBR and the Politics of UK Growth amidst Brexit, Uncertainty and
This fellowship draws back the veil on how UK growth assessments are constructed amidst pervasive uncertainty to explore the political economy of Brexit and the British model of capitalism. Growth forecasts published by technocratic bodies such as the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) crucially mediate the politics of austerity. Government policy options are opened up or closed off by particular renderings of Britain’s growth trajectory and their assumptive foundations (notably about Brexit effects). This research will delineate the politics of OBR economic ideas, and political and policy implications of the OBR’s projections of UK growth potential before and after Brexit.
Briony Jones swisspeace logo Knowledge for peace. Understanding research, policy and practice synergies. This project aims to improve peacebuilding practice by looking at how we generate research and knowledge about peace and its components. More specifically this project focuses on transitional justice processes in Côte d’Ivoire, South Sudan and Mozambique. These processes seek to address massive human rights violations of the past in order to ensure a future of sustainable peace and development. The project team consists of the University of Basel/swisspeace, the Swiss Centre for Scientific Research in Abidjan, and the Centre for Peace and Development of the University of Juba. TBC
Caroline Kuzemko Future Research Leadersesrc logo  Local Authorities and Sustainable Energy Innovations: Decentralisation, Institutional Capacity and Civic Participation. Both energy and political landscapes are changing in the UK, but so far no analysis has considered how these movements towards greater decentralisation relate to one another. Indeed, local authorities are becoming increasingly involved in enabling and providing sustainable energy programmes whilst, at the same time, many are applying for and securing devolution deals. Some scholars and policy analysts have argued that decentralising energy will be vital in securing popular buy-in to sustainable energy transitions through greater civic participation whilst others point towards the power of the local in delivering better-attuned services. This research project will reveal the details of how these two decentralisation movements interact with one another in practice by exploring and mapping five local authority sustainable energy programmes and critically examining their relationships with central government. 01.10.16
Stuart Elden Leverhulme International Network Grant (with Durham)Leverhulme logo Indeterminate and Changing Environments: Law, the Anthropocene, and the World Principal. 01.01.16

Recent projects

Funded projects completed within the past few years include:

PAIS Lead Researcher/s Funder  Project Title
Maria Koinova ERC DIASPORACONTEST: Diasportas and Contested Sovereignty
Franklyn Lisk UNU IIGH Engaging the Private Sector for Inclusive Extrative Industries and Sustainable Value Chains in Africa
Gabrielle Lynch ESRC Standard Grant The Impact of Elections: Voting, Political Behaviour and Deomocracy in Sub-Saharan Africa
Clare Heyward Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship Geoengineering and Climate Justice Exploring the Mutual Challenges
Alex Homolar ESRC Future Research Leaders Enemy Addiction: Outsider threats, security frames and target audiences in contemporary US security policy
Chris Clarke Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship Prospects for a Relational Finance: The Political Economy of Social Lending
Ben Richardson ESRC Standard Grant Working Beyond the Border
Vicki Squire & Nick Vaughan-Williams ESRC Urgency Grant Crossing the Mediterranean Sea by Boat: Mapping and documenting migratory journeys and experiences
Vicki Squire Leverhulme Research Fellowship Human Dignity and Biophysical Violence: Migrant Deaths across the Mediterranean Sea
Chris Hughes Sasakawa Foundation Emotional Detachment: The Politics of Emotion in Japan's Korean Peninsula Policy and the Transformation of our understanding of International relations
Stuart Elden ISRF Fellowship  
Juanita Elias & Lena Rethel Newton International Partnership The Gendered Everyday Political Economy of Kampung Eviction and Resettlement in Jakarta
Tom Sorell AHRC Standard Grant Experimental Philosophy and Empirical ethics: A Historical Reconstruction and Philosophical Assessment
Tom Sorell EC FP7 HECTOS: Harmonized Evaluation, Certification and Testing of Security Products
Tom Sorell ESRC Investigator Grant Partnership for Conflict, Crime and Security Research Ethics and Rights in a Security Context
Jon Coaffee RCUK Innovate UK From Citizen to Co-innovator, from City Council to Facilitator: Integrating Urban Systems to Provide Better Outcomes for People
Oz Hassan ESRC FRL Transatlantic Interests in Transforming the Middle-East
Joel Lazarus ISRF Fellowship Banking on Democratic Television: Co-Producing Culture to Promote Public Praxis
Tom Sorell ESRC Assuming Identities Online: Description, Development and Ethical Implications
Tom Sorell ESRC Global Uncertainties Leadership Fellowship
Nick Vaughan-Williams ESRC Public Perceptions of Threat in Britain
Chris Moran BA Post-Doctoral Fellowship Politics, Partnership and Paranoia: Nixon, Kissinger and the US Intelligence Community
Richard Aldrich AHRC Enhancing Openness and Explaining Secrecy: Policy Lessons from the Declassification and Management of US Intelligence and Security Records
Richard Aldrich AHRC Landscapes of Secrecy
Stuart Croft ESRC New Security Challenges Programme
Charlotte Heath-Kelly BA Post-doctoral Fellowship Securing through the Failure to Secure: reclaiming the Sites of Terrorist Attack
Wyn Grant BBSRC Biological Alternatives to Chemical Pesticide Inputs in the Food Chain: an Assessment of Environmental and Regulatory Sustainability
Shirin Rai Leverhulme Programme Grant Gendered Ceremony and Ritual in Parliament
Jan Aart Scholte Ford Foundation Building Global Democracy
Shaun Breslin EC FP7 GR:EEN